US1675910A - Tool for drawing tubular bosses - Google Patents

Tool for drawing tubular bosses Download PDF

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Publication number
US1675910A
US1675910A US8934526A US1675910A US 1675910 A US1675910 A US 1675910A US 8934526 A US8934526 A US 8934526A US 1675910 A US1675910 A US 1675910A
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Prior art keywords
drawing
metal
sheet metal
tool
opening
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Andrew L Riker
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Andrew L Riker
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D19/00Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes
    • B21D19/08Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/02Stamping using rigid devices or tools
    • B21D22/04Stamping using rigid devices or tools for dimpling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/34Perforating tools; Die holders

Description

A. L. RIKER TOOL FOR DRAWING TUBULAR BOSSES Original Filed Feb. 19. 1926 jl 10 l W/JW W l i i v INVENTOR. flizarew Z. Rik e1- BY Jaw-J6 A TTORNEY Patented July 3, 1928.

' UNITED STATES Annnnw L. BIKER, on FAIRFIELD, CONNECTICUT.

TOOL FOR DRAVTING TUBULAR BOSS ES.

Application filed February 19, 1926. Serial No. 89,345. Renewed May 7, 1928.

This invention relates to a tool for drawing or striking up bosses from sheet metal, and has more particular reference to'a tool for drawing or striking up bosses from a strip or plate of sheet metal by displacing the metal outward from a surface of the plate to form a hole therethrough and to provide an annular projection or tubular boss thereon, as, for example, a bearing boss every part 10 of the outer edge of which is preferably approximately equidistant from thesurface of said strip or plate of sheet metal.

An object of the invention is to provide an inexpensive, improved, and practical tool for efiiciently drawing or striking up tubular or hearing bosses from sheet metal.

Heretofore it has been usual, when drawing or striking up bearing bosses to first pierce, and afterwards draw or strike up the metal. I

It is a more specific object of the present invention to provide a tool for drawing or striking up annular projections or tubular bosses from sheet metal, which contemplates the performance of the following operations: first, displacing or drawing the sheet metal a predetermined amount; next, cleanly piercing the sheet metal; and finally, finishing the metal displacing or drawing operation to form a boss.

A further specific object is to provide a t0ol as stated, which contemplates partially displacing or drawing the sheet metal, then piercing the partially displaced or drawn sheet metal, and finally completing the shaping of the tubular boss by further displacing and expanding the partially displaced or drawn metal to enlarge the opening made therein by removal of the piercing.

A further specific object is to provide a tool for providing hollow bearing bosses upon sheet metal, which contemplates the consecutive and uninterrupted performance of the operations mentioned in the sequence as set forth.

'A further specific object is to provide an improved tool for producing an annular projection or tubular boss upon sheet metal, -which will consist of a male and a female 50 member movable relatively to each other, the

male member having relatively immovable elements, and the female member comprising a simple die.

And a still further specific object is to provide an improved tool for simultaneously producing a plurality of annular projections or tubular bosses upon sheet metal, which will consist of a unit having a plurality of male members and a unit having a plurality of complemental female members, all of said members having the features of the invention, the units being movable relatively to each other and each having relatively immovable members.

With the above objects in view, as well as others which will appear as the specification proceds, the invention will now be fully described and will hereinafter be specifically claimed, it being understood that the disclosure heren is merely illustrative and not intended to be in any way limiting.

In the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification,

Fig. 1 is a view of the improved tool by means of which the novel method can be practiced, the male member or punch being shown in elevation andthe female member or die being shown in section, there being a sectioned strip or plate of sheet metal upon the female member or die and the male member or punch being above and spaced from the strip;

Fig. 2 is a view corresponding with the disclosure of Fig. 1, except that the male member or punch is shown as having descended to displace or draw the sheet metal a distance into the opening of the female member or die, say, for example, a distance slightly less than that at which the piercing of the sheet metal is accomplished;

Fig. 3 is a view corresponding with the disclosure of Figs. 1 and 2, except that the male member or punch has further descended to pierce the sheet metal, the removed piercing being shown as when falling from the female member or die, and the metal to provide the hollow boss being situated as when the final operation to produce the boss is about to start;

Fig. 4 is a view corresponding with the disclosures of Figs. 1, 2 and 3, except that the;

male member or punch has fully descended to produce the formed tubular boss;

' stripor plate Fig. 5 is a ersp'ective view detailing a f sheet metal having an annular projection or tubular boss as provided by the tool and method of the invention, the strip or plate being 'sectioped to better disclose the boss; and

Fig. 6 is a view corresponding with the showmg of Fig. 1, disclosinga plurality of male members or punches and a plurality of female members or dies adapted to simul- .taneously produce upon -a strip or plate of sheet metal, and inaccordance with the principles of the invention, a plurality of annular projections or tubular bosses.

With respect to the drawing and the characters and numerals of reference thereonfA is a strip or plate of sheet metal resting-upon a female member or die 10, and 11 is a male member or punch adapted to cooperate with the female member or die to produce an anclosed, consists of a tool having an upper cylindrical portion 13, and a lower, reduced cylindrical portion providing a drawing and piercing element 14 of said male mem-.

ber 11, the outer or lower end 15 of which drawing and piercing element is preferably flat or blunt, and'is desirably at an angle slightly less than 90 to the element 14 in order that said element will not stick to metal being. operated upon. The cylindrical portion 14 is situated centrally of the cylindrical portion 13 and aligns therewith, and the annular shoulder 16, between the. pertions 13 and 14, is beveled or inclined preferably in about the manner disclosed, said annular shoulder extending from the drawing and piercing element 14 outwardly and upwardly, terminating in the portion 13 at the location 17. The annular shoulder 16 provides a final metal drawing element of the male member or punch.

The female member or die 10 desirably hasa fiat surface 18 adjacent the male 'member or punch 11. The openingv 12 is of a uniform" diameter somewhat larger than the diameter of the portion 13 of the male member, and the wall of said opening 12 is adapted to be concentric with the portions 13 and 14 of the male member 11 when said male member is within said opening.

The manner in which the tool functions to carry out the method will be obvious from the drawing. When the male member position of is moved from its position of Fig. 1 to its position of Fig. 2, the portion of the sheet metal over the opening 12 of the female member is uniformly and gradually drawn or displaced into said opening, as indicated at B. When themale member further descends, as, for example, to its position of Fig. 3, the central portion of the drawn or displaced part B of the sheet metal is cleanly pierced, as at C, reference character D disclosing a piercing of metal dropping through the opening 12. lVhen the male member is then moved to its position of Fig. 4, the drawn or displaced part B of the sheet metal is uniformly, gradually, and finally drawn, displaced, or shaped to provide the finished annular projection or tubalar boss.

As the male member moves from nonoperating position to its position in Fig. 2, the flat or blunt face 15 of the drawing and piercing element 14 applies its pressure uniformly and stresses the sheet metal over the opening 12 .to cause it. to flow into the opening 12 in about the manner disclosed. Then as the male member descends further, sail, for example, almost to its *ig. 3, the stressing action upon the sheet metal becomes greater than the metal can stand, and the result is that the drawing and piercin element 14 cleanly removes piercing D 0 sheet metal from the approximate center of the stressed portion B at the time slightly within the opening 12.v As the male member moves then to its final boss forming location, the finishing operation upon the boss will not crack or splitthe metal at the location where the piercing D became removed, for the reason that the metal for the boss has already started to flow in the general direction it is now urged by the annular shoulder 16. The stressing action upon the portion of the sheet metal aligning with the opening 12 is necessarily greater at the commencement of the displacement of said metal than it )is after the drawing of the metal B is well on its way and the partially drawn metal has been pierced. Clearly, there is no liability of cracking or splitting the metal B before the piercing operation. The

"sheet metal can easily flow into the open-' ing 12 at the start of the drawing or displacing operation by reason of the fact that the surface of the female member having the sheet metal is fiat and oflers no resistance to the metal flow so that there can be a drawing pull efiective upon the sheet metal about the full circumference of said opening 12 to freely draw, displace, or stretch the metal into the opening. Then when the piercing is accomplished, there is in the opening 12 a partially drawn supply of metal, of thickness not much less than it was originally, to provide the tubular boss. The drawing operation having,

been accomplished to a considerable extent prior to the piercing operation, the final drawing and displacing, of the metal to providethe finished boss does not crack or split said metal. Evidently, the major part of the final drawing operation consists in stretching the metal adjacent the opening whence the piercing D was removedup to the diameter of the portion 13 of the male member.

It is evident that the piercing D is removed from the approximate center of the partially displaced or drawn metal B, so that all points of the outer end 19 of the finished tubular or bearing boss are spaced at approximately the same distance from the sheet metalstrip or plate. Also, the drawing and piercing element having cleanly pierced the metal, and the annular shoulder 16 having uniformly and gradually expanded the partially displaced or drawn metal B, said outer end 19 is flat, continuous and smooth.

During the travel of the mail member from its position of Fig. 3 to its position of Fig. 4, the adjacent circumferential edge or corner 20 of the openin 12 of the'female member cooperates with t e annular shoulder 16 as it advances to draw and expand the partially displaced or drawn metal B, said edge or corner 20, in effect, constituting a bending edge or corner about which the annular projection or tubular boss is formed, shaped or bent.

The portion 14 of the male member will be of diameter best suitable to accomplish the result desired upon sheet metal to be provided with bosses. The portion 13 will be of diameter to fit into a finished tubular or hearing boss, and the annular shoulder 16 will have that slant or inclination best suiting it to the performance of its intended service. The opening 12 will be of diameter greater than the diameter of the portion 13 an amount suiiicient to allow the finished tubular or bearing boss to fit between said portion 13 and the wall of said opening 12, preferably in quite snug engagement with said portion 13 and said wall. See Fig. 4.

It is to be especially noted that the male member is composed of Working elements which are immovable relatively to each other, and that the female member is a simple die.

In Fig. 6 I have disclosed a plurality of male members 11 and female members 10 adapted to be mounted in a suitable press (not shown,) all of the male members 11, as well as all of the female members 10, being immovable relatively to each other. Clearly, this arrangement makes provision for the simultaneous production of a plurality of annular projections or tubular bosses upon the sheet metal A, each member 10 cooperating with a complemental member 11 in the manner fully set forth.

of the punches and dies required when providing bosses by employment of tools and methods which utilize disappearing or compound d ies, mainly for the reason that the portions 14 need not be at the accurate centers of the openings 12, it being sufiicient that said portions 14 be at the approximate centers of said openings.

What I claim is:

1. A tool comprising a female member adapted to have placed thereon a strip of metal from which a tubular boss is to be struck, and a male member having an end portion adapted to provide a drawing and piercing element and an annular shoulder extending outwardly of said element and away from said'female member, the outer end of said end portion being at an angle slightly less than 90 to said drawing and piercing element, and the opening in said female member being of diameter greater than the largest diameter of said annular shoulder and including a circular bending edge, said element and edge being adapted to cooperate to cause metal to define a tubular boss to be displaced from the plane of said strip into the opening of said female member, said element being adapted to pierce said displaced metal, and said annular shoulder and said edge being adapted to cooperate to complete the shaping of the tubular boss after the piercing is accomplished by further displacing and expanding the metal for the the boss and within the opening of the female member to enlarge the opening in said metal defined by said element.

2. A tool adapted to produce a tubular boss upon sheet metal, comprising a male member having relatively immovable elements including a drawing and piercing element and a shoulder extending outwardly of and away from said drawing and piercing element, the outer end of said drawing and piercing element being at an angle slightly less than 90 to said element, and a female member comprising a simple die the opening of which is of diameter greater than the largest diameter of said shoulder and includes a bending surface adapted to cooperate with said drawing and piercing element and shoulder.

3. A compound tool adapted to simultaneously produce a plurality of tubular bosses upon sheet metal, comprising a plurality of relatively immovable male members each having relatively immovable elements including a drawing and piercing element and a shoulder extending outwardly of and away J from said drawing and piercing element, the outer end of said drawing and piercing eleimmovable female members each com lemental to a male member and comprising a simple die the opening of which is of diameter greater than the largest? diameter of the shoulder of the complemental male member and includes a bending surface adapted to cooperate with the drawing and plerclng elementand shoulder of said 10 com lemental male member.

S 1gn'ed at Bridgeport, in the co ty of Fmrfield and State of Connecticut, this 13th day of February A. D. 1926. Q

ANDREW L. RIKER.

US1675910A 1926-02-19 1926-02-19 Tool for drawing tubular bosses Expired - Lifetime US1675910A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2441181A (en) * 1943-02-24 1948-05-11 Western Electric Co Method of attaching electrical terminals to insulator cards
US2701018A (en) * 1952-04-19 1955-02-01 Fritz W Glitsch & Sons Inc Punching and extrusion unit
US2803152A (en) * 1952-03-08 1957-08-20 George F Wales Method of manufacturing a perforating die
DE1078521B (en) * 1954-02-26 1960-03-31 Andre Huet An apparatus for necking of pipe socket
US2999312A (en) * 1955-12-29 1961-09-12 Smith Corp A O Flange reinforced embossment
US3494169A (en) * 1966-01-21 1970-02-10 Nat Steel Corp Deep drawing method and apparatus
US3514988A (en) * 1967-05-29 1970-06-02 Itt Tool for making cordwood module
US3978705A (en) * 1975-03-14 1976-09-07 Cotton Incorporated Method and apparatus for the manufacture of a thin sheet orifice plate
US4111029A (en) * 1976-01-09 1978-09-05 Creusot-Loire Manufacture of pipe stubs in walls of very great thickness
FR2479042A1 (en) * 1980-03-27 1981-10-02 Modine Mfg Co Method and apparatus for forming from pockets and collars of material in a sheet metal and the product obtained
US4307499A (en) * 1978-12-11 1981-12-29 Brevetti Motta S.A.S. Apparatus for obtaining the spacing of zip fasteners
US4679289A (en) * 1986-08-15 1987-07-14 Brazeway, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming intruded branch attachment structures in tubing
US5168740A (en) * 1988-12-24 1992-12-08 Albert Griesemer Method for producing drawn bores in sheet-metal pieces
US5273385A (en) * 1992-06-29 1993-12-28 A. J. Rose Manufacturing Company Blind hole integral rivet
EP0879656A1 (en) * 1997-05-20 1998-11-25 FERCO INTERNATIONAL Ferrures et Serrures de Bâtiment Société Anonyme Device for making, by pressing a frustroconical hole in a metal strip material in particular, a lock casing
US6406077B2 (en) 2000-05-11 2002-06-18 Shape Corporation Tube with extruded flanges holding wall-reinforcing insert
WO2005024257A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-03-17 Nsk Europe Ltd A bearing assembly
US20060248704A1 (en) * 2003-07-09 2006-11-09 Daimlerchrysler Ag Method for the production of a rim hole in hollow profiles
US20110219837A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2011-09-15 Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Upper-end formed glass complex for hot expanding piercing and method of manufacturing billet for hot extrusion pipe making
US8959771B2 (en) 2011-08-31 2015-02-24 Friedrich Air Conditioning Co., Ltd. Method of constructing a shell for a room air conditioner/heat pump with lateral strength
WO2016119940A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe Ag Method and device for producing a collar on a workpiece
US20170001233A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 Trumpf Werkzeugmaschinen Gmbh + Co. Kg Punching Tools
US9852723B2 (en) 2014-03-27 2017-12-26 Apple Inc. Acoustic modules
US10071539B2 (en) 2014-09-30 2018-09-11 Apple Inc. Co-sintered ceramic for electronic devices
US10086484B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2018-10-02 Apple Inc. Manufacturing of computing devices

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2441181A (en) * 1943-02-24 1948-05-11 Western Electric Co Method of attaching electrical terminals to insulator cards
US2803152A (en) * 1952-03-08 1957-08-20 George F Wales Method of manufacturing a perforating die
US2701018A (en) * 1952-04-19 1955-02-01 Fritz W Glitsch & Sons Inc Punching and extrusion unit
DE1078521B (en) * 1954-02-26 1960-03-31 Andre Huet An apparatus for necking of pipe socket
US2999312A (en) * 1955-12-29 1961-09-12 Smith Corp A O Flange reinforced embossment
US3494169A (en) * 1966-01-21 1970-02-10 Nat Steel Corp Deep drawing method and apparatus
US3514988A (en) * 1967-05-29 1970-06-02 Itt Tool for making cordwood module
US3978705A (en) * 1975-03-14 1976-09-07 Cotton Incorporated Method and apparatus for the manufacture of a thin sheet orifice plate
US4111029A (en) * 1976-01-09 1978-09-05 Creusot-Loire Manufacture of pipe stubs in walls of very great thickness
US4307499A (en) * 1978-12-11 1981-12-29 Brevetti Motta S.A.S. Apparatus for obtaining the spacing of zip fasteners
FR2479042A1 (en) * 1980-03-27 1981-10-02 Modine Mfg Co Method and apparatus for forming from pockets and collars of material in a sheet metal and the product obtained
US4679289A (en) * 1986-08-15 1987-07-14 Brazeway, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming intruded branch attachment structures in tubing
US5168740A (en) * 1988-12-24 1992-12-08 Albert Griesemer Method for producing drawn bores in sheet-metal pieces
US5273385A (en) * 1992-06-29 1993-12-28 A. J. Rose Manufacturing Company Blind hole integral rivet
EP0879656A1 (en) * 1997-05-20 1998-11-25 FERCO INTERNATIONAL Ferrures et Serrures de Bâtiment Société Anonyme Device for making, by pressing a frustroconical hole in a metal strip material in particular, a lock casing
FR2763522A1 (en) * 1997-05-20 1998-11-27 Ferco Int Usine Ferrures Tooling for shaping by stamping a hole has tapered mouth in a metallic material web, in particular a faceplate
US6406077B2 (en) 2000-05-11 2002-06-18 Shape Corporation Tube with extruded flanges holding wall-reinforcing insert
US7478468B2 (en) * 2003-07-09 2009-01-20 Daimler Ag Method for the production of a rim hole in hollow profiles
US20060248704A1 (en) * 2003-07-09 2006-11-09 Daimlerchrysler Ag Method for the production of a rim hole in hollow profiles
US8910385B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2014-12-16 Nsk Europe Co., Ltd. Method of forming a bearing device
US7246948B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2007-07-24 Nsk Europe Ltd. Bearing assembly
US20070193033A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2007-08-23 Nsk Europe Co., Ltd. Bearing device
US20070204466A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2007-09-06 Nsk Europe Co. Ltd. Bearing assembly
WO2005024257A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-03-17 Nsk Europe Ltd A bearing assembly
US7775078B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2010-08-17 Nsk Europe Ltd. Method of forming a boss
CN101642789B (en) 2003-09-03 2011-08-10 恩斯克欧洲有限公司 A method of forming a boss in a plate and plate with boss bearing periodic fatigue load in use
US20060210209A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2006-09-21 Fisk Richard W Bearing assembly
EP2295163A3 (en) * 2003-09-03 2012-05-02 NSK Europe Ltd A method of forming a boss
US8327676B2 (en) * 2008-12-01 2012-12-11 Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Upper-end formed glass complex for hot expanding piercing and method of manufacturing billet for hot extrusion pipe making
US20110219837A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2011-09-15 Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Upper-end formed glass complex for hot expanding piercing and method of manufacturing billet for hot extrusion pipe making
US8959771B2 (en) 2011-08-31 2015-02-24 Friedrich Air Conditioning Co., Ltd. Method of constructing a shell for a room air conditioner/heat pump with lateral strength
US10086484B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2018-10-02 Apple Inc. Manufacturing of computing devices
US9852723B2 (en) 2014-03-27 2017-12-26 Apple Inc. Acoustic modules
US10071539B2 (en) 2014-09-30 2018-09-11 Apple Inc. Co-sintered ceramic for electronic devices
WO2016119940A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe Ag Method and device for producing a collar on a workpiece
US20170001233A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 Trumpf Werkzeugmaschinen Gmbh + Co. Kg Punching Tools

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