US156477A - Improvement in litholycites - Google Patents

Improvement in litholycites Download PDF

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US156477A
US156477A US156477DA US156477A US 156477 A US156477 A US 156477A US 156477D A US156477D A US 156477DA US 156477 A US156477 A US 156477A
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tube
bag
end
outer
case
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/221Gripping devices in the form of loops or baskets for gripping calculi or similar types of obstructions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/221Gripping devices in the form of loops or baskets for gripping calculi or similar types of obstructions
    • A61B2017/2212Gripping devices in the form of loops or baskets for gripping calculi or similar types of obstructions having a closed distal end, e.g. a loop

Description

H. .w BRAD ro nn.

Lithol'ycites..

' Patented Nov. 3,1874.

No.l56,477.

n u............u..u...w..l..n.fm|um m........wm.... ,4hv

HENRY W. BRADFORD, OF RANDOLPH, MASSACHUSETTS.

IMPROVEMENT IN LITHOLVCITES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent N0. 156,477, dated November 3, 1874; application filed August 15, 1874.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY W. BRADFORD, of Randolph, in the county of Norfolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and Improved Litholycite, of which the following is a specification:

The invention relates to litholycites, wherein are now employed a bag and spring, jaws that are to be inserted within the bladder; and consists in the improvement thereof, as hereinafter fully described and pointed'out in the claims.

Figure lis a longitudinal sectional elevation of a portion of the instrument, showing the apparatus for withdrawing the protectingtube and opening and closing the bag. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the instrument complete, with the bag open. Fig. 3 is a section of a portion, showing the bag closed after receiving the stone; and Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a portion with the outer case removed, showing the gear for opening and closing the bag. lt is also a section of another portion, showing the manner in which the spring and the bag are confined in the outer tube for inserting and withdrawing from the bladder. Fig. 5 is a transverse section of the instrument, taken on the line w w of Fig. 1.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

A represents the inner tube of the apparatus, which is arranged Within another tube, B, which lits over it snugly, and forms the conlining-tube for holding the bag and the springs within such compress as will admit of inserting them in the bladder and withdrawing them from The tube B has a slot, C, extending from the inner end about the length of the bag D and the spring-jaws E. These jaws have the edge of the mouth of the bag fastened to them. They are pivoted together at one end by the ball-hinge F, and at the other end are connected to a small steel rod, G, one to each, between tubes .A and B,

extending along side by side in a groove or channel, H, in tube A, a suitable distance to connect by a cranked arm, I, at the outer end,

` with a bevel cog-wheel, J, fitted to turn on a tube, K, within a case, L, two of said wheels being used, one for each rod, and the wheels being geared together by an idle wheel, M, so

that they will turn in opposite directions when the wheel J, nearest to the outer end of the apparatus, is ,turned by a tube, N, which connects with it by"tlie stud-pins P, and extends out at the end of the case L, where it is provided with a milled disk, O, for turning it. This tube has a ratchet at Q, by which it is to be held in any desired position by a pawl, R, which is pressed into it by a spring, S, and out by a stud-pin, T. The outer tube V has a screw-threaded portion on the outer end, which works in a long screw-nut, W, iitted within tubeN, and projecting out of it below disk O, to form a handle, X, by which to turn it for forcing the tube B out over the springs E and the bag and back. Y is the small tube of platinum to be inserted aftefthe stone has been secured in the bag, for conducting nitric acid into`it for dissolving the stone, so that it willy flowout through tube A. Flatinum is used on account of being the substance best capable of resisting action by the acid. This vtube will be made tight at the outer end by a cork or other suitable plug, Z, in the end of a short tube, a, attached to the end of A, and having a branch, b, for discharging the matters escaping from the bladder into a vessel for receiving them. d is a screw-cap at the top of the case L, for closing it thereat and suitably confining the several tubes. The tube N is secured against dropping out at the `lower end of the case by a screw, e, and a nut, f, the screw being tted in the case L, and.screwingl at the inner end into the nut which fits in the groove g of the tube. The long nut W is securedin the same manner in the tube N by a screw, h, passing through said tube into a nut, i, in a groove in the nut W. One of the springs of the bag has little clips j on it, under which the other one closes, so that the two are held tightly together to prevent the acid from leaking out.

The rods Gr may be worked by hand for opening and closing the bag; but, for greater convenience and certainty, I prefer to employ the apparatus I have here represented, or any other by which they may be conveniently worked.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat- 1. The inner tubes A, having the bag D at- 3. The combination of nut W with' tubes A taohed to it, and the groove H for the rods, B and oase L, substantially as specified. the outer tube B, rods, and springs or jaws,

combined and arranged substautiallyas spec- HENRY W. BRADFORD. ied.

2. The combination of tube N, gear-Wheels Witnesses: J M, and case L with the rods G and tubes A DANIEL H. HUXFoED,

B, substantially as specified. CLARENCE H. DEANE.

US156477A Improvement in litholycites Expired - Lifetime US156477A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1993002732A1 (en) * 1991-07-26 1993-02-18 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and device for retrieving materials from body lumens
US5190555A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-03-02 Unisurge, Inc. Device for collection and removal of body parts during laparoscopic surgery
US5192284A (en) * 1992-01-10 1993-03-09 Pleatman Mark A Surgical collector and extractor
US5465731A (en) * 1992-06-30 1995-11-14 United States Surgical Corporation Specimen retrieval pouch and method for use
US20050165411A1 (en) * 2002-03-27 2005-07-28 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Minimally invasive removal device with breakaway sheath
US20060200170A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2006-09-07 Ernest Aranyi Specimen retrieval apparatus and method of use
US20060229639A1 (en) * 2005-03-29 2006-10-12 Whitfield Kenneth H Specimen retrieval apparatus
US7547310B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2009-06-16 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Specimen retrieval apparatus
US8486087B2 (en) 2010-05-03 2013-07-16 Covidien Lp System and method for removing excised tissue
US8579914B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2013-11-12 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8585712B2 (en) 2010-02-03 2013-11-19 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US8734464B2 (en) 2011-01-06 2014-05-27 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus for thoracic procedures
US8777961B2 (en) 2010-10-04 2014-07-15 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US8795291B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2014-08-05 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8906036B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2014-12-09 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US8968329B2 (en) 2011-10-19 2015-03-03 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus for thoracic procedures
US9005215B2 (en) 2010-10-04 2015-04-14 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval apparatus
US9113848B2 (en) 2010-02-03 2015-08-25 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9370341B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2016-06-21 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9592067B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2017-03-14 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device including a reusable shaft with interchangeable pouch

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1993002732A1 (en) * 1991-07-26 1993-02-18 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and device for retrieving materials from body lumens
US5192286A (en) * 1991-07-26 1993-03-09 Regents Of The University Of California Method and device for retrieving materials from body lumens
US5190555A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-03-02 Unisurge, Inc. Device for collection and removal of body parts during laparoscopic surgery
US5192284A (en) * 1992-01-10 1993-03-09 Pleatman Mark A Surgical collector and extractor
US5465731A (en) * 1992-06-30 1995-11-14 United States Surgical Corporation Specimen retrieval pouch and method for use
US5647372A (en) * 1992-06-30 1997-07-15 United States Surgical Corporation Specimen retrieval pouch and method for use
US8016771B2 (en) 2002-03-27 2011-09-13 Tyco Healthcare Group Minimally invasive removal device with breakaway sheath
US20050165411A1 (en) * 2002-03-27 2005-07-28 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Minimally invasive removal device with breakaway sheath
US9364201B2 (en) 2002-03-27 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Minimally invasive removal device with breakaway sheath
US20060200170A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2006-09-07 Ernest Aranyi Specimen retrieval apparatus and method of use
US7670346B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2010-03-02 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Specimen retrieval apparatus
US20060229639A1 (en) * 2005-03-29 2006-10-12 Whitfield Kenneth H Specimen retrieval apparatus
US7547310B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2009-06-16 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Specimen retrieval apparatus
US9370341B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2016-06-21 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9370378B2 (en) 2010-02-03 2016-06-21 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US8585712B2 (en) 2010-02-03 2013-11-19 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9113848B2 (en) 2010-02-03 2015-08-25 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US8486087B2 (en) 2010-05-03 2013-07-16 Covidien Lp System and method for removing excised tissue
US8777961B2 (en) 2010-10-04 2014-07-15 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9005215B2 (en) 2010-10-04 2015-04-14 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval apparatus
US9468452B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2016-10-18 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8579914B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2013-11-12 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8734464B2 (en) 2011-01-06 2014-05-27 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus for thoracic procedures
US9629618B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2017-04-25 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8795291B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2014-08-05 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device
US8968329B2 (en) 2011-10-19 2015-03-03 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus for thoracic procedures
US8906036B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2014-12-09 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9622730B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2017-04-18 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9084588B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2015-07-21 Covidien Lp Surgical retrieval apparatus
US9592067B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2017-03-14 Covidien Lp Specimen retrieval device including a reusable shaft with interchangeable pouch

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