US1659112A - Toggle-squeeze hemostat forceps - Google Patents

Toggle-squeeze hemostat forceps Download PDF

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Publication number
US1659112A
US1659112A US19084527A US1659112A US 1659112 A US1659112 A US 1659112A US 19084527 A US19084527 A US 19084527A US 1659112 A US1659112 A US 1659112A
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Prior art keywords
jaw
members
end
handle
toggle
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
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Dana M Littlejohn
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Dana M Littlejohn
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/2804Surgical forceps with two or more pivotal connections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B17/2909Handles
    • A61B2017/2912Handles transmission of forces to actuating rod or piston
    • A61B2017/2919Handles transmission of forces to actuating rod or piston details of linkages or pivot points
    • A61B2017/2922Handles transmission of forces to actuating rod or piston details of linkages or pivot points toggle linkages

Description

Feb. 14, 1928. 1,659,112

0; M. LITTLEJOHN TOGGLE SQUEEZE HEMOSTAT FORQEP S Filed May 12, 1927 INVENTOR I [1% Ztfffgyofifl.

BY l I ATTORNEY I Patented Feb. 14, 192 i p a uN- 'rao STATES I 1,659,112 PA ENT- Q FIC DANA n mmrmofin, or PANA, ILLINOIS.

,TOGGLE-SQUEEZE HEMOSTAT FoItcEPs.

Application filed May 12, 1927. Serial No. 19am.

geon when in use, and in which the said clamping movement effecting parts include toggle devices so constructed and arranged that an unusually great pressure or clamping action is attained from a given force application.

lVith the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the invention further resides in the novel details-of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all ofwhich will be first fully described, then be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which A Figure 1 is a perspective view of the forceps in an open or unclamped position.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the forceps reversely positioned and closed or clamped.

Figure 3 is a cross section taken on the line 33' on Figure 2. Y

In the practical developmentof the invention I provide a fixed shank or main body 1 which is bent atone end at an angle of 90 degrees to form a fixed clamp jaw 2, has the face thereof whi clris presented in the y direction of bend of the jaw 2 dove-tail grooved as at 3, and has its remaining end,

through which the groove 3 passes, provided with pivot ears 4 one disposed at each side of the said groove. i j

A slide shank 5 is slidable in the grooveway 3 and has one end thereof bent at an angle of QO'degrees to form a movable clamp jaw 6. A pair of handle members 7 are provided and'are pivoted one to each ear 4 and equipped at their free ends with finger receiving eyes which lie in the plane of movement of the saidmembers which plane, it will be observed, is horizontal and normal to the plane of movement of the movable jaw 6. It will also be observed by reference to Figure 2 of the drawing, that the handle members 7, when closed, form a longitudinal continuation of the shank or body 1, formingv a very compact device, which, by reasonalso of the manner of positioning the said'handle members and eyes, will lie perfectly fiat and out of the way of the surgeon when in actual use. t r

The shank 5 is extended beyond the grooveway 3 a distance between thehandle members 7, as indicated at 8, and to this extendediend the toggle links 9 are pivoted as at 10, the remaining ends of the said links being pivoted as at 11 to the'handle members 7 closely adj acent the eyes thereof. By reason of the provision and arrangement of 7 the toggle links, a given force applied to the handle membersthrough their eyes is compounded by said links anda much greater pressure is applied through the shank 5 and jaw 6 than could be applied by a like force application to the arms of the common scis-r sor type of forceps. I

Beyond the link pivots 11 and closely adjacent the eyes, the handle members are equipped respectively with a notched sector 12 and a detent lug .13 adapted to coact to' lock the handlemembers to a jaw clamped position. 7 k I The toggle squeeze arrangement in my device permits of a much greater pressure than 'may be'attained in common types of such instruments whenthe'same' force is exerted in v manipulation thereof, and as the handles are opened and closed on an angle of 90 degrees with the jaws and not on the same planewith them, the handles'are therefore permitted to lie flat, which aidsconsiderably in the convenience'of abdominal operations,

because the handles do not stick up in the way, and provide'other advantages that naturally follow in the use of an instrument of this kind.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing,

it is thought that the novel details of construction, the manner of use and'the advantages of my invention, will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art to which it relates. 1

,What I claim is:

1. Forceps of the character stated compris- 1 ing a narrow body having slightly diverging width defining edges a fixed jaw, a movable jaw, handle members, and'toggle links connecting the movable jaw and the handle members, said {handle members collectively forming a longitudinally alighing extension of the bodywhen closed, and said handle members having finger receiving eyes at their ends disposed in a plane normal to the plane of movement of the movable jaw all of said parts being arranged to remain Within the lines defining the thickness of the body at all times.

:2. l leemostat forceps comprising a narrovv' body having slightly diverging Widthdefining edges and bent at one end to form a fixed jaw positioned at right angles to said body and having a clamp face directed to- Ward the other end ofisaid body, said body also having a longitudinal groove therein extending through said other end thereof, a slide shank slidable in and extending at one end beyond the groove and having its outside face flush with the corresponding face of the said bodyand having a clamp jaw bent at, right angles therefrom at its other end to provide a movable clamp jaw in opposition to said clamp vface, apair'of handle members each having a finger receiving eye at one end and each being pivoted at its remaining end to the proximal end of said body at one side of said groove to operate in a plane normal to the plane of movement of the clamp jaw, toggle links pivoted to the extended end of the slide shank and to the handle members adjacent the eyes, and said toggle link-and'handl'e members being so cooperatively arranged as to lie Wholly Within the thickness defining lines of the body at all times, and means to lock the handles at adjusted positions.

DANA M. LITTLEJOI-IN.

US1659112A 1927-05-12 1927-05-12 Toggle-squeeze hemostat forceps Expired - Lifetime US1659112A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1659112A US1659112A (en) 1927-05-12 1927-05-12 Toggle-squeeze hemostat forceps

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US1659112A US1659112A (en) 1927-05-12 1927-05-12 Toggle-squeeze hemostat forceps

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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3258012A (en) * 1961-06-30 1966-06-28 Risaburo Aoki Method for blood vessel connection
US4572185A (en) * 1984-02-23 1986-02-25 Mark Rich Nonplanar surgical needle holder and related suturing method
US5133724A (en) * 1991-04-04 1992-07-28 Pilling Co. Abdominal aortic clamp
US5234460A (en) * 1992-06-24 1993-08-10 Stouder Jr Albert E Laparoscopy instrument
FR2688681A1 (en) * 1992-03-23 1993-09-24 Lebosse Guy Universal handle for coeliosurgery instrumentation
US5250056A (en) * 1992-02-04 1993-10-05 Hasson Harrith M Forceps-type surgical instrument
US5290294A (en) * 1990-04-17 1994-03-01 Brian Cox Method and apparatus for removal of a foreign body cavity
WO1994004084A1 (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-03-03 Microsurge, Inc. Improved handle mechanism for manual instruments
US5314424A (en) * 1992-04-06 1994-05-24 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument locking mechanism
US5318040A (en) * 1992-08-27 1994-06-07 Kensey Nash Corporation Instruments and methods for performing medical procedures via small percutaneous incisions or punctures without using a trocar
US5336232A (en) * 1991-03-14 1994-08-09 United States Surgical Corporation Approximating apparatus for surgical jaw structure and method of using the same
US5358506A (en) * 1991-03-14 1994-10-25 United States Surgical Corporation Approximating apparatus for surgical jaw structure
US5383886A (en) * 1992-10-13 1995-01-24 Kensey Nash Corporation Methods and instruments for performing medical procedures percutaneously without a trocar
US5409478A (en) * 1991-10-03 1995-04-25 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for manipulating laparoscopic tool
US5413583A (en) * 1992-05-21 1995-05-09 Ethicon, Inc. Force limiting arrangement for needle holder for endoscopic surgery
US5476479A (en) * 1991-09-26 1995-12-19 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for endoscopic surgical instruments and jaw structure
US5483952A (en) * 1991-09-26 1996-01-16 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for surgical instruments
US5489292A (en) * 1990-10-05 1996-02-06 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument with grip enhancing means
US5503617A (en) * 1994-07-19 1996-04-02 Jako; Geza J. Retractor and method for direct access endoscopic surgery
US5509922A (en) * 1990-10-05 1996-04-23 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument
US5626609A (en) * 1990-10-05 1997-05-06 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument
US5700261A (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-12-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Bipolar Scissors
US5735874A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-04-07 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Variable position handle locking mechanism
US5749893A (en) * 1993-04-30 1998-05-12 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US5792178A (en) * 1996-06-11 1998-08-11 Ethicon Endo Surgery, Inc. Handle latching mechanism with release trigger
US5922008A (en) * 1997-08-28 1999-07-13 Gimpelson; Richard J. Surgical forceps
US6066143A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-23 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Pin puller
US6117158A (en) * 1999-07-07 2000-09-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Ratchet release mechanism for hand held instruments
US6205699B1 (en) * 1998-06-30 2001-03-27 Fabio Bogni Fish hook remover
US6398741B2 (en) * 1998-11-20 2002-06-04 J. Morita Manufacturing Corporation Tissue excision and cutting apparatus and its forceps
US6716232B1 (en) 1993-04-30 2004-04-06 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US20080033251A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-02-07 Ali Araghi Surgical retractor and method of use
US20080183046A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Wayne Boucher Surgical retractor with removable blades and method of use
US20080183168A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 2008-07-31 Cox James L Surgical system and procedure for treatment of medically refractory atrial fibrillation
US20080183044A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Dennis Colleran Flexible surgical retractor and method of use
CN105125257A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 中南大学湘雅医院 Dacryocyst and nasal cavity anastomosis scissors
US9265514B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-02-23 Miteas Ltd. Manipulator for grasping tissue
US9468453B2 (en) 2013-05-03 2016-10-18 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical forceps

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3258012A (en) * 1961-06-30 1966-06-28 Risaburo Aoki Method for blood vessel connection
US4572185A (en) * 1984-02-23 1986-02-25 Mark Rich Nonplanar surgical needle holder and related suturing method
US5290294A (en) * 1990-04-17 1994-03-01 Brian Cox Method and apparatus for removal of a foreign body cavity
US5509922A (en) * 1990-10-05 1996-04-23 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument
US5489292A (en) * 1990-10-05 1996-02-06 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument with grip enhancing means
US5626609A (en) * 1990-10-05 1997-05-06 United States Surgical Corporation Endoscopic surgical instrument
US5358506A (en) * 1991-03-14 1994-10-25 United States Surgical Corporation Approximating apparatus for surgical jaw structure
US5336232A (en) * 1991-03-14 1994-08-09 United States Surgical Corporation Approximating apparatus for surgical jaw structure and method of using the same
US5133724A (en) * 1991-04-04 1992-07-28 Pilling Co. Abdominal aortic clamp
US5476479A (en) * 1991-09-26 1995-12-19 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for endoscopic surgical instruments and jaw structure
US5483952A (en) * 1991-09-26 1996-01-16 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for surgical instruments
US5624431A (en) * 1991-10-03 1997-04-29 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for manipulating a laparoscopic tool
US5409478A (en) * 1991-10-03 1995-04-25 United States Surgical Corporation Handle for manipulating laparoscopic tool
US5250056A (en) * 1992-02-04 1993-10-05 Hasson Harrith M Forceps-type surgical instrument
FR2688681A1 (en) * 1992-03-23 1993-09-24 Lebosse Guy Universal handle for coeliosurgery instrumentation
US5314424A (en) * 1992-04-06 1994-05-24 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument locking mechanism
US5425743A (en) * 1992-04-06 1995-06-20 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument locking mechanism
US5413583A (en) * 1992-05-21 1995-05-09 Ethicon, Inc. Force limiting arrangement for needle holder for endoscopic surgery
US5234460A (en) * 1992-06-24 1993-08-10 Stouder Jr Albert E Laparoscopy instrument
WO1994004084A1 (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-03-03 Microsurge, Inc. Improved handle mechanism for manual instruments
US5308357A (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-05-03 Microsurge, Inc. Handle mechanism for manual instruments
US5318040A (en) * 1992-08-27 1994-06-07 Kensey Nash Corporation Instruments and methods for performing medical procedures via small percutaneous incisions or punctures without using a trocar
US5383886A (en) * 1992-10-13 1995-01-24 Kensey Nash Corporation Methods and instruments for performing medical procedures percutaneously without a trocar
US6716232B1 (en) 1993-04-30 2004-04-06 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US7658312B2 (en) 1993-04-30 2010-02-09 Vidal Claude A Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US8403197B2 (en) 1993-04-30 2013-03-26 Covidien Lp Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US5749893A (en) * 1993-04-30 1998-05-12 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US8066168B2 (en) 1993-04-30 2011-11-29 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US20100114137A1 (en) * 1993-04-30 2010-05-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US20040193197A1 (en) * 1993-04-30 2004-09-30 Vidal Claude A. Surgical instrument having an articulated jaw structure and a detachable knife
US5503617A (en) * 1994-07-19 1996-04-02 Jako; Geza J. Retractor and method for direct access endoscopic surgery
US5700261A (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-12-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Bipolar Scissors
US5792178A (en) * 1996-06-11 1998-08-11 Ethicon Endo Surgery, Inc. Handle latching mechanism with release trigger
US5735874A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-04-07 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Variable position handle locking mechanism
US20080183168A1 (en) * 1996-10-22 2008-07-31 Cox James L Surgical system and procedure for treatment of medically refractory atrial fibrillation
US5922008A (en) * 1997-08-28 1999-07-13 Gimpelson; Richard J. Surgical forceps
US6205699B1 (en) * 1998-06-30 2001-03-27 Fabio Bogni Fish hook remover
US6066143A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-23 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Pin puller
US6398741B2 (en) * 1998-11-20 2002-06-04 J. Morita Manufacturing Corporation Tissue excision and cutting apparatus and its forceps
US6117158A (en) * 1999-07-07 2000-09-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Ratchet release mechanism for hand held instruments
EP1066797A1 (en) 1999-07-07 2001-01-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Ratchet locking mechanism for surgical instruments
US20080033251A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-02-07 Ali Araghi Surgical retractor and method of use
US20080183044A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Dennis Colleran Flexible surgical retractor and method of use
US20080183046A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Wayne Boucher Surgical retractor with removable blades and method of use
US8062217B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2011-11-22 Theken Spine, Llc Surgical retractor with removable blades and method of use
US9610088B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2017-04-04 A-Base Korlatolt Felelossegu Tarsasag Manipulator for grasping tissue
US9265514B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-02-23 Miteas Ltd. Manipulator for grasping tissue
US9468453B2 (en) 2013-05-03 2016-10-18 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical forceps
CN105125257A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 中南大学湘雅医院 Dacryocyst and nasal cavity anastomosis scissors

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