US1614885A - High-frequency spark plug - Google Patents

High-frequency spark plug Download PDF

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Publication number
US1614885A
US1614885A US358738A US35873820A US1614885A US 1614885 A US1614885 A US 1614885A US 358738 A US358738 A US 358738A US 35873820 A US35873820 A US 35873820A US 1614885 A US1614885 A US 1614885A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cylinders
spark plug
plug
high
sparking
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Expired - Lifetime
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US358738A
Inventor
Fulgora Fred
Original Assignee
James N Mcgrath Jr
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Priority to US358738A priority Critical patent/US1614885A/en
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Publication of US1614885A publication Critical patent/US1614885A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01TSPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES
    • H01T13/00Sparking plugs
    • H01T13/40Sparking plugs structurally combined with other devices

Description

Jan. 18 1927. 1,614,885

F. FULGORA HIGH FREQUENCY vSPARK PLUG Filed Feb. v14. '1920 JNI/ENTOR Patented Jan. 18, 1927.

vUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

FRED FULGORA, 0F PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR 0F ONE-HALF TO JAMES N. MGBATH, JR., OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA.

HIGH-FREQUENCY SPARK PLU@ Application led February 14, 1920. Serial No. 358,788;k

This invention relates to improvements in spark plugs and more particularly to means associated therewith to insure a high frequency spark, one object of the invention being to provide an electrical condenser which shall be of such size as to be carried by and in effect constitute part of the spark plug structure and at the same time which shall maintain its stability and efliciency when included in the secondary circuit of a sparking systemand result in maintaining sparks of high frequency at the sparking terminals of the plug.

With this and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts as hereinafter set forth and point-ed out in the claim'.

The accompanying drawing is a View showing an embodiment of my invention.

1 represents the base portion of a spark plug which is threaded for connection with an engine cylinder and carries one of the sparking terminals 2 as is customary in spark plug constructions. A porcelain sleeve enters the plug base and made with a fiange 4 to rest upon a shoulder 5, said sleeve being secured in place by a bushing G which is threaded into the upper end of the plug base and engages the flange 4. Y

The porcelain sleeve is made sufiicient in length to pass through the inner metal cylinder 7 of a condenser 8 superimposed upon the bushing G of the plug. A rod 9 extends through the porcelain sleeve 3 and projects above and below the same,-the lower end portion of said rod depending also below the lower end of the plug base 1 and constituting a sparking terminal 10 for cooperation with the sparking terminal 2, and the upper end of said rod 1s threaded to receive a nut 11 and form a binding post.

The condenser 8 comprises a plurality of metal cylinders separated by insulating material. In the drawing I have shown four such cylinders, 7, 7, 7h and 7c, separated by cylinders of high insulating material 12. The upper ends of the alternate cylinders 7, 7 13, and the lower ends of the alternate cylinders 7a and 7 are electrically connected by a connector 14.

A metal ring or washer 15 is located upon b are electrically connected by a connectorV the condenser structure and is in electrical contact with the connector 13, and a nut 16 is screwed on the threaded upper end of the rod 9 and cooperates with the nut 11 to bind the terminal of a wire 17 from the secondary of a spark coil or magnets (not shown) of a sparking s stem. In this manner one side of the con enser (viz., the cylinders 7 and 7") is connected with the wire 17. The other side of the condenser. (comprising the cylinders 7 and 7), is connected with and grounded on the spark plug, through the medium of a metal ring or washer 18 resting upon the plug bushing and electrically engaging the connector 14 which electrically unites the cylinders 7 and 7c.

lVith my improvements, I am enabled to so associate the condenser with the s ark plug as to constitute, in effect, a part o the plug structure, and thc construction is such as will permit a broken porcelain sleeve to be removed and replaced by a new one. The condenser is compactin construction and is such as will facilitate its connection with the body of the plug so as to constitute a part thereof', and said condenser, when connected in circuit, in parallel to the sparking terminals, will result in causing sparks of high frequency between the sparking terminals. l

Having fully described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is :e

The improved high frequency spark plug consisting of a body having a sparking terminalatits lower end, an insulating sleeve inserted axially through the body, a bushin engaged in the upper end of the body and securing the insulating sleeve theren, a conductor extending axially through the sleeve and constituting a sparking terminal at its lower end, a cylinder fitting snugly around the upper portion of the insulating sleeve, a second cylinder concentric with the first cylinder, the cylinders being free and open at their lower ends, electrical connection between the upper ends of the cylinders, concentric cylinders alternating with the firstmentioned cylinders, the last-mentioned cyl- -inders being free and open at their upper' ends, electrical connection between the lower ends of the last-mentioned cylinders, insulation filling the interiors of all the cylin- 2 l amaca@ ders, a ring resting on the bushing and in cynders to the bushing and the body and direct Contact with the last-mentioned elecsecure the axial conductor, and. a second nut trica connection, 'a ring resting on the fitted on the axial conductor above the first H? first-mentioned electrical connection, a muis nu; te secure a conductor wire thereto.

5 threaded on the upper end portion of the im lteszimonywhereof, I have signed this axia conductor and restingon the last-menspecification'. tioned x'ng whereby to camp the severalI FRED FULGR..

US358738A 1920-02-14 1920-02-14 High-frequency spark plug Expired - Lifetime US1614885A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0044862A1 (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-02-03 George H Hensley Ignition device for the combustion of fuel.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0044862A1 (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-02-03 George H Hensley Ignition device for the combustion of fuel.
EP0044862A4 (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-07-06 George H Hensley Ignition device for the combustion of fuel.

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