US1630698A - Concrete building unit - Google Patents

Concrete building unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1630698A
US1630698A US13065526A US1630698A US 1630698 A US1630698 A US 1630698A US 13065526 A US13065526 A US 13065526A US 1630698 A US1630698 A US 1630698A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
unit
wall
openings
units
grooves
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Tilghman J Florey
Original Assignee
Tilghman J Florey
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Description

May 31, 1927.

T. J. FLOREY CONCRETE BUILDING UNIT Filed Aug, 21, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented May 31, 1927.

UNITED STATES TILGHIAN J'. FLOBEY, 0F WASHINGTON, NEW JERSEY..

concurri- BILDING UNIT.

Application illed August 21, 1926. Serial No. 180,655.

This invention relates to concrete building units. v A

An important object of the invention 1s to rovide a device of this character which may laid after the manner of laying bricks and in which the building units interlock as they are laid. 0 v

A further ob 'ect of the invention 1s to provide a device o thisv character which n ot only facilitates the actual laying of the -units, but in the complete wall provides continual vertically extending funnels or air ilues'which assist in drying the wall and in rendering the saine heat insulating. n

A further object of the invention isto provide a device of this character in which the 'laying of a single block or unit wall will provide not only the flue structure hereinbefore referred to, but likewise a complete double wall.

A further and more specific object of the invention is to provide a unit constructed in two sections bound together by reinforcing elements so that they may be handled as a single element and so constructed that in the building of the wall, they act as a single element and interlock With onev another.

A still further object of the invention is to so construct the building units that 1n the construction of the wall they provide interstices, for the reception of mortar which serves not only to lock the blocks to one another but to a stucco or interior Wall finish r which may be applied thereto.

section illustrated in Figure 1, one of the,

units being shown in section;

Figure3 is a fragmentary plan view of a double wall employing units; u

Figure 4 is a view showing a unit of this character modified to produce a double wall structure with the use of a single unit.

Figures 5, 6 and -7 are views of units emplcyed when turning corners;

igure 8 is a fragmentary plan of a wall embodying a unit having an end face construction allowing for a very eiicient mortar bond;

Figures 9 and 10 are plan views of special units of the type shown in Figure 8 which are to be employed for tying in cross walls or the like;

Figure` 11 is a plan view of a wall constructed with the unit similar to that shown in Figures 8, 9 and 10, but modified to provide a double wall structure;

Figure 12 is an inner face view of the Wall shown in Figure 11;

Figure 13 is a vertical sectional view through the unit of the type shown in Figures 11 and 12.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the numeral 10 designates a relatively simple form of my building unit which is particularl adapted for use in the construction of double unit thickness walls. This unit in common with other units construoted in accordance with my invention and hereinafter described has formed therethrough a plurality of vertically extending tapering openings 11, at present illustrated as conical Surrounding the upper endof each opening is a rim or ledge 12 which is of suoli size that it will enter the lower end of a similar Aopening in a second unit. Surrounding each rim, the upper surface of the unit is formed with grooves 13 and from diametrically opposed points on this groove extend straight grooves 14, the grooves 14 associated with each groove 13 opening through the same side edge of the unit. The grooves 13, as fully illustrated in Figure 3, in combination with the grooves 14, are adapted for the reception of tie wires 15 which are formed as endless loops engaging in the aligned grooves 13 of two units and the grooves 14 associatedtherewith.

The end walls 16 of the unit are preferably constructed upon a radius having as its center the axis of the adjacent opening 11. The length of this radius is equal to onehalf the distance between the axes of adjacent openings' of the unit, so that when the end faces of two units in the same tier are abutted against one another without regard to the angle at which they are arranged, the. rims about adjacent openings of the units will be properly positioned to be received in the lower ends of two adjacent openings in a superim osed unit. It will, of course, be understoo that this statement as to its radial formation of the ends of the units does not apply to such units, as are necessary for particular constructions 1n turning angles or corners, where it is desired that a square finish be provided. In such 1nstances, the end face of one or both ends of the unit will be only partially radially curved, as more particularly illustrated at 16 in Figures 5 and 6. One side face of the l block which,`in the finished construction of the wall, would be the inner face ot the unit, is preferably provided with a vertically extending groove 18, these grooves particularly in combination with the spaces 18 provided between adjacent ends of the bloclrs serve to provide a double wall with additionally vertically extending fines, increasing the ventilation thereof and further increasing the heating resisting properties. If desired, in the construction of the wall, tar paper or some other suitable moisture resisting sheet can be disposed between the inner and outer tiers of the wall to prevent the transmission of water from the outer to the inner tier by capillary action.

The form of unit disclosed in Figures 8, 9 and 10 is exactly similar to that just described, with the exception of the construction of the end walls and the provision of the vertically extending grooves in one face of the unit. This unit is more particularly ada ted to the erection of simple single tier walli; and accordingly the grooves 14 in each of the ordinary units open through the end walls 16Et of the unit. Where a cross wall or the like is to be tied in, it will, of course, beobvious that it will be necessary that these grooves be opened through the side faces of the units, as illustrated in Figures 9 and 10. In thisform of unit, the end taces 16a are provided with central engaging portions 19, which maintain the ledges 12 in properly spaced relation, these points represent-ing the central portions of bowed end faces for the unit. Each end face adjacent each edge thereof is'provided with a vertically extending rib 2O which, in the asseinbled relation of the units, approaches without Contactin the corresponding rib of the end face of tiie adjacent unit. Thus, a mortar space 21 is provided, which is reduced in size intermediate its ends, so that the mortar can very firmly lock therein and permit application to the wall of either an interior or exterior finish. The upper and lower edges of the unit are similarly constructed, as indicated at 22, in Figure 18. In addition to permitting tying in of interior and exterior wall iinishes, this groove construction further ermits pointing between the units, if deslred, as will be noted from an inspection `of this figure.

In the forni of the invention shown .in Figures 11, 12 and 13, the unit illustrated in Figures 8, 9 and 10 has been shown, as constructed in two sections 10, 10", the unit being centrally slotted at 23 to form these sections. In a unit of this character, bond wires 24 are twisted in the form of a ligure 8 and embedded in the unit, one loop 25 of each bond wire being embedded in the material surrounding each opening 11 of the unit. These bond wires are sutliclently stiff to maintain the sections of the unit in properly spaced relation during shipment and handling, and it will be obvious that a wall built with units of this character will have all of the characteristics of a double wall and the inner wall formed by the sections 10b will be eliiectually moisture-insulated from the outer wall formed by the sections 10, It will also be obvious that a unit, such as illustrated in Figure 1, may be constructed in this manner, as more particularly illustrated in Figure 14.

Since the construction of the unit is obviously capable of a further range of change than that herein illustrated, I do not limit myself to such specific structure except as hereinafter claimed.

I claim 1. A building unit comprising a block of material having vertically directed circular openings formed therethrough, the openings tapering from their lower to their upper ends, the upper ends of the openings being surrounded by a circular ledge adapted to extend into the lower end of a similar opening of a second unit, the upper face of the unit having a groove surrounding each ledge and adapted for the reception of plastic material and a pair of straight parallel grooves tangential to the ledge, the grooves of each pair communicating at their inner ends with the associated annular grooves and at their outer ends opening through a vertical face ottlie block at spaced points.

2. A building unit comprising a block of material having vertically directed openings formed therethrough, the openings ta ering from their lower to their upper en s, the upper ends of the openings being surrounded by a ledge adapted to extend into the lower end of the similar opening of a second unit, the upper face of the unit having a groove surrounding each ledge and adapted for the reception of plastic material and a pair of straight parallel grooves tangential to the ledge and communicating with each annular groove, said straight grooves coinbining with their associated annular groove andwith the corresponding grooves of a second unit of the wall for the reception of a bonding wire.

3. A building unit comprising a block of material having vertically directed openings formed therethrough, the openings tapering from their lower totheir upper ends, the upper ends of the openings belng surrounded by a led e adapted to extend into the lower end of t e similar opening of a second unit, saidblock being longitudinally split to provide spaced se arated sections and bonding elements embe ded in the sections and connecting the sections in a rigid unitary structure.

4. A building unit comprising a block of material having vertically directed openings formed therethrough, the openings tapering from their lower to their upper ends, the upper ends of the openings being surrounded by a ledge adapted to extend into the lower end of the similar opening of a second unit, the upper face of the unit having a groove surrounding each ledge and adapt` ed for the reception of plastic material, said block being longitudinally split to provide spaced separated sections and bonding elements embedded in the sections and connecting the sections inarigid unitary structure.

5. A building unit comprising a block of material having vertically directed openings formed therethrough, the openings tapering from their lower to their upper ends, the upper ends of the openings being surrounded by a led e adapted toextend into the lower end o? the similar opening of a second unit, the upper face of the unit having a groove surrounding each ledge and adapted for the reception of plastic material, a pair of straight parallel grooves tangential to the ledge and communicating with each annular groove, said block being longitudinally split to provide spaced se arated sections and bonding elements embedded in the sections and connecting the sections in a rigid unitary structure.

In testimony whereof I hereunto aix my signature.

TILGHMAN J. FLOREY.

US1630698A 1926-08-21 1926-08-21 Concrete building unit Expired - Lifetime US1630698A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1630698A US1630698A (en) 1926-08-21 1926-08-21 Concrete building unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1630698A US1630698A (en) 1926-08-21 1926-08-21 Concrete building unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1630698A true US1630698A (en) 1927-05-31

Family

ID=22445706

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1630698A Expired - Lifetime US1630698A (en) 1926-08-21 1926-08-21 Concrete building unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1630698A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2535494A (en) * 1944-06-09 1950-12-26 Kingsmill Building structure
US2668435A (en) * 1948-11-12 1954-02-09 Clements Norman Thomas Hollow structural building unit
US2826906A (en) * 1954-07-07 1958-03-18 William A Rice Wall of building blocks
US3382632A (en) * 1965-07-28 1968-05-14 Paul W. Grofcsik Compressed, interlocked block wall
US4091587A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-05-30 Depka Charles W Cement block wall
US4297816A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-11-03 George Kella Interlocking construction block
US4965979A (en) * 1989-05-15 1990-10-30 Larrivee Ronald J Concrete block wall
US6226951B1 (en) 1996-12-11 2001-05-08 Azar Holdings Ltd. Concrete building blocks
US6742211B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2004-06-01 Gene C. Copher Bridge construction
US20050178081A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Bott Timothy A. Interlocking building block
US20060059824A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-23 Austin Barbisch Block structure
US20070271868A1 (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-11-29 Abella Ricardo E System of brick with rod

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2535494A (en) * 1944-06-09 1950-12-26 Kingsmill Building structure
US2668435A (en) * 1948-11-12 1954-02-09 Clements Norman Thomas Hollow structural building unit
US2826906A (en) * 1954-07-07 1958-03-18 William A Rice Wall of building blocks
US3382632A (en) * 1965-07-28 1968-05-14 Paul W. Grofcsik Compressed, interlocked block wall
US4091587A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-05-30 Depka Charles W Cement block wall
US4297816A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-11-03 George Kella Interlocking construction block
US4965979A (en) * 1989-05-15 1990-10-30 Larrivee Ronald J Concrete block wall
US6226951B1 (en) 1996-12-11 2001-05-08 Azar Holdings Ltd. Concrete building blocks
US6742211B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2004-06-01 Gene C. Copher Bridge construction
US20050178081A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Bott Timothy A. Interlocking building block
US6948282B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-09-27 Allan Block Corporation Interlocking building block
US7712281B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2010-05-11 Allan Block Corporation Interlocking building block
US20060059824A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-23 Austin Barbisch Block structure
US20070271868A1 (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-11-29 Abella Ricardo E System of brick with rod

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3418774A (en) Building block and wall made therefrom
US4031678A (en) Interlocking building block construction
US2902853A (en) Building construction
US5740648A (en) Modular formwork for concrete
US1226214A (en) Building construction.
US3034254A (en) Toy building sets and building blocks
US1567085A (en) Building block
US4060952A (en) Brick
US1704255A (en) Building construction and plastic block for making the same
US4026086A (en) Building brick
US468838A (en) Building-brick
US2892340A (en) Structural blocks
US1630801A (en) Wall construction
US2039601A (en) Building construction
US2329585A (en) Double shell dry speed wall
US4190995A (en) Composite building unit, method of producing same
US1456498A (en) Brick or tile for furnace construction
US1694665A (en) Tile
US4967528A (en) Construction block
US2019195A (en) Self-supporting concrete form
US748603A (en) Building-block.
US1930024A (en) Cement lath
US2281524A (en) Glass building block
US2881614A (en) Building or construction blocks
US2221475A (en) Siding unit