US1703382A - Musical instrument - Google Patents

Musical instrument Download PDF

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US1703382A
US1703382A US45072921A US1703382A US 1703382 A US1703382 A US 1703382A US 45072921 A US45072921 A US 45072921A US 1703382 A US1703382 A US 1703382A
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body
tone
mouth
tones
wind
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Expired - Lifetime
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Bernard Harry
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Bernard Harry
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/02General design of wind musical instruments of the type wherein an air current is directed against a ramp edge, e.g. flute, recorder
    • G10D7/023Recorders

Description

Feb. 26, 1929.

H. BERNARD MUS I CAL INSTRUMENT Filed March 8, 1921 Hal-"g Bernard. w

Patented Feb. 26, 1929.

UNITED STATES HARRY BERNARD, OF CHAMBERSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.

Application filed March 8, 1921.

This invention relates to wind musical in' struments, and the primary object of the invention is to provide a novel means for permitting the playing of the chromatic scale minus the heretofore customary number of openings and keys for making the tones and half tones, and the consequent diliicult fingering (half tones in this application refer to semitones, or half-steps of tempered chromatic scale).

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel means for permitting the playing of the complete chromatic scale with no lateral shifting of fingers, said means permitting the playing of the half tones at any point and by the same operation, emitting one of the chromatic intervals (one half tone) only when the music demands it.

A further object of the invention 1s to provide novel means for playing the chroinatic scale on wind instruments by altering the reed or air-reed (air-current) in contradistinction to my patent of 1907 No. 8%,998, which involved changing of the openr ings or resonant lengths of air. All of my instruments need the operation only of a single member for playing the half tones desired between the normal all whole-tone progressions that distinguish my various instrnnr ts from others. I

A further object of the invention is to pro vide an attachment for wind instruments, such as the flagcolet, ocarina, octavot, and the like, (life or flute with mouth piece applied to blow hole being practically a flageolet) for playing of the complete chromatic scale by an easily actuated tone altering device, said device rendering a clear distinction between the chromatic intervals, and eliminating sliding or slur-ring between half tones composing the couplets into which the chromatic scale tones are grouped throughout in my system of playing (and notation).

A further object of the invention is to pro- \idc an attachment for musical wind instruments for altering of pitch by one half tone rapidly in the regular production of a scale by the actuation of a single member in connection with a normal standard lingering.

A still further object of the invention is to provide an improved attachment for ordinary wind instruments of the above character, which is durable and efiicient in use, one that is simple and easy to manufacture, and one Serial No. 450,729.

which can be placed upon the market at a reasonable cost.

With these and other objects in View, the invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and formation of parts, as will be hereinafter more specifically described, claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which drawings;

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a wind instrument partly in section with the improved attachment connected thereto.

Figure 2 is a plan view of the same.

Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section through the instrument and attachment.

Figure l is a fragmentary bottom plan view of the instrument and attachment. I Referring to the drawings in detail, wherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, the letter A indicates the improved attachment and B an instrument with which it is associated, while the invention has been shown in use in connection with an instrument of the fiageolet type, it is to be understood that the same routine of fingering may be used with other instruments and that the same has been shown with a flageolet merely for the purpose of illustrating a principle in achieving a routine of fingering.

The instrument B is of the ordinary construction and includes the tubular body 10 having the usual mouth piece 11, in which is positioned the plug or block 12, which forms the restricted wind passage 13. Directly in rear of the wind passage 13 is formed a rec tangular opening 14, termed mouth. The body 10 is provided with the usual line of tone regulating or scale holes 15, by means of which the playing of the whole tones is con trolled.

The attachment A includes the body member 16, which is preferably curved transversely to conform to the contour of the in strument, and the forward end thereof is provided with the laterally extending supports 17, which are disposed on opposite sides of the body 10. The terminals of the supports 17 are bent slightly inwardly as at 18, and are provided with inwardly inclined cars 19, which gradually converge toward each other as at 20. These ears 19 are adapted to be moved over the mouth 14 for restricting the size thereof, which consequently lowers the pitch and. the ears are so shaped as to help lower pitch of any tones emitted from the holes 15, when the ears are moved to an operative position. The inner ends of the cars 19 are offset as at 21 and are arranged to be moved into engagement with the side walls of the mouth opening 14 when the cars 19 ioved to an operative position in relation to the mouth opening and 19 and 21 su 'aces combine to form a removable ear similar to organ pipe practice. The bent ends 18 of the supports 17 are provided with reinforcing lugs that form approximation to an organ-pipe beard which extend inwardly toward each other, and also help lower pitch.

In fact these rugs and preceding converging parts are the mechanical equivalent of a thumb'and index linger meeting over the mouth of the flageolet anc sealing the sides of the mouth as wouln the ears applied to or an nine. The resultant arch oartalies e; l l l of nature of ears and board, and lowers pitch of holes 15. In order to give a'sharp distinction between the components of the pairs of chromatic tones, a transversely extendin bar 23 is provided, and the same is formed on the offset portion 21 of the ears 19 and will momentarily cut ofl the flow oil air through the wind passage 18 during the initial positioning of the ears over the openeing 14. This prevents the sliding or the siurring in playin when changing from one tone to another ol' the grouped pairs of chromatic tones under each scale controlling finger.

In order to facilitate the operation of the attachment A, the body 16 is mounted upon the transversely extending pivot pinQl which is carried by the attacl 1i ng plate 25 secured to the body 10. A leaf spring 26 is also secured to the plate 25 and engages the inner surface oil the outer end of the body 16 and normally holds the cars 19 and the cross bar 23 away from the mouth opening i l. When itis desired to operate the attachment to play a halt tone lower, it ismerely necessary to press down upon the body 16 which will move the cars 19 in correct position in relation to the opening l l, vhich *ill lOWQlllllG p tch a halt tone. During the initial positioning oil the cars it), the bar 533 will momentarily interrupt passage of: air 13-5 and thus give a clear distinction between he tones oi coupled chroniatics arranged to be mitlcd l'rom a given hole 15. It is understood that chromatics can be coupled up on a diilerent plan whereby depressing 16 might raise the pitch; or 16 can be a simple flapper on top of an ordinary mouth-up.'fiageolet without the fulcrum and lever action shown.

I claim: v

1. A musical instrument of type with five finger controlled vents for altering by 12 consecutive-hall tones the fundamental tone of the open-endliody in connection with 3. ln' a wind musical instrur' entwith five lateral linger controlled vents in its body giving only whole-tone nogressions, the combination of means for producing halt tones in a manner common to all the wholetone intervals, said. means being instantly removable structures that, when in operative position, alter the normal flow of air currents after their exit from the wind lay oi the mouth piece of instrument.

l. in a musical instrument including a body provided with a series of finger controlled intervals, all for producing whole tones, a manually operated member cooperating with any selected whole tone interval for producing a half tone.

it musical insti rent of flageolet type with finger-controlled vents giving intervals oi whole-steps principally, provided with means comprising a plurality of pitch altering devices including ears and heard and a cross bar, mounted for simultaneous operation to control the mouth opening.

6. In a musical instrument, including a body having finger controlled openings that emit whole tone intervals normally when fingers operate in rotation, and a mouth piece; combination of means movably or flexibly mounted intermediate the mouth piece and the finger controlled openings, arranged to be operated by a single motion oi limb or other bodily member for produciug the half tones of a chromatic scale between such whole tones in a manner common to all such whole tones.

7. In a 'lageolet with whole tone finger controlled openings, combination oi a hall t:meattachmcnt including a member a rra gcd to he brought across the mouth opening quickly tor producing a chromatic scale.

8. In a ilageolct, a body having mouth piece, and whole tone finger controlled openings, of a halt tone attachment including a single member movably connected to the body having ears arranged to be brought in contact with instruments mouth at sides, and out of contact, will. 7

9. In a 1 ageolet, a body having a mouth piece, a vent opening, and whole tone finger controlled openings, use of a half tone attachment therefor including a member flexibly or Lassen movably connected to the body having ears arranged to be brought to sides of the mouth opening, and means for rendering a sharp distinction between adjacent chromat-ics of a scale of half tones.

10. In a flageolet including a body having a mouth piece with usual wind lay, a mouth opening arm? d in rear of the wind lay and 3 finger controlled openings, use t tone attachment vtor the i ,st-rinne 5 including a movably mounted member carried by the body including ears adapted to be bro 'ght over the mouth opening on opposite ties thereof and z: N

. iar an oil to momentarily obstruct the wind lay when the ears bein noved into their operative or inoperative p srtions.

11. In a iiegeolet including a body having a mouth piece, provided with wind lay, a mouth ope: g ranged directly in rear ot the wind lay and whole tone finger controlled open of a half tone a chment for the .nstrument, for play lected h alt" es without any clean; [in ing the whole tone openin prising a member flexibly connected. t body the member having inw rt ly extending, converging or convex ears arranged to be quickly brought on opposite sides of the mouth opening, and a transversely extending cross-bar connected to the inner ends of the ears intended to momentarily interrupt the exit of air from wind lay during the bringing com- 0 ti of the cars into and out of operative relation with the mouth opening.

12. In a flageolet including a body having a mouth piece provided with a Wind lay and a mouth opening in rear thereof, and a plurality of whole tone openings, use of an attachn'ient for playing oi halt tones Without the addition of tone openings, including a ransworsely curved body, means flexibly connecting the body to the musical instrument body, inwardly extending supports formed on the opposite sides of the body at the inner end thereof arranged to extend along the sides of the body of the musical instriiunent, inwardly extending converging convex or concave ears formed on the supports adapted to be brought on opposite sides of the mouth opening, oflset portions formed on the ears arranged to be moved to their operative positions, a cross-bar connecting said ofi' set portions with the ears adapted to be momentarily brought across the exit of wind lay, and spring means engaging the body portion of said member for normally holding the ears and the cross bar in whatever adapted as a position oi rest.

13. A musical instrument of flageolet type giving substantially whole tone intervals, provided with means comprising a plurality of pitch-altering devices including cars and heard mounted and operated to control the mouth-opening.

HARRY BERNARD.

US1703382A 1921-03-08 1921-03-08 Musical instrument Expired - Lifetime US1703382A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2478323A (en) * 1946-04-03 1949-08-09 Rohner Traugott Wind instrument
US2608122A (en) * 1950-03-21 1952-08-26 Solarz Anton Portamento valve for brass wind instruments
US2654179A (en) * 1953-10-06 bacon
US2697298A (en) * 1948-08-20 1954-12-21 John H Bacon Bird call whistle
US3326073A (en) * 1964-05-25 1967-06-20 Daniel V Tremaine Wind instrument
USD735171S1 (en) * 2013-11-14 2015-07-28 Freedman Electronics Pty Limited Microphone line tube

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2654179A (en) * 1953-10-06 bacon
US2478323A (en) * 1946-04-03 1949-08-09 Rohner Traugott Wind instrument
US2697298A (en) * 1948-08-20 1954-12-21 John H Bacon Bird call whistle
US2608122A (en) * 1950-03-21 1952-08-26 Solarz Anton Portamento valve for brass wind instruments
US3326073A (en) * 1964-05-25 1967-06-20 Daniel V Tremaine Wind instrument
USD735171S1 (en) * 2013-11-14 2015-07-28 Freedman Electronics Pty Limited Microphone line tube

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