US1660922A - Flushing apparatus - Google Patents

Flushing apparatus Download PDF

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US1660922A
US1660922A US190184A US19018427A US1660922A US 1660922 A US1660922 A US 1660922A US 190184 A US190184 A US 190184A US 19018427 A US19018427 A US 19018427A US 1660922 A US1660922 A US 1660922A
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valve
aperture
tank
provided
arm
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US190184A
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Haas Katie
Jr Henry G Dorn
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Haas Katie
Jr Henry G Dorn
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/30Valves for high or low level cisterns; Their arrangement ; Flushing mechanisms in the cistern, optionally with provisions for a pre-or a post- flushing and for cutting off the flushing mechanism in case of leakage
    • E03D1/34Flushing valves for outlets; Arrangement of outlet valves

Description

Feb. 28, 1928.

P. HAAS FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed May 10, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 m /Mf v v z, 2

m t n e v M ad Patented Feb. 28, 1928.

' UNITED STATES" PHILIP Hanson DAYToN, onlog KATIE` Hans HENRY e. an., ExEeUi'rmx" AND'ExncU'ronoFsaIn PHILIPHAAS, DEcEAsnD.

Application inea May io,`

My invention consists -in the novelf'features `hereinafter described, reference being had to the accompanying drawings which show one form in which I have contemplated embodying my invention and a slight modi` ticationthereof, vand saidinvention is fully disclosed inthe following description `and claims.

The object of my invention is to` providea iushing tank andflushing `valve mechanismi therefor ot extremely simpleconstructiomin which the supporting means of thevalve operating mechanism is formed as a part of the tank and preferably of porcelain or earth! enware,1the apparatus being so simple that, the parts can be shipped to the point of use with the flushing tank and placed in operative position by anyone without the use ofl tools, and Without the necessity of calling'in skilled labor. t,

My invention also consists in the novel 'features of' construction and combination of parts hereinafter fully described andpartic-` ularly pointed out in the claims.

Referringtothefdrawings, A 1

Fig. l. is a sectional .Viewy of the flushing tank and `flushing mechanism therefor en bodying my invention.

Figa@ is a top plan View of the same with the cover removed.` 1

Fig. 3 isfa vertical transverse sectional vview through thetank. y f

Fig. 4- an enlarged sectional i vievvr of fa@V portionot the tankfshowing the means forn supporting the rock shaft ofthe valveopfy vrating mechanism, and holding it inopera'" tivelpositioii. i "Y Fig. 5 represents'a horizontal sectional view` on the line toit Fig. L4. i'

Fig'. 6 is a vertical sectional'I view of the linger piece" forming part fofthe valve ope rating mechanisin. y M

Fig. 7 is ahorizontalsectional viert7 on line 7-7ot Fig. 6. Fig". S is a rear elevation of the `finger piece Witli'vtlie operating armshown in section.

Fig. 9 isy a )detail perspective view illusi' tratinga slightly different form ofsupportfor the rock shaft and-a different form of retainingmeans therefor. y f

In the ordinary llusliing tank now almostentirely madeof porcelainflor earthenware, it is custon'iary to providefan aperture a lateral Wall, generally the front wall, for the shaft ot an operating device act` resents the lfushin valve which is preferab hollow, closed at its uppereiid and. openat n fits lower end, and provided with curved or 19a?. semi No. raam.

ingupon aslever supportedwithin the tank and `connected with the flushingvalve. This necessltates the@ use of aV bearing sleeve in the aperture, means for supporting the lever Within the tank, and requires a skilled operator to .assemble the parts and place themA in operatlve relation andadjustment."

*Incarrying out my present"inventionl lprovide the tank "indicated at 1, formed pref` erably of porcelain or earthenvvare, With an1 aperture, 2, `in its front wall, which is sli ht-` ly elongated vertically, and `has its e ges rounded as indicated at 3. On the inner tace of the front vvall Joff the tank, Ifprovide a longitudinallydisposed bracket `indicated at 4, `which is'preferably formed'integrally, that istofsay` in "one piece with the front wall`,` and Ais provided 'on its upper face with a longitudinalrecess", 5, having its bottom, 6, inclined forwardly `and downwardly toward the front Wall vot' the tank. This bracket is so located that thebottoni, 6, of the recess is in substantial ali nmentlwith the center of the aperture, 2, an is dis osed between said aperture and the longitu inal center ofthe front n'all." The outer longitudinal iange of the bracket "isfpreferably eiitendednpwardly at the end of the bracket rem'oteifrom lso the aperture,` 2', asindicated at 4, and the inner faceof saidvvall isprovided with a. curved taperinglrecess, 4", as lindicated in Figs. 4" and "5, toreceivefa retaining plug or Wedge,6, Whichispreferably of compressible material as corkfrubber or Wood, which "may be gently pressed into the space between i saidr'ecess, 4., andthe front Wall of the tank, as indicated in the said Figs. 4 and 5. The' tank is'pro-vided `'at the bottom with theA l usual centrally locatedaperture, 7, in" which is secured a threaded sleeve,"8, having a `flange, `9, at its upperend, engaging a shoul` der, 10, held in place by the usual nut, 11, said fitting being providedwith a valve seat, `which is preferably formedof nonicorrodi` ble material, and is lindicatedat` 12. 13 rep substantially spherical seat engagingp`or`V tions indicated at '14. The upper end of the" valve is provided `vvitlr an aperture having"a` ,flange or collar, 115. Thevalve is preferably "joint therewith.l 16is" a" vertical hollow 110x valve stemmand overflow pipe, which preferably Iformed of`celluloid or other suitable material, whi'eh'is strong and light and not eliected by the water, and the saidt'ubul'ar stem,16, ispassed" through the collar, 155,'z'1nilV disposed' holes inthe lower end I of the hollow valve stein, 'andr vpassing-"a wire'therethrough, one end of whichjis secured as at 17, by bending it aroundthe lower edge of the tube, the other end of the wirebeingbent downwardlyatthe other side of the tube andupwar'dly toi-form a loop, as indicatedin Fig. 1 for example. This is avery simple and inexpensive 'way ofi. providing the valve stem with a depending device which 'holds the valve substantially in axial alignment with the valve seat during its vertical movements, an'dpreveuts it fromfswinging out of alignment witli'the seat. The. upper end of the valve stem, 16,"is provided with an attaching device which ispreferablyfin the form 'ofahook,for attaching itto the valve: operating mechanism. This hook preterably appliedby forming apertures the opposite sides of the valve stem, 16, and pas-sing Va piece of wire therethrough, one end of which issecured bending itdownward around the upper edgeofthe valve stem, whilethe other end/is bent upwardly and downwardly to form thehook indicated at 19. The valve/actuating mechanism comprises a rock shaft, l20,-provid'ed at one end withA a lifting lever, 21, and; atthe opposite end withan operating arm, 22. VThis de- 4vice is preferably formed of one piece of metal rod, :preferably brass or other y'suitable'metal, and the outer end of the lifting arm,I 21, is provided with an 'aperture or eye,to engage the hook, V19, of the valve stem. The rockshaft,`20, is adaptedvto lbe supported in the bearing bracket, 4, and lies in the groove or recess, A,5, 'thereof, being supported by the inclined bottom, 6, ofthe groove or recess, which tends toforee it toward the front wall of the tank. -rIfhe outer endof the operating arm, 22, exten-ds through the aperture, 2, inthe front wall of the tank, and vprovided eXteriorly with a finger piece, 23, which is-alsvo formedpreferably of porcelain so as to present a harmonious and pleasing appearance. The innerftace` of the finger piece is provided with Ia recess, 2l, and asmallerrecess, 25, which also opens through thefbottomof the linger piece, the two recesses being cennected by'a narrow slot, ,26, formingl oppositely disposed shouldersf-QT and l28, as clearly shownin F ig. 8

for'eaniple. The upper recess, 241, is also with a recess, 29, in its rear wall, f having its lower portronin substantial align-VV 'ment 'withvthe shoulder, 27, to receive the lend portion of the operating arm which is deta'chablyand adjustably secured thereto in any desired manner. In the present instanc'e and'for economy, l find it convenient to connect the linger piece to the operating armjby means of anI ordinary stove belt, in-V dicated at 30, Iprovided with a nut, 31, en'-` gaging the upper face ofthe. operating arm,

22, and having its head, 32,"located in the lowerrecess, 25, and provided with a washer, 83, preferably.inserted between the head of the bolt and the shoulders, 27 and 28,'of the porcelain linger piece. By this means the 'porcelain finger piece can-readily be secured to the metal operating arm without danger of breaking the porcelain and in a manner y which permits the porcelain finger piece to be lreadily molded, while lthe retaining means, to wit, the stove bolt and nut` are entirely concealed. The portion of theY operating arm between the rear face of the linger piece andv the rock Shaft which extends through the aperture, 2, inthe front wall "of the tank, is preferably,provided with a tubular bumper indicated atfll, and

vpreferablyformed from apiece offrubber tubing for the purpose otproviding an elastic or cushioning material'between the operating arm and the edges the aperture, 2, to prevent noise in the operation ofthe device.

In assembling the valve operating means, it will be seen that the operating arm, rock shaft and valve lifting arm, which 'as before stated are preferably formed of one piece of stock, (preferably round brass rod) vcan-be -inserted through the aperture,-2, by irst'in serting the valve lifting farm, 22, therethrough from' t-,he outside, and then v passing the rock shaftthrough. the aperture, Y2, and thenfvpassing the operating arm through said aperture and bringing the rocksliaft close against the inner'face of the frontwallof the tank and inserting it ini-the longitudinal rreeess,5, therein, after which the retaining wedge, Y6, (which may bean ordinary cork or rubber stopper, for example) is pressed into j 'position between the front wall of theitank 4and the recess, 4b, as clearly shown. in Figs.

2, 4 and 5where it will be retained by friction and will hold the rock shaft against accidental'displacement. Thehook, 19, at the upper end `of the valve stem, 16, is then engaged with an aperture, 21, as indicated in `Figs. 1, 2 and 4, the valvebeing placed in engagement with the valve seat.

The tank, 1, is provided with any suitable vvmeans `for supplying water and 'maintaining a predetermined level thereof, which may be of any desiredch'aracter. have'shown an weones inlet pipe, 40 (Fig.` `l);supported` by a filling, 41, inthe bottom of the tank and provided at its upper end with an inlet valve, 42, float lever, 43, and float, 44, and a` discharge pipe,

45, surrounding the inlet pipe and discharg-` ing adjacent `to the bottom `ofthe tank, but these devices form no part of my present in-` vention and will not bej more `particularly described. i

In FigJS), I have shown slightly 1modified v fforin t of bearing bracket vand retainingmeans `extending projection, 104, and Valmetal clip,

107, 'is slipped over this portion of `the i bracket having t a portion, 107, `extending over the recess,`106, and rock shaft,f120,`and a shoulder, 107 to 'engage the bearing recess, 106, as shown, to prevent the accidental displacement ofthe rock shaft. f t It will be seen that my improved4 flushing valve mechanism can be manufactured cheaply, 'and is ofgsueh 'sin'iple `construction that anyone can `assemble it. When the parts are placed inoperative position, the rock shaft willbeheld from endwise movement bythe engagement ofthe operating arm in the aperture, 2, and will be held in the bearing bracket by the retaining means described.

`assuming that the tank is filled tothe predetern'iined water ,level a` flushing operation maybe produced by simpl depressing the finger piece, 23,' thisy willdsiipress the outer;

4end of the' operatinga rm, 22 and rock the shaft, 20, raising the outer end of the lifting arm, 2 1, and raisingthe valve, 13. The water in lthe tank will immediately begin to run outl and the hollow valve being filled with air will remain suspended in the Water, sovlong` asit isinnnersed therein, being'alsopartly counterbalancedfby the porcelain finger piece, `soon as thewater level is below the valve, andthe water no longer supports it the weight of the valve and its ,stem Will `cause the valve to again engage its seat. VThe parts are so constructed however that the seat is not `fully closed'until a suflicient'amount of `"watercollects inthe tank to pressdown on thelvalve and force it into engagementvwith the seat, and previousto its final seatingia small amountof water will yseep throughbetween the valve Aandits seat, `providing an afterfilh As soon as the tank is substantially` full, the `pressureof water on the valve `will holditiclosed andrnomore, water will pass through thefoutlet. 'Y i V I prefer to form the rock shaft in onev ieee. withtheioperating arm and valve lifting arm, as itemakes avery cheap and `eilioient devicewhich caneasily be inserted through the aperture, 2, and it will also begunderstood that in case `of slight variations in thewposi-` tion of Athe axis, of "the flushing valve seat, due` toirregularities in the porcelain` or, earthenware, the valve lifting arm can readily bent in one direction orthe other to bring its onter end in alignment with the axisgofthe valveseat, t t

The tank, 1, is also provided with the usual cover, also ofrporcelainor earthenware,as indicated atO, inFigs. l and 2; i

WhatIfelaim. and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: im j 1, In a flushing mechanism, `the combination with a. tank having a wall provided with anitaperture therein, .1 a horizontal` bearing bracket on the inner face of thewall pro` vided with a longitudinal bearing recess in substantial alignment with said `aperfy ture,` and -a flushing valve seat in the bottom of the tank, of` a valve engaging seat, a rock shaft engaging said l'iearing;A

recess,` and provided at one end av ith a valve lifting arm, and at the other end with an oppositely` extending operating arm projecting outwardly through said aperture, the t engagement of said operating arm with the walls of said aperture holding the rock shaft against longitudinal movements,and i connections from said `liftil flushing valve.

1g arm to the` 2. In a flushing mechanism, the combina- ,t

tion with a tank having a wall provided with an aperture therein, a horizontal beaif ing bracket on `the inner face of the Walla` provided y,with a longitudinal bearingV re- `cessin substantial alignment with said aperi ture, and` a flushing valve seat inthe boltom ofthe tank, of a valve engaging seat, a rock sha-ft engaging vsaid bearing recess, andprovidedat one end with avalve litting arm, Vand atthe other end with anoppositely extending operating arm projectiiig outwardlythrough said aperture, `the .engagement of said operating; arm with the walls of said aperture holding the rock shaft against` longitudinal movements, and con` nections from said lifting arm to the flu-slr ing valve, alfinger piece of greater diameter t thanl said aperture secured tosaid operating arm, lsaidi'ock shaft, operating arnrand lifting arm being formed ofjoneexpiece lof metal of a diameter less than that. otsaid aperture, and adapted to be introduced intoA operative position` by inserting said partsl through said aperture and dropping the rock shaft into saidbearing recess. 1 i 3; In aflushing mechanism, the combina? tioniwith' a tank having a wall provided with anaperture therein, a horizontalbearing `bracket on the inner face ofv the 1walls provided with a; longitudlnal@bearing re` cess 1n` substantial `alignment with saidA aper-1 lll ture, and =a rflushing valve seat -in the bot tom of the tank, of a valvevengaging seat, a rock shaft 'engaging said bearing recess, and provided'at onerend with avalve lifting arm, and at the-other end with an oppositely Vextending operating arm projecting outture, and -aflusliing valve seat in the bottom of 'theftanln of'a valve engagingfseat,

`a rock shaft engaging said bearing recess,

and provided yat one end with-"a valve "lifting arm, and at the otherendwith 'an oppositely extending operating arm projecting outwardly through saidaperture, -the *engagement of said -operatingfarm with the walls ofl saidE aperture holding` the rock shaft against longitudinal movements, and connections from said lifting armiI to theushing valve, and a wedge retaining dei'icefadaptcd to be inserted between portions 'of Avsaid bracket and the wallof thetank, 'above said shaftto hold said shaft against-accidental displacement. f

5. In a flushing mechanism, the combination With a vtank having a wall"provide' ;l with an aperture therei`n,' aY horizontal -bearing bracket'on theinner "faeefof the llwall provided with a longitudinal bearing recess in substantial alignment with said aperture, and-a liu-Shing valve seatinthef-"bottoin of the tank,'of a valve'engagingfseat, a-ro'ck shaft engaging 'said bearing ret-ess, and providedat one end with a valve lifting arm, andv at the other' end'with an `oppsitelyfexn tending operating arfm projecting outwardly through said aperture,thefengagemet of said operating arm witht'he walls of :said aperture holding therock shaft-against longitudinal movements, and connectionsfrom said liftingarm to the flushing valve,` said tank being formed of earthenwarefand having the said bracket formed integrally therex'vith, said bracket being provided with a'portion extendingabove the bearing recess, and having the face ythereof' adjacent to nthe inner face of the adjacent tankwall' provided'v with a recess-of gradually decreasing depth,v and a wedge-retaining device of veompressible material adapted' to be inserted between's'aid recess and the tank'wall to confine the'rock Shaft in the said bearing recess.

"56. -In a flushing inechanismth'e combination'with a tank having a wall provided witln anaperture therein, a horizontal 'bearing A'bracket on the inner face of the wall provided with a longitudinalbearing recess in substantial alignment with said aperture, an'd aflushing valve seat inthe' bottom offthetanl-, of a valve engaging seat, arock shaft engaging said bcaringrecess, andfprovided at one-end with a vvalve liftingarm, and ait-'the other end withanoppositelyextending operating armprojecting outwardly through said "aperture, the engagement "of said operating arm 'withlthe walls of said aperture holding the rockv shaft against longitudinal movements, j and 'connections from/saidlifting arm vto the iushingvalve,

said tan-kbeingj formed ofearthenwzire andV` said bracket-being formed integrallytl'iere'- with, said bracket having a portion remote from" the "said tank wallf aperture extending above vthe said bearing recess andh'aving its face: adjacent to thetank i yall,` and provided a Y l with aurecess having a `curved bottomand of graiflually-decreasing depth, and atap'erfA ing wedge plug of compressible-'material adapted to be inserted between 'said 'recess and'tlietanl \vall, abovesaidsliaft to prevent the vaccid'en tal displ'acementof the shaft'.

7. VIn a iiushing niechanism,the c'ombinatio'n'with vatank having a wall provided with an aperture therein, a horizont-al bearing brackcton the inner 'face of the wall provided with a f longitudinal bearing 1 recess 'i in substantial alignment with 'said aperture, and aflushing valve seat'inthe'bottom ofthe tank, of a valve'engaging seat, a rock shaft engaging said bearing recess, and providedat one end with a valve lifting arm, and at the other 'end'with an oppositely ertending" oper ating arm project-ing outwardly through' said aperture, the engagement of'said'operating -arm with thewalls of said aperture holding the f rock shaft against 'longitudinal Vmovements, and connections from 'sai'd lifting arm `to4the flushing valve, said operating armbe- `ing"prov1ded with a linger piece 'provided with a recess'to engage the outer end lof said arm, and means 'for detachably Vsecuring =said iinger Ipiece to said. arm, sa'idfmean's permitting sai'd'tin'ger piece't'obe adjusted longitudinally of' said arm.

8. In a flushing mechanism,vthelcombina# Ation with a tank having a wall provided with 1an aperture therein, a horizontal'bearing bracket on the Ainner face of `the wallp'rovided with a longitudinalbearing'recesswin substantial 4alignment with said aperture,

and a' flushing valveseat in the bottom of the l tank, 'ofv a valve engaging-seat, a'rock' shaft los engaging said bearing recess, "and, provided' at one end with 'a"valve'lifting arm, andai;

the other end with an oppos'itelyextending ope' "ating arm projecting outwardly through :said aperture, the engagementbtsaid op? 9. In a flushing mechanism, the `combina-` tionwith a tank having a ival'l provided with an aperture therein, a horizontal bearing bracket on the inner face of the Wall provided with a. longitudinal bearing recess in substantial alignment with said aperture, and a flushing valve seat in the bottom of the tank, of a valve engaging seat, a rock shaIt engaging said bearing recess, and provided at one end with a valve lifting arm, and at the other end with an oppositely extending operating arm projecting outwardly through said aperture, the engagement of Said operating arm With the walls of said aperture holding the rock n shaft against longitudinal movements, and connections from said lifting arm to the flushing valve, said tank and bearing b 'ac-liet being formed in one piece of earthenvvare said operating arm being provided with a finger piece pro vided with a recessto engage the outer end of said operating arm, and having itsinner face provided with recessed portions to accommodate a bolt and `nut for clamping said operating arm in adjusted position to said linger piece. Y i l0. In a flushing mechanism. the combination with a. flushing tank of earthenware having its iront wall provided with a vertically elongated aperture, and the inner face of said wall provided with an integral bearing bracket provided with a horizontal recess on its upper face in substantial alignment with said aperture, said tank having its bottom provided with a liushing valve seat and valve for engaging said bearing recess, of a rock shaft provided at one end with an operating arm for engaging said aperture, and at the other end with a valve lifting arm extendingA above the axis ofthe valve seat, said rock shaft and arms being formed of one piece of metal of a diameter permitting said parts to be inserted. through said aperture, said bracket having a horizontally groovedl portion above the said recess adjacent to the front Wall of the tank, a compressible Wedge plug, adapted to be inserted between said grooved portion of the bracket and the tank wall to hold the said shaft in the bearing recess, an earthenware finger piece detachably secured to the operating arm out-side of the tank, said arm being provided with a tubular bumper Within said aperture, and connecting means for detachably connecting said valve lifting arm with the flushing valve.

In testimony whereof I aiix my signature.

PHILIP HAAS.

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2489621A (en) * 1947-02-10 1949-11-29 Crampton Mfg Company Flush tank lever
US3148381A (en) * 1960-11-30 1964-09-15 Morales Juan Alberto Water closet tank and outlet valve

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2489621A (en) * 1947-02-10 1949-11-29 Crampton Mfg Company Flush tank lever
US3148381A (en) * 1960-11-30 1964-09-15 Morales Juan Alberto Water closet tank and outlet valve

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