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Holder and control for pulp testers

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US1548184A
US1548184A US63125923A US1548184A US 1548184 A US1548184 A US 1548184A US 63125923 A US63125923 A US 63125923A US 1548184 A US1548184 A US 1548184A
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casing
coil
circuit
end
switch
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Will J Cameron
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Will J Cameron
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/05Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnosis by means of electric currents or magnetic fields; Measuring using microwaves or radiowaves
    • A61B5/053Measuring electrical impedance or conductance of a portion of the body
    • A61B5/0534Testing vitality of teeth
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T307/00Electrical transmission or interconnection systems
    • Y10T307/74Switching systems
    • Y10T307/872Repetitive make and break

Description

W. J. CAMERON HOLDER AND CONTROL FOR PULP TESTERS 2 Sheds-Sheet 1 Filed April 11. 1923 Aug. 4, 1925. l l 1,548,184 w. J. CAMERON HOLDER AND CONTROL FOR PULP TESTERS Filed April 11. 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 y@ Aww Patented Aug. 4, 1925.

UNITED STATES WILL J'. CAMERON, 0F CHICAGD, ILLINOIS.

HOLDER AND CONTROL FOB PULP TEBTEBS.

Application led April l1, 1923. Serial No. 631,259.

To all 'whom it may concern.:

Be it known that I, WILL J. CAMERON, a subject'of the King of Great Britain residin at Chicago, in the county of ook and {tate of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Im rovement in a Holder and Control for ulp Testers, of which the following is a specification.

My present invention relates to a holder and means for controlling the current to a testing device for ascertaining the sensitiveness and vitality of teeth and the like.

In my prior application for dental pulp tester, now Patent No. 1,499,341 of'July 1, 1924, I have disclosed a structure wherein a current is passed through a small tube of insulation by means of conductors that are spaced apart and which passes out of the end of the structure in the form of short terminals, which are brought into contact with the tooth or area under examination for obtaining a reflex action. In said application it is mentioned that the appliance is not ordinarily operated with the full service current but the current is passed through reducers or resistance devices that cut down the amount to what is required to cause a reflex action whereby the nature and condition of the tooth is ascertained. This reduction of current may be made by means of an ordinary resistance unit, or by means of a magnetic solenoid wherein the induced current is reduced in amperage. In this connection, the current will not be applied to the teeth of the patient continuously, but by rapid intermittent application thereof so that the shock is materially reduced and within control of the operator.

It is the object of my present invention to provide simple and compact means for accomplishing the above purposes so that the dental pulp tester disclosed in my aforesaid application for patent may be conveniently and dependably operated. In this connection, I have provided means whereby the pulp tester or other appliance mounted in the socket end of the structure may be rotated without disturbing the flow of current. and without entangling the conductor wires leading to the structure from the service socket. A further object is to provide a switch which is normally open so that should the operators fingers leave the switch plunger, the current will instantly be shut olf. Also I have provided means whereby the amount/of current utilized in testing the vltallty of the teeth, lmay be regulated by the operator, and such regulation read upon a scale so that the amount of current used and degree of sensitiveness of the teeth may be thereby ascertained. Further ob- ]ects will be ap arent to others after an understanding o my invention is had, and I prefer carry out my invention in the manner disclosed in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

F 1g. 1 is a longitudinal top plan of the unit' showing a pulp tester mounted in the socket end thereof.

Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section thereof on line 2 2, Fig. 1, with the pulp tester removed.

Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the electrical circuits.

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal view of the unit with the exterior casing partly broken away to disclose the structure upon the opposite side of the plane of the section shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section on line 5-5, Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is a similar view on line 6 6, Fig. 2.

Figs. 7, 8 and 9 are fragmentary details of types of pulp testers.

The structure comprises a cylinder or tube 10, preferably of hard rubber, bakelite, or the like, that is provided with a longitudinal slot 1 1 in one side that extends to one end thereof, and the purpose whereof will hereinafter be more fully described. This tube or cylinder is closed at opposite ends by conical shaped heads or caps 12 and A13, respectively, that have annular portions 12a and 13a that fit over the ends of cylinder 10, and are secured by means of suitable screws or the like. The cap 13 is provided with a suitable electric plug connector 14 of the usual type, but of miniature size, and from the plug element lead the conductor wires 15 and 16 to the instrumentalities inside the tube.

Mounted approximately centrally within tube 10 is an induction coil comprising a primary winding 17 upon a suitable tube 18 and surrounded by a secondary winding 19. The ends of the solenoid are provided with the usual insulation disks 2O that engage tube 18 and fit within the outer casing 10. Mounted to reciprocate in slot 11, heretofore mentioned, is a slide piece or block 21 having longitudinal igrooves 22 in its sides and an inverted L-shaped bracket 23 depending from its under surface. The lower end of the pendent arm of bracket 23 has a ferrule 24 secured to it in an suitable manner to receive the adjacent en s of a bundle of ironl wires 25 that provide the core of the coil, and which are ada ted to be moved in and out of tube 18 a out which the coils are mounted upon the reciprocation of slide block 21 in slot 11. The conductor wire 16 leads from lug 14 to the adjacent end of primary windmg 17 and the other conductor 15 leads to the points of a suitable intermittently operating switch which will now be described.

Mounted within casing 10 is an insulating plate 26 in which is mounted a plurality of metal terminals or switch pomts 27 arran d in an arc, and connected in series wit conductor 15. A switch arm 28 is pivotall mounted by means of a screw 29 upon insu ating plate 26, and is of Ibell-crank shape so that its lateral member 30 projects into a longitudinal slot 31 formed in a plunger or rod 32 that is mounted to reciprocate transverse to the axis of casing 10 so that by depressing said plunger by means of the finger rest 33 upon the outer extended end thereof, switch arm 28 is moved successively into and out of contact with terminals 27, causing an intermittent current to ow in the primary which induces an alternating current in the secondary. The plunger 32 passes through an aperture 34 in the wall of casing 10 and its axis is disposed transverse to the axis of said casing, while its lower end is mounted in the bore of a cylindrical plug 35 that is threaded and screwed into a threaded opening 36 diametricallytposite aperture 34. A spring 37 is moun 1n the bore of the hollow plug behind the lower end of plunger 32 so as to yieldingly hold said plunger in a projected sition, similar to that shown in Fi 2 o the drawings. The arm 30 of the be l-crank after passing through slot 31 in the plunger extends beyond the latter so that its outer end will engage with the portion of the casing adjacent aperture 34 in the osition shown in Fi 2 so as to prevent t e plunger being withdrawn from the casing. The switch arm 28 is connected by a conductor 38 with the primary winding of the coil in the manner shown 1n Figs. 3 and 4.

The adjacent end of casing 10 is closed by the conical shaped ca 12, similar to cap 13 at the opposite end o the casing and has mounted within its central bore a rotatable socket shell 40 to receive the plu end of the device that is usually inserte therein. The inner ortion of the bore of shell 40 is smooth an unthreaded, and is slightly increased in diameter to accommodate a sleeve 41 within which is mounted a block of insulation 42, and centrally of this block is a small termlnal rod43 that rojects at its opposite ends beyond the enga of said plug. A spring plate 44 is secured at one end to the inner portion of cap 12 and extends radially thereof so that its inner iportion bears against the adjacent end of terminal conductor rod 43, as seen in Figs. 2 and 5. A conductor 45 leads from the secondary windin of the coil to spring plate 44 and is soldered or Aotherwise secured thereto. A conductor .46 leads from the opposite end of the secondary windin to the socket sleeve 40 So that'the circuit is ormed through the device that may be screwed into the socket. A. knurled sleeve 47 having an annular side -flange lits over the end of cap 12, and adjacent its inner periphery is connected to socket sleeve 40 so that by rotating the sleeve the socket and the device contained therein may be rotated to position the end of the latter in divers radial positions, and in order to retain the arts in assembly in cap 12, socket shell 40 1s provided with an annular groove 51 and a threaded ide pin 52 is secured into the adjacent portlon of the ca so that its inner end engages said groove. e device for testing and ascertaining the vitality of the tooth under inspection comprises the structure, Similar to that shown in Fig. 1, which consists of a glass or similar tube 48 through which conductor wires 49 and 50 lead from the plug end of said device. The plu is of the usual minia ture lamp design, an the tube is elongated and its end bent laterally, as shown. The end rtion ofthe tube is provided with termlnals 49* and 50* that extend through the glass or other material of the tube so that they are exposed and may be placed in contact with the tooth under inspection. These terminals 49 and 50* may be arranged in the two positions, as shown in Figs. 1, 7 8 and 9, for convenience in handling.

When the device is to be operated, the physician or dentist screws plug end 14 into the miniature socket having conductors in which a resistance device may be inter osed, which conductors lead from the or inary service socket and adjusts slide 21 carrying the iron wires or core 25 of the coil or solenoid. This adjustment varies the strength of the current for the test. The scale 10* upon which the adjacent portion of casing 10 may be rovided with indicia which indicates to t e operator the relative strength of current in the secondary circuit, and the operator may then place terminals 49 and 50 upon the tooth and depress plunger 32 causing a rapid make and break in the primary circuit, and a correspondingly periodic alternating current at the ends of the terminals. This will cause slight shocks to the patient, and the amount of reflex will be noted by the operator in making a diagnosis. When not in operation, it will be noted plunger 32 is at the -limit of its projected outward movement, and switch arm 28is out of engagement with contacts 27 so that no current is admitted under normal comlitions to the testing instrument, thus avoiding any accidental shock to the patient.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the drawings, it" will be apparent that besides producing a holder. which permits of the rotation ot the instrument mounted therein, I have also, by substituting an induction coil for the rheostats, made it possible to secure a very much reduced strength of operating current directly from the service current by a proper selection of the ratio of the windings of the-primary and secondary coils.

lVh'at I claim is:

l. A device of the kind described comprising a casing, an induction coil therein the core of which is movable from the eX- tcrior of said casing, manually controlled means mounted within said casing for successively closing a plurality of contacts intermittently making and breaking the primary circuit of said coil, and a socket connected to the secondary circuit of said coil.

2. A control handle for an electrically operated instrument comprising a casing, an induction coil within said casing the secondary winding of which is in circuit with the instrument to be mounted in the handle and in the primary windingA of which are interposed switch points 1n series,

ondary winding of which is in circuit with the instrument to be mounted in the handle and in the primary winding of which are interposed switch points in series, a switch arm co-operating with said points, a plunger extending exteriorly of said casing and cooperating with said arm to cause it to sweep said points, and a core of magnetically permeable material movable within said coil for cdntrolling the strength of the induced current.

4. A device of the kind described comprising a casing longitudinally slotted, a slide movable in said slot, a core of ma netically permeable material secured to said slide, a centrally apertured induction coil within said casing within which said core is longitudinally movable, an electric circuit connector at one end of said casing and in circuit with the primary winding of said coil, and aswitch interposed in/the circuit of the primary winding of -said coil consistingof a plurality of switch points in series and an arm.

5. A device of the kind described comprising a casing longitudinally slotted, a slide movable in said slot, a core of magnetically permeable material secured to said' slide, a centrally apertured induction coil Within said c asing within which said core is longitudinally mov-able, an electric circuit connector at one end of said casing and in circuit with the primary winding of said coil, a switch interposed in the circuit of the primary winding of said coil consisting of a plurality of switch points in series and an arm, an an electric circuit connector piyotally mounted at the opposite end of said casing the terminals of which are in ciruit with the secondary circuit of said co1 (.3. A device of the kind described comprising al casing longitudinally slotted, a slide movable in said slot, a core of magnetically permeable material secured to-said slide, a centrally apertured induction coil within said casing within which said core is longitudinally movable, an electric circuit connector at one end of said casing and in circuit with the primary winding of said coil, and a make and break device interposed in the circuit of the primary winding of said coil consisting of a plurality of switch points in series and an arm.

7. A device of the kind described comprising a casing, electric terminal connectors at opposite ends of said casing; one of which has pivotal motion, an induction coil within said casing the core of which is movable from the exterior of said casing, means for intermittently making and breaking the primary circuit of said coil; said terminal connectors being respectively included in the primary and secondary circuits of said coil.

8. A control device for a pulp tester comprising a casing, means for creating an induced current'therein and manually operated means mounted within said casing for causing an intermittent iiow of current, consisting of a plurality of switch points in series, an varm `co-operating therewith, and means for moving said arm into open circuit. f

9. A control device for a Ipulp tester comprising a casing, a plate of insulating material within said casing, a bell-crank switch arm pivotally mounted upon said plate, a plunger reciprocating transverse to the axis of 'said casing and co-operating with said switch arm, a series of switch points mounted in series upon said plate and arranged in an arc struck from the pivot of said arm, means for yieldingly holdin'gsaid arm out of operative position, and an electric terminal connector in the adjacent end of said casing and included Jwithin the circuit of said switch.

10. In a device of the kind described, a pivoted electric terminal connector compris mg an element having a bore therein, a threaded shell'of conducting material rotatable in said bore, a plug ofnon-conducting material disposed in the 4bore of said shell, a conductor mounted centrally of said plug, and conductors ixedly secured to said casing and extending respectively into contact with said shell and said `centrally located conductor.

11. A device of the kind described comprising a casing, an induction coil having a core, means movable from the exterior of said casing :for causing `a relative movement between said coil and core, manually controlled means mounted within said casing for successively closing a plurality of contac-ts intermittently making and breaking the primary circuit of said coil, and a socket connected to the secondary circuit of said coil.

12. A control handle for an electrically operated instrument comprising a casing, an induction coil within said casing, the secondary winding of which is in circuit with the instrument to be mounted in the handle, and in the primary winding of which are interposed switch points in series, a switch arm co-operating with said points, l a plunger extending exteriorly of said casing and cooperating with said arm to cause it to swee said points, a core of magnetically permea le material for said coil, and means for causing a relative movement between said coil and core whereby to control the strength of the induced current.

i3. A device of the kind described comprising 'a casing longitudinally slotted, a slide'movable in said slot, a centrally apertured induction coil Within said casing, a core therefor, said core being connected t0 said slide whereby to cause a relative movement between said coil and core, an electric circuit connector at one end of said casing and in circuit with the primary Winding of said coil, and a switch interposed in the circuit of the primary winding of said coil consisting of a plurality of switch points in series and an arm.

A device of the kind described comprising a casing, an induction coil therein, a socket element interposed in the secondary circuit of said coil, manually operated-automatically retractable devices housed within said casing for making and breaking the primary circuit of said coil, and means operable from the exterior of the casing for causing a relative movement between said coil and its core whereby the intensity of voltage may be varied.

Signed at Chicago, county of Cook and State of Illinois, this 28th day of March,

WILL J. CAMERON.

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Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2650990A (en) * 1949-05-18 1953-09-01 Ben H Woodruff Control of electrical supply for dental apparatus
US2949107A (en) * 1953-04-06 1960-08-16 Ritter Co Inc Apparatus for determining the vitality of teeth
US3450130A (en) * 1965-03-22 1969-06-17 Thomas M Runge Hyperventilation detecting and warning method
US3830226A (en) * 1973-06-15 1974-08-20 Concept Variable output nerve locator
US3943919A (en) * 1972-03-13 1976-03-16 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Electrical tooth pulp tester having tiltable head
US4616660A (en) * 1984-12-10 1986-10-14 Suncoast Medical Manufacturing, Inc. Variable alternating current output nerve locator/stimulator
US4962766A (en) * 1989-07-19 1990-10-16 Herzon Garrett D Nerve locator and stimulator
US5474558A (en) * 1992-04-30 1995-12-12 Neubardt; Seth L. Procedure and system for spinal pedicle screw insertion
US6312392B1 (en) 2000-04-06 2001-11-06 Garrett D. Herzon Bipolar handheld nerve locator and evaluator
US20030045808A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2003-03-06 Nuvasive, Inc. Nerve proximity and status detection system and method
US20040199084A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2004-10-07 Nuvasive, Inc. Electromyography system
US20040225228A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2004-11-11 Ferree Bret A. Neurophysiological apparatus and procedures
US20060025703A1 (en) * 2003-08-05 2006-02-02 Nuvasive, Inc. System and methods for performing dynamic pedicle integrity assessments
US20060069315A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2006-03-30 Patrick Miles Surgical access system and related methods
US7079883B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2006-07-18 Nuvaslve, Inc. Nerve surveillance cannulae systems
US20060224078A1 (en) * 2000-05-18 2006-10-05 Nuvasive, Inc. Tissue discrimination and applications in medical procedures
US20080097164A1 (en) * 2003-01-16 2008-04-24 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US7522953B2 (en) 2001-09-25 2009-04-21 Nuvasive, Inc. System and methods for performing surgical procedures and assessments
US7582058B1 (en) 2002-06-26 2009-09-01 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US7664544B2 (en) 2002-10-30 2010-02-16 Nuvasive, Inc. System and methods for performing percutaneous pedicle integrity assessments
US7785253B1 (en) 2005-01-31 2010-08-31 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US7819801B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-10-26 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
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US7920922B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2011-04-05 Nuvasive, Inc. System and methods for determining nerve proximity, direction, and pathology during surgery
US8137284B2 (en) 2002-10-08 2012-03-20 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access system and related methods
US8147421B2 (en) 2003-01-15 2012-04-03 Nuvasive, Inc. System and methods for determining nerve direction to a surgical instrument
US8206312B2 (en) 2005-09-22 2012-06-26 Nuvasive, Inc. Multi-channel stimulation threshold detection algorithm for use in neurophysiology monitoring
US8255045B2 (en) * 2007-04-03 2012-08-28 Nuvasive, Inc. Neurophysiologic monitoring system
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Cited By (141)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2650990A (en) * 1949-05-18 1953-09-01 Ben H Woodruff Control of electrical supply for dental apparatus
US2949107A (en) * 1953-04-06 1960-08-16 Ritter Co Inc Apparatus for determining the vitality of teeth
US3450130A (en) * 1965-03-22 1969-06-17 Thomas M Runge Hyperventilation detecting and warning method
US3943919A (en) * 1972-03-13 1976-03-16 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Electrical tooth pulp tester having tiltable head
US3830226A (en) * 1973-06-15 1974-08-20 Concept Variable output nerve locator
US4616660A (en) * 1984-12-10 1986-10-14 Suncoast Medical Manufacturing, Inc. Variable alternating current output nerve locator/stimulator
US4962766A (en) * 1989-07-19 1990-10-16 Herzon Garrett D Nerve locator and stimulator
US5474558A (en) * 1992-04-30 1995-12-12 Neubardt; Seth L. Procedure and system for spinal pedicle screw insertion
US8165653B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2012-04-24 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access and nerve surveillance
US7962191B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2011-06-14 Nuvasive, Inc. Nerve surveillance cannulae systems
US9014776B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2015-04-21 Nuvasive, Inc. Surgical access and nerve surveillance
US7079883B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2006-07-18 Nuvaslve, Inc. Nerve surveillance cannulae systems
US7693562B2 (en) 1998-12-23 2010-04-06 Nuvasive, Inc. Nerve surveillance cannulae systems
US9827109B2 (en) 1999-03-07 2017-11-28 Nuvasive, Inc. Methods and apparatus for performing spine surgery
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US20040199084A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2004-10-07 Nuvasive, Inc. Electromyography system
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US9743853B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2017-08-29 Nuvasive, Inc. Electromyography system
USRE44049E1 (en) * 2000-04-06 2013-03-05 Garrett D. Herzon Bipolar handheld nerve locator and evaluator
US6312392B1 (en) 2000-04-06 2001-11-06 Garrett D. Herzon Bipolar handheld nerve locator and evaluator
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