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US1636969A - Douche nozzle - Google Patents

Douche nozzle Download PDF

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Publication number
US1636969A
US1636969A US29706219A US1636969A US 1636969 A US1636969 A US 1636969A US 29706219 A US29706219 A US 29706219A US 1636969 A US1636969 A US 1636969A
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Prior art keywords
dilators
tube
end
means
nozzle
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Expired - Lifetime
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Rose Jay
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Henry Eisenstadt
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M3/00Medical syringes, e.g. enemata; Irrigators
    • A61M3/02Enemata; Irrigators
    • A61M3/0279Cannula; Nozzles; Tips; their connection means
    • A61M3/0291Cannula; Nozzles; Tips; their connection means with dilating fingers

Description

Julyy 26', A19:27.

,J.RosE

' DOUCHE NOZ ZLE Original Filed May 14. 1919 WM 7 y M, fd. f f f ,i d @lima l i, il l .y i s Witnesses @2% @ya Patented July 26, 1927.

UNITED STATES PATENT 'or-Free. A

JAY ROSE, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO HENRY EISENSTADT, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

DOUCHE NozzLE.

Application filed May 14, 1919, Serial No. 297,062.

This invention relates to improvements in douche nozzles, such as are used chiefly in cleansing and irrigating, or in conveying liquid medicaments to the internal parts of the vaginal cavity.

The interior structure of this cavity is such that iets, streams or sprays from ordinary nozzles act merely superficially, and, regardless of the force used, fail to reach the interstices formed by the sinuous folds or convolutions of the overlapping membranes which constitute its enveloping walls.

lt is essential when irrigating this cavity that thc entire interior tract surfaces be'subjected to treatment, Apreferably in an easy, safe and convenient manner, without discomfort or pain, condition which, so far as is known, has never been satisfactorily met.

Due to the peculiar construction and disposition of these flexible and pliable membranic walls they are readily dilated or distended and instruments for such purposes are in use by surgeons, but so far as I am aware, no device is commercially known that may be freely used in safety by the individual herself.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a douche nozzle which fulfills the foregoing conditions, effectually and painlessly expanding the vaginal cavity, loosening the folds of the membranes to such an extent that liquid supplied by the device is brought into intimate Contact with the surface, thoroughly flushing the same.

A further object is to provide a douche which can be safely used even by inexperienced persons, the operations of insertion and expansion being of the most simple and elementary nature.

A further object of the invention is to provide a nozzle which will allow an easy and Continuous outflow of the water or other liquid discharged through the nozzle so that the force of the discharge and the consequent cleansing effect will not be impaired.

Still another object is to provide such nozzles in forms which may be thoroughly cleansed and rendered antiseptic, Vand which, due to t-he simplicityv of construction, can be manufactured at moderate cost. Y

Figure l is a longitudinal sectional View talren substantially through the center of a douche provided with a nozzle, made in ac- Renewed March 3, 1927. 1

cordance with the invention, the dilators being shown'in a. folded position; and

Fig. 2 is a` fragmentary side elevational view of the same, the dilators being shown extended. p y 1 Referring to the drawings, l indicates a base piece or nipple to which the rubber tube from the ordinary ,douche bag may be attached. This piece has a central bore for the passage of the water or other liquid and at its outer end this bore is somewhat enlarged and threaded to receive t-he correspondingly threaded end of an inner tube 2 whosebore forms a` continuation of the water passage through the piece l. The tube 2 is provided with an enlargement 3 at its outer end,lhere shown as integral with the tube, the enlargement being formed with aseries of pockets 4 for receiving dilators 5 when in the closed position indicated in Fig. l. As shown, the

dilators are four in number and are symmetrically arranged around the circumference of the tube, but a greater or less number may obviously be employed if desired.

The dilators and pockets terminate somewhat short of the end of the enlargement 8, which is `formed of a perforated cap 6 through which the water or other liquid is discharged, the tube walls between the pockets 4 being also preferably perforated to distribute the liquid over the entire surface of the walls of the cavity to be irrigated or treated. The end cap 6 is made detachable to permit the ready insertion of a sponge or gauze containing a medicated solution to bey sprayed on the surface by the water from the tube 2.

rlhe dilators 5 are pivoted on a sliding collar or sleeve 7 supported on the tube 2 immediately below the expanded portion 3 and the shoulder between the tube 2 and the expanded portion is shaped so as to act as a cam to force the dilators out on their pivots into their expanded position shown in Fig. 2 as the sleeve 7 is moved forward on the tube 2 in Fig. l, that is, a bow-shape, their outer ends being turned inward to lie well within the pockets 4 when the dilators are contracted while the middle convex portions of the dilators are substantially flush with the circumferential wall of the enlargement so'as to present no projecting parts to engage and irritate the delicate surface of the cavity.

The mechanism for shifting the sleeve 7.

along the tube 2' to operate the' dilators may be et any suitable design, but I prefer to employ for the purpose a pair oi' arms or linlrs 8 pivoted to the lower edge ot the sleeve T at diametrically opposite points, the links being' preferably extended through holes in av guido collar 9 formed on the tube 2 at the point indicated7 and connected at their lower ends to the 'forked end of a bell crank lever 10 pivoted in a block 11 attached to the tube 2 near its outer end. The forked end ot the bell cranlr embraces the tube 2 as shown, and its other end is 'formed to provide a thumbpiece or handle 12 by means oit which the bell cranlc is operated, the arrangement beine` such that the sleeve 7 will be raised or pushed outward when the thumb-piece is pressed toward the nipple 1.

ln order that the dilators may be remlily operated with one hand the sleeve T is pret erably shifted in the `reverse ilirection by springs 13 which may be arranged, as shown7 on the links 8 between the collar 9 and the fork ot the bell crank 10 to be compressed by the upward movement ot the liorle The block 11 is recessed 'to tit (wer a luf;` 14 on the tube 2 to which it is attached by a screw, and pivot-ed .in a slot in the lower Y portion oiI the block is a latch 15 which projects through a slot in the bell cranl; 10 and has its lower edge notched to engage a tooth formed at the end ot the slot in the bell crank whereby the dilators may be locked in open or partially open position and there.-

by relieve the user from holding' the thumbpiece against the pressure ot the springs. The latch may be held yieldingly in engagement with the tooth by a spring pin mounted in tle bell crank in the manner shown.

The operating mechanism for the dilators is covered or enclosed by an outer sheath or casing; 16 of the same external diameter as the enlargement between the pockets Ll. whereby when the dilators are closed the instrument has a smooth tubular exterior surface. trom lend to end.

The sheath 16 is held in place by a short sheath or casino` section 17 which is notched on one side to receive the blocli 1l with the. attached bell crank 10 and latch 15. ln assembling' the device, ai'fter the sleeve T is placed on the tube 2 and the linlrs 8 mounted in the guide 9, the sheath 16 will be slipped over the tube until its upper end abuts against the shoulder 18 formed at the base et the enlargement 8. The sheath is notched indicated at 1,9 at points coinciding` with the pockets l vto permit the projection ot the dilators .in the manner shown. The bell crank 10 will then be a '-taclied to the lower ends of the links 8 and the block 11 seated on the lug 14t and fastened in place. rllhe short sheathor casing sect-ion 17 will then be slipped over the end ot the tube? into engagement with the lower end ot the sheath;

nfs-eases profession. The dilators are arranged to lic substantially within their cavities and the connections between the external opera i A men'iber and the dilators are entirely within the outer periph-ery oi" the nozzle so that at the entrance there is nothing); to irritate or cause reflex contraction ot the sphincter muscle, which not only injurious but interl'eres with the outtlow ol thev liquid. Also the, shape ot the dilators such as to present a smooth and rounded surtace ot more or less extended area tor contact with the walls ot the cavity to avoid all dancer et injury.

It is also to be understood that while the nozzles are designed particularly ttor vae.'- inal douches. they may obviously be used `l'or other purposes, and the invention is not limited to such special use.

This is a continuation in part ot my eopending` application Serial lilo. 223.493- now Patent No. lyllltl7 dated November i7 1922.

I claim:

1. A douche nozzle comprising a tube. a plurality ot dilators move-bly supported on said tube in position to lie whollx7 within the cavity to be irrigated and terminating` short oli the end ot the tube, an aetuatine member for said dilators carried by said tube in position to lie wholly without said cavity, connections between said dilators and said actuating member comprisinev means tor` shitting` the dilators longitudinally ot the instrument. and cam projections on said tube tor engaging and opening-the dilators upon said longitudinal movement.

A douche nozzle comprising` a tube i plurality ot dilators movablv supported on said tube in position to lie wholly within the cavity to be irrigated, an actuating` member tor said dilators carried by said tube in position to liev without said cavity. connections between said Vdilators and said actuating; member comprising means for shitting` the. dilators longitudinally of the in strumenti, cam projections on said nozzle .tor engaging and opening said dilators upon said longitudinal movement and a sheath ot no greater diameter than the maximum diameter of said tube or oit said contracted dilators, said sheath completely enclosingl said operating connections.

3. A douche nozzle comprising a tubular member, a. plurality ot dilators movablv supported on said tube in position to lie wholly within the cavity to be irriqfated1 m ing said dilators expanded, the end of the latch lying in position to be engaged by the thumb on the thumb-piece.

4i. ln a douche nozzle a tube having an enlarged perforated end, longitudinal grooves i5 or pockets in said tube, dilators adapt-ed to lie Within said pockets, said dilators yprojecting inwardly beyond the enlargement of said tube, a sleeve supported on the smaller portion of th-e tube, said dilators being pivoted zu on said sleeve and shaped to engage the shoulder between the small and large parts of the tube when the sleeve is slid on the small part of the tube toward the enlargement thereby expanding the dilators, an operatino member for said dilators at the other end of the tube, a connection between said sleeve vand said operating member, and an eX- terual sheath surrounding said connections and the ends of the dilators, the outer periph- W erv of said sheath forming a substantial confend to end when adjusted for insertion into the cavity to be irrigated, said structure comprising an outer hollow sheath of tubular shape, an inner bulbous tip having discharge perforations; a constricted'tubular stem havia ing perforations and in Huid connection with said bulbous tip; a plurality of expanding dilators when contracted occupying the space about said stem and adapted to lie Wholly `Within the cavity to be irrigated and Wholly i.; to the rear of said bulbous tip; actuating means for said dilators mounted upon the structure of said nozzle and adapted to lie Wholly Without the cavity to be irrigated; mutually cooperating cam formations upon so said structure and upon the rear ends of said dilators for eecting the expansion and contraction of said dilators solely from their outer ends, and means providing the fluid connection through said sheath to said stem ,55 and an operating mechanical connection between said actuator and the rear ends of Nsaid dilators, said means lying Wholly Within said sheath.

6. A douche nozzle consisting of a struc- 60 ture, the cross-section of Which is `substantially uniform from end to end, said structure comprising a hollow bulbous front end, haring fluid discharge perforations; an outer sheath adapted to lit the organ to be irrigated for protective purposes; a contracted portion providing a fluid duct and located between the inner end of said sheath and said bulbous end and providing free space Within the contines of the maximum diameter of said structure; a plurality of dilators free i' from all exposed connections and adapted when contracted to lie within said space and form substantially uniform continuation of the surface of said structure; an actuator for -said dilators mounted on said structure and adapted to lie Wholly Without the cavity to be irrigated; cooperating cam means mutually formed on ythe outer .ends of said dilators "and said structure whereby relative longitudinal movement Will effect the expansion of said dilators and means providing a fluid connection from the exterior end of said sheath to said` stein and an operating mechanical connection between said actuator' and said cam means.

'7. A douche nozzle comprising a tubular sheath; expanding dilators at the distal end; a bulbous enlargement at the distal end; a nipple at the proximal end; means forming a duct and a mounting lfor Said dilators eX- tending` from said nipple to said bulbous end; additional means for operating said dilators lying `Wholly Within said sheath; and a bell-crank lever near the proxima-l end of the structure for effecting the operation of said dilators.

8. A douche nozzle comprising a tubular element having a perforated end, and a plurality of dilators carried by said tube, said dilators bei-ng pivotally mounted and thereby divided into longer and Shorter arms, resilient means for normally7 maintaining said shorter arms in expanded position, actuating means for contracting the said shorter arms, and -a control member adjacent the rear end of said tube, operatively connected to said actuating` means.

9. A syringe comprising a tube having a number of perforations at one end, a casing surroundingthe opposite end of said tube,y a number of dilater arms movably mounted'in the forward portion of said casing, control means for said dilator arms, external to the casing, and means for operatively connecting said arms and said control means.

10. A douche nozzle comprising a tube having a perforat-e end` a perforate bulbous tip at the perforate end of said tube, a number of dilators mounted around the perforate end of said tube, a casing surrounding the other end of said tube, and enclosing the rear ends of said dilators, slidable means contained Within said casing for actuating said dilators, control means for said slidable means carried partly within said casing, and extending externally through an aperture in llfi the casing, and means Within said casing operatively connecting` said slidable means and said control means.

ll. A. douche nozzle comprising a tube having a number of dilators pivotally mounted thereon, a casing,` around the rear end ot said tube enclosing the rear ends of said dilators, resilient means contained within said casing tor-normally maintaining; the dilators in contracted position, operatingmeans for said dilators comprising a sliding member mounted on said tube and contained within said casing, and 'means partly external to said casing` for actuating said sliding` member.

12. A douche nozzle comprising a tube having at one end a bulbous tip, said tube and said bulbous tip having a number ot discharge pertorations, a number of dilators pivotally mounted around the inner end ot said tube, a easing around the outer end of said tube enclosing,T the shorter ends of said pivoted dilators, a slidable member within said casing for actuating said dilators, and means comprising` an external member operatively connected to said'slidable member for controlling the movement oi' said slidable member.

13. A douche nozzle comprising a tubular element having a number et' pertorations adliacent its inner end, a bulbous perforated tip detachably mounted at the said end, a .flil'atorl carrier mounted upon said tube, a number oit dilatorssecured thereto and extending toward but terminating shortA of the inner end of said tube, a sheath around the outer` end of said tubular element, and

extendingr around the rear ends of said dilators, means for normally maintaining the dilators in an unextended position, actuating' means for expanding said dilators, and control means operatively connected to said actuating` means.

11i. A douche nozzle having a hollow tubular sheath, a tube extending through said sheath. and havingr a portion extending therebeyond, said portion having at its end a bulbous tip, a dilater carrier mounted'upon said tube, and a. number of dilater arms pivot-ally secured thereto, and thereby divided into longer and shorter arms, said longer arms, when contracted, occupying` the space about the said extended portion of the tube, resilient means Ytor normally maintaining the long-er arms of said dilators adjacent to said tubular member, actuating means for expanding` said longer arm and control means positioned upon the exterior of said device, operatively connected to said actuating means.

15. A douche nozzle comprising a tube, a plurality of dilators movably supported on said tube in position to lie wholly within the cavity to be irrigated and terminating short of the end of the tube, an actuating member 'for said dilators carried by said tube in position to lie wholly Without said cavity, connections between said dilators and said actuating member comprising means 'for sluiting,T the dilators longitudinally of the instrument, and cam projections associated with said tube for engagingand opening the dilators upon said longitudinal movement.

16. A douche nozzle comprising a tube having` a number o1c perforations at one end, a casing' surrounding the opposite end of said tube, a number oft dilator varms movably mounted in the forward portion oit said casing` and extending toward but terminating` short oi the forward end of the tube, control means for said dilater arms external to the casing, and means for operatively conmeetingr said arms and said control means.

17. A douche nozzle comprising a tube having a number of dilators 'pivotally mounted thereoinbut terminating short of the forward end oit the tube, a easing around the rear end of said tube enclosing the rear ends ot said dilators, resilient means contained within said casing for normally maiiitainine the dilators in contracted position, operating means for said dilators comprising a sliding member mounted onsaid tube and contained within said casing, and means partly external to said casing for actuating said sliding member.

In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature.

JAY ROSE.

US1636969A 1919-05-14 1919-05-14 Douche nozzle Expired - Lifetime US1636969A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4069826A (en) * 1976-09-03 1978-01-24 Barlow Mfg. Corporation Surgical tube adapter clamp
US5062847A (en) * 1990-12-31 1991-11-05 Barnes William E Laparoscopic retractor

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4069826A (en) * 1976-09-03 1978-01-24 Barlow Mfg. Corporation Surgical tube adapter clamp
US5062847A (en) * 1990-12-31 1991-11-05 Barnes William E Laparoscopic retractor
WO1992011811A1 (en) * 1990-12-31 1992-07-23 Barnes William E Laparoscopic retractor

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