US1550007A - Automatic ignition device - Google Patents

Automatic ignition device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1550007A
US1550007A US738305A US73830524A US1550007A US 1550007 A US1550007 A US 1550007A US 738305 A US738305 A US 738305A US 73830524 A US73830524 A US 73830524A US 1550007 A US1550007 A US 1550007A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cartridge
spring
crank
firing
thermostat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US738305A
Inventor
Ciraolo Antonio
Original Assignee
Ciraolo Antonio
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ciraolo Antonio filed Critical Ciraolo Antonio
Priority to US738305A priority Critical patent/US1550007A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1550007A publication Critical patent/US1550007A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/06Devices for generating heat, smoke or fog in gardens, orchards or forests, e.g. to prevent damage by frost

Description

vAug. 18, 1925. 1,550,007
A. CIRAOLO AUTOMATIC .IGNITION DEVICE l Filed Sept. 1'7, 1924 5 Sheehs-Sheei l .Ela/r ATTORNEY Aug. 18, 1'925. 1,550,007
\ A. CIRAOLO AUTOMATIC IGNITION DEVI CE 68 67 BY W- M A TTORNEY Aug. 18, 19125.
A. CIRAOLO AUTOMATIC IGNITION DEVICE 5 sheets-sheet s Filedf'SeDb. 17, 1924 ./o E@ R n A AW- Y B m. 8 4 5 7 3% N576 M 30 ie 7.: 5w 5 u 6 4 4 Z 3 f Hv 6 M 9 7 8 o/J (,v zw 55 3 2 l, II 0 O Il l Q O IMI 4v@ M Q n@ 8 I o o Il a, F@ I Il D 'Il' v IPatented Aug. 18, 1925.
UNiTED STATES PATENT oFFica.
ANTONIO CIRAOLO. OF OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.
AUTOMATIC IGNITION DEVICE.
application ined september 17, 1924. seriai'iro. 738,305.
To all whom t may cof/wem.' l
Be it known that I, ANroNIo CIRAoLo, a subject of the King of Italy, and a resident of Oakland, in the county of Alameda and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Ignition Devices, of which the following is a specification.
My present invention yrela-tes to automatic ignition devices of the class adapted to cause ignition byv the flame from cartridge explosive agents. The invention is designed primarily for use in combination with oil heaters or smudge pots that are used in orchards particularly, when the temperature of the atmosphere approaches or reaches 'a predetermined degree considered injurious to the orchard.
At the present time, the large number of orchard oil heaters in use to protect budding trees or ripening fruit from frost are lighted individually by hand, and in some instances by the use of expensive electrical ignition systems, and it requires close watching of thermometers located in dierent sections of an orchard to note a sudden and dangerous fall oftemperature, and quick action to get all the heaters lighted in time to avoid possible damage to the trees. In many sections fuel is costly and to light the heaters too soon is unnecessary and expensive, and if too late failure and ruin may be the result.
The prime object of myinvention, is the L provision of an inexpensive and reliable mined point. As stated this is particularly advantageousin orchards during the spring season when the temperature drops to or near the freezing point during the night, the automatically-lighted heater protecting the fruit buds and blossoms on the trees from the cold and frost.
Another object is to use an Ordinar clock movement as the base mechanism or the device and controllable by a thermostat to fulminate a blank cartridge, the flash and burning powder and wad of which ignites the oil in the heater.
A further object is to provide such an automatic ignition device that can be 'attached toexisting oil heatersv or smudge pots and made a permanent part thereof.
And a still further object is to provide many ignition charges to the device, one charge being suficient to light the heater.
The invention possesses other advantageous features, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forthat length in the .following description where I shall outline in full that form of the invention which I have selected for illustration in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. In said drawings I have shown one form of my invention, but it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to such form, since the invention, as expressed in the claims, may be embodied in a plurality of forms.
Referring to said drawings:
Figure l is a side elevation of a typical Aorchard heater with parts broken away and showing, partly in section, the application of myi automatic ignition device therewith. '.lhe view shows that an ignition charge has Just been fired and the flame of which is spreading on the fuel surface to light the fuel.
u Fig. '2 is a sectional plan taken on the line 9,.-2 of the preceding ligure, and with a portion of the fuel container broken away to show the charge-deecting plate.
Fig. 3 is a face view of the invention with part of the frame-plate broken away to show the spring, some of the gears and other parts therebehind. All the parts are in normal position and at rest.
Fig. 4 is a side view'of the preceding ligure with part of the thermostat broken away to clearly sho-w certain parts therebehind.
Fig. 5 is a plan of Fig. 3 showing clearly the governor fan and cylinder loaded with cartridges.
Fig. 5EL is a detail sectional view of the firing pin on an enlarged scale. y Fig. 6 is a partial andsectional view on line l6-6 of Fig. 4 to show the first step in the functioning of the device, namely, the thermostat releasing the mechanism for action; other parts are omitted for clearness.
Fig. 7 is a sectional View taken on line 7-7 of Fig.5, and with part of the frameplate broken away to show the second and third steps in the functioning of the device, namely, the hammer raised by the crank and just about to be released, and the trip-rod raised to allow the thermostat to pass unimpeded.
vJe
. Fig. 8 is a partial and sectional view taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 5 through a spent eartridge and just previous to the turning of the cylinder to position an unexploded cartridge. This may be considered the fourth step, and the final step may be considered the termination of the cylinder movement, and back to the normal position of Fig. 3. This completes the cycle of operations.
Similar numerals of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.
The numeral 1 in Fig. l indicates a conventional orchard heater, and 2 the liquid fuel therein. Mounted on the heater 1s a casing 3 which completely incloses the ignition mechanism of the invention. The bottom of the casing is raised above the top of the heater by means of supporting nipples 4, to allow air to circulate 'between the casing and heater to to prevent undue heating of the mechanism.
The ignition mechanism is supported in a frame composed of frame-plates 5 and 6,
- spaced apart by shouldered rod-bolts 7.
The mechanism consists, in this instance, of a standard clock-striking movement including a spring 9, wound on a shaft journaled in the plates 5 and 6, and thermallyactuated mean-s to release a fiame-spreading cartridge which will be later described. The other end of the spring is looped over the rod-bolt l1 and held secured by the rivets 12, Fig. 3, whereby the uncoiling of the spring will turn the shaft l0. A master gear 13 is fixed to the shaft l0 and meshes with a cage-pinion 14, on the shaft 15 jourlnaled in the said plates and it has the gear 16 fixed thereto.
The gear 16 meshes with a cage-pinion 17 on the shaft 18, and which latter valso is journaled in the frame plates and has the gear 19 fixed thereto. The latter gear is in mesh with the cage-pinion 2() on the shaft 2l, which has the gear 22 fixed thereon, and which is in mesh with the cage-pinion 23 on the shaft 24 similarly journaled in the frame-plates, and which shaft 24 has affixed thereon the retarding fan or governor 25.
On a shaft 26, Fig. 3, journaled in the frame-plates is fixed a gear 27 in mesh with the master gear 13, and adjacent said gear is fixed a disk 28, Fig. 6, which has a notch 29, on its periphery adapted t0 receive the end portion 30 of the short arm 31 of the lever 32, which is fixed on the shaft 33 also pivotally supported in the frame-plates.
Extending across the top of the frame, Fig. 6, is a light rod 36 that acts as a stop to limit the outward throw of the lever 32. On the lever and near the light rod a projecting finger 37 is adapted to engage the fan blade 25 to prevent its rotation when the lever is in the locked position as shown in Fig. 3. This position is the at-rest or normal position of the igniter. A s ring 34, Fig. 6, bearing against a frame ro -bolt 7, and attached to the lever 32 by means of the rivet 35, tends to hold the lever in the locked position. On the opposite side of -the lever 32 is a projecting and doWn-curvf ing spring-arm 38, which has the lateral finger 39, Fig. 4, adapted \to engage a pawl 40, Figs. 6 and 8, pivoted on a pin 41 secured 1n the eyes 42 and 43 on the end of a thermostat 44 of themostat metal, and which latter isv secured to the base 8 by means of the screws 45 and 46. An adjusting mechanismy is connected to the thermostat and consists of the screw 47 engaging threads in the thermostat and having lock nut-s 48 and 49 on either side, and a bracket 50 attached to the base by means of the rivets 51 and adapted to receive the thrust of the screw 47; the purpose of the said adjustment will be set forth presently.
The base projects laterally from the frame-plate 5, Figs. 4 and 5, and mounted thereon is a revolvable chambered lcylinder 55 adapted to receive standard cartridges 54 and in this instance five in number, and has its central shaft 56 journaled in the base and in a projecting bracket 57 secured to the frame by means of screws 58. A firing pin 59, Fig. 5, is mounted in the bracket 57 having the customary point 60 adapted to strike the fulminating cap of each cartridge in turn, at a certain point in the cycle of operations as each cartridge is positioned to register therewith. The pin has the collar 6l fixed thereto, and a spring 62 to hold the pin normally against a screw cap 63.
The cylinder 55 has five fiat surfaces 64, on which a fiat spring bears to hold the cylinder periodically fixed so that each car.- tridge is brought into alignment with the firing pin as the cylinder is turned step by step. The spring is secured to the frame by the washer 66 and screw 67. The cylinder 55 is turned by means of the spaced pins 68. ou the flanged top 69 of the shaft 56, as the said pins are engaged by the arm 70 on the crank 71'which is fixed to the shaft 26. At each revolution of the crank, the cylinder is moved to bring another cartridge under the firing pin. To strike the firing pin 59, a hammer 72 is provided and it is fixed on the shaft 73 journaled in the frame. The hammer has a finger-projection 74 adapted to be engaged by the arm 70 of the crank 7l as shown to advantage in F igs. 3, 7 and 8, to raise the hammer against the influence of a strong flat spring 75 in contact with the projection 76 of the hammer. Immediately upon the disengagement of the arm 7() with the finger 74, the reaction of the spring 75 causes the hammer to descend with much force and strike the firing pin 59. The other end of the spring is anchored in a slotlOl ted block 52 by screws 53 to the frame. Just as the hammer is released, a small block 77, Fig. 7, which is riveted to the bent-over .end 78 of a trip-rod 79 and adapted to slide 1n a slot 80 inthe frame-plate 5, and itsl opposite end adapted to slide through a hole 1n the rod-bolt 7, is engaged by the crank 71 and raised and with it the arm 38 of thalever 32 by means of the lateral finger 81, Figs. 4 and '5, bent from the end of rod 79. rl`he arm 38 has sufficient spring to allow it to be raised out of engagement with the pawl 40, Figs. 6 and 7, on the thermostat 44, to allow the spring 34 to function and cause the lever 32 to engage the notch 29 in the disk 28 when in register with the end 30 of the arm 3l.
Secured to the base 8 and in line with the cartridge to be fired, is a tube or barrel 82 which is adapted to extend into the heater. ln the heater, Fig. l, a deflect/or plate 83 is secured at an angle and located under the tube to deect the burning powder and wadding over the surface of the oil and thereby light the same. The cartridge 54 is loaded for this purpose with powder and Wadding of inflammable material.
ln operation, the cylinder 55 is filled with cartridges, and the spring 9 Wound; the mechanism will be in the locked position as shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5.
'lhe thermostat 44 is adapted to bow inwards on a rising temperature and to bow outwards on a falling temperature. Adjust,- ment is made'by means of the screw 47 to cause the thremost-at to bow outwards to the operating point at a predetermined temperature, usually 32 degrees Fahrenheit, the freezing point, with sufficient power to cause the pawl 40 to engage the arm 38, and swing the lever 32 outwardsv so that the end 30 is raised out of notch 29 in disks 28, and the projection 37 ulled back to release the governor fan 25, t us allowing the wound spring 9 to turn the shaft 10, and in turn, the gears 13 and 27 which cause the shaft 26 to revolve and with it the crank 71. The arm on the crank engages the projection 74, and raises the hammer 72 until the arm slips oft' the projection and allows the spring 75 to throw the hammer down with force enough to explode the cartridge through the firing pin, the discharge passing through the tube 82 into the oil container and on striking the deflector plate 83 is deflected upon the surface of the oil, whereupon the burning powder and wad ignite the oil.
The thermostat is still in the position` shown in Figure (i, and is released by the crank 71 raising the block 77 and through it the trip-rod 79 and its iinger81, which latter raises the spring arm 38 out of contact with pawl 40, thus permitting the thermo; stat tovbow further outwards as shown in is the temperature rises, the thermostat the crank 71 approaches the position shown in Fig. 8, it begins to touch one of the pins 68V toturn the cylinderl55 tobringi another cartridge under the firing pin, and by the time the crank reaches the at-rest position of Fig. 3, a new cartridge has been positioned.
As soon as the thermostat is released as shown in Fig. 7, the tensed spring 34 urges the lever 32 back so that the end 30 thereof will 'enter the notch 29 when-the disk ,28 is turned to register therewith, and the projection 37 will be thrown in the path of the revolving fan 25 and sto it, and thus the normal position shown in Fig. 3 is again reached. The automatic ignition device is now ready for another cycle of operations on the appearance of the next freezing spell. ln the meantime the smudge pots must again be filled with fuel. f
@ther parts shown in the drawings bu not specifically referred to, are ordinary structural parts and need no description.
Having thus described my invention in its preferred form, l do not wish to limit myself to the` exact construction shown and described, as it is obvious that details may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the following claims:
l. An ignition device of the class described, comprising a clockwork mechanism, a removable chambered cylinder containing explosive charges, means to lire the said charges, a thermostat in connection with lever means adapted at a predetermined degree of temperature to release the said lever means to operate the said clockwork mechanism to fire one of the said explosive charges, the flash and burning powder of which is adapted to ignite inflammable material, and means adapted to reset the said cylinder for the next firing action.
2. In an ignition device, a clockwork mechanism, a notched disk driven by said clockwork mechanism, a pivoted lever adapted to engage the notch in said disk after each revolution of the latter, a thermostat adapted to control said lever to release said disk to operate the said mechanism at a predetermined degree of temperature, and means in connection with said mechanism and operable thereby to explode a cartridge at each revolution of the said disk, the flash and burning powder of which is adapted to ignite inflammable material.
3. An ignition device comprising clockwork mechanism mounted in a frame, crank means driven by said mechanism to raise and release a spring-actuated hammer, a firing pin for said hammer, a cylinder containing a plurality of cartridges in spaced crank means whereby each .of said cartridges may be brought under said firing pm, a thermostat adaptedat a predetermined temperature to operate the said mechanism to fire a` cartridge, and means for automatically arresting the mechanism after the said cartridge is fired.
4. In combination with an orchard heater,
an automatic resetting ignition device comprising a casing adapted to be mounted thereon, va frame adapted to be lnclosed in said casing, mechanism supported 1n said frame, ignltion means including a plurality of explosive charges and thermostat means supported b said frame whereby the latter means may e thermally actuated to operate the said mechanism and ignition means to automatically light the heater.
5. In combination with an orchard heater, an automatic ignition device comprising a casing adapted to be mounted thereon and spaced therefrom, a frame adapted to be inclosed in said casing, clockwork mechanism supported in said frame, revolvable and resetting ignition means including a plurality of cartridges and a thermostat of metal supported by said frame whereby the said thermostat may be set to be thermally actuated at a desired temperature to operate the said mechanism to discharge one of said cartridges into the said heater to light the-same by the flame of 'its burning materials.
6. An igniting device comprising spaced frame-plates supporting therebetween a clockwork mechanism, an automatically movable swinging thermostat, a pivoted spring-held starting lever, and a combined driven gear and notched disk adapted to drive crank means and ignition means supported exterior to the said frame-plates; the said lever having a short and a long upper arm and a single lower arm, the latter in conjunction with the said short arm adapted to engage the mechanism to hold the same at rest, and the said long arm adapted in conjunction with the said automatically movable thermostat t o swing the lever to release thesaid mechanism and start the same, the said crank means comprising a crank and projecting arm adapted to engage a spring-.controlled hammer and in turn a firing pin, a trip-rod and a pinned ignition shaft, the ignition means comprising a chambcred `cylinder fixed to said pinned shaft and adapted to be turned through an angle thereby, cartridges adapted to be inserted in said chambersand a barrel extending from the device and in alignment with the 'cartridge to be fired; the said crank effecting in one revolution the raising of the hammer against the pressure of a sprin and the subsequent firing of a cartridge (lby the way of the firing pin vment with the said mechanism an through thesaid barre-1, the raising of the said` trip-rod to release the thermostat from engagement with the said startin lever, the revolving 'of the said npinned ignition shaft a distance to position another -cartridge in line with the barrel, firing pin and hammer, and finally to engage the lower lever arm and short upper arm into stoppin enga elock t e same in rest position, whereby the device is made ready for another cycle of operations on the movement of the said thermostat.
7 Inr an orchard heater, means for automatically igniting the same comprising a spring driven mechanism, a temperature controlled device for releasing said mechanism, a crank driven by same mechanism a l revolving cartridge cylinder, a firing pin or the cartridges, said crank adapted to progressively rotate the cylinder to position a cartridge in firing relation with the firing pin, and a hammer actuated by the crank for striking the ring pin.
8. In an orchard heater, an igniting device therefor comprising a cartrldge cylinder carrying a plurality of cartridges, a liring pin and a hammer therefor, spring driven means for rotating the cylinder to progressively advance the cartridges in firing relation with the firing pin, said means also actuating the hammer, and a temperature controlled device adapted to release the spring driven at a predetermined fall in temperature.
9. An ignition device of the class described, comprising a clockwork mechanism and means connected therewith and actuated thereby to discharge a cartridge comprising a rotating crank, a cartridge cylinder, a firing pin and a hammer, said crank adapted to progressively advance the cartridges in firing position relative to the firing pin and also actuate the hammer, means for normally arresting the clockwork mechanism, and a temperature controlled device for releasing said arresting means.
10. An ignition device of the class described, comprising a clockwork mechanism and means connected therewith and actuated thereby to discharge a cartridge comprising a rotating crank, a cartridge cylinder, a firing pin and a hammer, said crank adapted to progressively advance. the cartridges in firing position relative to the firing pin and also actuate the hammer, means for normally arresting the clockwork mechanism, and a temperature controlled device for releasing said arresting means, the rotation 'of the crank adapted to automatically reset the arresting means, and the temperature controlleddevice adapted to automatically return to functional engagement with the arresting means.
11. In combination, an orchard heater and an automatic igniting device therefor; said tridges in firing relation with the firing pin and also actuating the hammer, means for arresting said advancing means at timed intervals, and a temperature controlled device for releasing the same, said device adapted to automatically return to releasing engagement with the arresting means.
l2. In an orchard heater, a self setting igniting device for the same, comprising means for receiving a plurality or' car-Y k tridges, means for progressively firing the cartridges and temperature controlled means for releasing said firing means.
13. In an orchard heater, a self setting igniting device for the same, comprising means for receiving a plurality of cartridges, means for progressively ring the cartridges and temperature controlled means for releasing said firing means, means for arresting the tiring means after. the same has tired a cartridge and the heat from the heater adapted to reset the temperature controlled means for again releasing the firing means at. a predetermined fall in temperature.
14. In an orchard heater, an igniting de-v vice therefor comprising a rotatable cartridge cylinder for receiving a plurality of` cartridges, tiring means for said cartridges, spring driven means progressively advancing the cartridges to the iring means, said spring driven means also actuating 'the firing means, meansfor arresting the spring driven means, and a temperature controlled device for releasing the same.
In an orchard heater, an igniting device therefor comprising a rotatable cartridge cylinder for receiving a pluralit of cartridges, firing means for said cartri ges, spring driven means progressively advancing the cartridges to the firing means, said spring driven means also actuating the firing means, means for arresting the spring driven means, and a temperature controlled device for releasing the same, said arresting means for the spring driven means adapted to function after the firing of each cartridge and the temperature controlled device adapted to automatically return to normal position independently of the arresting means.
In testimony whereof I alx my signature.
' ANTON -IO CIRAOLO.
US738305A 1924-09-17 1924-09-17 Automatic ignition device Expired - Lifetime US1550007A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US738305A US1550007A (en) 1924-09-17 1924-09-17 Automatic ignition device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US738305A US1550007A (en) 1924-09-17 1924-09-17 Automatic ignition device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1550007A true US1550007A (en) 1925-08-18

Family

ID=24967438

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US738305A Expired - Lifetime US1550007A (en) 1924-09-17 1924-09-17 Automatic ignition device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1550007A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500925A (en) * 1943-03-13 1950-03-21 Claude A Bonvillian Apparatus for the combustion of fuel
US2632322A (en) * 1953-03-24 Automatic igniter
US3084504A (en) * 1959-05-26 1963-04-09 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Rocket engine
US3287912A (en) * 1962-06-30 1966-11-29 Rheinmetall Gmbh Propellent charge for solid fuel rockets
US3330267A (en) * 1963-09-03 1967-07-11 Hupp Corp Gas-fired infrared burners and heaters

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632322A (en) * 1953-03-24 Automatic igniter
US2500925A (en) * 1943-03-13 1950-03-21 Claude A Bonvillian Apparatus for the combustion of fuel
US3084504A (en) * 1959-05-26 1963-04-09 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Rocket engine
US3287912A (en) * 1962-06-30 1966-11-29 Rheinmetall Gmbh Propellent charge for solid fuel rockets
US3330267A (en) * 1963-09-03 1967-07-11 Hupp Corp Gas-fired infrared burners and heaters

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2376227A (en) Aerial bomb
US3313236A (en) Multiple function fuzes
US3137231A (en) Chaff dispenser system
US1550007A (en) Automatic ignition device
US7047885B1 (en) Multiple pulse cartridge ignition system
US2790390A (en) Delay arming, self-destroying and point detonating fuze device
US3157125A (en) Rotor safety lock for munition fuze
US2939449A (en) Launching device and rocket propelled missile therefor
US3453496A (en) Fire control intervalometer
US2764066A (en) Contact-latch type firing mechanism for rocket launchers
US2094032A (en) Fuse for bombs
US2438438A (en) Bomb detonating mechanism
US3340810A (en) Combustible means for remotely arming grenades
US3453959A (en) Adjustable delay timer for explosive device
US3636878A (en) Safety grenade
US1314413A (en) Joseph martena
US2389162A (en) Multiple signal discharger
US2421859A (en) Mechanical time fuse
US2928347A (en) Inertia arming switch
US1774535A (en) Aerial bomb or flare
US1319282A (en) huber
US3286632A (en) Dual time option mechanical fuze
US1517810A (en) Fuse
US2763213A (en) Fuse
US1814756A (en) Gun sight