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Block flooring and process of making the same

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Publication number
US1622104A
US1622104A US14660126A US1622104A US 1622104 A US1622104 A US 1622104A US 14660126 A US14660126 A US 14660126A US 1622104 A US1622104 A US 1622104A
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Prior art keywords
base
block
blocks
adhesive
surface
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Expired - Lifetime
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Fulton James Orr
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JOHN C KING LUMBER Co
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JOHN C KING LUMBER Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02161Floor elements with grooved main surface
    • E04F15/02166Floor elements with grooved main surface wherein the grooves are filled with inserts

Description

Marsh 22 p W2K. LZEL l J. o. FULTON BLOCK FLOORNG AND PROCESS OF' MAKING THE SAME PW nu. `212, im.

.TAKES OBB'IULTOH; 0l* TORONTO, CANADA, LSSIGNOR TO THE JOEE' O. m6 Lum" conm, Ol CLEVELAND, OHIO, A. CORPORATIOI Ol m.

m FLOORING AND PROCESS 0l' m6 m Application led November 6, 1926. Serial lo. 14ml.

This invention relates' to a flooring composed of blocks and to the method of makin or laying the same.

eretofore many forms of block floors have been devised. As far as I am aware,

none of these have ever been used where they would be subjected to more than pedestrian or similar lighttrailic. None were capable of maintaining a smooth even surface 1o when subjected to extremely heavy loads hard and continuous wear and other extremely severe conditions such, for instance, .as are experienced in modern industrial plants. l5 Due to the manner in which prior floors were laid, using a relatively thick layer of mastic or the like there was considerable occluded air between either the block and the mastic or the mastic and the base. This l 2o of course prevented the production of a firm continuous bond between the entire bottom surface of the block and the base, and hence the blocks werenot held down firmly. The thickness of thelayer of mastic permitted the blocks to tilt and to be pressed down under loads, -producing an uneven surface. Many forms of pins, tongues and grooves, keys and the like were used between blocks in attempts to overcome these diiiiculties as well as screws and similar anchoring means engaging the base.

l have produced a block ilooring which may be frml held down by adhesive alone, adherin to e entire surface of the bottom of each lock and of the base therebeneath, which flooring will maintain a smooth even surface, which will withstand the hardest use and abuseto which it may be subjected in factories and the like, and which does not wear appreciably. No elaborate tongueand-grooved, dowelinned, or similar connection is necessary etween the blocks. No bolts, screws or the like'with their accompanying anchors are needed to hold the blocks upon their Supporting base and the blocks are easily made, easily laid and do not loosen, tilt, or settle.

The invention will be better understood from the description of a few practical embodiments thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawing in Which- Flg. 1, is a plan view of a fragmentary section of iloormg embodying the invention.

Fig. 2, is a sectional view of the iioor shown in Fig. 1, taken on the line 2-2 threof.

`ig. 3, is a perspective view of the form of plane block used in constructing the flooring above illustrated.

Figs. 4 and 5 are tive views .of modiiied forms of b provided with treads or top surfaces, designed to prevent or minimize slipping of the feet of persons standing thereon.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the block flooring is laid above a supporting base y1, which iksI illustratld as f bise concrete floor.

owever, t e sup ortlng' ma be of an material, it being?l unn toy cover thye same with any particular substance to lay the block flooring directlythereon. 1f the upper surface of the base is rough or irreguar, as is generally the case with cement or coxflsree iloorslvhich lhave been stllilbjected to ar usage, egin cove e same with a thin layer 2 of {emenis'ndg the like, which is smoothed oft' to provide an even upper surface to which the blocks may be secured. After this has set, its Surface may be suitably cleaned or treated to mit the adhesive used in laying the bl to hond itself tightly thereto.

The blocks 3 are shape, having fiat top and bottom surfaces 4 and 5 and flat vertical sides 6 and ends?.

Along the lower side edges are grooves Vor rebates 8 for the reception of excess adhesive.

The blocks may be laid in any desired pattern. The herringbone design illustrated in Fig. 1, is particularly well adapted to withstand long and heavy wear, is readily laid, and is pleasing in appearance, and l. therefore prefer this arrangement.

The blocks are secured to the supporting base by a thin layer 9 of adhesive which adheres tightly tothe surface of the Sup yrte ing base vand to the bottom of each lo ock. The adhesive also enters the grooves or recesses in the bottom of the blocks.

Any suitable adhesive may be used for this purpose. I have found, however, that for producing a iooring which will endure for a long time under severe service, it is' necessary touse an adhesive which does not become hard and brittle but which retains its plasticity and adhesive qualities throughout the life of the flooring. Should the adhepreferably rectangular in I sive become hardened after the flooring has .A

been laid, severe shocks are apt to crack the same. away from the surface of the blocks and permit these to work up and to tilt and otherwise become displaced. Moreover a hard and brittle adhesive prevents the movement of the blocks on the base upon expansion or contraction as when same are sub jected to temperature or other changes, While a somewhat plastic adhesive acts as a lubricant, permitting said movement.

I find that certain bituminous substances are particularly Well adapted to serve as an adhesive for my improvedfloor, particularly certain compositions containing asphaltum, as these retain their plasticity and adhesive characteristics for many years and are readily rendered fluid for application to the flooring by heating.

The method of laying the flooring is as follows:

The base 1, is if necessary, covered with a thin layer of cement or other suitable material 2, to fill depressions andto smooth and even the surface. After this has hardened or set, the surface is suitably cleaned or treated to receive the adhesive.

The :door layer then lays the blocks as follows: He heats a quantity ot' adhesive until it is quite fluid. He then picks up one block and applies to the bottom thereof a coating of Huid adhesive, taking care that the coating extends no further up the block than the tops of the grooves. He next places this block upon the supporting base, a few inches from the position which it is intended to permanently occupy and, pressing it down, he nieves it into its intended position. This rubbing of the block upon the base, expels any air that might be entrapped between the block and the base, and causes the adhesive to thoroughly cover and hence adhere tightly to the entire bottom surface of the block and the base therebelow. Moreover all excess adhesive is extruded or eX- pelled leaving only a very thin film, which, due to its thinness, is capable of supporting great loads without being ruptured, the adhesive carrying compressive forces to the base rather than flowing out from under the block. lIhe blocks are thus held down very securely, the adherence of the adhesive probably being due to the formation of a film of adhesive between the blocks and the base which is of capillary thickness between the substantially contacting portions of the blocks and base. The blocks are slid into place preferably without hammering or subjecting them to any such sharp impact as would injure or destroy the bond of the adhesive to the base and block. In ractice I find that if sufficient force is applied to a. block to lift it from the base, that the adhesive joint is not broken but that pieces of the floor are torn out with the block. Tests show that the strength of the joint is often molre than twenty-live pounds per square me 1. Y

The Hoor layer repeats the above operation with each ci' the successive blocks, moving each up tothe previously laid blocks while pressing it upon the base. Thus a very firm flooring is produced While at the same time, the material, remaining plastic or semi-fluid, never loses its yproperties of adhering to the block and base, nor does it crack under load or upon expansion of the fiooring.

Any excess otl adhesive which is present while the blocks are being placed upon the base or moved into poslition, is forced into the grooves at the bottom of-the blocks and serves to unite adjacent blocks as well as secure them on the base. The space provided in these grooves also prevents the adhcsive from being. squeezed up between the vertical faces of the blocks and thus preventing them from coming together to make a tight seam. l l

The `blocks are preferably made of hard wood, maple being particularly suitable, but

`may be made of any desired material. The

length is preferably but not necessarily, a multiple of the width, the size I prefer being 2% inches by IO inches. This size is small enough that warping or cupping of the blocks will not take place, while it is large enough to provide a suiiicient bottom surface to support loads and be iirmly held by the adhesive. tIhe flooring may be applied dlrectly to any flat supporting base, whether of wood, brick, concrete, metal, or any other material, without the use of a subflooring or any intermediate structure. The broad bottom surfaces of the blocks transmit the loads imposed thereon directly to the base through the thin film of adhesive, the unit pressure between the block and base being very small.

The blocks can be quickly and economically manufactured by grooving boards of suitable size along two edges to form the adhesive-receiving grooves, and then sawing off pieces of the length desired.

Figs. 4 and 5 are two modifications of the block above described, these being especially constructed to provide a rm foothold for a person standing thereon. In lthe form shown in Fig. 4, two grooves 12 of rectangular cross section are provided longitudinally of the block and the upper side edges are cut away at 13. The parts removed are replaced with a frictional composition 14. In the block shown in Fig. 5 three V-shaped grooves 15 are provided longitudinally of the upper or tread face of the block for holding the persons feet from slipping. In either or both cases the upper surface of the block is preferably not planed, but is left roughened as the material comes from the saw.

While I have described the illustrated embodiments of my invention with some particularity, obviously many. other embodiments thereof will occur to those skilled in the art to which it appertains and I do not therefore limit myself to the precise details shown and described, but claim as my invenbase.

2. The method of laying block flooring which comprises applying fluid adhesive t0 the bottom of a block, placing the block upon its supporting base near the final position it is to occupy, pressing the block upon the base and sliding it into final position in a manner to substantially lill all the space between the block and ioor with the said adhesive and to form a load-supporting film thereof of capillary thickness between the substantially contacting portions of' lthe block and base.

3. The method of laying block flooring which comprises applying iiuid adhesive to the bottom of a block, placing the block on its supporting base near the final position it is to occupy upon the base, and sliding the block into its final position without sharp impact thereby forming a thin loadcarrying film joining substantially all poi'- tions of the block to its supporting base.

4. A floor comprisin a supportn `base, and a covering of bloc s arranged t ereon so that the sides and ends of adjacent blocks fit tightly against each other, and secured to the base by a film of adhesive adhering to substantially the entire bottom surface of each block and to the entire surface of the base therebelow, the film being of capillary thickness between the substantially con- 60 hesive adhering to theentire bottom surface 'of each block and to the base therebelow, the layer being or' capillary thickness between substantially contacting portions of the block and base.

6. A floor comprisin a supporting base,

a covering of blocks t ereon, and a thin, load-carrying film of adhesive of approximately uniform thickness completely filling the space between the blocks and base and being of capillaiy thickness between subes stantially contacting portions of the base and blocks.

7. A wood block floor comprising a supporting base, a plurality of wood blocks arranged in side and end contact with each 7o other, and a thin film of bituminous adhesive securing the blocks to the base, the adhesive adhering to substantially the entire bottom surface of each block and to the base therebeneath, substantially filling the space between the blocks and base and being or capillary thickness between the substantially contacting portions of the blocks and base.

In testimony whereof I hereunto ailix my signature this 3 da of November, 1926.

' J S ORR FULTON.

US1622104A 1926-11-06 1926-11-06 Block flooring and process of making the same Expired - Lifetime US1622104A (en)

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Cited By (75)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2497837A (en) * 1947-09-27 1950-02-14 Non Skid Surfacing Corp Board for flooring and the like
US2670060A (en) * 1947-11-15 1954-02-23 Nat Steel Corp Floor structure
US2942701A (en) * 1956-03-19 1960-06-28 Richard M Pope Combination flooring
US4416100A (en) * 1981-09-04 1983-11-22 Troendle, Inc. Modular wooden floor units and method of manufacture thereof
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6652184B1 (en) * 2000-06-27 2003-11-25 Keith Knafelc Apparatus for roadways and the like
US20030233809A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2003-12-25 Darko Pervan Floorboards for floating floors
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040035078A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-02-26 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US20040123542A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel
US20040123547A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Floor panel
US20040128934A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-07-08 Hendrik Hecht Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US20040177584A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2004-09-16 Valinge Aluminium Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US20040200164A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2004-10-14 Schrunk Thomas R. Parquet panel covering
US20040206036A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-10-21 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and method for manufacturing thereof
US20050005550A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2005-01-13 Schrunk Thomas R. Parquet panel covering
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US20050076598A1 (en) * 2003-10-11 2005-04-14 Matthias Lewark Panel, in particular floor panel
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20050089644A1 (en) * 2003-09-06 2005-04-28 Frank Oldorff Method for sealing a building panel
US20050097860A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2005-05-12 Goran Martensson Floor element with guiding means
US20050102937A1 (en) * 1998-06-03 2005-05-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking System And Flooring Board
US20050138881A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2005-06-30 Darko Pervan Flooring systems and methods for installation
US20050144878A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Thomas Grafenauer Building board for use in subfloors
US20050160694A1 (en) * 2002-04-03 2005-07-28 Valinge Aluminium Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US20050166514A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050166516A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050193677A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Kronotec Ag. Wooden material board, in particular flooring panel
US20050205161A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-09-22 Matthias Lewark Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US20050208255A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2005-09-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards for floorings
US20050210810A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-09-29 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US20050214537A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Kronotex Gmbh & Co., Kg. Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20050284076A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060032168A1 (en) * 2003-01-08 2006-02-16 Thiers Bernard P J Floor panel, its laying and manufacturing methods
US20060073320A1 (en) * 2004-10-05 2006-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Appliance And Method For Surface Treatment Of A Board Shaped Material And Floorboard
US20060101769A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-05-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20060179773A1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-17 Valinge Aluminium Ab Building Panel With Compressed Edges And Method Of Making Same
US20060182938A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-17 Flooring Technologies Ltd., Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US20060196139A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2006-09-07 Valinge Innovation Ab, Apelvagen 2 Flooring And Method For Laying And Manufacturing The Same
US20060236642A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-26 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20060265641A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 International Business Machines Corporation Custom report generation
US20070011854A1 (en) * 2005-07-12 2007-01-18 Angelo Pessolano Modular set of cladding elements
US20070019271A1 (en) * 2005-07-21 2007-01-25 Schrunk Thomas R Apparatus and method for producing light-responsive surfaces on opaque materials
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20070059492A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-15 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board
US20070071949A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2007-03-29 Kronotec Ag Process for producing a structured decoration in a woodbased-material board
US20070193178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US20070193174A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US20070207290A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-09-06 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US20110059239A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2011-03-10 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US20110131901A1 (en) * 2001-07-27 2011-06-09 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
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US2497837A (en) * 1947-09-27 1950-02-14 Non Skid Surfacing Corp Board for flooring and the like
US2670060A (en) * 1947-11-15 1954-02-23 Nat Steel Corp Floor structure
US2942701A (en) * 1956-03-19 1960-06-28 Richard M Pope Combination flooring
US4416100A (en) * 1981-09-04 1983-11-22 Troendle, Inc. Modular wooden floor units and method of manufacture thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
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US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20060283127A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2006-12-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20050166502A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab. Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US7121059B2 (en) 1994-04-29 2006-10-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20060248836A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2006-11-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7131242B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2006-11-07 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
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US20040221537A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-11-11 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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