US1579864A - Loud speaker - Google Patents

Loud speaker Download PDF

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Publication number
US1579864A
US1579864A US611506A US61150623A US1579864A US 1579864 A US1579864 A US 1579864A US 611506 A US611506 A US 611506A US 61150623 A US61150623 A US 61150623A US 1579864 A US1579864 A US 1579864A
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armature
pole
magnetic
circuit
modulating
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US611506A
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Jr John P Hobart
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Jr John P Hobart
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R11/00Transducers of moving-armature or moving-core type
    • H04R11/02Loudspeakers

Description

April 6 1926.
vPatented Apr. 6, 1926.
UNITED STATES JOHN I. HOBA'RT, JR., OF BLUEFIELD, WEST VIRGINIA.
LOUD SPEAKER.
Application led January 8, 1923. Serial No. 611,506.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN P. HoBAR'r, .I r., a citizen of the United States, residing at Bluefield,- in the county of Mercer and the State of West Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Loud Speakers, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description.
This invention relates to loud speakers,
such as are used with radio receiving outfits, and will clearly reproduce sounds and make them audible and intelligible to anyone in thesame room ory within a reasonable distance away.
. This invention relates more particularly to the type of loud speaking horn, making use of an armature acted upon by four magnetic poles, the magnetic flux .of two of which is increased while the magnetic ilux of theremaining two is decreased, thus, producing a differential action.
Une of the features of this invention re-` lates to the magnetic circuit. By means of magnetic suspension of the armature, by
y means of the magnetic circuits set up, I am ablel to avoid the use of springs and employ a highly vibrant armature.
Another feature Vof this invention relates to the location of the sound producing or modulating coils, whereby they may be made of unlimited size, thus securing any degree of sensitivity or loudness desired, and of any resistance desired and therefore no transformer coil is necessary.
Another feature of this invention relates to the fact that the magnetic circuit may be made of two permanent magnets or it may be made of two steel members properly formed with magnetizing coils mounted thereon, thus increasing or` decreasing the volume of sound by varying the magnetizing current.
Another feature of this invention relates to the fact that the sound producing diar phragm may be made of any desirable material and be placed in a straight line with the fulcrum of its operating lever, thus eliminating distortion of soun The armature may be made of very small slze, thus reducinU its inertia'to a minimum.
the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section, showing the entire assembly.
Figure 2 is afplan section taken Just above the base showing the separation of the two magnetic circuits when the spacing block is made of non-magnetic material.
Figure 3. shows a schematic wiring diagram with the magnetic circuit also shown 1n diagram.
One form of the invention embodies a spacing block 1, secured to the base28. This block separates the two sections of the magnetic circuit.. At each end of the spacing block is fastened the cross magnetic members 2 and 3. To each end of these cross magnetic members are vconnected upright poles 5 and 6, 4 and 7 respectively, all bent to form a continuous magnetic circuit as shown., Midway between the pole faces is the armature 8 adjusted to a very small but equal air gap between each pole face and armature. The armature is supported by 'bearing block 9, which is fastened to bearing support 10, the same being secured to cil'oss magnetic members 2 and 3 by screws 1 Rigidly attached to the armature 8 is the operating arm 12 which transmits the vibrations of the armature to the diaphragm 13, being held to the same by screw 14. Diaphragm 13 is securely held in place by two packing rings 15, which are clamped between the housing 16 and thesound box and horn 17 'by clamping screws 18.
Mounted on one part of each of the upright poles 4, 5, 6 and 7 is an insulated spool 21 containing the desired number of turns and the correct size of wire 19. The coils are properly connected together and the ends are connected to terminal posts 25, the same being insulated from the housing 16 by insulating washers 26. These terminals are to be connected to the sound producing or p modulating circuit.
Mounted upon another part of each of the upright poles 4, 5, 6 and 7 is an insulated spool 22, containing the desired number of turns and the correct size of wire 20. The coils are properly connected together and the ends are connected to terminal posts 23, the same being insulated from the housing 16 by insulating washers 24. These terminals are to be connected to the magnetizing current.
TheV housing 16 is fastened to the base 28 by holding down screws 27.
Figure 3 shows the schematic wirin diaam with the ma m diagram. 'Win ing A represente the etic circuit also s own modulating winding to be connected to the sound producing or modulating circuit. Winding B represents the magnetizing winding to be connected to the magnetizing circuit.
Winding B is wound and so connected so that when an electric current flows in one direction it will produce magnetic polarities as follows: Pole 6 is of one polarity (for example say a north pole). Then pole 4 1s of opposite polarity (or south pole) compared to pole 6. Pole 5 is of same polarity compared to pole Ll (or south pole) and pole 7 is opposite polarity compared to pole 5 but the same polarity as pole 6 (or north pole). Thus the magnetizing winding produces poles of all like polarity on each side of the armature.
Winding A is wound and so connected so that when an electric current lows in one direction it produces magnetic polarities as follows: Pole 6 is of one polarity (for example a south pole). Then pole 4 is of the same polarity as pole 6 (or south pole). Pole 5 is of opposite polarity compared to pole 4 (or north pole), and pole 7 is of same polarity as pole 5 or north pole). Thus, the modulating windings produce two poles of like polarity on one end of the armature,
and two poles of like polarity Iat the other end of the armature, but of opposite polarity when compared with the iirst noted poles.
The magnetizing flux, which may be produced by permanent magnets properly located in the linx path or by magnetizing coils properly located in the fiux path and receiving an electric current from an external source, has a single circuit from the upper right hand pole across the air gap and vertically through-the armature suspended midway between, then through the lower right hand pole, then by a direct magnetic path through cross member to upper left hand pole, then across the air gap and vertically through the opposite end of the armature suspended midway between, then through lower left hand pole, then by a direct magnetic path through cross member to the upper right hand pole.
The 'modulating coils which are located in the iiux path are connected in such a manner that the modulating flux (at a certain instant depending on the directions of current flow in subtract from the -magnetizing ux which willincrease the lmagnetic flux in the circuit between the lower right hand pole and upper left hand pole, and decrease the magnetic fluXint-he circuit between the upper right hand pole and the lower left hand po e.
This difference of magnetic flux will tend to tilt the armature toward the two poles :having the largest amount vof flux.
the modulating coils) will add to or The di'erence of magnetic flux between the two stronger poles and the two weaker poles passes lengthwise through the armature, thus completing the magnetic circuit.
`When the current is reversed in the modulating coils, the above condition is reversed and the armature will tend to tilt in the opposite direction.
By making the spacing block of non-magnetic material, the two halvesof the magnetic circuit are insulated from each other, being only connected together through the armature. A less efficient horn may be produced by makin the spacing block of magnetic material, tie magnetic circuit then reduces to a simple, four legged circuit I claim: l
1. A loud speaker, comprising a. diaphragm connection therefrom to an armature, so arranged that tilting of the armat-ure will impart vibrations to the diaphragm, means for pivoting the armature, and means establishing a magnetic circuit about the armature so as to create a balance between its ends to hold the armature in neutral position, said circuit having two gaps at the effective ends of the armature in which the flux flows in the saine direction, through the armature at right angles to its ends, only alternative poles at alternate ends of the armature having closed external paths, and a modulating circuit established with relation to said magnetic circuit, and acting to set up a flux lengthwise through the armature thereby deecting it from neutral position.
2. A loud speaker comprising a diaphragm, a tiltable armature connected thereto, and adapted upon tilting to set up vibrations in the diaphragm, and a plurality of magnets arranged to present like polarities above and below the two ends of the armature with closed iux paths between alternate polarities at alternate ends of the armature only, and windings of a. modulating circuit upon said magnets, adapted to alter upon excitation of said circuits the balance between said polarities and arranged to increase and decrease the flux at alternate poles at alternate ends of the armature rcspectively only.
3. A loud speaker comprising a diaphragm, a tiltable armature connected thereto, and adapted upon tilting to set up vibrations in the' diaphragm, and a plurality of magnets arranged to present like polarities above and below the two ends of the armature with closed flux paths onlyl between alternate polarities at alternate ends of the armature, and windings of a modulating circuit upon said magnets, adapted toalter upon excitation of said circuits the balance between said modulating circuit and polarities, said magnets being arranged to provide a single. magnetic circuit only with two gaps at the amature.
4., In ay loud speaker, an armature having a. central pivot, a pair of magnets, one extending from the top right hand face, to the bottom left hand face of the armature,
5 and the other from the top left hand face, to the bottom righi; hand face of the armature and a modulating Winding;t on said magnets with the turns so arranged as to` oppose the ux of one of the magnets ami increase the ux of the other.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name on this 30th day of December A. D. 1922.
J OHN P. HOBABT, JR.
US611506A 1923-01-08 1923-01-08 Loud speaker Expired - Lifetime US1579864A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8295537B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2012-10-23 Bose Corporation Loudspeaker moment and torque balancing
US8295536B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2012-10-23 Bose Corporation Moving magnet levered loudspeaker
US9055370B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2015-06-09 Bose Corporation Vibration-reducing passive radiators
US9800980B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2017-10-24 Wing Acoustics Limited Hinge systems for audio transducers and audio transducers or devices incorporating the same
US11137803B2 (en) 2017-03-22 2021-10-05 Wing Acoustics Limited Slim electronic devices and audio transducers incorporated therein
US11166100B2 (en) 2017-03-15 2021-11-02 Wing Acoustics Limited Bass optimization for audio systems and devices

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8295537B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2012-10-23 Bose Corporation Loudspeaker moment and torque balancing
US8295536B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2012-10-23 Bose Corporation Moving magnet levered loudspeaker
US9055370B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2015-06-09 Bose Corporation Vibration-reducing passive radiators
US9800980B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2017-10-24 Wing Acoustics Limited Hinge systems for audio transducers and audio transducers or devices incorporating the same
US10244325B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2019-03-26 Wing Acoustics Limited Audio transducer and audio devices incorporating the same
US10701490B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2020-06-30 Wing Acoustics Limited Audio transducers
US10887701B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2021-01-05 Wing Acoustics Limited Audio transducers
US11102582B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2021-08-24 Wing Acoustics Limited Audio transducers and devices incorporating the same
US11166100B2 (en) 2017-03-15 2021-11-02 Wing Acoustics Limited Bass optimization for audio systems and devices
US11137803B2 (en) 2017-03-22 2021-10-05 Wing Acoustics Limited Slim electronic devices and audio transducers incorporated therein

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