US1710413A - Metal-faced tile - Google Patents

Metal-faced tile Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1710413A
US1710413A US175720A US17572027A US1710413A US 1710413 A US1710413 A US 1710413A US 175720 A US175720 A US 175720A US 17572027 A US17572027 A US 17572027A US 1710413 A US1710413 A US 1710413A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
metal
tile
lugs
tiles
facing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US175720A
Inventor
Evans Israel
Original Assignee
Evans Israel
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Evans Israel filed Critical Evans Israel
Priority to US175720A priority Critical patent/US1710413A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1710413A publication Critical patent/US1710413A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/12Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements of metal or with an outer layer of metal or enameled metal

Description

April 23, 1929. EVANS 1,710,413
METAL FACED TILE Filed March 16, 1927 Patented Apr. 23, 1929. 'l
UNITED STATES ISRAEL EVANS, OF SAN IBEBNARDINO, CALIFORNI.
METAL-FACED TILE.
Application led March 16, 1927. Serial No.l 175,720.
My invention is a metal faced tile constructed with a hardened plastic back with a metal face or surface.
An object of my invention is the construction of a tile having a. metal face and a hardened moldable plastic composition forming the back. The tile may be used for interior purposes for decoration or wall covering, orv
it may be constructed as a roof covering. The tile is preferably made with a noncori'odible facing, such as copiper. f
Another object of my invention is to construct a tile having a metal face, the face having lugs or the like soldered or welded thereon, such lugs becoming embedded in the moldable plastic composition.
In constructing my tile for use in surface Walls, mantels7 or the like, I preferably use thin sheet metal with angular or channel shaped lugs soldered or welded on the back of the metal face. These are set in from the corners and become embedded in the plastic composition, which may be cement molded with sand or the like. For wall surfacing the edges of the metal are preferably turned inwardly to ive a finished eifect of a slightly rounded e ge.
For forming roof tiles, these are preferably made with a. sheet metal facing, the tiles being formed with a tongue on one side edge and with a groove formed by bending the metal on the other, to form tongue and groove joints running from the eaves of a roof upwardly. rlhe metal is shaped to fit on the upper part of a tile underneath the tile next above rand having a projecting end extending over the surface of the tile next below, in order to form a water tight joint and shed the water.
My invention is illustrated in its various aspects in the following drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a cross section through a facing tile.
Figure 2 is a perspective view of a single tile.
Figure 3 is a face view of a section of a wall constructed with facing tile. l
Figure 4 is a section through a wall on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Figure 5 is a top view.- of a roof showing my metal faced roofing tiles.
Figure 6 is a perspective view of one of the roofing tiles viewed from the groove side.
Figure 7 is a longitudinal section through a roof on the line 7--7' of Fig. 5.
Figure 8 is a transverse section of a roof on the line 8-8 of Fig. 5 showing themanner of running off the water. .I
Figure 9 is a cross section of. roofing tiles using an interlocking strip. ,f
The facing tile of Figs. 1 through 4 is constructed substantially as follows:
A metal face 1, which may be formed of any shape and is illustrated as being square, has slightly inwardly turned edges 2, these being pressed at the corners 3 to form even corners without any fold. A series of lugs 4, which are shown as small channel shaped pieces of metal, are soldered or welded to the under surface of the metal facing. These lugs are preferably set inwardly from the corners, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3, and for a square tile usually 4 lugs are sufiicient. The backing 5 of each tile is composed preferably of .some moldable composition, such as cement with sand, or a line grade of concrete, or other similar material. This plastic composition embeds the lugs and follows the curved or molded edges 2 and the corners 3 of the metal facing. It is manifest that the tiles may be made any desired thickness and it is not necessary that the lugs 4 extend to the rear surface. For facing the tiles on a wall the procedure issubstantially the same as for facing a wall with any similar tiles and in Figs. 3 and 4 a wall is indicated by the numeral 6, having a thin coating of cement 7 or the like spread thereon and the tiles being placed against this coating and a suitable mortar 8 binds the tiles on their edges one to the other. It will thus beseen that a wall facing may be built up, in this manner having a metal face with composition backs for tiles, the whole being supported on a wall or the like.
The roof tile is preferably constructed substantially as follows: Y
This has a sheet metal facing 10 which has lugs 11 soldered or welded on the backs, such lugs being cast or molded in plastic composition 12. One side edge of the metal facing extends beyond the edge of the composition slightly forming a tongue 13 and on the other edge there is a groove 14 formed. this groove having a double bend 15 and a flange 16 positioned slightly above the main surface of the sheet 10 in order to engage the tongue y13. The top ofthe tile is formed by an angular bend 17 in which there is a part 18 of the sheet at right angles to the surface 10 and forming an edge on the upper part of the composition and a flange 19 parallel to the surface and extending upwardly of the tile. This has nail holes 2O therethrough so that it may be nailed to roof sheathing indicated by the numeral 2 1. The lower edge of the tile has an extension 22 of the surface metal to overlap a tile next below, as indicated in Fig. 8. The composition has a cut out section 23 at its upper and lower edge to accommodate the flange 19, as illustrated in Fig. 8, and it will be noted by this figure that in each tile the composition is slightly thicker near the lower edge than near the upper edge, this being the thickness of the metal. The tongues and grooves on the side edges fit together, as shown in Fig. 7. It will thus be seen that the water ilowing down the roof, which would be in a direction from right to left of Fig. 8, will be shed from one tile to the other and affords no opportunity oi seeping back underneath the tiles.
From the above description it will be seen that I have developed a metal faced tilc which is suitable for surfacing or finishing a wall and that I have also developed a type of tile` suitable for rooting construction and moreover that the rooting tile does not have any nails or other securing elements passing directly through the tile but is secured to the roof by means of the metal forming a facing.
In Fig. 9 the roofing tiles are made with a metal face 25, the face having lugs 26 welded thereto,l and a plastic composition 27 molded around the lugs and on the hack of the metal.
A tongue 28 is also preferably molded on the back of the tile, extending through the backing and projecting from one end to allow nailing to a roof structure. In this form of construction the side edges of the metal faeing are formed with grooves 29 by having a reverse fold of the metal extending backwardly over the top of the tile and lock two tiles together to: form a water tight seal at the joint. A locking strip 30, formed with inturncd ends 31, is slipped from the edge over two tiles, the inturned part 31 engaging in the grooves of two adjacent tiles. These strips are substantially the length of the tile and may bend down over the end, the strip and the facing metal projecting beyond the lower end of the tile, as shown in Fig. 6.
Various changes may be made in the prineiples of my invention Without departing -from the spirit thereof, as set forth in the deseription, drawings and claim.
I claim:
A tile having a metal face and a composition back, lugs formed of channel-shaped metal secured to the back of the face with one of the flanges of each of the lugs secured to the face, the said lugs being set inwardly from the side edges and corners of the plate, the edges of the plate terminating at substantially the side edges of the composition back, the. marginal edges of the metal face merging willi the marginal edges of the composition and forming a composite metal and composition marginal edge of the tile.
In testimony whereof I have signed mv name to this specification.
ISRAEL EVANS.
US175720A 1927-03-16 1927-03-16 Metal-faced tile Expired - Lifetime US1710413A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US175720A US1710413A (en) 1927-03-16 1927-03-16 Metal-faced tile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US175720A US1710413A (en) 1927-03-16 1927-03-16 Metal-faced tile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1710413A true US1710413A (en) 1929-04-23

Family

ID=22641374

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US175720A Expired - Lifetime US1710413A (en) 1927-03-16 1927-03-16 Metal-faced tile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1710413A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4535581A (en) * 1981-11-13 1985-08-20 Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd. Method of heat-insulating and water-proof construction utilizing a roll having a web portion and a flap portion
US4680909A (en) * 1984-09-11 1987-07-21 Industrial Research Development, Inc. Roofing system
US5031368A (en) * 1987-04-29 1991-07-16 Matthews Anthony W Tiles for false floors
WO2004009358A1 (en) * 2002-07-23 2004-01-29 Henry Allen Oosthuizen Steel tile
US20040226247A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Byrd Bobby Joe Building panel with impermeable surface layer
US20060080910A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-20 Silvano Cornia Groutless tile system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4535581A (en) * 1981-11-13 1985-08-20 Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd. Method of heat-insulating and water-proof construction utilizing a roll having a web portion and a flap portion
US4680909A (en) * 1984-09-11 1987-07-21 Industrial Research Development, Inc. Roofing system
US5031368A (en) * 1987-04-29 1991-07-16 Matthews Anthony W Tiles for false floors
WO2004009358A1 (en) * 2002-07-23 2004-01-29 Henry Allen Oosthuizen Steel tile
US20040226247A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Byrd Bobby Joe Building panel with impermeable surface layer
US20060080910A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-20 Silvano Cornia Groutless tile system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2811118A (en) Shingles
US1710413A (en) Metal-faced tile
US1860240A (en) Flashing
US1204885A (en) Metallic shingle.
US2110485A (en) Weather surfacing element
US1750526A (en) Roof flashing
US1437304A (en) Tile
US2231006A (en) Surface covering material
US973946A (en) Cement roofing-tile.
US1804315A (en) Roof flashing
US370659A (en) Half to haelan p
US1665774A (en) Shingle and shingle construction
US339744A (en) cusack
US422584A (en) Flooring
US1167837A (en) Reinforcement for plastering.
US2621617A (en) Roofing and siding
US2367318A (en) Weather covering material
US907824A (en) Shingle.
US322917A (en) donaldson
US719514A (en) Roofing-tile.
US1108236A (en) Roofing-shingle.
US297530A (en) John mott
US145529A (en) Improvement in attaching slates to roofs
US418860A (en) Metallic roofing
US1889091A (en) Wall covering