US1579849A - Pointer for electrical measuring instruments - Google Patents

Pointer for electrical measuring instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
US1579849A
US1579849A US3982525A US1579849A US 1579849 A US1579849 A US 1579849A US 3982525 A US3982525 A US 3982525A US 1579849 A US1579849 A US 1579849A
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Prior art keywords
balancing
cross
arms
pointer
helical
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Edward F Weston
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Weston Electric Instrument Corp
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Weston Electric Instrument Corp
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Publication date
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R1/00Details of instruments or arrangements of the types included in groups G01R5/00 - G01R13/00 and G01R31/00
    • G01R1/02General constructional details
    • G01R1/08Pointers; Scales; Scale illumination

Description

April 6 1926.

. E. F. WESTON POINTER FOR ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS Filed June 26, 1925 gnm'nkobt Gttoz w: 130.

Patented Apr. 6, 1926.

UNITED, STATES. PATENT OFFICE.

EDWARD E." WESTON, 0F NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO WESTON ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENT CORPORATION, OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.

Application filed June 26, 1925. Serial No. 39,825.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EnwAnn F. \Vics'roN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pointers for Electrical Measuring Instrun'ients, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to electrical measuring instruments and particularly to a pointer therefor, and to means for constructing such pointers.

In the manufacture of balancing devices for such pointers it has heretofore been necessary that very minute parts should be accurately machined. For instance, an accurate thread had to be cut in a minute nut and on a corresponding stud. Such operations involved delicate machinery and expensive labor. My invention obviates these difficulties by doing away with the necessity for such delicate machine work.

Helical springs have heretofore been used as balance weights, but on cylindrical balance members along which they could he slid or pushed.

According to this invention, helical springs are screwed onto balance members of poly onal cross-section.

Referring to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a plan view, and Fig. 2 is a side view, of my assembled pointer. Fig. 3 is the balancing cross and Fig. 4; .is the indicating needle. Fig. 5 is a magnified (about times) crosssection of one arm of the balancing cross with one of the helical balancing weights in place, while Fig. 6 shows the tool which is employed for positioning the helical weights upon the balancing cross.

The indicating needle 1 may be stamped from aluminum or other suitable sheet metal and has near its lower end a broad portion 2 which is adapted to be wrapped tightly about the arm 3 of the balancing cross 4.

To insure a rigid assembly the indicating needle is staked to the arm 3, as shown at 5. The indicating needle has a hole 6 in its lower end, adapted to coincide with a hole 7 at the intersection of the arms of the balancing cross, thereby afiording a means for mounting or supporting the assembled pointer on its pivot to which it is eventually secured by a nut.

The balancing cross 4 may be made of brass or other suitable relatively'soft metal. The three balancing arms 8, 9 and 10 are polygonal, prefera-bIysquare, in cross-section. Upon these three arms I place balancing weights 11, in-the. form of helical springs which may be made of some metal harder than that of the balancing cross, as for instance phosphor bronze. The interior diameter of the helical springs, in their nor mal or unstressed condition, is less than thediagonal of the polygonal arms, and the coils are therefore expanded in positioningthem upon the polygonal arms. When they are screwed on over the polygonal arms, they closely embrace the arms and remain in their adjusted position. When made of sufliciently hard metal, the helical springs will cut their own threads on the corners of the arms.

Because of the tendency of the coils to bind when twisted, I employ the tool shown in Fig. 6 for holding the coil and screwing it into place. This tool consists of a sleeve 13 having a slot 14. In order that this slot may engage the coils, I provide each coil with a projecting portion 15 at each end.

ward or away from the ends of the arms of the balancing cross.

While in the particular construction shown a balancing cross having several arms is shown, my invention is obviously applicable to a single arm or end of the pointer.

So also, While I prefer to make the balancing cross of softer metal and the spring of harder metal, this relation is not essential asthe springs even if made of metal not harder than the arm of the pointer, will hold themselves in place'without other holding means.

I claim:

1. A pointer for electrical measuring instruments having a portion thereof polygonal in cross'section and a balancing weight thereon in theform of a helical coil embracing said portion, the normal internal diameter of said coil being less than the diagonal of the polygonal portion.

2. A pointer as claimed in claim 1 in by means of threads which the coil itself has cut.

3. An indicating needle of the type comprising a balance arm and a balance Weight 5 thereon, characterized by the fact that the balance weight is a, helical spring secured to the arm by threads which the spring cuts as it-is turned upon the arm,

4:. A pointer assembly for an indicating instrument comprising a sheet metal ina balance cross, the'enlargedportion of said.

needle being tightly wrapped about and staked to one arm of said cross.

In testimony whereof, I afiix my signature.

I EDWARD F. WESTON.

US1579849A 1925-06-26 1925-06-26 Pointer for electrical measuring instruments Expired - Lifetime US1579849A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433165A (en) * 1944-03-02 1947-12-23 Simpson Ray Counterbalance for instrument movement and pointer
US2683985A (en) * 1945-03-23 1954-07-20 Productive Inventions Inc Scale
US3073283A (en) * 1960-10-03 1963-01-15 Daystrom Inc Balance weight

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433165A (en) * 1944-03-02 1947-12-23 Simpson Ray Counterbalance for instrument movement and pointer
US2683985A (en) * 1945-03-23 1954-07-20 Productive Inventions Inc Scale
US3073283A (en) * 1960-10-03 1963-01-15 Daystrom Inc Balance weight

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