US1543387A - Safety razor - Google Patents

Safety razor Download PDF

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Publication number
US1543387A
US1543387A US572685A US57268522A US1543387A US 1543387 A US1543387 A US 1543387A US 572685 A US572685 A US 572685A US 57268522 A US57268522 A US 57268522A US 1543387 A US1543387 A US 1543387A
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Prior art keywords
guard
rotor
casing
blades
razor
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Expired - Lifetime
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US572685A
Inventor
Kawalle Karl
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Kawalle Karl
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Priority to US572685A priority Critical patent/US1543387A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B19/00Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers
    • B26B19/14Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers of the rotary-cutter type; Cutting heads therefor; Cutters therefor
    • B26B19/16Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers of the rotary-cutter type; Cutting heads therefor; Cutters therefor involving a knife cylinder or a knife cone or separate cutting elements moved like a rotating cylinder or a rotating cone

Description

June z3, 1925. ,543,3s7
' K. KAWALLE SAFETY RAZOR Filed July 3, 1922v 2 Sheets-Sheet l #L f wwf up I y l, e. i Y j! June 23, 1925. 1,543,387
K. KAWALLE SAFETY RAZOR Filed July 5, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 UDUDDDDU E mammal:
Patented June 23, l1925.
KARL KAWALLE, OF MANITOWOC, WISCONSIN.
SAFETY RAZOR.
Application led July 3, 1922. Serial No. 572,685.
To-aZZ 'whom t may camera:
Be it known that I, KARL KAWALLE, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Manitowoc. in' the county of Manitowoc and State of Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety Razors; and l do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof.
The invention relates to safety razors.- It comprises a rotary member having a plurality of spiral blades thereon, means for driving the rotary member, a metallic guard having apertures therein extending over the rotary member, means for maintaining the guard under slight tension so that it will lit snugly against the rotary member, and a handle by which the device may be conveniently manipulated.
lt is the object of the invention todo away with the inconveniences heretofore encountered in shaving. It does away with all need for a shaving brush, soap, mug, lather and razor strop; it is self sharpening so that there is no necessity for resharpening and renewing blades.
it is an object to provide a structure which may be used by the most inexperienced with the best results. llhe device is rapid, thorough and edective, producing a clean close shave. lt is not dangerous like the ordinary razor, and eliminates all possibility of cutting the face, the guard being interposed between the cutting edges and the face.
l/V ith the above and other objects in View which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts substantially as hereinafter described and more particularly dened by the appended claim, it being understood that such changes in the precise embodiment of the herein disclosed invention may be made ascome within the scope of the claim.
ln the accompanying drawing, isl illustrated one complete example of the physical embodiment of the present invention constructed according to the best mode so far devised for the practical application of the principles thereof, and in which:
Figure 1 is a plan view of the invention. Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof. Figure 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Figure 3.
gigure 5 is a side plan of a modification, an
Figure 6 is a cross section on the line 6-6 of Figure 5.
The device is operated from a suitable source of power, by which flexible shaft 10, encased in flexible tube 11 is rotated,- the yshaft extending into handle 12 to which tube 11 is suitably afiixed, Handle l2 is cylindrical in shape and provided lwith a suitable roughenedsurface to enable the hand to get a good grip thereon. It is provided with a longitudinal chamber 13 for the reception of the flexible shaft 10, which is secured to a rigid shaft 14, journalled in the end 15 of the handle. The end 15 is provided with a reduced portion 16 in threaded engagement with casing 17, which is. hollowed interio-rly and provided with a bearing 18, extending upwardly from its bottom wall and maintaining rigid shaft 1li in proper operative position.
Apcrtures are provided at the bottom and top wall of the casing for the reception of the reduced end of shaft 19, which is provided with a bevelled gear 20, meshing with bevel gear 21 rigid on shaft 14. The rotation of shaft 1liis operative thru the gears to turn worin 22. The' casing is enlarged adjacent its outer end, and receives a rotor 23, cylindricalin shape, and having -flat ends. A pair of screws 24 are threaded in the sides of the casing and provided with stubs 25 received in recesses in the rotor 23 and supporting the rotor in position for rotation. The rotor is provided with a number of blades 26, on which worm 22 acts to give motion to the rotor. Bevel gear 20 is received in a minor enlargement 27 in the casing. A eXible guard 28 is provided with a bifurcated end, terminating in eyes As the ends of the blades are maintained in contact with the guard 28, the cutting edge is maintained always sharp; the razor is self shar ening; the hair engaged between the b ades and the guard is .readily severed. As the cutting action does not depend upon the movement of the hand of the operator but upon the contact of the blade with the guard, there is no pulling upon the hair, the razor is merely moved over the face, and the hair is removed without any discomfort. The interposition of the guard between the blades and the face prevents all possibility of cutting the face, so that the razor may be used by the most inexperienced, who may move it rapidly over the beard, getting a thorough and effective cutting action. p.
It is .essential to the cutting operation that guard 28 should be maintained snugly against the blades 26, for if the guard and blade be separated slightly, the `hair, will not be severed. To accomplish this result, the guard 28 is tapered at its upper end into an eye 32, which receives a hook 33 on a retainer 33 held in position between the upper surface'of the casing and button 34. The button is rigidiwith a pin 35, extending thru a slot 36 in the casing and having a cylinder 37 at its end, against which the middle -of a spring 38 contacts, the spring being maintained under tension against the cylinder by means of pins 39 extending upwardly thru the casing and the ends of the spring being gripped between the casing and the pins. a
The tension on the spring 38 operates thru the medium of retainer 33, the limit of movement of which is determined by slot 36 to maintain guard 28 in snug position with relation to blades 26. The ends of rotor 23 it closely against the adjacent portions of the casing so that there is no possibility of accidental catching of the hair with resultant danger of pulling. The cutting action is so thorough that there is no need for softening the beard and the inconvenviences, heretofore ex erienced calling for brush, soap, mug an lather, are obviated.
In the modification shown in. Figures 5 and 6, the casing is formed into a ,Semic lindrical member 40, extending substantial y as a prolongation of handle 12. The rotor 41 is driven directly by the rigid shaft, the outer end being supported by a screw 42. A guard 43 is secured to a flange 44 on the lower part of semi-cylinder 40, and-extends about rotor 41, terminating in an eye 45 thru which a lip 46 of spring 47 rojects, the end of the spring being held etwe'en the end 48 of the semi-cylinder and the end 49 of handle 50. This construction simplifies the casing structure and obviates the need for worm 22 and bevel gears 20 and 21.
In both modifications of the-device, the blades are spiral. This makes the cutting operation substantially continuous, whereas if' the blades extended parallel to the axis of the rotor, a shipping action would be produced,` inasmuch as the hair along the entire transverse dimension 'of the rotor would be acted on at the same time.
I claim: 4
A power driven razor comprising a body portion, a handle extending outwardly therefrom, through said handle into said body p0rtion, a worm extending at right angles to said driving shaft and operatively coupled thereto, a rotor having a plurality of spirally arranged cutting teeth meshing with said worm, and a guard plate having an aperture therein and cooperating with said rotor.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand at Manitowoc,
a driving` shaft extendingin the county of Manitowoc and State of Wisconsin.
KARL KAWALLE.
US572685A 1922-07-03 1922-07-03 Safety razor Expired - Lifetime US1543387A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2458417A (en) * 1946-09-18 1949-01-04 Pollifrone Frank Dry shaver
US2674037A (en) * 1951-01-04 1954-04-06 Swenson Victor Clipping device
US4884338A (en) * 1988-07-18 1989-12-05 Stewart John V Electric shaver improvement
US6584690B2 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-07-01 Warner-Lambert Company Wet shaving assembly
US20030200659A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-10-30 Warner-Lambert Company Replacement cartridge for a razor assembly
US20030200660A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Warner-Lambert Company Razor assembly
US20040010918A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2004-01-22 Warner-Lambert Llc Wet shaving assembly
US20040226171A1 (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-18 Warner-Lambert Llc Wet shaving assembly
US20050172495A1 (en) * 2004-02-06 2005-08-11 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US20050278954A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2005-12-22 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Shaving aid body for a safety razor
US7086159B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2006-08-08 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
GB2544155A (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-05-10 Richard Mount Timothy A device
EP3524396A1 (en) * 2018-02-08 2019-08-14 BIC Violex S.A. Rotary razor
US10940596B2 (en) 2016-09-01 2021-03-09 The Ip Business Ltd Hair trimming device

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2458417A (en) * 1946-09-18 1949-01-04 Pollifrone Frank Dry shaver
US2674037A (en) * 1951-01-04 1954-04-06 Swenson Victor Clipping device
US4884338A (en) * 1988-07-18 1989-12-05 Stewart John V Electric shaver improvement
US20080196250A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2008-08-21 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Replacement cartridge for a razor assembly
US20030200659A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-10-30 Warner-Lambert Company Replacement cartridge for a razor assembly
US8011101B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2011-09-06 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Replacement cartridge for a razor assembly
US20040010918A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2004-01-22 Warner-Lambert Llc Wet shaving assembly
US6584690B2 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-07-01 Warner-Lambert Company Wet shaving assembly
US20050166403A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2005-08-04 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Wet shaving assembly
US7370419B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2008-05-13 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Replacement cartridge for a razor assembly
US20070011879A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2007-01-18 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Wet shaving assembly
US6996908B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2006-02-14 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Wet shaving assembly
AU784158B2 (en) * 2000-02-16 2006-02-16 Edgewell Personal Care Brands, Llc Wet shaving assembly
US7086159B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2006-08-08 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US7127817B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2006-10-31 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Shaving preparation for wet shaving assembly
US7802368B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2010-09-28 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US20060277770A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2006-12-14 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US20050278954A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2005-12-22 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Shaving aid body for a safety razor
US20070068014A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2007-03-29 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US7266895B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2007-09-11 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US7363715B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2008-04-29 Eveready Battery Company, Inc Razor assembly
US20030200660A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Warner-Lambert Company Razor assembly
US7469477B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2008-12-30 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US7162800B2 (en) 2003-05-12 2007-01-16 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Wet shaving assembly
US20040226171A1 (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-18 Warner-Lambert Llc Wet shaving assembly
US7103976B2 (en) 2004-02-06 2006-09-12 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
US20050172495A1 (en) * 2004-02-06 2005-08-11 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Razor assembly
GB2544155A (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-05-10 Richard Mount Timothy A device
US10940596B2 (en) 2016-09-01 2021-03-09 The Ip Business Ltd Hair trimming device
EP3524396A1 (en) * 2018-02-08 2019-08-14 BIC Violex S.A. Rotary razor
US10889016B2 (en) 2018-02-08 2021-01-12 Bic Violex S.A. Rotary razor

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