US1568442A - Adjustable angle wrench - Google Patents

Adjustable angle wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US1568442A
US1568442A US5514A US551425A US1568442A US 1568442 A US1568442 A US 1568442A US 5514 A US5514 A US 5514A US 551425 A US551425 A US 551425A US 1568442 A US1568442 A US 1568442A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
handle
post
washer
adjustable angle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US5514A
Inventor
Ray C Carver
Original Assignee
Ray C Carver
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ray C Carver filed Critical Ray C Carver
Priority to US5514A priority Critical patent/US1568442A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1568442A publication Critical patent/US1568442A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25GHANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS
    • B25G1/00Handle constructions
    • B25G1/06Handle constructions reversible or adjustable for position
    • B25G1/063Handle constructions reversible or adjustable for position for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes
    • B25B13/481Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating in areas having limited access

Description

Jan. 5 1926. 1,568,442
. R. c. CARVER ADJUSTABLE ANGLE WRENCH Filed Jan. 29, 1925 INVEN TOR.
Patented Jan. 5, 1926.
UNITI-:D Ls'mriazs RAY 0. CARVER, OF GRAND JUNCTION, COLORADO.
ADJUSTABLE ANGLE WRENCH.
`Application led January To all whom t 11mg/ concern.
Be it known that I, RAY C. CARVER a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Grand Junction, in the county of Mesa and State of Colorado, have invented certain new andl useful Improvements in' vide a wrench of this character in which the wrench jaws may be easily removed and replaced. v
A further object resides in the novel means employed for attaching, without the use of screws, bolts, nuts, etc., the wrench jaws to the wrenchhandle.
A still further object is to so construct a Hat. jawed wrench that it may be readily transformed into a socket wrench.
Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which result in simplicity, economy, and eficiency, and which will become more apparent from the following description.
In the following detailed description of the invention reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the drawing and throughout the description. l
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is an edge elevation of my improved wrench, partly broken away tol illustrate the interior construction thereof;
Fig. 2 is a face elevation of the same;
Fig. 3 is a detail view of the wrench engag-ing extremity of the handle;
Fig. 4c is a detail view of one form oi wrench jaw which may be used in connection with my improved wrench;
Fig. 5 is 'a detail view 'of the retaining washer employed to secure the wrench jaws to the handle;
Fig. 6 is a detail view of another form of wrench jaw which may be used in conjunction with my'improved handle; and
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the means employed when it is desired to attach a socket wrench to my improved handle.
The invention comprises a handle 10, out
29, 1925. Serial No. 5,514.
away at its one extremity to form a wrench seat 11. Concentric'ally projecting from the wrench seat 11 is a wrench post 12, provided near its extremity with an annular roove 13. Slidably mounted within the andle 10 is a pawl 14 actuated by means of a spring 15. Formed on the pawl 14 is knurled linger rest 16.
In conjunction with the handle 10, I employ wrenches such as illustrated in Figs. 4 6 and 7. The wrench in Fig. 4, designated by the numeral 20, is one of the usual type of fiat wrenches. That in Fig. 6, designated by the numeral 21, is one of the usual type of side outlet wrenches. Fig. 7, illustrates, what might be termed, a socket holder 17 carrying a square post 18 for engagement in the square socket of any of the usual ty es of socket wrenches 19. Each of the wrenc es 20 and 21 and the socket holder 17 is provided with an opening 22 designed to t over the post 12 and with peripheral notches 23 designed to be engaged by of the pawl 14. j
The wrenches are held in position on the wrench post 12 by ymeans of a retaining washer 21- carrying a radially extending slot 25. After a wrench has been placed over the wrench post 12, the retainin washer 24 is slid over the wrench, the perip eral groove 13 engaging the edges ofthe slot 25.
lVhen the retaining washer 24 is bein placed on, or removed from, the wrenc post 12, the -slot 25 will occupy the broken line position indicated at 26, Fig. 2. When in this position, the retaining washer may be easily removed in the direction of the axis of the handle 10. The washer is locked in place by giving it a turn so as to move the slot 25 away from the axis of the handle 10 as illustrated in the full line position of Fig. 2.v When the slot 25 is in any other position than that of the broken line position 26, it will be impossible for the retainingl washer 24 to become disengaged since any angular movement will be prevented by curved shoulders27 on the handle 10, bordering the wrench seat 11. By this arrangement, the retaining washer is firmly locked in its position until the operator desires to change wrenches, when it can the extremity y be easily removed without the use of tools.
In Figs. 1 and 2, the wrench 20 is illustrated in alignment with the handle 10. Should it be desired to have the wrench project at an angle from the handle, so as to more conveniently reachthe work, the pawl 14 is operated by means of a linger rest 16 so as to compress the s ring l5 and withdraw the pawl from t e notch` 23. The wrench may now be turned to the desired position, such as one of those illustrated in broken lines, Fig. 2.
The handle 10 may be knurled as illustrated at 28 to give a more eicient hand hold if desired.
While a speciic form of the im rovement has been described and illustrate herein it is desire-d to be understodd that the same may be varied, within the scope o the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is i 1. A wrench comprising a handle; a wrench seat formed at one end vof said handle; a wrench post projecting from said seat, said post being provided with an annular groove; a-wrench jaw arranged to be fitted over said post against said seat and means for securing said wrench on said seat, said means comprising a Washer having a radial slot the ed es of which are adapted to enga-ge in sai annular groove in said post.
2. In a wrench comprising a handle, a detachable wrench jaw arranged to rotate on said handle and a pawl arran d to enga.
said jaw to retain it at any esired ang e, the combination of means for securing said Wrench jaw to said handle, said means comprising a pivot post provided with a groove and adapted to pass throu h said wrench ]aw, a washer provided wit a slot adapted to be carried on said post with said slot engaging vsaid groove, and a projection on said handle for preventing the removal of said washer from said post ex-` cept when the former is in a predetermined slot in said pivot post to maintain said.
wrench member thereon; and a curved shoulder at one side of said face acting to allow said washer to be moved longitudinally of said handle and preventing angular movement thereof.
Intestimony whereof, I affix my signature.
RAY C. CARVER.
US5514A 1925-01-29 1925-01-29 Adjustable angle wrench Expired - Lifetime US1568442A (en)

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Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3063315A (en) * 1960-06-23 1962-11-13 Nelson W Bernor Spanner wrench
US3270597A (en) * 1965-09-14 1966-09-06 Neff Ted Multi-angle ratcheting wrenches
US4406186A (en) * 1981-05-29 1983-09-27 Gummow Stephen A Dual action ratchet wrench
GR900100056A (en) * 1990-02-01 1992-06-30 Spyridon Mpitzios Multi key-holder
US5419221A (en) * 1994-06-16 1995-05-30 Cole; James E. Indexable head ratchet wrench
US5694818A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-12-09 Nickipuck; Michael F. Locking joint for a ratchet wrench
US5775184A (en) * 1994-06-16 1998-07-07 Cole; James Ellis Indexable wrenches
US5784934A (en) * 1997-01-30 1998-07-28 Shinano Pneumatic Industries, Inc. Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US5820288A (en) * 1997-04-24 1998-10-13 Splined Tools Corporation Adjustable tool with a locking hinge mechanism
US5870932A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-02-16 Brooke; Karlton W. Swift wrench
US5931063A (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-08-03 Kuo; Ying Hong Wrench tool
US6000299A (en) * 1997-06-16 1999-12-14 Splined Tools Corporation Modular tool system
US6016726A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-01-25 Wright; Harry W. Adjustable wrench
US6161982A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-12-19 Splined Tools Corporation Assembly with a sealed coupler
US6167787B1 (en) * 1995-03-06 2001-01-02 Jack D. Jarvis Locking swivel wrench
US6186034B1 (en) 1998-12-11 2001-02-13 Dan E. Lamons Flex handle adjustable wrench
US6247386B1 (en) * 1999-10-06 2001-06-19 Stephen Gummow Dual action indexable wrench
US6286396B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2001-09-11 Mark P. Johnson Socket ratchet and extension handle
US6311583B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2001-11-06 S. P. Air Kabusiki Kaisha Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US20030154828A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2003-08-21 Weaver Jeffrey D. Rotating head AN fitting open end wrench
US20040069978A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-15 Whelan Patrick J. Prying tool with positionable handle
US6840141B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-01-11 Brian T. Cole Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050178249A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Cole Charles A. Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050242210A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Heren Lawrence P Pivoting spray wand
US20060074429A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-06 Ralph James D Adjustable angle handle for surgical instruments
US20060074428A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-06 Ralph James D Adjustable angle pawl handle for surgical instruments
US20070051212A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Chih-Ching Hsieh Ergonomic driving tool
US20070084310A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Air ratchet tool with rotatable head
US20070141967A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-06-21 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die Grinder with Rotatable Head
US20080178710A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Gabriel Alvarado Adjustable pivotal wrench
US20100019214A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
WO2010081129A1 (en) * 2009-01-12 2010-07-15 Glenair, Inc. Connector coupling
US8065938B1 (en) * 2006-04-10 2011-11-29 Kravitch Nick C Interchangable extension tool for performing operations in limited space work areas
USD799290S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-10 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench head
USD799923S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-17 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench handle
USD809357S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-02-06 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
USD842668S1 (en) 2017-11-20 2019-03-12 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional ratchet wrench
US10363649B2 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-07-30 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
US10870187B2 (en) 2017-11-20 2020-12-22 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
US10919139B2 (en) 2015-02-17 2021-02-16 Snap-On Incorporated Remote wrench handle and accessories

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3063315A (en) * 1960-06-23 1962-11-13 Nelson W Bernor Spanner wrench
US3270597A (en) * 1965-09-14 1966-09-06 Neff Ted Multi-angle ratcheting wrenches
US4406186A (en) * 1981-05-29 1983-09-27 Gummow Stephen A Dual action ratchet wrench
GR900100056A (en) * 1990-02-01 1992-06-30 Spyridon Mpitzios Multi key-holder
US5419221A (en) * 1994-06-16 1995-05-30 Cole; James E. Indexable head ratchet wrench
US5775184A (en) * 1994-06-16 1998-07-07 Cole; James Ellis Indexable wrenches
US6167787B1 (en) * 1995-03-06 2001-01-02 Jack D. Jarvis Locking swivel wrench
US6324947B2 (en) 1995-03-06 2001-12-04 Jack D. Jarvis Locking swivel wrench
US5694818A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-12-09 Nickipuck; Michael F. Locking joint for a ratchet wrench
US5870932A (en) * 1996-10-01 1999-02-16 Brooke; Karlton W. Swift wrench
US5784934A (en) * 1997-01-30 1998-07-28 Shinano Pneumatic Industries, Inc. Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US5820288A (en) * 1997-04-24 1998-10-13 Splined Tools Corporation Adjustable tool with a locking hinge mechanism
US6000299A (en) * 1997-06-16 1999-12-14 Splined Tools Corporation Modular tool system
US5931063A (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-08-03 Kuo; Ying Hong Wrench tool
US6161982A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-12-19 Splined Tools Corporation Assembly with a sealed coupler
US6286396B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2001-09-11 Mark P. Johnson Socket ratchet and extension handle
US6016726A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-01-25 Wright; Harry W. Adjustable wrench
US6186034B1 (en) 1998-12-11 2001-02-13 Dan E. Lamons Flex handle adjustable wrench
US6247386B1 (en) * 1999-10-06 2001-06-19 Stephen Gummow Dual action indexable wrench
US6311583B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2001-11-06 S. P. Air Kabusiki Kaisha Ratchet wrench with pivotable head
US20030154828A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2003-08-21 Weaver Jeffrey D. Rotating head AN fitting open end wrench
US20040069978A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-15 Whelan Patrick J. Prying tool with positionable handle
US7025331B2 (en) * 2002-10-08 2006-04-11 Whelan Patrick J Prying tool with positionable handle
US7156003B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2007-01-02 Cole Charles A Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050178249A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Cole Charles A. Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US6840141B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-01-11 Brian T. Cole Radial indexing head tool with floating splined pin
US20050242210A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Heren Lawrence P Pivoting spray wand
US7140561B2 (en) 2004-04-30 2006-11-28 L.R. Nelson Corporation Pivoting spray wand
US20060074428A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-06 Ralph James D Adjustable angle pawl handle for surgical instruments
US7922719B2 (en) * 2004-10-06 2011-04-12 Biodynamics, Llc Adjustable angle pawl handle for surgical instruments
US20060074429A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-06 Ralph James D Adjustable angle handle for surgical instruments
US20070051212A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Chih-Ching Hsieh Ergonomic driving tool
US20070141967A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-06-21 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die Grinder with Rotatable Head
US8480453B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2013-07-09 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Die grinder with rotatable head
US20070084310A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sp Air Kabushiki Kaisha Air ratchet tool with rotatable head
US8065938B1 (en) * 2006-04-10 2011-11-29 Kravitch Nick C Interchangable extension tool for performing operations in limited space work areas
US20080178710A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Gabriel Alvarado Adjustable pivotal wrench
US7637183B2 (en) * 2007-01-26 2009-12-29 Gabriel Alvarado Method of using adjustable pivotal wrench
US20100019214A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
US8424845B2 (en) 2008-07-21 2013-04-23 Indexable Tools, LLC Hammer and crowbar with adjustable claw
US20100178788A1 (en) * 2009-01-12 2010-07-15 Collin Edwin J Connector coupling
WO2010081129A1 (en) * 2009-01-12 2010-07-15 Glenair, Inc. Connector coupling
US7837491B2 (en) 2009-01-12 2010-11-23 Glenair, Inc. Connector coupling
US10919139B2 (en) 2015-02-17 2021-02-16 Snap-On Incorporated Remote wrench handle and accessories
USD799923S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-17 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench handle
USD799290S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2017-10-10 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench head
USD809357S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-02-06 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
US10363649B2 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-07-30 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench
USD864682S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-10-29 Kirk Wrench Llc Wrench
USD842668S1 (en) 2017-11-20 2019-03-12 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional ratchet wrench
US10870187B2 (en) 2017-11-20 2020-12-22 Kirk Wrench Llc Multi-functional wrench

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