US1655333A - Fruit crusher and squeezer - Google Patents

Fruit crusher and squeezer Download PDF

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Publication number
US1655333A
US1655333A US157741A US15774126A US1655333A US 1655333 A US1655333 A US 1655333A US 157741 A US157741 A US 157741A US 15774126 A US15774126 A US 15774126A US 1655333 A US1655333 A US 1655333A
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Prior art keywords
ring
roller
fruit
squeezer
plates
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Expired - Lifetime
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US157741A
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Valentine S Perazio
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Valentine S Perazio
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Priority to US157741A priority Critical patent/US1655333A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J19/00Household machines for straining foodstuffs; Household implements for mashing or straining foodstuffs
    • A47J19/02Citrus fruit squeezers; Other fruit juice extracting devices

Description

Jan.3,1928. 1 M 1,655,333
V. S. PERA'ZIO FRUIT CRUSHER AND SQUEEZE'R Fi led Dec. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 II "III lllllh mmumrmnummlm mumllluuum .llllIIIIIHIllllllllllllllllll\llliiillllllil I! mmmlunmmmnu INVENTOR ,0 i kienfimedperazio.
12 ATTORNEY Jan. 3, 1928.
V. S. PERAZIO FRUIT CRUSHER AND SQUEEZER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 29. 1926 WITNE I Patented Jan. 3, 1928.
UNITE n1 STATES VALEHTINE" s1 PERAZIO, or YORK, N. Y'.
FRUIT onusnnn Ann seun'nznn.
Application filed necernber 29, 1926. Serial No. 157,741.
This invention relatesto fruit crushers and squeezers and has, for an object to pro- :ride an improved simplified structure which may be operatedby power or by hand and which has a simple arrangementffor receivure 2 on line 33.
ing the fruit at one point, discharging. the juice at a second point and the pulp at a third point;
Another object of theinvention isto-pro vide a fruit crusher and. squeezer wherein a pair of rotatable crushing and squeezing members; is utilized and arranged to provide a continuous crushing andsqueezing action ;during the operation of the device. i A; further object, more specifically, is to provide in a fruit crusher and squeezer a substantially floating squeezing roller or wheel associated with means for varying the squeezing tension of the roller.,
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side view of a fruit crusher and squeezer disclosing an embodiment of the invention. I
Figure 2 is an edge view of the structure shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a sectional view through Fig- Figure 4 is a sectional view through Figure 1 on line 4-4.
Referring to the accompanying drawings by numerals, 1 indicates legs or supports of any desired kind, said legs or support-s being connected to a pair of side plates 2 and 3, said side plates at the rear being connected by suitable spacing plates 4 riveted or otherwise secured to the side plates. The plates 2 and 3 are also connected together by any desired number of bolts 5 having reduced ends extending through the plates and threaded for receiving suitable clamping nuts 6. The bolts 5 in addition to holding the side plates 2 and 3 in proper position,.
act as guiding means or bearings for a crushing ring 7. The crushing ring 7 is provided with a raised portion 8 centrally thereof as shown in Figure 2, said raised portion being straddled by a supporting roller 9. The roller 9 is rotatably supported on a bolt 10.
In operation, most of the pressure is supported by the roller 9 while the various bolts 5 somewhat support and guide the ring. This ring slidingly engages the side plates 2 and 3, the contact being sufficient to prevent the pulp from coming through butample.
space'is allowed. for the flow of liquid as indicated in Figure 2, said liquid beingcaught by a suitable inclined pan or- We 12.
Gear wheels 13and 14 are formed integral with ring 7 or rigidly secured thereto] and rontinually mesh with the pinions 15 and 16, said pinions being rigidly securedto a shaft 17. A hand wheel 18,- is also secured to shaft'17, said hand wheel carrying a grip 19 whereby the hand wheel'may be freely rotated and, consequently, the pinions 15' and 16 rotated whichwill cause a'rotation of ring 7. Preferably the device is made comparatively small and is usually to be hand operated so that; the wheel 18 is used. If
desired, however, power means could be connected to shaft 17an'd the device driven by power.' Ring 7 on the interior is preferably smooth except for a number of teeth20, each alternate tooth 20 being longer than the other teeth so as to assist in breaking up or'crushing the fruit as'it approaches the squeezing point.
As indicated in Figure 3, a crushing and squeezing roller 21 is mounted interiorly of ring 7 and coacts with the interior surface thereof in crushing and squeezing the fruit. The ends of the roller 21 bear lightly against the plates 2 and 3 while the periphery of the roller is provided with a number of teeth 22 coacting with teeth 20 for crushing the fruit. Under some circumstances, where there is only a small amount of fruit passing through the device these teeth will interlock on the order of gear teeth so that the roller 21 will be rotated as ring 7 is rotated. Roller 21 is mounted on the bearing shaft 23 which extends through suitable slots 24 in the side plates 2 and 3. The outer ends of the shaft 23 arecarried by levers 25 and 26, said levers being substantially L-shaped as shown in Figures 1 and 3 and pivotally mounted by suitable pins 27 carried bythe plates 2 and 3. The outer or free ends of the levers 25 and 26 are connected by a shaft 28 on which is piv-- otally mounted a tension rod 29. The tension rod 29 passes loosely through a bar 30 carried by the plates 2 and 3. A spring surrounds rod 20, presses against bar 30 and against the tension nut 32 whereby the crushingand squeezing tension of roller 21. may be varied merely bylturning the nut Near the upper part of the ring 7 is arranged a 7 a. indicated in Figure 3 and the liquid moving by gravity past the ring 7 into chute 12. It will be evident that the device may be rotated at almost any desired speed and that the fruit 'isfirst broken up somewhat by the teeth 20 z; and 22 and then it is further crushed and squeezed as it passes near the pinion-s 15 and 16 as the roller 21 and ring 7 are closest together at this point.
VVhatI claim is:
1. In a fruit crusher and squeezer a rotatable ring, means for rotatably supporting the ring, means for loosely closing the sides of the ring, said ring having on the inner surface a plurality of teeth acting as crushing teeth and also gear teeth, means engaging the outer surface of the ring for rotating the ring and a squeezing roller mounted within the ring provided with a plurality of crushing teeth acting as gear teeth when the squeezing roller is moved sufliciently near said ring to engage the teeth on the inner surface of the ring, and means for varying the position of the crushing roller in respect to the inner surface of said ring.
2. In a fruit crusher and squeezer a r0tatable ring, a freely rotatable roller arranged vithin the ring, a lever structure for sup porting the roller, a hell. crank lever for swinging the roller toward and from the inner periphery of the ring so as to vary the squeezing action of the roller, means for pivotally mounting said bell crank lever, a pivotally mounted rod loosely extending through one end of said bell crank lever, a spring surrounding said rod and acting on said lever for resiliently urging said lever in one direction, a nut carried by said rod coacting with said spring for varying the tension of the spring, and means engaging the outer surface of the ring for rotating the same.
VALENTINE S. PERAZIO.
US157741A 1926-12-29 1926-12-29 Fruit crusher and squeezer Expired - Lifetime US1655333A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682832A (en) * 1950-07-05 1954-07-06 Extraction Inc Apparatus for removal of juice from citrus fruit
US2795184A (en) * 1953-06-16 1957-06-11 Robert P Graham Internal drum dejuicing press
US4444100A (en) * 1982-01-04 1984-04-24 Canmaster, Inc. Can crushing machine
US4573405A (en) * 1984-07-19 1986-03-04 Morlock Ruben D Can crushing machine
WO2003077717A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2003-09-25
US7171893B1 (en) 2004-06-17 2007-02-06 Gary Robertson Rotary press

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682832A (en) * 1950-07-05 1954-07-06 Extraction Inc Apparatus for removal of juice from citrus fruit
US2795184A (en) * 1953-06-16 1957-06-11 Robert P Graham Internal drum dejuicing press
US4444100A (en) * 1982-01-04 1984-04-24 Canmaster, Inc. Can crushing machine
US4573405A (en) * 1984-07-19 1986-03-04 Morlock Ruben D Can crushing machine
WO2003077717A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2003-09-25
US7171893B1 (en) 2004-06-17 2007-02-06 Gary Robertson Rotary press

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