US1648930A - Flexible joint and connection - Google Patents

Flexible joint and connection Download PDF

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Publication number
US1648930A
US1648930A US682849A US68284923A US1648930A US 1648930 A US1648930 A US 1648930A US 682849 A US682849 A US 682849A US 68284923 A US68284923 A US 68284923A US 1648930 A US1648930 A US 1648930A
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United States
Prior art keywords
joint
bearing
portion
swivel
connection
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Expired - Lifetime
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US682849A
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George H Zouck
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FRANKLIN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
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FRANKLIN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
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Priority to US682849A priority Critical patent/US1648930A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L27/00Adjustable joints, Joints allowing movement
    • F16L27/08Adjustable joints, Joints allowing movement allowing adjustment or movement only about the axis of one pipe
    • F16L27/087Joints with radial fluid passages
    • F16L27/093Joints with radial fluid passages of the "banjo" type, i.e. pivoting right-angle couplings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61GCOUPLINGS; DRAUGHT AND BUFFING APPLIANCES
    • B61G5/00Couplings for special purposes not otherwise provided for
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/32Articulated members
    • Y10T403/32008Plural distinct articulation axes
    • Y10T403/32041Universal
    • Y10T403/32049Non-coplanar axes

Description

FLEXIBLE JOINT AND CONNECTION Y J I o f/lVENTOQ A TTORNEYS Patented Nov. 15, 1927.

UNITED STATES I 1,648,930 PATENT OFFICE.

GEORGE E. ZOUCK, OF ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO FRANKLIN RAILWAY SUPPLY COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.

FLEXIBLE Jom'r AND oonnnorron- Application filed December 27, 1923. Serial No. 682,849.

My invention relates to flexible joints and connections, and is especially advantageous for connections of all metal construction, such as are much used for the steam and air lines between railway locomotives and tenders, etc. I aim to improve the fluid tightness of such connections, and to reduce their friction and wear; to reduce stresses and failures in service; to facilitate installation or to removal of the connections, and obviate risks of injury to the parts by improper methods of assembling; and to improve the construction and serviceability of such connections in various ways.

How these and other advantages can be realized in a novel manner through my invention will appear from my description hereinafter of a selected and preferred embodiment.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a side view of flexible connection between a locomotive and its tender conveniently embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a side View of a double joint such as shown in Fig. 1, on a larger scale, with one member partly broken away and in sec tion.

Fig. 3 shows a horizontal section, taken as indicated by the line 33 in Fig. 2.

The connection shown in Fig. 1 comprises lengths of metal pipe 5 and 6 oonnectedtogether by one or more swivel joints 7, and also connected by swivel joints 7, 7 to fittings 8 and 9 on the locomotive 10 and on the tender 11, respectively. The various individual swivels are so arranged that the connection yields freely, by bending at one or more of them, t0 every possible relative motion of locomotive and tender in service. In the present instance, the variousjoints] are all double, and exact counterparts of one another; and the individual swivels of each such joint 7 are also just alike.

Referring, now, to Figs. 2 and 3, it will be seen that such a joint 7 comprises a hollow body 12 and. for each of the swivels, a connecting member or sleeve part 13 adapted to turn relative to the body without leakage. Preferably, each of the parts 13 is screwthreaded for convenience in attaching it to other parts: e. g., one of the, parts 13 may be externallythreaded. as at 14:, and the other internally threaded. In order to ob viate or minimize tilting of a part 13 relative to the body 12', they are rotatably interengaged at. substantially separated coaxial bearings, here shown as comprising a round bore 16 at one end of the body 12 and another internal bearing 17 at its other end, of smaller size.

Preferably, the bearing portion 25 of the part 13 that coacts with the body bearing 17 is externally engaged with the latter. The external bearing portion 18 of the part 12; that coacts with the bore 16 is laterally shouldered at 19 to engage a suitable packing 20 held in place in theouter end of the bore 13 by a nut 21 screwed on this end of the body, as usual. Accidental unscrewing of this not 21, as by vibration, may be prevented by a cotter pin 22 extending through one of several holes in lugs .23 on the nut and in a flange 245 on the body 12. A helical compression spring 27 may be provided for urging the shoulder 19 against the packing 20, to keep the joint tight when pressure is not on the line.

In the present instance, the effective overall length of each swivel 7 (i. e., the axial distance from the outside of one of its separated bearings at 16, 18 to the outside of the other at 17, 25) is several times the large swivel or bearing diameter at 16, 18 so that any real relative tilting or cocking of the parts 12, 13 is impossible.

Between its bearing portions 18 and 25, the part 13 communicates with the interior of the body 12, through a number of radial openings 28 extending lengthwise. of the part 13. In the present instance the spring 27 is arranged in a recess or chamber in the bearing 25 of the member" 13. The" spring chamber is cut oil or occluded from the interior of the part 13 by a transverse web or diaphragm located below the openings 2b, and the spring thus protected from the direct flow of the steam or other fluid. Preferably, the reduction in size of the part 13 as between its bearings 18 and 25 is somewhat gradual, rather than abrupt. As shown, the aggregate cross sectional area of the openings 28 considerably exceeds that of the interior of the part 13 itselii, so that the frictional resistance to the 'flow of fluid through the joint 7 is kept down to the minimum. In the present instance, the body 12 is provided with a drainage opening or vent 29 alongside its bearing 17, adapted to be normally closed'by any suitable means (not shown),such as an automatic drain valve or a screw plug. As shown in Fig. 3, the intermediate portion of the member 13 is somewhat reduced in size at 30,between its bearing 18 and its opening 28,-t0 afford a suitable place for external engagement by a tool for turning the part 13 to screw it fast to some other part at 14, or to unscrew it. This portion 30 may preferably be squared sufliciently to afford a secure grip for an ordinary wrench.

As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the axes of the rotatable connecting members 13, 13 of a double joint 7, 7 lie at an angle to one another,-at right angles in fact,and the ax s of each is located at an intermediate pointun the effective length of the other, about midway between its coaxial body bearlngs 16, 17. Also, the axes of the members 13, 13 of each double joint 7' are brought extremely close together: in fact, each of these members 13, 13 extends across one end of the bore 16 belonging to the other such member 13, 1n the space afforded by the reduction in size of such other member'13 as between its bearings 17, 25. In other words, each swivel 7 is swun about at midlength of its associateswivel 7 and just about as close to it as possible.

Bearing in mind that the usual type of all metal joint consists essentially of an elbow fitting with a shouldered connecting sleeve rotatable in each end, various advantages of the type of joint just described over this prior type will readily become apparent.

As above intimated, the relatively great overall length of a swivel 7 as compared with the diameters of its larger bearings ob-- viates cocking and minimizes tilting of the parts 12, 13 relative to one-another; and this naturally allows a harder gasket 20 to be used without risk that contact may be lost between the gasket and its shoulder 19,- thus reducing wear on the gasket and liability of leakage in service. This increased swivel length (increased, that is, as compared with the effective swivel length in the ordinary type of joint mentioned above) is secured without any substantial increase in the important external dimensions of the joint 7, 7, owing to the closeness of the swivel axes and their location each approximately at mid length of the other: indeed, the im portant external dimensions of the joint may even be reduced somewhat as compared wit the older type. Owing, also, to these relative locations of the swivels, the line of action of the force brought to bear on a double joint by one of its connections lies about at mid length of its other swivel, between the bearings of such other swivel, and closer to its attachment at 14 than in the standard joint. In a word, therefore, twisting moments, bending moments, and the tendency toward relative tilting or coking of parts are all greatly reduced, as well as the breaking stresses.

Moreover, whereas in the ordinary joint the only provision for screwing and unscrewing the sleeve is by engagement of a bar with internal lugs in the sleeve, so that careless workmen are tempted to apply a Stillson wrench externally, either to the bearing 18 or to the superjacent surface of the sleeve,thus roughening surfaces that should be smooth to assure free action and minimum wear,'the portion 30 of the connecting part 13 described above afiords a safe and convenient hold for an ordinary wrench, and thus eliminates the temptation.

I claim:

l. A swivel joint comprising a body portion, a pair of hollow connecting members swivelled therein, each connecting member having a pair of coaxial cylindrical bearings of different diameters, the bearing of smaller diameter of each member being located at the end of the member farthest removed from its connection end, and each member having a conical neck portion connecting its cylindrical bearing portions, the base of said conical neck being adjacent the larger bearing, said connecting portions having openings through their necks communicatin with the interior of the body and said mem ers being so disposed that the neck portion of one is adjacent the neck portion of the other.

2. In aswivel joint of the characterzdescribed, a swivel connecting member comprising a cylindrical sleeve-like portion having a bearing surface, a reduced portion adjacent said bearing configured to receive awrench, a second cylindrical portion of smaller diameter also provided with a bearing surface and recessed at one end to house a spring, and ribs, substantially defining a cone, connecting said cylindrical portions together whereby openings from the interior of the sleeve-like portion are provided.

3. A swivel joint comprising a housing and a pair of hollow members swivelled therein each swivelled member comprising a hollow connection portion having a bearing surface, a conical portion provided with openings communicating with the interior of said housing, the base of said conical portion being adjacent said bearing, and a bearing portion adjacent the small end of said conical portion; said members being positioned in the housing at right angles'to one another with the small ends of'tlieir conical portions substantially adjacent.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name.

G. H. ZOUCK.

US682849A 1923-12-27 1923-12-27 Flexible joint and connection Expired - Lifetime US1648930A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140201906A1 (en) * 2013-01-20 2014-07-24 Bioness Inc. Methods and apparatus for body weight support system
US10219960B2 (en) 2013-01-20 2019-03-05 Bioness Inc. Methods and apparatus for body weight support system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140201906A1 (en) * 2013-01-20 2014-07-24 Bioness Inc. Methods and apparatus for body weight support system
US9855177B2 (en) * 2013-01-20 2018-01-02 Bioness Inc. Methods and apparatus for body weight support system
US10219960B2 (en) 2013-01-20 2019-03-05 Bioness Inc. Methods and apparatus for body weight support system

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