US1555692A - Automobile parking machine - Google Patents

Automobile parking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
US1555692A
US1555692A US74273124A US1555692A US 1555692 A US1555692 A US 1555692A US 74273124 A US74273124 A US 74273124A US 1555692 A US1555692 A US 1555692A
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Prior art keywords
chains
platforms
machine
platform
means
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James E Morton
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James H Mcveety
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/14Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with endless conveyor chains having load-carrying parts moving vertically, e.g. paternoster lifts also similar transport in which cells are continuously mechanically linked together

Description

Sept. 29, 1925. 1,555,692

J. E. MORTON AUTOMOBILE PARKING MACHINE Filed 0d 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS J [5. 71102"! on ATTORNEYS Sept. 29, 1925. 1,555,692

J. E. MORTON AUTOMOBILE PARKING IACHINI Filed Oct. 9, 1924 I5 SheetS-Sheet 2 T E. Jitirton BY 272mm ATTORNEYS Sept. 29, 1925. 1,555,692

J. E. MORTON AUTOMOBILE PARKING mamas Filed Oct. 9, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTORS I E. Jlforion ATTOR N EYS Patented Sept. 29, 1925.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JAMES E. HORTON, OF WEST LAFAYETTE, IN DIANA, ASSIGNOB TO JAMES H. HOVEE'I'Y,

' OF MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE.

AUTOMOBILE PARKING uacnnm.

1pp11cation filed October 9, 1924. Ierial No. 742,781.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES E. MORTON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of West Lafayette, in the county of Tip canoeand State of Indiana, have invente a new and Improved-Automobile Parking Machine, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention relates to automobile parkin machines, an object of the invention bem to rovide a machine of this character whic W11 be in the nature of a double elevator, com risinga plurality of vertically and latera y movable platforms so that a relatively large number of care may be supported and stored and conveniently entered and discharged while occupying but a relatively small ground space.

While I have referred and shall refer to my improved device as an automobile parking machine, it is obvious that I do not w1sh to be limited to the particular use of the machine asthe same general ideas areapplicable to many uses, and I desire to cover the machine broadly for any use to which it can be put.

A further object of the invention is to provide an automobile parking machine which is a complete unit within itself and which may be erected singly or in batteries for the parking of automobiles at public arking stations, garages, apartment houses, department stores, office buildings, factories, theatres, amusement arks, and, in fact, any place where automobiles are to be parked in lar e numbers.

Wit these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts which W111 be more full hereinafter described and pointed out in t e claims.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a view in end elevation of my improved machine;

Figure 2 is a view in side elevation taken at right angles to Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a top plan view with certain details in section;

Figure 4 is a diagrammatic elevation;

Figure 5 is a detail fragmentary perspective View;

Figure 6 is a fragmentary view in transverse section through the upper portion of the machine.

I shall employ the terms In connection with my improved machine I employ any suitable framework, indicated by t e reference numeral 1. This framc work is necessarily in the form of a tower, and for convenience of description and particularly wth reference to Fi ures 1 and 2 front, rear and right and left hand sides.

The frame 1 provides mounting at its top and bottom and at the left-hand side for a series of preferably four) sprocket wheels 2, 3, 4 an 5. The s rocket wheels 2 and 3 are at the top of the ameand the sprocket wheels 4 and 5 are at the bottom of the frame, and an endless chain or other analogous flexible connecting device 6 is mounted on the sprocket wheels, the right and left-hand runs 7 and 8 of this sprocket chain being relatively lon so as to accommodate the number of fplat orms 9 desired. 7 At the rear 0 the frame and at the righthand side thereof I provide four sprocket wheels 10, 11, 12 and 13, the sprocket wheels 10 and 11 bein at the top of the frame and the sprocket w eels 12 and 13 being at the bottom of the frame. Around these s rocket wheels 10, 11, 12 and 13 a sprocket ciiain 14 is mounted, the left-hand vertical run 15 of the chain 14 being located in a plane to the left of the right-hand vertical run 7 of chain 6, as shown in Figure 1.

The platforms 9 above referred to are designed to sup ort automobiles or other vehicles or artic es, and each platform is pro- .vided at diagonally opposite corners with relatively long ins 16 which have ermanent mounting in bearings 17 constituting brackets forming a fixed part of the chains. For example, the platforms 9 at the left of Figure 1 have their forward long pintles at the left-hand side of the platforms which are connected to the left-hand run 8 of chain 6 while the other long pintles of the latforms 9 are connected with the left-ban run 15 of chain 14. All the platforms are therefore connected to both chains 6 and 14 so that as these chains are moved, for exam le, in the direction of the arrows indicate in Figure 1, the platforms will move vertically throughout the tower, and at the upper and lower ends of the tower will move transversely from one side to the other, and to permit this movement all the ratchet wheels are formed with recesses 18 to accommodate the pins 16.

' At the opposite diagonal corners, the

In addition to the chains 6 and 14 I provide at the front and rear of the tower or framework other endless chains 19 and 20. These chains are longer than the chains 6 and 14 so that the outside runs are in the same plane as the outside runs of the respective chains 6 and 14. The chains 19 and 20 are mounted on s rocket wheels 21 which are fixed to turn wit certain of the sprocket wheels above referred to and are of the same size as the other sprocket wheels so that all the chains move at the same speed and in'the same direction.

As above stated, the platforms 9 have relatively long ins at their diagonally opposite corners w ich are in permanent engagement with the respective chains 6 and 114.

atforms 9 have relatively short pins 22 an the chains 19 and 20 are provided with bifurcated brackets 23 located at proper intervals on the chains so that they engage the shorter ins 22 and provide a support for the third corner of the platform.

The bifurcated brackets 23 permit engagementwith an disengagement from the shorter pins 22 so that while the shorter pin at one corner is supported as the latform moves upwardly thls pin is release and the shorter pin at the other corner is supported durin the downward movement of t 1e platform ut by the opposite long chain.

24 represents the ground or floor level, and it will be noted that my improved parking device extends above and below this level but that any platform may be brought into line with the level so as to permit the car to move onto or off of the platform.

\Vhile the invention is, of course, not limited to any particular power transmitting means to operate the device, I have illustrated in Figure 1 a motor 25 which is connected by suitable chains or other flexible connecting devices 26 with certain of the sprocket wheel driving means, but I may vary the driving means and the control thereof to suit conditions.

Also in connection with my improved machine I provide an indicator 27 as illustrated diagrammatically in Figure 4. This indicator is a replica on a small scale of the parking device and is operated by any suitable means in synchronism therewith. have shown belts or chains 28 and 29 operatively connecting the indicator with the arking device. The idea of the indicator is that it may contain symbols or any other indicating means so that each car owner and also the operator of the parking device will know on ust what platform any particular caris located and he can, therefore, quickly bring that car to the floor or street level.

The operation of the parking machine is as follows: Assuming the cars, indicated by the reference numeral 30, to be upon the platforms and it is desired to move the platforms, m ot1on istransmitted to the respectlve chains from an suitable source of power and in any desired direction, but we will assume for purposes of description that the chains are moved in the direction indicated by the arrows on the respective figures. As the platforms 9 at the right of Figure I reach the top of the frame they will move to the left and then downwardly. During this shifting of position from right to left, the bifurcated bracket 23 of the chain 19 will release the short in 22 at the corner of the platform, and a ifurcated bracket on the rear chain 20 will engage the short pin at the diagonally opposite corner of the platform and ride with it until the downward movement begins when it will support this in as indicated clearly in Figure 5. In ot er words, as the platforms move in one direction they are su ported at diagonally opposite corners by the chains 6 and 14 and at another corner by one of the long chains 19 or 20, so that at all times the platform is en ported at three points, but on one vertic movement the chain 19 functions as a support for the platform and on the opposite movement the chain 20 functions as a support for the platform.

It will thus be seen that with my improved parking device cars ma be run upon platforms which are level wit the ground or floor, as indicated at 24, and then may be moved either up or down so as to bring other latforms into register with the floor, and

once a large number of automobiles may be su orted one above the other and in paral e so that the weight of the cars will to a large degree balance each other.

By reference particularly to Fi re 3 it will be noted that the pins 22, indicated at the point :0, are not supported during the transverse movement 0 the platforms 9. The other three pins are supported by the respective chains. These unsup orted pins, as their respective platforms begin their downward movement, move into the supporting devices of the chain, as clearly indicated in Figure 5.

Various sli ht changes and alterations might be madi in thegeneral form of the parts described without departing from my I invention, and hence I do not limit myself to the precise details set forth but consider myself at liberty to make such slight changes and alterations as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A machine of the character described, comprising two endless flexible su ports, and platforms connected at diagona ly opposite corners to runs of the respective flexible supporting devices.

2. A machine of the character described, comprising a pair of endless sprockets chains of the platform.

3', A machine of the character described,

comprising a frame, a air of endless chains located at opposite si es of the frame and at somewhat diagonal positions relative to each other, longer chains adjacent the firstmentioned chains, sprocket wheels su porting all of said chains, the runs of said chains being mainly vertical, two vertical series of platforms connected at diagonally opposite corners to runs of the first-mentioned chains, and means on the longer chains adapted to removably engage the other corners of the platform, and said sprocket wheels having recesses therein whereby the coupling means between the platform and chains may pass over the sprocket wheels and permit the passage of the latforms from one vertical plane to anot er.

4. A machine of the character described, comprising two vertical series of platforms, means supporting the platforms and ermitting them to move from one vertica series into another and vice versa, an indicator comprising a miniature reproduction of the machine and operatively connected thereto, and means for moving the platforms.

5. A machine of the character described, comprising two endless sprocket chains and means for supporting and moving them, platforms connected at diagonally opposite corners to runs of the respective chalns and movable vertically by the chains and also transversely by the chains from one vertical plane to another, and means operatively engaging a third corner of each platform durmg the movement thereof vertically in either direction.

JAMES E. MORTON.

of the platform.

3. A machine of the character described,

comprising a frame, a air of endless chains located at opposite si es of the frame and at somewhat diagonal positions relative to each other, longer chains adjacent the firstmentioned chains, sprocket wheels su porting all of said chains, the runs 0 said chains being mainly vertical, two vertical series of platforms connected at diagonally opposite corners to runs of the first-mentioned chains, and means on the longer chains adapted to removably engage the other corners of the platform, and said sprocket wheels having recesses therein whereby the coupling means between the platform and chains may pass over the sprocket wheels and permit the passage of the latforms from one vertical plane to anot er.

4. A machine of the character described, comprising two vertical series of platforms, means supporting the platforms and permitting them to move from one vertical series into another and vice versa, an indicator comprising a miniature reproduction of the machine and operatively connected thereto, and means for moving the platforms.

5. A machine of the character described, comprising two endless sprocket chains and means for supporting and moving them, platforms connected at diagonally opposite corners to runs of the respective chains and movable vertically by the chains and also transversely by the chains from one vertical plane to another, and means operatively engaging a third corner of each platform during the movement thereof vertically in either direction.

JAMES E. MORTON.

Certificate of Correction.

It is hereby certified that Letters Patent No. 1,555,692, granted September 29, 1925, upon the ap lication of James E. Morton, of West Lafayette, Indiana, for an improvement in H. McVeety, as assignee of the entire interest in Patentshould have been issued to the inventor, said Morton and utomobile Parking Machines, were erroneously issued to James said invention, whereas said Letters James H. McVeety,

0/ Memphis, Tennessee, said McVeety being assignee of one-half interest only in said invention, as shown by the records of assignments in this oflice;

and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Ofiice.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of June, A. D. 1926.

[emu] M. J. MOORE, Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Certificate of Correction.

It is hereby certified that Letters Patent No. 1,555,692, granted September 29, 1925, upon the ap lication of James E. Morton, of West Lafayette, Indiana, for an improvement in utomobile Parking Machines, were erroneously issued to James H. McVeet as assignee of the entire interest in said invention, whereas said Letters Patentshould have been issued to the inventor, said Morton and James 11. McVeety, of Hemp/n19, Tenmasee, said Mc'Veety being assignee of one-half interest only 111 said invention, as shown by the records of assignments in this office; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in 'the Patent Ofiice.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of June, A. D. 1926.

[ -1 M. J. MOORE,

Acting Commzkaioner of Patents.

US1555692A 1924-10-09 1924-10-09 Automobile parking machine Expired - Lifetime US1555692A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2866565A (en) * 1957-04-02 1958-12-30 Capitol Prod Corp Proofer control system
US3011659A (en) * 1955-06-02 1961-12-05 Dlouhy Dominik Rotary storages
US3736738A (en) * 1971-03-18 1973-06-05 Fmc Corp Row crop harvester
US3887089A (en) * 1973-09-13 1975-06-03 Geoffrey Francis Parking device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3011659A (en) * 1955-06-02 1961-12-05 Dlouhy Dominik Rotary storages
US2866565A (en) * 1957-04-02 1958-12-30 Capitol Prod Corp Proofer control system
US3736738A (en) * 1971-03-18 1973-06-05 Fmc Corp Row crop harvester
US3887089A (en) * 1973-09-13 1975-06-03 Geoffrey Francis Parking device

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