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Typewriter keyboard

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Publication number
US1652464A
US1652464A US8681526A US1652464A US 1652464 A US1652464 A US 1652464A US 8681526 A US8681526 A US 8681526A US 1652464 A US1652464 A US 1652464A
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Prior art keywords
keys
keyboard
printing
ranks
series
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Tyberg Oluf
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Tyberg Oluf
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J5/00Devices or arrangements for controlling character selection
    • B41J5/08Character or syllable selected by means of keys or keyboards of the typewriter type
    • B41J5/10Arrangements of keyboards, e.g. key button disposition

Description

o. TYBER'G 1 -.T'YPEWRITER KEYBOARD y Filed Feb. s, 192e S ll4||| UJI' 1I nul| i lllllmllllI Dec. 13, 1927.

INVENToR n eff@- Patented Dec. 13, 1927..

Ni-ran STATES? intatti.

OLUF TYBERG, OE POINT LOMA, CALIFORNIA.

TYPEWRITER KEYBOARD.

Application led February 8, 1926. vSerial No. 86,815.

This invention relates to keyboards for 'power-typewritersor similar machines, and is a continuation in part of my application Ser. No. 13,613,led Mar. 6, 1925.

o @ne object of this invention is to construct .a keyboard in such a manner that all the automatic motions ot a machine of `this vnature can be controlled by the operator `with the least possible motion of the hands'.

io Another object is embodied in a new and useful grouping of the printing-keys, that will make their operation by touch easier to master, and Which-will generally tend `to improve both speed and accuracy.

These and other valuable features will be more yfully disclosed hereinafter, and have been illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Awhich Fig. 1 is a top-view of the keyboard consisting of three distinctsecao tions. While the left and right hand sections are supposed to be alike, and my preferred key-'arrangement has been shown in the lefthand section, I have shown a slightly modied key-arrangement inthe right-hand sec- 42&5 tion of' this view. Fig. 2 is an end-view of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a front-view of Fig. 1, sectioned-on lines 3-3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a front-view of the right-hand section 0f Fig. 1, sectioned on the lines In the above referred-to application I have shown a keyboard containing 60 printing keys, but as the typewriter construction disclosed in that application permits the .use of a much larger number. ofv types, I have shown a correspondingly larger ke board, but it should be understood that t e number of keys used constitutes no part of this invention.

The above referred-to invention discloses, besides the short motion and light touch of the printing-keys, that on such machines it is possible to control automatically from the keyboard several different motions ofthe paper and thecarriage, and for which therefore` a corresponding number of keys is needed; These keys together with theusual Space and shiftkeys Will 'hereafter be rel"` erred to as the control-keys, and as such distinguished from the rnting keys. The. 4'actual' number of contro keys 'is immaterial to the. subject of this invention.

The printing-k yb'qard-is dividedirao two separate flat-top sections, mounted upon the two frames A and B. Between these sections, and mounted in the frame-portion C,

Y are grouped a series of control keys, which.

toge-.ther`- constitute` the control-keyboard,

and in which the keys are arranged in bankformation. The object ot this arrangement is'to enable the operator to manipulate any of thekeys in thev control-keyboard` with either one of the two thumbs without removing his lingers from the printing keys. The control-keys may be connected to the machine in any suitable manner, but in my preferred construction they -are fastened to the end of a corresponding series of key-leversl Vplate P, which make their upper surface present one single plane. By means of distinct dierences in file distances, these keys have been arranged into four demarcated groups, in order to clearly indicate the par. ticularfkeys to be operated by each of the four fingers according to the system of touch writing now in general use. To further ldisclose this grouping to either or both sight and touch, and thus aid the correct lingering, each of these four groups has been surroun ed by raised finger-guides, made in the formF of an open guideframe G, resting on the top-plate P. This frame may be made either a part of the top-plate itself, or attachable thereto as shown.

In Fig. 1, part B is shown a modified keyarrangement, where the same general principle above outlined has been applied to the letter-keys only,-that is the keys occupying the three front ranks of the keyboard; while the rear keys, or the ligure and sign-keys,

have been grouped independently in any suitable manner according to the number of l such keys. Besides the ltop-surfaces of these latter keys. have been made to extend above the guide-frame G, as shown in Figure 4.

Having thus fully described my invention,

whatI claim as new and useful is set forth" in the following claims: y

1. A .printing keyboard comprising a series of keys whose upper surfaces jointly constitute a plane, said ke s located' in a series of parallel ranksan tiles, and said ranks separated by dilerent Ele-distances into distinct oups for the purpose of dislll) closingto ei` er and both sight -and-,touch the particular keys to be operated by each of the fingers.

2. A printing keyboard comprising a series of keys whose upper surfaces jointly oo nstitute a plane, said ke s located in a series of parallel ranks and es, said ranks sepa-- rated by different file-distances into distinct groups, arid said groups surrounded by raised finger-guides. v v 3. A printing keyboard comprising a fiat top-plate provided with openings in which the heads of the printing keys are mounted, said keys extending-an equal distance above said plate, said openings located in a series of parallel ranks and iles, and said ranks separatedv by different file-distances into distinct groups for the` purpose of disclosing to either or both sight and touch the particular keys to be operated by each of the ngers.

4. A printing keyboard comprising a flat top-plate provided with openings in which the heads of the printing keys are mounted, said keys extending an equal distance above said plate, said openings located in a series of parallel ranks and tiles, said ranks separated by different file-distances into distinct lll) groups, and said groups surrounded by raised finger-guides resting upon said topp ate.

5. In a power typewriter t-he combination of a printing keyboard divided into two separate sections, each section comprising a series of ranks and'iles of keys whose upper surfaces jointly constitute a plane; and a control-keyboard interposed between said sections and comprising a number of banked keys arranged'in' a series of ranks and files.

6. In a power typewriter the combination of a printing keyboard divided into two separate sections, each section comprising a number of keys whose upper surfaces jointly constitute a plane, said keys located in a series of parallel ranks and files, and said ranks separated by different iile distances into distinct groups, and a control keyboard interposed between said sections and comprising a number of banked keys arranged in a series of ranks and iles.

7. A printing keyboard comprising a top plate with openings in which the heads of the keys are mounted, said openings located in distinct groups, and each group surrounded by raised finger-guides inthe form of flat open frames resting on said top plate.

8. In a power typewriter the combination of a printing keyboard divided into separate sections, each section comprising a topplate with openings in which the heads of the keysI are mounted, said openings located in distinct groups, each group surrounded by raised finger-guides in the form of iat open frames resting on said top plate, and a control keyboard interposed between said sections and comprising a number of banked keys arranged in a series of ranks and files.

Signed by me at Point Loma, California, this 29th day of January, 1926.

OLUF TYBERG.

US1652464A 1926-02-08 1926-02-08 Typewriter keyboard Expired - Lifetime US1652464A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1034663B (en) * 1955-11-18 1958-07-24 Otto Klein Dipl Ing Four-row typewriter keyboard
US3001434A (en) * 1959-03-23 1961-09-26 Duca Thomas S Lo Keyboard for chord organ
EP0066991A2 (en) * 1981-05-26 1982-12-15 Electronic Facilities Design Limited Character keyboards
US4449839A (en) * 1982-09-22 1984-05-22 Bleuer Keith T Keyboard with elongate keys
US4522518A (en) * 1983-07-07 1985-06-11 Schmidt John R Character data input keyboard arrangement having central matrix of keys
WO1985003035A1 (en) * 1984-01-16 1985-07-18 Roy Jeremy Lahr Splittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4579470A (en) * 1984-04-11 1986-04-01 Cullen Casey Keyboard with keys concentrated in clusters
US4669903A (en) * 1985-04-23 1987-06-02 Stuart Herzog Bio-mechanical keyboard structure and method
WO1988000137A1 (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-01-14 Crews Jay A Keyboard
US4761522A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-08-02 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US4769516A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-09-06 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US4778295A (en) * 1984-06-25 1988-10-18 Bleuer Keith T Keyboard with elongate keys associated with compact switch mechanisms
US5454652A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-10-03 Lexmark International, Inc. Adjustable keyboard
US5610602A (en) * 1992-08-18 1997-03-11 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard and method for producing
US5673040A (en) * 1991-04-10 1997-09-30 Kinesis Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus
US5689253A (en) * 1991-04-10 1997-11-18 Kinesis Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus
US20050058492A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-17 Hirsch Steven B. Keyboard and keys
US20050191108A1 (en) * 2004-02-26 2005-09-01 Velimir Pletikosa Keyboard for a mobile device
US20050244208A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2005-11-03 Dana Suess Modified-qwerty letter layout for rapid data entry
US20060017697A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 Rak Roman P Keyboard with chassis structure
US20060018463A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 Rak Roman P Keyboard for a mobile device
US20070172287A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2007-07-26 Hirsch Steven B Keyboard and Keys
US20070253758A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2007-11-01 Dana Suess Modified-QWERTY Letter Layout for Rapid Data Entry
US20080129697A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2008-06-05 Knighton Mark S Multifunction floating button
US20090138637A1 (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-05-28 Kinesis Corporation Computer keyboard
US20100040400A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2010-02-18 Hirsch Steven B Keyboard and keys
US7828489B1 (en) 2005-01-27 2010-11-09 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard with a pair of pivotable keying modules
US20110240451A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Key input unit
USRE43485E1 (en) 2007-11-27 2012-06-26 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard
US8289684B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2012-10-16 Kinesis Corporation Computer keyboard
US8414207B1 (en) 2012-02-03 2013-04-09 Synerdyne Corporation Ultra-compact mobile touch-type keyboard
US8629362B1 (en) 2012-07-11 2014-01-14 Synerdyne Corporation Keyswitch using magnetic force
US8686948B2 (en) 2012-02-03 2014-04-01 Synerdyne Corporation Highly mobile keyboard in separable components
US9235270B2 (en) 2013-02-26 2016-01-12 Synerdyne Corporation Multi-touch mechanical-capacitive hybrid keyboard

Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1034663B (en) * 1955-11-18 1958-07-24 Otto Klein Dipl Ing Four-row typewriter keyboard
US3001434A (en) * 1959-03-23 1961-09-26 Duca Thomas S Lo Keyboard for chord organ
EP0066991A2 (en) * 1981-05-26 1982-12-15 Electronic Facilities Design Limited Character keyboards
EP0066991A3 (en) * 1981-05-26 1983-10-12 Electronic Facilities Design Limited Character keyboards
US4449839A (en) * 1982-09-22 1984-05-22 Bleuer Keith T Keyboard with elongate keys
US4522518A (en) * 1983-07-07 1985-06-11 Schmidt John R Character data input keyboard arrangement having central matrix of keys
WO1985003035A1 (en) * 1984-01-16 1985-07-18 Roy Jeremy Lahr Splittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4661005A (en) * 1984-01-16 1987-04-28 Creative Associates Spittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4579470A (en) * 1984-04-11 1986-04-01 Cullen Casey Keyboard with keys concentrated in clusters
US4778295A (en) * 1984-06-25 1988-10-18 Bleuer Keith T Keyboard with elongate keys associated with compact switch mechanisms
US4669903A (en) * 1985-04-23 1987-06-02 Stuart Herzog Bio-mechanical keyboard structure and method
WO1988000137A1 (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-01-14 Crews Jay A Keyboard
US5017030A (en) * 1986-07-07 1991-05-21 Crews Jay A Ergonomically designed keyboard
US4769516A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-09-06 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US4761522A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-08-02 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US5673040A (en) * 1991-04-10 1997-09-30 Kinesis Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus
US5689253A (en) * 1991-04-10 1997-11-18 Kinesis Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus
US5610602A (en) * 1992-08-18 1997-03-11 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard and method for producing
US5454652A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-10-03 Lexmark International, Inc. Adjustable keyboard
US20100239346A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2010-09-23 Dana Suess Modified-QWERTY Letter Layout for Rapid Data Entry
US20070253758A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2007-11-01 Dana Suess Modified-QWERTY Letter Layout for Rapid Data Entry
US7216588B2 (en) * 2002-07-12 2007-05-15 Dana Suess Modified-qwerty letter layout for rapid data entry
US20050244208A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2005-11-03 Dana Suess Modified-qwerty letter layout for rapid data entry
US7658562B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2010-02-09 Dana Suess Modified-QWERTY letter layout for rapid data entry
US8194040B2 (en) 2003-05-08 2012-06-05 Synerdyne Compact touch-type keyboard
US20080129697A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2008-06-05 Knighton Mark S Multifunction floating button
US7131780B2 (en) 2003-08-29 2006-11-07 Hirsch Steven B Keyboard
US8734036B2 (en) 2003-08-29 2014-05-27 Steven B. Hirsch Keyboard and keys
US20050058492A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-17 Hirsch Steven B. Keyboard and keys
US20070172287A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2007-07-26 Hirsch Steven B Keyboard and Keys
US20100040400A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2010-02-18 Hirsch Steven B Keyboard and keys
US7056043B2 (en) * 2004-02-26 2006-06-06 Research In Motion Limited Keyboard for a mobile device
US20050191108A1 (en) * 2004-02-26 2005-09-01 Velimir Pletikosa Keyboard for a mobile device
US7311454B2 (en) 2004-02-26 2007-12-25 Research In Motion Limited Mobile device
US7153049B2 (en) 2004-02-26 2006-12-26 Research In Motion Limited Mobile device
US20070053734A1 (en) * 2004-02-26 2007-03-08 Velimir Pletikosa Mobile device
US20050244207A1 (en) * 2004-02-26 2005-11-03 Research In Motion Limited Mobile device
US20060018463A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 Rak Roman P Keyboard for a mobile device
US7502462B2 (en) 2004-07-22 2009-03-10 Research In Motion Limited Keyboard for a mobile device
US20060017697A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 Rak Roman P Keyboard with chassis structure
US8031178B2 (en) 2004-07-22 2011-10-04 Research In Motion Limited Keyboard with chassis structure
US7828489B1 (en) 2005-01-27 2010-11-09 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard with a pair of pivotable keying modules
US8858103B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2014-10-14 Kinesis Corporation Computer keyboard with first and second modules having adjustable angle
US8289684B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2012-10-16 Kinesis Corporation Computer keyboard
USRE43485E1 (en) 2007-11-27 2012-06-26 Kinesis Corporation Keyboard
US8894305B2 (en) 2007-11-28 2014-11-25 Kinesis Corporation Support accessory for split keyboard
US8454254B2 (en) 2007-11-28 2013-06-04 Kinesis Corporation Support accessory for split keyboard
US20090138637A1 (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-05-28 Kinesis Corporation Computer keyboard
US20110240451A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Key input unit
US8686948B2 (en) 2012-02-03 2014-04-01 Synerdyne Corporation Highly mobile keyboard in separable components
US8414207B1 (en) 2012-02-03 2013-04-09 Synerdyne Corporation Ultra-compact mobile touch-type keyboard
US9405380B2 (en) 2012-02-03 2016-08-02 Synerdyne Corporation Ultra-portable, componentized wireless keyboard and mobile stand
US9728353B2 (en) 2012-07-11 2017-08-08 Synerdyne Corporation Keyswitch using magnetic force
US8629362B1 (en) 2012-07-11 2014-01-14 Synerdyne Corporation Keyswitch using magnetic force
US9235270B2 (en) 2013-02-26 2016-01-12 Synerdyne Corporation Multi-touch mechanical-capacitive hybrid keyboard

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