US1577880A - Surgical knife - Google Patents

Surgical knife Download PDF

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Publication number
US1577880A
US1577880A US66015A US6601525A US1577880A US 1577880 A US1577880 A US 1577880A US 66015 A US66015 A US 66015A US 6601525 A US6601525 A US 6601525A US 1577880 A US1577880 A US 1577880A
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United States
Prior art keywords
socket
shank
blade
handle
fingers
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US66015A
Inventor
Alexander A S Stuart
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Alexander A S Stuart
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Publication date
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Priority to US66015A priority Critical patent/US1577880A/en
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Publication of US1577880A publication Critical patent/US1577880A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/3209Incision instruments
    • A61B17/3211Surgical scalpels, knives; Accessories therefor
    • A61B17/3213Surgical scalpels, knives; Accessories therefor with detachable blades
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17888Tang offset within socket

Description

March 23 1926. 1,577,880

A. A. s. STUART SURGICAL KNIFE Filed Oct. 51, 1925 INVENTOR Alxanderliijilmfi ATTORNEYS];

Patented Mar. 23, 1926.

UNITED sTArss ALEXANDER A. S. STUART, F HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

SURGICAL KNIFE.

Application filed October 31, 1925. Serial No. 66,015.

Dauphin and State of Pennsylvania, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Surgical Knives, of which the followin is a s ecification.

The main object of this invention is to generally improve the construction of surgical knives having detachable blades.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a knife constructed in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 2 an edge view of the knife;

Fig. 3 a longitudinal sectional View taken through the knife handle; V

Fig. 4 a view similar to Fig. 3, showing the manner of attaching the blade to the handle; and I Fig. 5 an enlarged transverse sectlon taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the various parts by numerals, 1 designates the knife handle which is preferably formed of one piece of suitable metal. The handle is comparatively thin and fiat, but, of course, it may be of any suitable shape to adapt it to the use for which it is designed. The blade-receiving end of the handle is hollowed to form a longitudinal cavity or socket 2 which extends inwardly for a material distance from said end of the handle and is adapted to re ceive the shank of the blade 3. An elongated, substantially V-shaped cleft 4 is formed in the blade-receiving end of the handle and extends longitudinally inward to a point substantially midway the depth of the socket 2. This cleft is disposed transversely to the plane of the blade and extends through the flat sides of the handle at opposite sides'of the socket. Formed upon the lower edge of the handle, just in- .wardly of the cleft 4, is a notch 5 which opens into the lower side of the socket 2.

The knife blade 3 is integrally formed with a shank G which is adapted to enter the handle socket. The shank is made thicker than the blade and is bifurcated longitudinally to form a pair of spaced spring fingers 7 and 8. These spring fingers, when free, are expanded so that their outer longitudinal edges are spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the socket 2. To facilitate their insertion into the socket the free ends of the fingers are tapered or rounded as at 9. The opposite side faces of the fingers are fiat and are adapted to snugly fit between the flat sides 10 of the socket, as will be seen in Fig. The outer longitudinal edge of the upper finger 7 is straight and adapted to bear throughout its length against the straight upper wall 11 of the socket. The lower finger 8 is made thinner than the upper finger 7 in order to make it more flexible and its lower longitudinal edge is straight for a substantial portion of its length adjacent its connection with the blade portion-as at 12. This straight portion is adapted to bear against the lower straight wall 13 of the socket located forwardly of the notch 5. Beyond its straight portion 12 the finger 8 is bent slightly inward and formed at its free end with a locking head 14. This locking head is formed with a forwardly facing locking shoulder 15.

In sliding the blade shank into the socket the spring fingers are compressed toward.

each other as the locking head 14 slides over the lower wall 13 .of the socket. When the shank is forced in sufficiently to aline the headl i with the notch 5, the head is snapped out through the notch by the resiliency of the finger 8 and its locking shoulder is brought into locking engagement with the shoulder 16 at the forward edge of the notch. The shank is then positively locked against withdrawal from the socket. Near its juncture with the blade the shank is shouldered at its upper and lower edges, as at 17, to abut the end of the handle. The expanding tendency of the spring fingers is only partly relieved by the snapping of'the locking head through the notch 5. The fingers will therefore continue to press firmly against the upper and lower walls 11 and 13 of the socket, and this pressure, combined with the snug engagement of the side walls 10 with the shank and th contact of the shoulders 17 with the end of the handle, holds the blade firmly against wabbling.

To remove the blade from the handle it is merely necessary to press the locking head 14 laterally inward and pull outward longitudinally on the blade. The notch 5 is of a size and shape to permit a finger or thumb to readily engage the locking head. By bifurcating the end of the handle and the shank of the blade, the knife is rendered lighter at this point and give a better balance. The cleft 4 and notch 5 both open into the socket 2 and facilitate the cleaning and removal of the blood or other matter therefrom. This renders the knife more sanitary. The bifurcation of the handle and the blade shank gives the further advantage of facilitating the withdrawal of the blade in case its shank should bind in the socket as a result of rust or drying of the blood. I11 this case a sharp tool maybe inserted through the cleft 4t of the handle and the crotch of the shank to forcibly withdraw the shank. The blade and handle are formed without screws, pins, or other projections which would render them diflicult to clean. The shank and socket are formed with substantial, open structures which may be easily and thoroughly cleaned and steri-- lized. The manner of forming the blade and mounting it renders it possible to use a blade formed of substantial stock which may be re-ground repeatedly.

hat I claim is:

1. A knife comprising a blade formed integrally with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilient and formed at its free end with a locking head; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise said handle being formed with a notch in one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head whenthe shank is inserted into the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the looking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle.

2. A knife comprising a blade provided with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilient; a locking head carried by one of said fingers; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise and formed with a notch in one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head when the shank is inserted into the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle.

3. A knife comprising a blade provided with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilent; a locking head carried by the free end of one of said fingers; and a handle formed at one, end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise, said handle being formed with a notch through one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted toreceive the said locking head when the shank is LD- serted in the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle, the handle being formed with a notch extending inwardly from its socket end and adapted to aline with the crotch of the bifurcated shank.

4. A knife comprising a blade formed integrally with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resiliently flexible and formed at its free end with a locking head; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise, said handle being formed. with a notch through one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head when the shank is inserted in the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle, the socket end of the handle being bifurcated and having its cleft adapted to register with the crotch of the bifurcated blade shank.

5. A knife comprising a blade provided with a laterally compressible resilient shank; a handle formed with a socket adapted to receive said shank under compression; and means carried by the shank and the socket adapted to effect a snap locking connection therebetween by an expansion of the resilient shank within the socket, the handle being formed with an opening leading laterally into the socket and adapted to give access to the shank therein and permit it to be manually compressed to release said locking means.

In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.

ALEXANDER A. S. STUART.

US66015A 1925-10-31 1925-10-31 Surgical knife Expired - Lifetime US1577880A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2630029A (en) * 1949-09-09 1953-03-03 Imp Brass Mfg Co Combination tube working tool and reamer
US3877147A (en) * 1972-11-14 1975-04-15 Acme United Corp Disposable scalpel handle
US5060382A (en) * 1989-12-20 1991-10-29 Cooper Industries High leverage shears
WO1996009008A1 (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-03-28 Stephan Koscher Surgical instrument
US5916218A (en) * 1996-04-15 1999-06-29 Aesculap Ag & Co. Kg Saw for surgical purposes
US5924206A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-07-20 Becton, Dickinson And Company Reusable device handle
US5933918A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-08-10 Dart Industries Inc. Handle with interchangeable kitchen implements
WO2002016086A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2002-02-28 Kapman Ab Arrangement for tools including a shank with a recess and a flexible handle with a catch
US20030234188A1 (en) * 2002-06-20 2003-12-25 Mcguyer Carter W. Multi-tool kitchen utensil kit and container
US20060179669A1 (en) * 2005-02-11 2006-08-17 Robbins Industries, Inc. Can opener
US20070156160A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Petersen Thomas D Handle with removable disposable surgical blade and blade removal system including disposal container
US20090198263A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2009-08-06 Lafauci Michael Device for performing surgery
US20090214066A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Bose Corporation Waveguide electroacoustical transducing
US20110037906A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2011-02-17 Gawronski Brian J Low frequency enclosure for video display devices
US20110106123A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2011-05-05 Lafauci Michael Two-part surgical device
US8099868B1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2012-01-24 Votolato Living Trust Disposable blade cartridge utility knife
US9107695B2 (en) 2012-03-19 2015-08-18 Brolex Llc Surgical instruments and methods of use
US9451355B1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-09-20 Bose Corporation Directional acoustic device
USRE46811E1 (en) 2008-05-02 2018-04-24 Bose Corporation Passive directional acoustic radiating
US10057701B2 (en) 2015-03-31 2018-08-21 Bose Corporation Method of manufacturing a loudspeaker

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2630029A (en) * 1949-09-09 1953-03-03 Imp Brass Mfg Co Combination tube working tool and reamer
US3877147A (en) * 1972-11-14 1975-04-15 Acme United Corp Disposable scalpel handle
US5060382A (en) * 1989-12-20 1991-10-29 Cooper Industries High leverage shears
WO1996009008A1 (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-03-28 Stephan Koscher Surgical instrument
US5810865A (en) * 1994-09-20 1998-09-22 Koscher; Stefan Surgical instrument
US5916218A (en) * 1996-04-15 1999-06-29 Aesculap Ag & Co. Kg Saw for surgical purposes
US5933918A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-08-10 Dart Industries Inc. Handle with interchangeable kitchen implements
US5924206A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-07-20 Becton, Dickinson And Company Reusable device handle
WO2002016086A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2002-02-28 Kapman Ab Arrangement for tools including a shank with a recess and a flexible handle with a catch
US20030234188A1 (en) * 2002-06-20 2003-12-25 Mcguyer Carter W. Multi-tool kitchen utensil kit and container
US8099868B1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2012-01-24 Votolato Living Trust Disposable blade cartridge utility knife
US7121009B2 (en) 2005-02-11 2006-10-17 Robbins Industries, Inc. Can opener
US20060179669A1 (en) * 2005-02-11 2006-08-17 Robbins Industries, Inc. Can opener
US20070156160A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Petersen Thomas D Handle with removable disposable surgical blade and blade removal system including disposal container
US7647704B2 (en) * 2005-12-30 2010-01-19 Petersen Thomas D Handle with removable disposable surgical blade
US20110106123A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2011-05-05 Lafauci Michael Two-part surgical device
US20100234865A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2010-09-16 Lafauci Michael device for performing surgery
US7818885B2 (en) * 2008-02-05 2010-10-26 Brolex, Llc Device for performing surgery
US20090198263A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2009-08-06 Lafauci Michael Device for performing surgery
US20110037906A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2011-02-17 Gawronski Brian J Low frequency enclosure for video display devices
US20090214066A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Bose Corporation Waveguide electroacoustical transducing
US8295526B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2012-10-23 Bose Corporation Low frequency enclosure for video display devices
US8351629B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2013-01-08 Robert Preston Parker Waveguide electroacoustical transducing
USRE46811E1 (en) 2008-05-02 2018-04-24 Bose Corporation Passive directional acoustic radiating
US9107695B2 (en) 2012-03-19 2015-08-18 Brolex Llc Surgical instruments and methods of use
US9451355B1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-09-20 Bose Corporation Directional acoustic device
US10057701B2 (en) 2015-03-31 2018-08-21 Bose Corporation Method of manufacturing a loudspeaker

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