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Building material

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US1635676A
US1635676A US191825A US1635676A US 1635676 A US1635676 A US 1635676A US 191825 A US191825 A US 191825A US 1635676 A US1635676 A US 1635676A
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lines
shingles
shingle
mortar
brick
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Isaacs Louis
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Isaacs Louis
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • E04F13/147Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass with an outer layer imitating natural stone, brick work or the like

Description

1,6 5, July 12, 1927. L SAACS 3 676 BUILDING MATERIAL Filed Jan. 12. 1925 LOUIS ISAACS A farwy.

Patented July 12, 1927.

UNITED STATES LOUIS ISAACS, F LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY.

BUILDING MATERIAL.

Application filed January 12, 1925. Serial No. 1,918.

My invent-ion relates particularly to building material and is especially adapted for shingles to be used for roofing purposes, for the side walls of buildings, or the like.

One of the objects of my invention is to provide a building material, which when afliized to a supporting structure, will more closely resemble real brick-work than the shingles or sheets now used.

Another object of my invention is to provide a shingle of the kind described, which shall be approximately in the shape of the exposed face of the bricks or stones gen erally employed in building work, and shall have gage or guide lines thereon, so that workmen applying said shingles need have but a minimum amount of skill in order to make a neat and workmanlike job.

Another object of my invention is to provide such shingles in a variety of colors or tints, so that the pleasing appearance of various artistic brick-work designs, such as the tapestry brick design, may be made therewith.

The invention has among its other objects the production of a building material of the kind described, which'shall be pleasing and artistic in appearance, convenient to use,

economical of cost, and sturdy in construction. 1

Many other objects and advantages of the construction herein shown and described will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains, from the disclosures herein given.

To this end my invention consists in the novel construction and arrangement herein shown and described and more particularly pointed out in the claims,

In the drawings, wherein like r ference characters indicate like or corresppnding parts, Figure I is a view showing a shingle of my improved construction;

Figure II is a view showing the invention as applied to the building of a wall structure; and

Figure III is a perspective view showing a corner construction. While prepared roofing sheets or shingles are both economical and efiicient, thegreatest objection to their wider use lies in the fact that they do not give a finished look to the structure to which they are applied, 55 and it is apparent at a glance that they are but makeshifts. Even when the sheets or strips are lined to give the appearance of brick, they fail to present such appearance, and when they are applied as single shingles, having no mortar lines thereon, the adjacent shingles are spaced apart about the distance of the usual mortar line, causing the shadows or darkened spaces between the adjacent shingles to simulate the mortar lines. On account of these deficiencies in appearance, these composition shingles or sheets are used mainly on the roofs of buildings, and as side walls of only the cheapest dwellings. In other structures, especially in climates where a real brick wall is not'really necessary, they could be used for side walls if they more nearly simulated real brick-work.

In the drawings, wherein I have illustrated the preferred embodiment of my invention, 1 indicates a sheet of building material, preferably of a size somewhat larger than the exposed face of the ordinarybuilding brick, and having parallel horizontal edges 2 and 3, and parallel vertical edges 4 and 5. The sheet, or shingle, as I preferto call it in this specification, may be made of any desired material, such as the so-called prepared roofing, and may be of any desired thickness or body. This shingle is preferably coated or impregnated with suitable surfacing material such as particles of crushed rock or the like, of any desired tint or color.

One of the edges of the shingle, as for exi ample the lower horizontal edge 2 is provided with a mortar line 6, and one of the vertical edges, as for example the edge 5 is provided with a similar, line 7 these lines being of sufficient width or thickness to simulate a real mortar line, and made in a color contrasting to the color or tint of the shingle itself.

A line 8 is provided across the shingle, parallel to the line 6, and a similar line 9 is provided parallel to the line 7, the lines 8 and 9 acting as gage or guide lines, in a manner to be hereinafter described. The lines 8 and 9 are spaced rearwardly of the edges 3 and 4 respectively, and the spaces 10 and '11 formed between the gage lines 8 and 9 and the corresponding edges 3 and 4 respectively, of the shingle indicate the amount of overlap, or in other words the amount that the adjacent shingle covers the first shingle when the shingles are afiixed upon the supporting structure or framework of a dwelling or the like.

lVhen applying the shingles to a supportlng structure they are arranged as shown in Figure II. The shingles are laid in a horizontal row or course, the adjacent shingles overlapping along their vertical edges, and having the mortar lines 7 aligned with the gage lines 7 of the next shingle. The next adjacent horizontal row is then laid with the lower portions of the latter shingles overlapping the portions 10 of the lower row, the lines 8 of the lower course serving as gage lines for indicating the correct positioning of the shingles. It is obvious that the shingles may be applied rapidly in this manner with but a minimum amount of skill, inasmuch as the lines 8 and 9 form gage lines for indicating the correct placing of the adjacent shin les.

All of the shingles may be of the same color, or if desired, some of the shingles may be of one color and others of different colors, thus furnishing an assortment of colors from which any of the color combinations now built with real brick, such as the tapestry brick color combination, can be made with my improved shingles.

- The half bricks may be laid by properly overlapping the shingles, or if desired, special size shingles, of approximately half the length of the full size shingles, may be provided.

Where it is desired to reinforce the corners of the wall construction, corner strips 12 may be provided, as shown in Figure III, these strips being preferably of angle shape in cross-section and made of any suitable material having the required strength and rigidity. Lines 13, similar to the lines 8 and 9 of the shingles and spaced apart a like distance, so as to align therewith, may be pro vided upon the sides of the strips 12.

Thus it will be seen-that a wall may be constructed with my improved shingles, that will not only be economical, but will very closely resemble real brick-work, the mortar lines showing up clearly, without depending upon shadows for such lines.

If it is desired to apply the shingles'without the corner strips 12, the mortar lines 7 need not appear on the corner shingles and hence may beomitted from these shingles in the manufacture thereof, or else some of the regularly lined shingles may be trimmed so as to cut oil? said lines.

Having thus described my invention it is obvious that various immaterial modifications may be made in the same without departing from the spirit of my invention; hence I do not wish to be construed as limiting myself to the exact form, construction, arrangement, and combination of parts herein shown and described, or uses mentioned, except as limited by the claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A building shingle having a plurality of mortar lines formed along the edges thereof and of a color to contrast with the color of the shingle, and additional lines parallel to said first-named lines, said latter lines being spaced inwardly from the edges of said shingle so as to form gage lines for indicating the amount of overlap thereon of an adjacent shingle.

2. A building shingle having mortar-simulating lines thereon extending parallel to and along a plurality of the edges thereof, and mortar lines parallel to each of said firstmentioned lines so as to form gage lines for indicating the overlap thereon of an adjacent shingle.

3. Abuilding shingle having mutually perpendicular mortar-simulating lines thereon parallel to and along the edges thereof, and mortar-simulating lines parallel to each of said first-mentioned lines, so as to form gage lines for indicating the amount of overlap thereon in two directions, of a pair of adjacent shingles.

4. A building structure comprising a wall made of a pluralit of composition shingles of substantially brick shape, each of said shingles having mortar lines thereon to represent one brick, the adjacent shingles being arranged in overlapping relation, and a corner'strip of composition material and or a greater length than the hei ht of a single shingle and comprising a pair of long1tud1- nally extending pair of legs at an angle to one another, and provided with mortar lines thereon, said legs being adapted to overlie the shingles at one end of the wall so that the mortar lines on the corner strip will register with the mortar lines on said shingles.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name.

LOUIS ISAAGS.

US1635676A 1925-01-12 1925-01-12 Building material Expired - Lifetime US1635676A (en)

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