US1675331A - Index or file - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1675331A
US1675331A US75079124A US1675331A US 1675331 A US1675331 A US 1675331A US 75079124 A US75079124 A US 75079124A US 1675331 A US1675331 A US 1675331A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
card
index
marginal portion
cards
tongues
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
William H Day
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Remington Rand Inc
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Remington Rand Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42FSHEETS TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TOGETHER; FILING APPLIANCES; FILE CARDS; INDEXING
    • B42F17/00Card-filing arrangements, e.g. card indexes or catalogues or filing cabinets

Description

July 3, A1921s. 1,615,331

W. H. DAY

INDEX OR FILE Patented July 3, 19,28.

'UNITED STATES PATENT orifice.

WILLIAM H. DAY, 0F k:EAST HVEN,`. CONNECTICUT; ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGN- MENTS, TO REMINGTON-RAND1INOVOF `NEW' YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION 0F DELA- Inniizx` on FILE.

Appiicauon ined November 19, `1924.. serial No. 759,791.

cards are mounted upon a holdin()l device, and should be adapted to be rea ily separated from each other, as well as easilyengaged byand readily released from the holder.` Means may also be providedwliereby one card sup-` perts another of the series, preferably the f underlying one. Arrangements for nesting,

the indi vidual cards with the card next above ori-below, are a convenience in someinstances, and when nested, itis desirable that lthe cards lie ilatwise upon the support.`

(.)ne object of this inventionis to provide an improved form of index card, which: will be adapted to be enga-ged by and mounted upon a supporting member in such a manner that a plurality of the same maybe ar'- ranged in overlapping: relation with the `margin ot' each exposed `to view, and be' more readily separated' when so mounted` andv more readily removed from orV appliedto,

said supporting member than previously experienced with similar types of cards.`

Other `objects of this invention are to `pro-` vide means in combination with index cards of this and similar types, wherebywV the sup` port` engaging portion may be more` easily` manipulated, `whereby an easier movement ot the card upon the support or into and outf ol nested engagement with another card will be obtained, whereby the series of `cards will more compactly lie` upon the holder andl whereby'l the coinbinedthickness ofthe cards and holder will be lessened. y l

To these and other ends, the invention consists inthe novel yfeatures and., combination of parts to be hereinafter `described and claimed. y

In the accompanying drawings:` y

Fig. 1 illustrates one type of holder or frame, with which tlie'novel index card of this4 invention is adapted for use;

Fig. 2 "is a view showing the `improved index cards which 1 embody the features ofmy invention, mounted upon a supportingr inember which is adaptable for use with the frame shown in Fig. 1, or with other forms ot' equipment, the cards being shown in various positions` thereon;

141g. 3 is a plan view of one ot the index cards;

Fig. 4 is a sectionon line 414-4 of'Fig. 2,1

Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig..2;

1. i Big. 6 is plan `view ot the support engag- .ing portion of a somewhat modified form of` improved index card, and,

Fig. 7 is a bottom edge view of the card shown in Fig. 6.

The particular form ofindex card selected for illustrating `this invention is somewhat similar tothe index card described and claiiiied in Patent No. 1,048,056, issued to Irving Fisher, December 24, 19.12, and in certain aspects of the invention may be cbn-` y swingable class usually insertable between likeleaves and being supported in a vertically swingingvposition, having lateral extending support engaging fingers 111 A retaining, strip 12, adapted to engage and hold index` cards of this type, is mounted upon this leaf anda plurality ofindex cards l 13r4 arev arranged in series and retained thereby, the cards being adapted, as willlbe pointed out hereinafter, to lie llatwise upon the support in overlapping nested relation with a margin 1450i each exposed to view. `The retaining `strip or supporting member 12, comprises'astrip of material, preferably sheet metal, provided with a centralportion" `15, and oppositely directed horizontally disposed flanged sides 16 and`17, which are raised above the plane of the central por-- tion. Thecentral portion l'may be secured to the holding frame or device by any suit` able means, ,such as rivets 18. When the supporting member 12 is used with a device,

as shown in Fig. 1, a pair of spring lingers 19 and 2O are usually provided to support the series ot cards againstV downward slippage therefrom.` l

The index cards 13 are usually formed, from a sheet oi material, suclias cardboard, or the like, andare each provided with a` pair of tongues 21 and 22, which are generally cut therefrom by suitably formed dies.` The base portion 23 or' these tongues is left integral with the card body, while tab portions 24 and 25 are formed on the respective tongues so as to lie in a substantially transverse line across the card and in opposed relation, both being directed inwardly toward the longitudinal renter of the car. Previous to this invention, the material below these tab portions was allowed to remain joined to the body of the card at 2G, but the principal disadvantage caused thereby was found to be eliminated by the removal of this material, whereby openings 2T and 2S are formed, thereby spacing the inwardly directed tabs 2l and 25 from the margin of the card directly below the same. By this novel arrangement, one advantage obtained consists of the provision of convenient linger holds outlined by the curved line 29, whereby tongues 21 and 22 can be more conveniently depressed in order to insert the tab portions 2l and 25, respectively, beneath the flanged sides 1G and 17 of the supporting member 15. In addition to this ad antago, the cards when nested together with the edge of one between the tongues and the rear surface of another, can more easily be separated from each other out-*of nesti j engagement, due to the elimination of the additional friction of the' gripping action upon the nested card, caused by the material which previously lilled the openings 2T and 28. Another advantage obtained is that the card can be more easily slipped along the supporting strip 12, after having been mounted thereon, which likewise was made possible by the elimination of the friction or gripping action, by the provision of openings at the above described point. Still another advantage obtained by the use of this novel form of card is that the cards may be more readily slipped over the end 29 of the supporting member 12, as shown at the upper portion of F 2, due to the fact that the tab portions 2land 25 are free at their lower edges and are more exposed for engagement by the flange ends 29, because of the provision of openings therebelow. These advantages all combine to increase the usefulness of the index card by speeding up the operation of liling the cards, either as a new series upon a support or by the addition of others to an already existing index, and by allowing a more rapid inspection or reference thereto by the increased ease of manipulation thereof. Y

The cards 13 are also caused to lie more flatly upon the supporting member 12 (than previously experienced in this type of card), by the provision of the openings 27 and 28. Previously the material at these points, because of not being positively retained vin the plane of the card, was forced upwardly by the underlying nested card, whereby the overlying card was sprung upwardly at the sides thereof. This upward springing action also caused each succeeding card to stand outwardly away from the other intermediate the sides at the exposed margin thereof, By the provision of the openings 27 and 28, therefore, the cards not only lie more fiatly upon the support at the side edges thereof, but each adjacent card also lies more flatly upon the other card, being substantially in contact therewith across the entire superimposed surface area, the action being in this instance, one Vtending toward side edge depression instead of upward springing.

In order to increase the tendency to lie tlatwise upon the support, the addition of the features shown in Figs. 6 and 7, may be provided, and in certain aspects thereof these f are also useful when app ied to the particular form of cards of the Fisher patent men- Y ,tioned above, or other forms for like uses, as

well as the cards of the present invention.

These features comprise the offsetting of the i tongues or support engaging portions 21 and 22 rearwardly out of the plane of the body of the card. @ne arrangement by which this may be accomplished is shown in l? 6 and 7, where the portions 30 and 31 of the card 13, adjacent the connection of the tongues therewith are pressed rearwardly out of the plane of the remainder of the card a sufficient amount to allow the tab portions 2-1- and 25 of the tongues to more readily engage beneath the flanges 16 and 17 without distorting the remainder of the card. This structure also offsets rearwardly the edges 32 and 33 upon which the underlying nested card edUe rests, a sullicient amount, so that said edges lie in substantially the same plane thereof, whereby a more ellieient and positive support is produced in substantially the form of an upwardly directed shoulder.

As stated above, the provision of the openingsr27 and 28 in the index cards instead of leaving the material of the card therein, which as shown at 35, is directly above the high points or lianges 16 and 17 of the support 12, the upwardly springing action of thc center portion of the cards of the series is avoided and, therefore, when a large `number of leaves 10 are arranged in juxtaposed position less space is required in cross Section of the combined leaf and contained cards before there is interference or contact between the opposed cards of adjacentv leaves. This obviously allows a larger numbcr of leaves to be used within a given lateral space and so increases the data containingl area of the whole unit of index equipment.

It will, of course., be understood that while the above description is based upon the particular card shown and the position of the. same upon a support which, in this instance, is generally termed upstandinq, that the features above noted may also be embodied in the so-called downhanging lili) lll) cardwith equal results to obtain the advantages noted.`

W'hile I'have' shown anddescribed a preferred embodiment of myinvention, it will be understood that th'e same is not limited: thereto in all ofits details, but is capable-ofv tab portion, substantially in parallelism with i said marginal portion, the portion of said card being removed below said tab' whereby said tab is spaced from said margin.

2. In an index or file, a card-retaining` strip adapted-to present a pairof outwardly directed flanges, air inde-x card mounted thereon, said'cards` being provided with a pair of tongues struck therefrom and adjacent a marginal portion thereof; said tongues having inwardly directed tabportions for engagement beneatlisaid flanges, said' tabsv being spaced from said marginal portion to provide openings between said tabs and said marginal portionV through which said tongue may be readily manipulated to insert said tabs beneath said flanges.

3. In an index or file, a card-retaining strip adapted to present a pair of outwardly directed flanges, an index card mounted thereon, said card being provided with a pair of tongues struck therefrom and adjacent a marginal portion thereof, said tongues having inwardly directed tab portions for engagement beneath said flanges, said tabs being spaced from said marginal portion to provide openings between said tabs and said marginal portion through which said flanges may readily be inserted to engage said tab portions. Y

4. In an index or file, a card-retaining strip adapted to present a pair of outwardly directed flanges, an index card slidingly mounted thereon, said card being rovided with a pair of tongues struck therefiiom and adjacent a marginal portion thereof, said tongues having inwardly directed tab portions for engagement beneath said flanges, said tabs being spaced fromr said marginal portion to provide openings between said tabs and said marginal portion and co-extensive with said tabs throu h which said flanges may readily slide `wien in engagement with said tabs. Y

5. In an index or file, a frame provided with a card-retaining strip having outwardly directed flanges at both edges thereof, a series of index cards mounted thereon in nested overlapped relation, each of said cards being provided with a pair of tongues struck therefrom and adjacent a marginal portion thereof,` said tongues having in# wardly directed tab por`t1ons-forengag`e-` ment beneathsaid flanges, one ofsaid-cards being provided with al tongue struck there'- from and4 adjacent a marginal portion thereof; saidtongue having an inwardly directed tab portion for engagement beneath said flange, oneof said cards being nested between the tongue and body of another card, said tab lbeing spaced from` said marginal portion to provide an opening betweenv said tabs and said marginal portion andicoextensive with said tabs through which said `flange may be readily/inserted, whereby said series of cards may readily slide thereon.

7. InL an index or file, strip provided with outwardly directedl flanges, an index card slidingly `mounted thereon having a pair of tongues provided with inwardly directed tab portions to engage beneath said flanges, said tongues being connected to said card adjacent a marginal portion thereof, said tab portions being spaced above the connecting point of said tongues with the marginal portion of said card, whereby an opening coextensive with said tab portions is formed therebetween.

8. In an index or file, an index card having oppositely directed tongues struck therefrom and jo1ned to a` marginal portion of said card, said tongues and the marginal portion joined thereto being offset rearwardly beyond the plane of said card.

9. In an index or file, an index card provided with a tongue directed inwardly from a marginal portion thereof', said tongue being connected at its base to said marginal portion and with said marginal portion offset from the plane of the surface of said card.

10. In an index or file, vided with a'pair of tongues connected to a marginal portion of said card, said tongues having tab portions projecting toward each other, said tongues and part of said marginal portion being depressed below the surface of said car A 1l. In an index or file, an index card provided with a pair of tongues connected to a marginal portion of said card and having tab portions projecting toward each other,

a card-retaining an index card pro- IUU said tongues and part of said marginal portion being depressed below the Surface of said card, said tabs being spaced from said marginal portion of said Card by an opening formed by the removal of the portion of laid card lying between Said tab and niarginal portion thereof.

12. In an index or lile` an index Card provided with a tongue directed inwardly from the lower marginal portion thereof` and an upwardly directed Shoulder extending parallel with said marginal portion to one side of the Connecting point between S'aid tongue and said card.

13. In an index or tile, an index Card provided with a tongue directed .inwardly from the lower marginal portion thereof7 and an upwardly directed Shoulder extending parallel with said marginal portion to one side of the connecting point between said tongue and said card, said shoulder being ottset from the plane of said lard.

14. In an index or tile` :in index Card provided with a Struck-out tongue joined to and directed inwardly from a marginal portion of said earth said tongue and the portion of the margin of Said Card, included within the portion of Said tongue at the jiunrture thereof with the marginal portion being depressed below the plane of said card.

15. In an index or file, an index Cardv comprising a strip of material having'a portion adjacent the lower marginal portion thereof struck therefrom to :form ay tongue, Said tongue being joined to and directed upwardly from said marginal portion. a portion of the margin of said card at each side oi` said tongue being separated from Said card and offset from the plane of said fard to form an upwardly directed Shoulder at each Side of said tongue.

1G. In an index or lile, an index Card Comprising a strip of material having a portion adjacent the lower marginal portion thereof Struck therefrom to form a tongue-` said tmigue heir oined to and directed upwardly from said marginal portion` a portion of the margin of Paid Card at each Side of said tongue being separated from Said Card and offset from the plane of said Card to form an upwardly directed shoulder at each side of said tongue1 Said tongue having a tab portion directed subetantially parallel to the marginal portion of Said card and spaced from one of Said shoulders by the removal of the material forming Said Card lying therebetween.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my VVILLIA M H. DAY.

hand this 17th day of November, 1924.'

CERTIFICATE 0F CORRECTION.

Patent No. 1,675,33l. Granted .uiy 3, 1928, to

WILLIAM H. DAY.

It is hereby eertiiieei that. eti-or appears in tite primed specification of the above numbered patent requiting corteotion as foiiows: Page 2, line 5, for the word "oaf" 'read "card", page 3, line 18, eiaim i, fot the word "margin" read "marginal portion"; line 22, claim 2, for the wotd "eaids" read "card"; line 69, claim 5, for "tongue" read "tongues"; line 70, 'for "tab" read "tabs" and line 73, strike out the Word "therebetween"; and that said Letters Patent should be read with these corrections thetein that the same may conform to the recor of the case io the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 28th, day of August, A. D. 1928.

M. J. Moore, (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

DISCLAIMER 1,675,831.-Willam H. Day, East Haven, Conn. INDEX 0R FILE. Patent dated July 3, 1928. Disclaimer led November 18, 1929, by the assignee by mesne assignments, Remington Rand Inc.

Hereby enters this disclaimer to that part of the claim in said specilication which is in the following words, to witz` 12. In an index or file, an index card provided with a tongue directed inwardly from the lower marginal portion thereof, and an upwardly directed shoulder extending parallel with said marginal portion to one side of the connecting point between said tongue and said card.

[Ojcial Gazette December 1929.]

US1675331A 1924-11-19 1924-11-19 Index or file Expired - Lifetime US1675331A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2713502A (en) * 1949-03-12 1955-07-19 Remington Rand Inc Visible card index with cards registered for photographic reproduction
US5300507A (en) * 1991-03-25 1994-04-05 Adir Et Compagnie New heterocycle-substituted alkylamides

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2713502A (en) * 1949-03-12 1955-07-19 Remington Rand Inc Visible card index with cards registered for photographic reproduction
US5300507A (en) * 1991-03-25 1994-04-05 Adir Et Compagnie New heterocycle-substituted alkylamides

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