US1590335A - Ornamented dress material and process for producing the same - Google Patents

Ornamented dress material and process for producing the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US1590335A
US1590335A US8981526A US1590335A US 1590335 A US1590335 A US 1590335A US 8981526 A US8981526 A US 8981526A US 1590335 A US1590335 A US 1590335A
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process
producing
goods
roller
crackle
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Charles L Weyand
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Charles L Weyand
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F9/00Rotary intaglio printing presses
    • B41F9/02Rotary intaglio printing presses for multicolour printing
    • B41F9/023Web printing presses
    • B41F9/028Web printing presses of the satellite type

Description

' June 29 1926.

V c. L. WEYAND ORNAMENTED DRESS MATERIAL AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME 1' Filed Feb. 20, 1926 In 0672 for.

Patented June 29, 1926.

FATE? FFICE.

CHARLES L. W'EYAND, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

ORNAMENTED DRESS IIIATERIAL AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAMIE.

Application filed February 20, 192

My invention relates to new and useful improvements in ornamented dress materials and to the process for producing the same. The present ornamented article is produced by a mechanical process that was heretofore produced only by hand and therefore at a relatively great expense.

At the present time there is a great demand and the styles call for silk or cotton dress goods which are highly decorated, or. in other words, covered with large colored motifs that are imprinted on the silk or cotton material These decorations or motifs are impressed upon the goods by subjecting the same to individual rollers that make up a composite form, the individual rollers having thereon parts of the complete designs or motifs so that the separate colors may be impressed upon the goods to make up the composite design and reproduce the same at regular intervals throughout the cloth. v

There is also a demand for silks and cottons, having various motifs formed thereon with the addition of what is known as crackle, which might be explained as nongeometrical or conglomerate lines or de signs extending across the goods and across the previously imposed motifs.

This latter form of designing is known as hand batik and produced by the batik or wax resist process, the material being covered with wax and subjected to different dyes or colors, the wax preventing the dyes from coloring the major portion of the cloth and producing irregular outlines, forming an odd and colorful effect.

This batik or wax resist process has heretofore been accomplished only by hand, resulting in a high price for the material inasmuch as the labor is more or less the work of an artist. I

In printing silk in the ordinary way as formerly described, the several colors are severally imposed upon the cloth, the various colors forming the different motifs and decoration, the several colors meeting at the various edges of the motifs. And an ob ject of the present invention is to impose the several colors in their regular manner and to also provide a final roller, having irregular out-lines engraved thereon, the outline being simply a non-regular mass of crossing lines, so that the goods still in their wet state will be subjected to this last men tioned roller and the crackle effect appeal Serial No. 89,815.

through the goods and throughout the var- :ious motifs producing an odd and colorful 'unction with the irre ular lines on what I term the batik ro-ller will produce a most colorful and artistic effect heretofore possible only with the wax resist process.

lVith these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain new and novel arrangements and combination of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claims.

Fig. 1 is plan view of a piece of cloth, showing how the crackle will appear on the same formed by my improved process;

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view showing an arrangement of the rollers for printing the article;

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic face View of the rollers; and

Fig. 4 is also a diagrammatic View of the roller showing a slightly modified form.

Referring now more particularly to the invention, and for the moment to Fig. 2, I have shown diagrammatically and in its simplest form a drum 1 over which the silk to be printed 2 is passed and which contacts with the first roller 3, on which there is engraved a part of fanciful motif represented as at 4, after which a roller 5 having composite part of the motif, thereon prints on the silk its corresponding part. In a like manner the silk will be subjected to the additional rollers, say 6, 7 and 8, the engraving on the various rollers completing the various designs or motifs to be impressed.

As is well known in. the ordinary form of silk printing or cotton printing, each of these rollers carry a different color or dye and the entire imprinting of the motifs is such that the colors and shades of the several parts of the motifs meet, but do not overlap or superimpose as otherwise the colors would run into each- Now with my present invention and the process of carrying it out, I have found that, if I provide a roller 9 that is engraved as at 10 with a mass of conglomerate and irregularly shaped fine lines and subject the cloth in its wet state to this roller a crackle eliect will be produced which is so similar to the hand batik or wax resist process that the one form cannot be told from the other. The roller 8 may have any colored ink or dye thereon but preferably this color will be the major color or base used on the cloth. In other words, it dark blue is the predominating color or background of the silk, the crackle will be'also of a dark blue. It will be" understood that as the dyes are in their wet state that the lines produced by the bat k roller will not be sharp ones, but will proice the slight blurring effect that is true of the wax resist or batik process which clearly distinguishes this process from an ordinary printing or lines on the goods. In other words, the lines formed represent the l'ilurring which .is known as crackle in the art.

In Fig. 4: I have shown a slightly modified form of producing this crackle ellect which consists in forming a plurality of conglomerate lines or irregular lines on say, the roller 8 in conjunction with the motif design that is ordinarily placed on this roller.

In other words, roller to produce the crackle, I have found it possible to engrave one of thenumerous motive rollers with a crackle design to also produce'th'e crackle efi'ect, but I prefer to use a separate roller as outlined in'th'e preierr'ed form.

From the foregoing, it will be seen thattively high prices for the goods at a much reduced cost and at the same time secure the beautiful and artistic results heretofore only obtained by hand.

I am aware that it is old to produce a' crackle effect on silk or cotton goods and that it is old to produce printed motifs and instead of using a special designs on silk and cotton goods, but I am not aware of the producing of a crackle by mechanical means on printed goods while still in their wet state, and I am aware that dark outlines have been produced by a final roller to outline or accentuate design motifs (such as outside of rose leaves, etc.), and I am aware that two wet colors have been printed to touch each other to form a third color as blue and yellow touching to form green; but I am not aware of any process by which a roller gives the fabric a special character of batik, wax resist, or hand made appearance'by printing soit wet lines over all the other motifs.

I claim: V p

1; The process 0t; ornamenting fabrics which consists insubjecting the material to lurality or printing rollershavingideand motifs thereon, the several rollers torining the con'iposite designs in the colors desired and then subjecting the material iile in its wet state to another roller hava plurality o't-congloiner'ate and irreguf larly disposed lines thereon to produce a crackle similar to the crackle produced by" the wait resist process. 7 a

The method o1 ornamenting silk" and cotton goods or other fabrics to sii'nulatethe hand batik process which consists in subjecting the material to a plurality of rollers, ea'ch oi said rollers furnishing its'partic ular color and part of the motif andthen subjecting the goods to a final roller whose-surface is provided with a mass of conglomen ate, irregular and non-directional,lines while the goods are still in their wet's'tate' toc'ause' the crackle to be superimposed throughout the entire suria'c e'ot thecloth and interningle with the various "motifs.

3. The process of siinula tinghand batik or wax resist process for printed goods comprising the subjecting of the material'to a plurality of rollers having their surface torm'edvith parts to form the composite design, each orsaidrollers impressing it'sindividual color, and one of said rollers having a mass of conglomerate lines thereon to thereby form a crackle appearance on the goods while the goods are still in their wet state.

In testini'o'i'i'y whereof I affix'my signature.

HARLES L. WEYAND.

US1590335A 1926-02-20 1926-02-20 Ornamented dress material and process for producing the same Expired - Lifetime US1590335A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2598386A (en) * 1949-12-06 1952-05-27 Armstrong Cork Co Method of block printing surface coverings

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2598386A (en) * 1949-12-06 1952-05-27 Armstrong Cork Co Method of block printing surface coverings

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