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US1582281A - Shingle roof construction - Google Patents

Shingle roof construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1582281A
US1582281A US65897823A US1582281A US 1582281 A US1582281 A US 1582281A US 65897823 A US65897823 A US 65897823A US 1582281 A US1582281 A US 1582281A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
shingles
shingle
upper
roof
end
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Bernie C Kridler
James C Boyle
Original Assignee
Shingle Lock Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3408Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastener type or material
    • E04D2001/3411Metal wires or rods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3452Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means
    • E04D2001/3458Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means on the upper or lower transverse edges of the roof covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3452Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means
    • E04D2001/3467Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means through apertures, holes or slots
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/347Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern
    • E04D2001/3473Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern fastening single roof elements to the roof structure with or without indirect clamping of neighbouring roof covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/347Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern
    • E04D2001/3482Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern the fastening means taking hold directly on elements of succeeding rows and fastening them simultaneously to the structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3488Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the type of roof covering elements being fastened
    • E04D2001/3494Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the type of roof covering elements being fastened made of rigid material having a flat external surface

Description

April 27 1926. 1,582,2 81 B. c. KRIDLER ET AL SHINGLE ROOF CONSTRUCTION xpril 27, i926. 1,582,281 1 B. C. KRIDLER El' AL SHINGLE ROOF CONSTRUCTION @Hoving Patented Apr. 27, 1926.

UNITED STATES 1,582,281 PATENT OFFICE.

BERNIE C. KRIDLER AND JAMES C. BOYLE, OF FLINT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNORS TO THE SHINGLE LOCK COMPANY, OF FLINT, MICHIGAN, ALCORPORATION OF MICHIGAN.

sume-LE noor1 CONSTRUCTION.

Application led August 23, 1923. Serial No. 658,978.

To allvwhom t may concern.'

Be it known that we, BERNIE C. KRIDLER and JAMES C. BOYLE, citizens of the United States, and residents of Flint, in the county of Genesee and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shingle Roof Constructions, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

The invention appertains to certain improvements in shingle roof constructions, and more particularly to a means for facilitating the laying and securing of shingles in position on a roof framing of usual or ordinary construction.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide for a novel form of means as characterized, and one adapted for securing shingles in posit-ion on a roof framing in a more rapid and less laborious manner and at a marked saving in cost than has `heretofore been possible in the practice, and without the use of driven, headed or screw threaded fastenings as ordinarily employed for the purpose.

Another object of the invention is to provide for a shingle securing means of a simple and inexpensive construction and arrangement, such as may be readily manufactured in quantities at a low cost for material and labor, and which will be easy of application, 'but otherwise durable and efficient in use. v

A further object of the invention is to provide for a means as hereinbefore characterized, and one which not only acts to effectively secure the shingles in position, but also to uniformly gage the exposed-or weather portions of the shingles equally in each of the several rows thereof and to Y maintain the same in properly laid conditionf at all times throughout the life of the roo With the foregoing and other equally important objects in view, the invention resides in the certain new and useful construction and arrangement as will be hereinafter more fully described, set forth in the appended claim, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a fragmentary plan view of a shingle roof showing the manner of uso of the improved shingle securing means,

Figure 2 isa transverse section taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, and,-

Figure 3 is a plan view of one of the shingles, and showing the manner of modifying a standard form of shingle to adapt the same for the application of the improved fastenings thereto in the securing of the same in position.

'Referring to the drawings, wherein similar characters of reference designate corespond- ,ing parts through the several views thereof, the numeral 10 indicates a series of furring strips or sheathing boards arranged in a somewhat usually spaced relation, one parallel to the other, and which are secured to roofing rafters (not shown) of the roof framing of a building. These furringstrips 10 are to have laid thereon the roofing shingles 11 in the usual manner, wherein one row of the shingles overlap adjacent rows thereof, substantially as shown.

For effecting the securing of the shingles 11 in position on the furring strips 10, and without the use of nails or the like as heretofore employed for the purpose, the present invention contemplates the use of metal members or clips which are preferably formed from suitable lengths of a relatively heavy wire, and of a design to engage over the upper side edges of the furring strips 10 and to interlock with certain slots and recesses formed'in t-he shingles, all in a manner to be hereinafter fully explained.

Each of the clips are formed to provide a substantially U-shaped body 12 to engage over and grip the upper edge of a furring strip 10 and the adjacent edge portion of a shingle 11 laid on the upper side of the furringstrip. The lowerA leg portion 12al of the clip is preferably bent slightly inward. so as to effect a firm gripping action against the ,under face of the furring strip, with its free end portion 12b bent slightly outwardvat an angle sufficient to facilitate the engagement of the cilp over the edge of the said furring strip. The upper leg portion 12, of each clip, is preferably of a slightly greater length than the' lower leg portion .12, and has its free end bent to provide an upwardly and rearwardly inclined hook portion 12d, which is to be engaged by the lower end edge of a shingle, as will be hereinafter explained.

Each of thc shingles 11 will be of standard form and material, but, in the use of the improved fastenings therewith, will -have their upper end edges formed with inwardly extending slotted openings 11a vand their lower end edges with small recesses 11b, the

. latter being disposed in alignment with the rows, each row overlapping the other up-A wardly of the furring strips 10 from the eaves of the roof framing, but instead of the nailing of the shingles in position, such as often results in the cracking or splitting of the same, the clips l2 will be employed to v fasten them in position. In the laying of the first row of the shingles 11, a clip will be use for each, and is engaged over the upper edge of the furring strip and in a manner that the connected portion thereof will pass inwardly of the slot 11a of the correspondingshingle, when the upper leg portion 12C, of the clip, will overlie the upper face of the shingle in aligning relation with the slot 11a and the recess 11". With the laying of the next succeeding row of shingles, other clips will be applied to the next highest furring strip 10, to secure the upper ends of these shingles, when the hooked ends 12d of the first of the clips will be engaged at the inner ends of the cutaway portions 11c thereof. Now, with the laying of the third row of shingles 11, the upper endedges of the same will be secured by clips, after the manner o'f the previously secured shingles, while the recesses'll", in the lower end edges thereof, will be engaged with the hooked ends 12b, of the upper leg portions 12, of the first row of clips 12, when these hooked ends 12dl will be bent over into engagement with the adjacent upper face portions of the shingles to positively secure the lower exposed or weather end portions in position against the upper face portionsof the underlying shingles. This method of clipping the upper ends of the shingles 11 of the successive rows thereof .direct to the furrin strips 10 and securing the lower recessed edge portions of the same by bending into the recesses 11b the hooked ends 12d of the second lower row of the clips 12, willbe continued until the entire roof framing is covered. It is to be noted'that hooked ends 12d of the clips 12, when bent I into the recesses 11b, in the lower end edges of the uppermost shingles 11, also actto secure the adjacent side edges ofthe shingles inthe underlying rows thereof against curling or buckling, since the uppermost shingle,

engaged by the hooked ends 12", are centered over the joint of the adjacent underlying shingles, and the point of engagement of the hooked ends 12d with the recessed portions y11b is directly in the plane of the longitudinal center of the uppermost shingle.

Thus, it will be seen that, in the use of l curately centered over the joints between the shingles of the previously laid rows, by the engagement of the recesses 11b, in the lower edges of the shingles, with the hooked ends 12d of the clips of the second row of clips 12 below the said edges, as well as by the engagement of the hooked ends 12d, of the next highest row of the clips 12 at the inner ends of the cutaway ortions 11, of the shingles, being laid, wiile the exposed or weather portions of the shingles, in each row, will. be of a uniform area throughout the entire roof structure when completed.

In the foregoing method of laying and securin shingles, several advantages are obtained over the prior shingle roof constructions, namely, that the spaces between the furringlstrips or sheathing boards 10 are completely covered by intermediate portions of the shmgles; that there are three thicknesses of the shingles over the entire roof instead ofy two of such thicknesses in the ordinary constructions; that the number of shingle fastenings yare reduced by nearly fifty per cent over the number formerly used; that there is a marked saving in the -cost of material and labor; and that there is a correspondin saving in time and money by reasono the fact that more roof space may be covered in a given time than was formerly the case andsince shingles of a larger area. may be readily and securely fastened in' osition with the clips applied j thereto in t e manner as shown and described herein.

It will be readily obvious that, while ak preferred4 embodiment of the clip,I `and shingle construction has been described and illustrated herein in speciiic terms and details of structure and arrangement, various changes in and modifications ofl the same may be resorted to without departing from central elongated slotway extending inward- Ways extending from the upper end edges of ly from its upper end edgeand a lower end the third succeeding row whereby to form on edge recess in alignment with the slotway, a portion of each furring strip three layers the lower portion of each shingle having one of shingles, and clip members disposed 5 side edge cut away to form with an adjacent through said end edge recesses, side edge 15 shingle aslotway, said shingles being dis- 'slotways and endedge slotways for binding posed on said furring strips with the lower the shingles on sadfurring strips. end edge recesses of one row superposed over the inner end of the side edge slotways BERNIE C. KRIDLER.

10 of the next previous row and over the slot- JAMES C. BOYLE.

US1582281A 1923-08-23 1923-08-23 Shingle roof construction Expired - Lifetime US1582281A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2756699A (en) * 1950-03-31 1956-07-31 Lloyd K Lockwood Roofing shingles and fasteners
FR2664316A1 (en) * 1990-07-04 1992-01-10 Etex Sa Slating support and roofing method
US5369929A (en) * 1991-09-18 1994-12-06 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
USD369421S (en) 1995-03-17 1996-04-30 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Random cut laminated shingle
US5577360A (en) * 1993-01-15 1996-11-26 Gibbs; Alden T. Slate mounting system
US5611186A (en) * 1994-02-01 1997-03-18 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US5617690A (en) * 1993-01-15 1997-04-08 Gibbs; Alden T. Slate mounting assembly
US20060059832A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-23 E-Z Clip, Ltd.D/B/A Slatedirect Slate roof and method for installation
US20060101766A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2006-05-18 Epoch Composite Products, Inc. Roofing shingle with a laying line
US20070119117A1 (en) * 2005-11-17 2007-05-31 Gibbs Alden T Mounting system for roofs and the like
US20080196346A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Gibbs Alden T Mounting system for roofs and the like
US9212487B2 (en) 2005-09-28 2015-12-15 Elk Premium Building Products, Inc. Enhanced single layer roofing material

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2756699A (en) * 1950-03-31 1956-07-31 Lloyd K Lockwood Roofing shingles and fasteners
FR2664316A1 (en) * 1990-07-04 1992-01-10 Etex Sa Slating support and roofing method
US5369929A (en) * 1991-09-18 1994-12-06 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US5666776A (en) * 1991-09-18 1997-09-16 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US5577360A (en) * 1993-01-15 1996-11-26 Gibbs; Alden T. Slate mounting system
US5617690A (en) * 1993-01-15 1997-04-08 Gibbs; Alden T. Slate mounting assembly
US5611186A (en) * 1994-02-01 1997-03-18 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
USD369421S (en) 1995-03-17 1996-04-30 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Random cut laminated shingle
US20100186312A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2010-07-29 Jolitz Randal J Roofing shingle with a laying line
US20060101766A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2006-05-18 Epoch Composite Products, Inc. Roofing shingle with a laying line
US7882677B2 (en) 2003-02-04 2011-02-08 Tamko Building Products, Inc. Roofing shingle with a laying line
US8099923B2 (en) 2003-02-04 2012-01-24 Tamko Building Products, Inc. Roofing shingle with a laying line
US20090165402A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2009-07-02 Jolitz Randal J Roofing shingle with a laying line
US7516593B2 (en) * 2003-02-04 2009-04-14 Epoch Composite Products, Inc. Roofing shingle with a laying line
US7448177B2 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-11-11 Elk Premium Building Products, Inc. Slate roof and method for installation
US20060059832A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-23 E-Z Clip, Ltd.D/B/A Slatedirect Slate roof and method for installation
US9212487B2 (en) 2005-09-28 2015-12-15 Elk Premium Building Products, Inc. Enhanced single layer roofing material
US20070119117A1 (en) * 2005-11-17 2007-05-31 Gibbs Alden T Mounting system for roofs and the like
US20080196346A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Gibbs Alden T Mounting system for roofs and the like
US8127513B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2012-03-06 Gibbs Alden T Mounting system for roofs and the like

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