US1558399A - Combined pliers and wrench - Google Patents

Combined pliers and wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US1558399A
US1558399A US731088A US73108824A US1558399A US 1558399 A US1558399 A US 1558399A US 731088 A US731088 A US 731088A US 73108824 A US73108824 A US 73108824A US 1558399 A US1558399 A US 1558399A
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Prior art keywords
wrench
handles
nose
handle
slot
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US731088A
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Joseph N Rylen
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Joseph N Rylen
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/06Joints
    • B25B7/10Joints with adjustable fulcrum

Description

' Oct. 20,1 v 1,558,399

J. N. RYLEN COMBINED v PLIERS AND WRENCH Filed Au 9, 192 4 {WEN TOR.

.JU S. N. RYLEN Z7 yw :4TTORNEY I Patented Oct. 20, 1925.

UNITED STATES JOSEPH N. RYLEN, O'F TURLOCK, CALIFORNIA.

COMBINED PLIERS AND WRENCH.

Application filed August 9, 1924. Serial No. 731,088.

T all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOSEPH N. RYLEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Turlock, in the county of Stanislaus and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Combined Pliers and renches, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in combined pliers and wrenches.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a convertible wrench wherein a flatsided joining bolt mounted in one of the handles of the wrench may move in a slot in the other handle of the wrench thereby permitting both ends of one handle to be employed in a gripping capacity.

Another object is to produce a wrench which will grip a hexagonal object as well as a square or round object.

Another object is to produce a tool which will function both as a pair of pliers and also as a wrench capable of gripping circular objects such as pipes and the like.

A further object is to produce a device of this character which is extremely simple in construction and therefore cheap to manufacture.

A still further object is to provide a device which will be convenient to handle, light in weight and one which will take up but a minimum amount of space.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent during the course of the following description.

In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,

Figure 1 is a side elevation of my complete tool;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail view showing a tool adjusted for a large sized nut;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of my tool with one of the parts reversed so as toform a wrench capable of manipulating a round object of small size; and

Fig. 4: is a fragmentary detail view showing the wrench adjusted for a round object of large size.

In the accompanying drawings wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral 5 refers to one of the handles of my tool which handle carries a pivot bolt 6 and has a double-faced nose 7 attached thereto. One surface of this nose is provided with serrations 8, while the other face 9 is provided with ratchet teeth.

A screw-driver 11 is formed upon the opposite end of the handle from the nose. At 12, I have shown the handle of the other member of my wrench which handle is slotted as shown at 13. At one end of the slot I provide a plurality of enlargements 14: the purpose of which will be later seen, while at the opposite end of the slot I provide two enlargements designated at 16 and 17, which are connected by passages 18 and 19, with the slot 13.

A nose 21 is formed upon the handle which nose is provided with a serrated surface adapted to contact the serrated surface 8 of the nose 7 Formed upon the opposite end of the handle 12 from the nose 21 is a head 22 provided with ratchet teeth 23.

The operation of my device is as follows Assuming that the parts are arranged as shown in Fig. 1 pivotal movement of the handles 5 and 12 upon the pivoted bolt 6 will cause the noses 7 and 21 to separate, after which it is possible to grip small objects such as wire or the like. When it is desired to grip large objects, the handles are moved so as to permit the pivot bolt, which it will be noted is provided with flat sides to pass through the passage 18 into the slot 13, thence into the passage 19. and into the en-' largement 17 after which adjustment the wrench will appear as shown in Fig. 2 and at this time large objects may be grasped.

l/Vhen it is desired to grasp round objects such as small tubes or pipes, rods or the like the wrench is adjusted as shown in Fig. 3, which is accomplished by pivoting the handles so as to permit the pivot bolt 6 to pass from the position shown in either Figure 1 or Figure 2 through the slot 13 and to be confined in one of the enlargements 14.

Fig. 4 discloses the pivot bolt confined in the enlargement 14 which permits the largest adjustment of the wrench and when in this position, a large sized circular object, such as a ring or a pipe may be readily grasped as disclosed in this figure.

It will thus be seen that I have provided a very simple wrench and yet one which is eflicient for a large range of usage.

It is to be understood that the form of my invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claims. 1

Having thus described my invention, I claim 1. In a tool of the character described, a pair of handles, one of said handles having a pivot secured therein, the other of said handles having an elongated slot extending through the substantially entire length thereof, there being enlarged areas communicating with said slot, a nose formed upon one end of said first-mentioned handle and having serrated surfaces on both faces thereof, a nose formed upon one end of said slotted handle and having a serrated face adapted to contact one of the serrated faces first mentioned, a head formed on the opposite end of said slotted handle and having a serrated surface adapted to be brought into engagement with the other serrated face on said first-mentioned nose, for the purpose specified.

2. In a wrench of the character described, a pair of handles, one of said handles having a pivot secured thereto, the other of said handles having a slot formed therein, one of said handles having a double-faced nose and having serrations formed on each of its faces, the other of said handles having a nose at one end thereof, a head at the opposite end thereof. and means communicating with said slot for adjusting said handles for the purpose of moving said noses and said head to or away from each other, for the purpose specified.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

JOSEPH N. RYLEN.

US731088A 1924-08-09 1924-08-09 Combined pliers and wrench Expired - Lifetime US1558399A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5107559A (en) * 1991-10-07 1992-04-28 Reilley Ed O Horseshoeing tool
US5996450A (en) * 1998-07-15 1999-12-07 The Stanley Works Pliers (2)
US6006633A (en) * 1998-07-08 1999-12-28 The Stanley Works Pliers (1)
US20100031785A1 (en) * 2008-07-30 2010-02-11 Eric Gustafson Positive pivot centers for adjustable tools
DE19909224B4 (en) * 1999-03-03 2012-11-08 NWS Germany Produktion W. Nöthen e.K. Assembly pliers with adjustable mouth width
US20160303721A1 (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-10-20 A&E Incorporated Switchable pliers
US20170157747A1 (en) * 2014-07-11 2017-06-08 Hangzhou Great Star Tools Co., Ltd. Hand tool
USD809888S1 (en) 2016-10-07 2018-02-13 A & E Incorporated Pinch-off pliers
US10421178B2 (en) 2016-10-07 2019-09-24 A & E Incorporated Switchable pliers and method for use

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5107559A (en) * 1991-10-07 1992-04-28 Reilley Ed O Horseshoeing tool
US6006633A (en) * 1998-07-08 1999-12-28 The Stanley Works Pliers (1)
US5996450A (en) * 1998-07-15 1999-12-07 The Stanley Works Pliers (2)
DE19909224B4 (en) * 1999-03-03 2012-11-08 NWS Germany Produktion W. Nöthen e.K. Assembly pliers with adjustable mouth width
US20100031785A1 (en) * 2008-07-30 2010-02-11 Eric Gustafson Positive pivot centers for adjustable tools
US8051749B2 (en) 2008-07-30 2011-11-08 Snap-On Incorporated Positive pivot centers for adjustable tools
US20170157747A1 (en) * 2014-07-11 2017-06-08 Hangzhou Great Star Tools Co., Ltd. Hand tool
US20160303721A1 (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-10-20 A&E Incorporated Switchable pliers
USD809888S1 (en) 2016-10-07 2018-02-13 A & E Incorporated Pinch-off pliers
US10421178B2 (en) 2016-10-07 2019-09-24 A & E Incorporated Switchable pliers and method for use

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