US1662446A - Metal-foil electrode - Google Patents

Metal-foil electrode Download PDF

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Publication number
US1662446A
US1662446A US68623324A US1662446A US 1662446 A US1662446 A US 1662446A US 68623324 A US68623324 A US 68623324A US 1662446 A US1662446 A US 1662446A
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Prior art keywords
sheet
figure
foil
electrode
flexible
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Reinhold H Wappler
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Wappler Electric Company Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/02Details
    • A61N1/04Electrodes
    • A61N1/0404Electrodes for external use
    • A61N1/0472Structure-related aspects
    • A61N1/0492Patch electrodes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/02Details
    • A61N1/04Electrodes
    • A61N1/0404Electrodes for external use
    • A61N1/0408Use-related aspects

Description

March 13, 1928.

R. H. WAPPLER METAL FOIL ELECTRODE Filed Jan. 14. 1924 :LE-una l :.Euns.

launz EURE '7 I :LEUR: El

Em-LEE :LELJHE ll INVENTOR 56m/old /Z MPPLEH /f/f ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 13, 1928.

UNITED STATES 1,662,446- PATENT OFFICE.-

REINHOLD H. WAPPLER, 0F YONKERS, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO VVAPPLER ELECTRIC COMPANY, INC., OF LONG ISLAND CITY, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

METAL-FOIL ELECTRODE.

Application led January 14, 1924. Serial No. 686,233.

My invention relates to electrodes, of a kind suitable for use in supplying electric currents to the skin of a patient, for purposes of therapeutic treatment, electrical massaging and the like.

More particularly stated, my invention comprehends a metal foil electrode; that is, an electrode having the form of a sheet and provided with a facing of metal or other conducting material, the sheet with its facing being as a whole so flexible that it can be applied to the skin after the manner of a plaster, and can be fitted around or between various physiological members of different form, such for instance as the fingers, toes, wrists or ankles, and can be fitted effectively upon such parts as the nose, ears or throat.

Reference is made to the accompanying drawing forming a part of the specification, and in which like reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures.

Figure 1 is a plan view of one form of my invention, the device being shown as partly broken away.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of the device shown in Figure 1.

Fi gure 3 shows another form of my invention, a portion of the device being shown as broken away.

Figure 4 is a side elevation of the device shown in Figure Figure 5 shows a plan view of still another form of my device, a part being broken away.

Figure 6 is a side elevation of the mechanism appearing in Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a plan view of another form, eert-ain parts being broken away.

Figure 8 is a side elevation of the device shown in Figure 7.

Figure 9 is a plan view of still another form of my invention, parts of the same being broken away.

Figure 10 is a side elevation of the structure shown in Figure 9.

Figure 11 is a side elevation of still another form of my invention.

A flexible member 11 of sheet material, such as a sticking plaster, is adhesive on one of its faces, and adhering to this face is a coating of copper foil 12. Mounted uponl this coating of foil is a binding post 13, to which is secured a wire 14. The binding In the forni appearing in Figures 5 and 6, a flexible sheet of material is shown at 19, and is adhesive on one of its faces. Engaging the adhesive face is a strip 2O of copper, and extending over this strip and over the adjacent port-ion of the adhesive face of the plaster is a coating 21 of tin foil. A binding post 22 is mounted upon the strip 20, and leading to the binding post is al Wire 23.

In the form shown in Figures 7 and 8 the member 25 is a flexible sheet of material, such as a plaster, adhesive on both of its faces. Adhering to these faces are twocoatings 24 and 26, made of tin foil. The coating 26 carries a binding post 27, and leading to the latter is a wire 23. The two coatings 2li and 26 are both in communication with the binding post, and may be used either together or singly for the purpose of distributing the `electric currents.

In the form shown in Figures 9 and 10 a flexible sheet of material 30 is adhesive on both of its faces, and clinging to one of these faces is a strip 31 of tin foil, and to the other a sheet 29 of soft rubber, serving as a backing. The strip 31 is provided With an end portion 33, which protrudes through a slot 32, and secured upon this end portion is a clip 34, serving as a binding post. Thus while the strip 31 is adapted to make a good contact with the patients skin, and while in practice the electrode is so worn by the patient that the sheet 29 of rubber is outside, the tin foil strip 33 and clip 34 are also outside, and always accessible for making an electrical connection.

The flexible sheet with its adhesive face or faces is made of insulating material.

In the form shown in Figure 11 a sheet of soft rubber appears at 35, and a sheet of flexible material, adhesive on both of its faces, is shown at 36. A strip of tin foil appears at 37, and is in communication with the binding post 38. A clamp 39 is clipped upon the ends of the electrode, and serves to hold the electrode in position upon the part to which it is applied, as for instance an.

arm or a leg. The clamp, 39, is not energized electrically, and therefore ma f be placed directly in contact with the patlents skin without. the possibility of causing the current to make a burn. The clamp 39 may be used with the. form shown in Figure 10.

The operation of my device is as follows:

The electrode is by aid of the binding post or the-clip and wire which it carries, connected with a suitable source otelectricity, such for instance, as a faradic battery or other device furnishingr currents or current pulsations suitable for use in therapeutic operations, electrical massaging or the like. A pair of the electrodes here described may be used together, or a single electrode may be used in connection with an electrode of ordinary construction. The electric currents or pulsations are turned on, regulated and stopped, in the manner well understood in this art.

A very great advantage oll'ered by my improved electrode is that, in consequence of its flexibility, it may be easily bent around a member such as the thumb, one or more fingers, one or more toes or the like, one or both wrists or ankles. or may be fitted partially around or against any physiological member of peculiar contour, or may be curved or otherwise readily formed so as to fit partially into parts such as the out-er ear, or made to follow the contour of the skin covering the armpits, or the like.

I find that by means of this improved electrode the electric currents can be distributed far more uniformly than is the case with most other electrodes, and that the treatment can thus be rendered more effective.

Another advantage possessed by my improved electrode is that it can be made up ot cheap material and more or less perishable. and on that account may be cut by scissors into various sizes and shape, the finished article having a high degree of flexibility and being adapted to make good contact with the skin of the patient upon any part ot' the body, regardless of the shape of the partel to which the current is to be applied. ll`he. electrode thus made up can be used once, and then if need be thrown away.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:

1. An electrode, comprising a flexible sheet of non-conducting material provided with a slot, and a coating of metal foil .sccured flatwise against said flexible sheet of material. said coating of metal foil being provided with a portion extending through -said slot in order to facilitate makingr an electrical connection with said coating of metal foil, said flexible sheet of non-conducting material and said coating of metal foil being as a whole flexible, substantially as described.

2. An electrode comprising a flexible sheet of non-conducting material, a flexible sheet of metal foil secured flatwise against said first mentioned sheet but shorter than the latter as to leave an end portion of said first mentioned sheet extending beyond the end of said metal foil, and a clamp connected with the portion thus extended.

Signed at Long Island City, N. Y. C., in the county of Queens, and State of N. Y., this 18th day of December, 1923.

REINHOLD H. VVAPPLER.

US1662446A 1924-01-14 1924-01-14 Metal-foil electrode Expired - Lifetime US1662446A (en)

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Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2755800A (en) * 1954-12-27 1956-07-24 Thalmer J Thompson Adhesive bandage
US2943628A (en) * 1957-02-27 1960-07-05 William L Howell Electrode assembly
US3052233A (en) * 1958-09-24 1962-09-04 William F Veling Cardiac monitor
US3151619A (en) * 1961-07-17 1964-10-06 Spacelab Inc Electrode for electromedical equipment
DE2018239A1 (en) * 1969-04-25 1970-11-19
US3720209A (en) * 1968-03-11 1973-03-13 Medical Plastics Inc Plate electrode
US3812861A (en) * 1972-11-15 1974-05-28 R Peters Disposable electrode
US3817252A (en) * 1972-05-08 1974-06-18 Medtronic Inc Electrode for transcutaneous stimulation
US3972329A (en) * 1974-11-25 1976-08-03 Kaufman John George Body electrode for electro-medical use
US4094309A (en) * 1977-03-07 1978-06-13 Grzenia Robert M Medical electrode
US4166465A (en) * 1977-10-17 1979-09-04 Neomed Incorporated Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4186731A (en) * 1978-05-15 1980-02-05 Clark William T Iii Topical Thermograph
US4220159A (en) * 1976-04-23 1980-09-02 Biomedical International Company Electrode
US4834103A (en) * 1980-08-08 1989-05-30 Darox Corporation Disposable physiological electrode set
US5012810A (en) * 1988-09-22 1991-05-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5058589A (en) * 1985-03-20 1991-10-22 Arbo Medizin-Technologie Gmbh Electrode for measuring body currents
US5078138A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction having a non-woven material
US5078139A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5092332A (en) * 1990-02-22 1992-03-03 Medtronic, Inc. Steroid eluting cuff electrode for peripheral nerve stimulation
US5133355A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-07-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5133356A (en) * 1991-04-16 1992-07-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode having centrally-positioned tab construction
US5215087A (en) * 1988-09-22 1993-06-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5226225A (en) * 1991-04-16 1993-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making a biomedical electrode
US5265608A (en) * 1990-02-22 1993-11-30 Medtronic, Inc. Steroid eluting electrode for peripheral nerve stimulation
US5344438A (en) * 1993-04-16 1994-09-06 Medtronic, Inc. Cuff electrode
US5506059A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-04-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Metallic films and articles using same
US20040138579A1 (en) * 2002-10-09 2004-07-15 Deadwyler Sam A. Wireless systems and methods for the detection of neural events using onboard processing
US7010356B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2006-03-07 London Health Sciences Centre Research Inc. Multichannel electrode and methods of using same
US20080119711A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2008-05-22 Suwas Nikumb Neurological probe and method of using same
US20080221631A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Conduct Prosecution External Defibrillators,Transcutaneous Electrodes for Same, and Methods of Use
US20100204754A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-12 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Retinal prosthesis
US20110071611A1 (en) * 2007-03-08 2011-03-24 Pisit Khuon Defibrillation Electrodes
US20110172736A1 (en) * 2010-01-14 2011-07-14 Nano-Retina, Inc. Penetrating electrodes for retinal stimulation
US8428740B2 (en) 2010-08-06 2013-04-23 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US8442641B2 (en) 2010-08-06 2013-05-14 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US8571669B2 (en) 2011-02-24 2013-10-29 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis with efficient processing circuits
US8706243B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2014-04-22 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US9331791B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2016-05-03 Nano Retina Ltd. Transfer of power and data
US9370417B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-06-21 Nano-Retina, Inc. Foveated retinal prosthesis
US9474902B2 (en) 2013-12-31 2016-10-25 Nano Retina Ltd. Wearable apparatus for delivery of power to a retinal prosthesis

Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2755800A (en) * 1954-12-27 1956-07-24 Thalmer J Thompson Adhesive bandage
US2943628A (en) * 1957-02-27 1960-07-05 William L Howell Electrode assembly
US3052233A (en) * 1958-09-24 1962-09-04 William F Veling Cardiac monitor
US3151619A (en) * 1961-07-17 1964-10-06 Spacelab Inc Electrode for electromedical equipment
US3720209A (en) * 1968-03-11 1973-03-13 Medical Plastics Inc Plate electrode
DE2018239A1 (en) * 1969-04-25 1970-11-19
US3662757A (en) * 1969-04-25 1972-05-16 Matburn Holdings Ltd Diathermy plate electrode
US3817252A (en) * 1972-05-08 1974-06-18 Medtronic Inc Electrode for transcutaneous stimulation
US3812861A (en) * 1972-11-15 1974-05-28 R Peters Disposable electrode
US3972329A (en) * 1974-11-25 1976-08-03 Kaufman John George Body electrode for electro-medical use
US4220159A (en) * 1976-04-23 1980-09-02 Biomedical International Company Electrode
US4094309A (en) * 1977-03-07 1978-06-13 Grzenia Robert M Medical electrode
US4166465A (en) * 1977-10-17 1979-09-04 Neomed Incorporated Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4186731A (en) * 1978-05-15 1980-02-05 Clark William T Iii Topical Thermograph
US4834103A (en) * 1980-08-08 1989-05-30 Darox Corporation Disposable physiological electrode set
US5058589A (en) * 1985-03-20 1991-10-22 Arbo Medizin-Technologie Gmbh Electrode for measuring body currents
US5215087A (en) * 1988-09-22 1993-06-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5012810A (en) * 1988-09-22 1991-05-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5078138A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction having a non-woven material
US5078139A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5133355A (en) * 1988-09-22 1992-07-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode construction
US5092332A (en) * 1990-02-22 1992-03-03 Medtronic, Inc. Steroid eluting cuff electrode for peripheral nerve stimulation
US5265608A (en) * 1990-02-22 1993-11-30 Medtronic, Inc. Steroid eluting electrode for peripheral nerve stimulation
US5226225A (en) * 1991-04-16 1993-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making a biomedical electrode
US5133356A (en) * 1991-04-16 1992-07-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Biomedical electrode having centrally-positioned tab construction
US5344438A (en) * 1993-04-16 1994-09-06 Medtronic, Inc. Cuff electrode
US5506059A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-04-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Metallic films and articles using same
US5660892A (en) * 1993-05-14 1997-08-26 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of forming a metallic film
US7010356B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2006-03-07 London Health Sciences Centre Research Inc. Multichannel electrode and methods of using same
US20040138579A1 (en) * 2002-10-09 2004-07-15 Deadwyler Sam A. Wireless systems and methods for the detection of neural events using onboard processing
US7460904B2 (en) 2002-10-09 2008-12-02 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Wireless systems and methods for the detection of neural events using onboard processing
US20090036752A1 (en) * 2002-10-09 2009-02-05 Deadwyler Sam A Wireless systems and methods for the detection of neural events using onboard processing
US20080119711A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2008-05-22 Suwas Nikumb Neurological probe and method of using same
US7853303B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2010-12-14 National Research Council Of Canada Neurological probe and method of using same
US20080221631A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Conduct Prosecution External Defibrillators,Transcutaneous Electrodes for Same, and Methods of Use
US9138573B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2015-09-22 Zoll Medical Corporation External defibrillators,transcutaneous electrodes for same, and methods of use
US9314610B2 (en) 2007-03-08 2016-04-19 Zoll Medical Corporation Defibrillation electrodes
US20110071611A1 (en) * 2007-03-08 2011-03-24 Pisit Khuon Defibrillation Electrodes
US8150526B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2012-04-03 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis
US9566191B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2017-02-14 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis with visible-light filter
US9265945B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2016-02-23 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis
US20100204754A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-12 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Retinal prosthesis
US8706243B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2014-04-22 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US9198753B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2015-12-01 Nano-Retina Inc. Techniques for powering a retinal prosthesis
US9907969B2 (en) 2009-02-09 2018-03-06 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis with an external power source
US8718784B2 (en) 2010-01-14 2014-05-06 Nano-Retina, Inc. Penetrating electrodes for retinal stimulation
US20110172736A1 (en) * 2010-01-14 2011-07-14 Nano-Retina, Inc. Penetrating electrodes for retinal stimulation
US8442641B2 (en) 2010-08-06 2013-05-14 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US8428740B2 (en) 2010-08-06 2013-04-23 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis techniques
US9192464B2 (en) 2011-02-24 2015-11-24 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis with efficient processing circuits
US8571669B2 (en) 2011-02-24 2013-10-29 Nano-Retina, Inc. Retinal prosthesis with efficient processing circuits
US9370417B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-06-21 Nano-Retina, Inc. Foveated retinal prosthesis
US9474902B2 (en) 2013-12-31 2016-10-25 Nano Retina Ltd. Wearable apparatus for delivery of power to a retinal prosthesis
US9331791B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2016-05-03 Nano Retina Ltd. Transfer of power and data

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