US1653512A - Door fastener - Google Patents

Door fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US1653512A
US1653512A US65521823A US1653512A US 1653512 A US1653512 A US 1653512A US 65521823 A US65521823 A US 65521823A US 1653512 A US1653512 A US 1653512A
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United States
Prior art keywords
housing
fastener
door
plate
opening
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Walter R Schlage
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Schlage Lock Company LLC
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Schlage Lock Company LLC
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Publication date
Application filed by Schlage Lock Company LLC filed Critical Schlage Lock Company LLC
Priority to US65521823 priority Critical patent/US1653512A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1653512A publication Critical patent/US1653512A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C1/00Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly
    • E05C1/08Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action
    • E05C1/12Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch
    • E05C1/16Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the handle or member moving essentially in a plane substantially parallel to the wing or frame
    • E05C1/163Cylindrical or tubular latches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0977Cam
    • Y10T292/0989Plural rollback elements directionally selectively effective
    • Y10T292/0991On a tubular member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/62Bolt casings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/88Knob bearings

Description

W. R. SCHLAGE DOOR FASTENER Dec. zo, 1927.
Filed Aug. 2, 1923 NVNTR. Y l mln?. R50/Aca BY @uw/7 ATTaRNm/s.
Patented Dec. 2o, 1927.
PATENT oFFIcE.
UNITED STATES WALTER R. SCHLAGE, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR TO SCHLAGE LOCK COMPANY, OIF SAN FRANCISCO. CALIFORNIA, A CORPORATION 0F CALIFORNIA. T
DOOR FASTENER.
Application led August 2, 1923. Serial No. 655,218.
This invention relates to door fasteners and especially to improvements on the structure shown in my former Patent entitled Door lock, No. 1,456,041, issued May 22, 1923.
The object of the present invention4 is to provide a fastener which is particularly adapted for installation on French doors and the like; lto generally improve and simplify the construction and operation of locks of the character described; to provide a fastener which requires a minimum of cutting, fitting and removal of wood when installe and which will fit practically anystandard door even though the thickness of the same may vary considerably; to provide a fastener which is secured from one side ofgthe door onl by an intermediate plate and screws w ich engage the fastener housing, and further to provide means whereby the securing screws and intermediate plate are entirely concealed when thev fastener is in place. Other objects will hereinafter ap ear. f
ne form which my invention may assume is exemplified inthe following description and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- 4Fig. 1 is a horizontal section of the fastener showing'it in position in the door. Fig. 2 is a section on line 2-'2, Fig. 1.
Referring to the drawings in detail, A indicates a fastener housing of unit construction. This housing is cylindrical in cross section and elongated as shown. One end of the housing is closed by an integral end plate 2, and the opposite end by an escutcheon plate 3. .The end plate 2 is extended to form a bearing 4, and the escutcheon late 3 is similarly extended to form a bearing 5. Extending through the bearings 4 and 5 is a knob supporting spindle which is divided into two sections as indicated at 6 and 7; these spindles forming supports for knobs 8 and 9 as shown. The ends of the spindles are square to receive the knobs and to secure the same against turning movement with relation to the spindle sections, and they may be secured by screws or the like as indicated at 10. Formed on the inner end of each spindle section is a circular plate 11 and connecting said plates and the spindle sections 6 and 7 are a plurality 'of cross-bars as indicated atv 12, 13 and 14.
The plates 11, together with the connect-ing bars 12, 13 and 14, will hereinafter be referr-ed to as the spindle barrel, the barrel being provided for the purpose of retracting a latch 15.
The open end of the cylindrical fastener houslng is provided with an annular flange 16. This flange is circular in formation 'and is beveled to permit the escutcheon plate 3 to be snapped on and secured when the fastener is in position in the door. One side of the fastener housing is cut away as indicated at 17 and an opening is thus formed for the reception of the latch housing generally indicated at 18, the latch housing being secured to the fastener housing in any suitable manner or as here indicated by means of rivets 19. One side of the fiange. 16 is extended to form a cover plate 20 for the latch housing and a rectangular chamber is thus formed which serves as a guide for the latch 15 and the mechanism whereby it is actuated. This mechanism Consists of 'a pair of inwardly extending arms 21 and 22. These arms are bent at their inner end to form hook like projections 23 and they are so positioned as to be engaged by the cross-bars 13 and 14. The latch is normally held in a projected position by' means of a helical spring 24, this spring being positioned between the arms 21 and 22 and being interposed between the latch 15 and a cross-bar 25.v
When it is desired to retract the latch 15 it is only necessary to turn the spindle barrel by means of either knob. This turning movement causes either the cross-bar 13 or the cross-bar 14 to engage the hook like projections 23. Inward movement is thus imparted to the arms 21 and 22 and to the latch 15, and when the knob is released normal position is again assumed as spring 24 is placed under tension when the knobs and spindle barrel are manually turned and thus exert suiiicient, pressure to return the same to normal position when the knobs are released. f The fastener proper when applied to a door is installed in the following manner: A hole is first drilled through the door with an auger or suitable tool, the hole being of a diameter which will permit the cylindrie cal casing A to fit snugly therein. The inner face of the door is then channeled to receive the latch housing and the ent-ire operation of cutting the door to install the fastener is, thus completed. The fastener is vnext applied by inserting the cylindrical housing and forcing it inwardly until the fiange 16 engages the face of the door. The escutcheon plate may then be applied, and an intermediate plate, such as shown at 27, is next applied, this plate being slidably mounted on the bearing extension 4 of the fastener housing. A pair of screws 2S is then passed through the intermediate plate and as the inner ends of the screws have a threaded engagement with the fastener' housing at the points indicated at 29, it is obvious that the plate 27 will be pulled taut against the opposite face of the door, While the fiange 16 and the eseutcheon plate 3 will be pulled snugly against the opposite face of the door. The fastener is in this manner secured to the door and the escutcheon plate 30 is then applied and snapped over the intermediate plate 27. The knob 8 is placed in position and secured by the screw 10 and the whole operation of installing the fastener is completed. No screws are required on the end which is covered by the escutcheon plate 3, and as the screws 28 are hidden by the escutcheon plate 30, it can be seen that the entire fastening mechanism is concealed and the appearance of the fastener is accordingly simplified and improved. The fastener is at the same time rigidly secured and cannot be tampered with as the escutcheon plate 30, the intermediate plate 7, and the screws 28, are preferably positioned on the inside of the door.
By referring to Fig. l, it will be noted that the fastener housing A is slightly shorter than the thickness of the door. This is an important feature as it permits the fastener to be fitted to doors of various thicknesses; that is, the length of the fastener housing A is such that it will take care of a door of minimum thickness, but
. as the bearing extension' 4leXtends a considerable distance and as the plates 27 and 30 are slidably mounted thereon, doors having greater thickness can readily be taken care of.
YWhile certain features of the present invention are more or less specifically illustrated, l wish it understood that various changes in form and proportion may bc resorted. to within the scope of the appended claims; similarly, that the materials and finish of the several parts employed may be .such the experience and judgment. ofr the manufacturer may dictate or various uses may demand.
l'a ving thus described my invention, what claim and desire to secure by .Letters Patl. i fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, compris-inge fastener housing insertilole i the opening and adapted to be supported ther'ein, a bearing hub on each end of the fastener housing, a spindle journalled therein and supported thereby, a stop member on one end of the housing engageable. with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the fastener housing, a plate engaging the opposite face of the door and supported independently of the. bearing hubs and spindle, and fastening means connecting said plate and the fastener housing and securing said housing against endwise movement in the opening.
2. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising a fastener housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, a bearing hub on each end of the fastener housing, a spindle journalled therein and supported thereby, a stop member on one end of the housing engageable with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the fastener housing, a plate engaging the opposite face of the door, and fastening means connecting said plate and the fastener housing and securing said housing against endwise movement in the opening, said plate and fastening means being adjustable With relation to the housing, the bearing hubs and spindle to take care of doors of various thicknesses.
3. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising a fastener housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, a stop member on one end of the housing engageable with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the fastener housing, a plate engaging the opposite face of the door, said plate having a central opening formed therein, bearing hubs on the fastener housing, one of which projects through the plate opening, a spindle journalled in the bearing hubs and also projecting through said opening, said spindle and hubs being supported independently of the plate, and adjustable fastening means connecting said plate and the fastener housing to secure said housing against endwise movement in the opening and to permit longitudinal movement of the housing, bearing hubs and spindle with relation to 'the plate while applying the fastening means.
4. A fastener -adapted for use in adoor having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising a fastener housing insertilole in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, a stop member on one end of the housing engageable with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the fastener housing, a plate engaging the opposite face of the door, fastening means connecting said plate and the fastener' housing and securing said housing against endwise movement in the opening, and an escutcheon plate adapted to be secured to said last named plate and adapted to conceal said plate and the fastening means cooperating therewith.
5. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising a fastener housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, a stop member on one end of the housing engageable with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the fastener housing.l a plate engaging the opposite face of the door, fastening means connecting said plate and the fastener housing and securing said housing against endwise movement in the opening, and an escutcheon plate adapted to be secured to said last named plate and adapted to conceal said plate and the fastening means, said escutcheon plate being adjustable in unison with said plate.
6. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein,
comprising an elongated cylindrical housingv insertible inthe opening and adapted to bev supported therein, a flange on one end of the housing engageable with one face of the door and limit-ing inward movement of the housing in the opening, a bearing extension formed on the opposite end of the housing and projecting through the opening in the door, a plate slidably mounted on said bearing extension and engageable with the adjacent face of the door, and screws carried by said plate and having a threaded engagement with the fastener housing to secure the same in the openin 7. A fastener atipted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising an elongated cylindrical housing insertable in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, a fiange on one end of the I housing engageable with one face of the door and limiting inward movement of the housing in the opening, a bearing extension formed on the opposite end of the housing and projecting through the opening in the door, a plate slidably mounted on said bearing extension and engageable with the adjacent face of the door, screws carried by said plate and having a threaded engagement with the lock housing to secure the same in the opening, and an escutcheon plate slidably mounted on the bearing extension and adapted to be secured to said plate to conceal the plate and the screws carried thereby.
8. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising an elongated cylindrical housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, one end of the housing being open and provided with an annular stop flange engageable with one face of the door to limit inward movement of the housing in the opening, the opposite end of the housing being substantially closed and being provided with a bearing member, said bearing member extending through the opposite end of the opening, an escutcheon plate adapted to be secured to the stop ange, a bearing formed thereon, a spindle projecting through the fastener housing and supported in said bearing at one end and in the bearing of the fastener housing at the opposite end, a latch actuating mechanism carried by the spindle interior of the housing, a latch adapted to be actuated thereby, and means engageable with the substantially closed end of the housing and with the adjacent face of the door to secure the housing against endwise movement in the opening. i
9. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein. comprising an elongated cylindrical housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, one end of the housing being open and provided with an annular stop ange engageable with one face of the door to limit inward movement of the housing in the opening. the opposite end of the housing being substantially closed and being provided with a bearing member, said bearing member extending through the opposite end of the opening, an escutcheon plate adapted to be secured to the stopflange, a bearing formed thereon, a spindle projecting through the fastener housing and supported in said bearing at one end and in the bearing of the fastener housing at the opposite end. a latch actuating mechanism carried by the spindle interior of the housing, a latch adapted to be actuated thereby, means engageable with the substantially closed end of the housing and with the adjacent face of the door to secure the housing against endwise movement in the opening, and an escutcheon plate slidably mounted on the bearing end of the housing and adapted to conceal said securing means.
10. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein, comprising an elongated cylindrical housing insertible in the opening and adapted to be supported therein, one end of the housing being open and provided with an annular stop flange engageable wit-h one face of the door to limit inward movement of the housing in the openingpthe opposite end of the housing being subst ntially closed and being provided with a bearing member, said bearing member extending through the opposite end of the opening, an escutcheon plate adapted to be secured to the stop flange, a bearing formed thereon, a spindle projecting through the fastener housing and supported in said bearing at one end and in the hearing of the fastener housing at the opposite end, a latch actuating mechanism carried by the spindle interior of the housing` a latch adapted to be actuated thereby, a plate slidably mounted on the bearing end of the housing and engageable with the adjacent face of the door, screws carried by said plate and having a threaded engagement with the sub'-tantially closed end of the 'fastener housing to secure the fastener housing against removal, and an escutcheon plate slidably mounted on the bearing extension of the housing adapted to be secured to said plate, said escutcheon plate concealing said plate and the screws carried thereby.
11. A fastener' adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein comprising a cylindrical shaped elongatedf housing insertable 1n the transverse opening and adapted to be supported therein, said housing having an integral end section and open at the opposite end, a stop member on the open end of the housing engageable with one face of the door to limit inward move ment of the housing in the transverse opening, as clamping plate independentof the housing and engageable with the opposite face of the door, and means for securing the housing with relation to said clamping plate,
12. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein comprising a oylindrlcal shaped elongated housin insertable in the transverse opening and a apted to be supported therein, said housing having an integral end section and open at the opposite en a stop member on the open end of the housing engageable with one face of the door to limit inward movement of the housing in the transverse opening, va clamping plate independent of the housing and engageable with the opposite face of the door, means for securing the housing with relation to said clamping plate, an `escutcheon plate covering the open end of the housing, a hub member on said plate, a huh member on the closed end of the housing, said hub member projecting through the clamping plate, and a spindle journalled in said hub members.
13. A fastener adapted for use in a door having a transverse opening formed therein comprising a cylindrical shaped elongated housing insertable in the transverse opening and adapted to be supported therein, said housing having an integral end section and open at the opposite end, a stop member on the open end of the housing engageable with one face of the door to limit inward movement of the housing in the transverse opening, a clamping plate inde endent of the housin and engageable wit the opposite face o the door, means for securing the housing with relation to said clamping plate, an escutcheon plate covering the open end ofthe' housing, a hub member on said plate, a hub member on the closed end of the housing, said hub member projecting through the clamping plate, a spindle journalled in said hub members, a rollback member adapted to be actuated by the spindle, and a latch actuated bv the rollback.
WALTER R. SCHLAGE.
US65521823 1923-08-02 1923-08-02 Door fastener Expired - Lifetime US1653512A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2536494A (en) * 1947-10-16 1951-01-02 Independent Lock Co Escutcheon and anchoring plate therefor
US2538688A (en) * 1946-09-24 1951-01-16 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lock casing
US2566470A (en) * 1949-01-11 1951-09-04 Arthur W Thomas Door lock
US2646301A (en) * 1951-02-08 1953-07-21 Hollymade Hardware Mfg Company Mounting means for door latches
US2759754A (en) * 1955-02-08 1956-08-21 Kaiser Fred Knob assembly for mortised door latch
US2899819A (en) * 1959-08-18 rolph
US3009347A (en) * 1959-04-08 1961-11-21 Harry F George Latching mechanism
US3323824A (en) * 1965-05-24 1967-06-06 Micro And Prec Mouldings Chelt Door handle assemblies
US4848813A (en) * 1986-10-23 1989-07-18 Gerhard Fildan Door-bolt assembly
US5335948A (en) * 1992-10-16 1994-08-09 Corbin Russwin, Inc. Cylindrical lockset
US20060131897A1 (en) * 2004-12-17 2006-06-22 The Steelworks Corporation Door latch mounting bracket

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2899819A (en) * 1959-08-18 rolph
US2538688A (en) * 1946-09-24 1951-01-16 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lock casing
US2536494A (en) * 1947-10-16 1951-01-02 Independent Lock Co Escutcheon and anchoring plate therefor
US2566470A (en) * 1949-01-11 1951-09-04 Arthur W Thomas Door lock
US2646301A (en) * 1951-02-08 1953-07-21 Hollymade Hardware Mfg Company Mounting means for door latches
US2759754A (en) * 1955-02-08 1956-08-21 Kaiser Fred Knob assembly for mortised door latch
US3009347A (en) * 1959-04-08 1961-11-21 Harry F George Latching mechanism
US3323824A (en) * 1965-05-24 1967-06-06 Micro And Prec Mouldings Chelt Door handle assemblies
US4848813A (en) * 1986-10-23 1989-07-18 Gerhard Fildan Door-bolt assembly
US5335948A (en) * 1992-10-16 1994-08-09 Corbin Russwin, Inc. Cylindrical lockset
US20060131897A1 (en) * 2004-12-17 2006-06-22 The Steelworks Corporation Door latch mounting bracket

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