US153478A - Improvement in invalid-chairs - Google Patents

Improvement in invalid-chairs Download PDF

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US153478A
US153478A US153478DA US153478A US 153478 A US153478 A US 153478A US 153478D A US153478D A US 153478DA US 153478 A US153478 A US 153478A
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seat
invalid
rims
leg
chair
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C1/00Chairs adapted for special purposes
    • A47C1/02Reclining or easy chairs
    • A47C1/022Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts
    • A47C1/024Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable and lockable inclination
    • A47C1/026Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable and lockable inclination by means of peg-and-notch or pawl-and-ratchet mechanism
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C1/00Chairs adapted for special purposes
    • A47C1/02Reclining or easy chairs
    • A47C1/022Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts
    • A47C1/024Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable and lockable inclination
    • A47C1/025Reclining or easy chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable and lockable inclination by means of a rack-and-pinion or like gearing mechanism
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C1/00Chairs adapted for special purposes
    • A47C1/02Reclining or easy chairs
    • A47C1/031Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts
    • A47C1/034Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest
    • A47C1/0342Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with movable backrest-seat unit or back-rest
    • A47C1/0347Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with movable backrest-seat unit or back-rest characterised by the backrest-seat unit or back-rest slidingly movable in the base frame, e.g. by rollers

Description

vE. uTTE.

invalid-Chairs Patented July 28,-1874 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE EPHRAiM CUTTER, 0E WOBURN, MASSACHUSETTS.

IMPROVEMENT IN INVALID-CHAIRS.

l Specification torming part of Le1t` rs Patent No. 153,478, dated July 28, 1874; application tiled Junev 13, 1874.

To all whom t may concern:v

Be it. known that I, EPHRAIE CUTTER, of Voburn, in the county of Middlesex and j State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Invalid- Chairs, of which the following is a specification:

This invention has reference to an invalid chair, in which provision is made for varying the relative positions oi' the component parts thereof, so as to lenable the occupant to be placed either in a sitting or a recumbent position. Y

rlhe invention consists in an invalid-chair composed essentially of two circular rims, mounted on a fixed horizontal axis, and carrying a'movable back and seat, which are capable of being` adjusted on the circles so as to vary their angles of inclination, the circles themselves being also movable around their axis, so as to cause the position of the seat and back to be changed without varying the relative position of said back and seat, and of a leg-section, which is pivoted to the seatsection, and adjustable thereon through the medium of curved extensible braces and setscrews.

In the drawing, Figure l is a side elevation of an invalid-chair constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan or top view of the same.

The frame which supports the movable parts of the chair is designated by the letter A. At a suitable height thereon is a xed transverse rod, B, which passes centrally through a pair of circular rims, G (l, arranged at the sides of the frame, and mounted loosely on the rod B, which thus serves as the axis of Athe rims or circles, upon which they are capable of being rotated. The support for the occupant of the chair is composed of three independent sections or frames, consisting of a back, D, seat E, and leg-section F, all of which parts are susceptible of an independent adjustment for varying their relative posi-k tions. '.lhe back section D, together with the seat portion E, is mounted on the same center, which is the rod B, upon which the circular rims turn, and both are adjusted in respect to said rims for varying the angle of inclination of the seat and back 5 and as the rims themselves are movable on their axis-rod, the back and-seat will move with the saine, and thus provision is made for adjusting the chair without chan ging the relative positions of the seat, back, and leg sections. the back D in respect to the circular rims is effected through the medium of an elongated slot, G, near the peripheries of the rims, through which pass clamping-screws H, applied to the side arms of the back. By loosening the screws the back may be turned on the center, either above or below the axis rod, to such an extent as the length of the slots in the rim will permit, and then, by tightening the screws, the back is retained in its adjusted position. Instead ofthe slot and screws, other equivalent means may be resorted to for accomplishing a like result-as, for example, the rims may be made with peripheral ratchetteeth, and the side arms of the back may carry loose pawls engaging therewith, as shown in Fig. 3. The seat-section E is capable of being adjusted, in respect to the circular rims, by means of slots I and screws K, operating in the same manner as the corresponding parts of theback. The movable leg-section F, applied to the outer end of the seat-section, is capable of turning on a transverse connecting-rod, I, of thelatter, and the t adjustment and retention of -said leg-section is accomplished by means of arc-shaped bars L, applied to the seat-section, and correspondin gly-shaped braces lVI, carried by the leg-section. The braces M fit into the grooved side faces of the arc-shaped bars L, and are retained and guided therein by encircling clasps or keepers a. Set-screws pass through the fixed end keepers of the arc-bars, and bear against the braces for retaining the same in position after the leg-section has been adjusted to the requisite extent. The upper ends of the braces are slotted, as shown at c, so as to serve, in connection with clamping-screws d, passing through said slots, and entering the side arms of the leg-section, as means for obtaining an additional adjustment of the latter independent of the braces and arc-bars. The partial rotation of the circular rims, carrying the chair proper, is effected by means ofa transverse shaft, N, journaled in the side bars of the frame A, and carrying spur -wheels O7 The adjustment ot' Y which mesh into the rack-teeth P on the inner circumferences'of the rims. By turning said spur-Wheel shaft, the circular rims are turned so as to carry the seat, back, and leg` sections with the same, for changing their angle or inclination in respect to the frame A without varying the relative positions of said parts after they have been properly adjusted.

4 In a chair constructed according to the present invention, it is possible to adjust the seat, back, and leg sections so as to form an ordinary sitting-chair with the back and leg sections at a true right angle in respectmto the seat. Then, by rotating the circles in the proper direction, the parts are caused to assume an inclined position in respect to the horizon. '.Ihe leg-section can also be brought into a line'with the seat-section, to be used either in connection with the back section, in an erect position, or when the latter is turned down so as to be in the same plane as theseat and leg sections, in which positions of the parts an ordinary bed-surface is obtained. Byturning the circles, when the parts are in the latter position,the head can be depressed, which exerts a very useful iniuence in cases of exhaustive hemorrhages. In some instances it may be deemed expedient to so adjust the width of the seat-section E that it may be used for the accommodation of either adults or children, as required. This I propose to do by providing elongated slots in the side bars of the seat-frame, in which the ends of the seat proper can be moved to and fro, and thus the extent of the seat may be lengthened or shortened, as thought proper, as shown in Fig. 3. Set-screws, applied in any of the wellknown methods, may be adapted to the side frames of the chair, to retain the seat in any required position.

I claim as my invention` In au invalid-chair, the combination of the circular rims 0 G and back and seat sect-ions D E, mounted on a common axis, and the back` and seat adjustableiu respect to the rims or circles, substantially as herein described.

In testimony that I claim the `foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 11th day of May, 1874.

EPHRAIM CUTTER.

Witnesses LEWIS L. VVI-IrTNEY, LEWIS H. WHITNEY.

US153478D Improvement in invalid-chairs Expired - Lifetime US153478A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448860A (en) * 1944-11-25 1948-09-07 Theodore M Ryerson Adjustable reclining chair
US2452140A (en) * 1945-05-07 1948-10-26 Shrager Bros Ltd Adjustable chair
US2480300A (en) * 1946-10-02 1949-08-30 Frank J Luketa Lounge chair
US2491898A (en) * 1945-06-11 1949-12-20 Frank J Luketa Chair
US2526248A (en) * 1946-07-12 1950-10-17 Frank J Luketa Lounge chair
US2549902A (en) * 1945-10-02 1951-04-24 Donald L Hibbard Seat
US2771124A (en) * 1954-09-14 1956-11-20 Borsani Osvaldo Divan with independently adjustable back and seat
US3235304A (en) * 1964-06-03 1966-02-15 Henry P Glass Adjustable reclining chair
US3999799A (en) * 1974-03-11 1976-12-28 Daswick Alexander C Adjustable reclining chair, and method
EP2063847A1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2009-06-03 Handicare Produksjon AS Device and method for adjusting a wheelchair leg rest
US20110037299A1 (en) * 2009-08-13 2011-02-17 Dennis Kirkpatrick Climbing attachment for a child seat

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448860A (en) * 1944-11-25 1948-09-07 Theodore M Ryerson Adjustable reclining chair
US2452140A (en) * 1945-05-07 1948-10-26 Shrager Bros Ltd Adjustable chair
US2491898A (en) * 1945-06-11 1949-12-20 Frank J Luketa Chair
US2549902A (en) * 1945-10-02 1951-04-24 Donald L Hibbard Seat
US2526248A (en) * 1946-07-12 1950-10-17 Frank J Luketa Lounge chair
US2480300A (en) * 1946-10-02 1949-08-30 Frank J Luketa Lounge chair
US2771124A (en) * 1954-09-14 1956-11-20 Borsani Osvaldo Divan with independently adjustable back and seat
US3235304A (en) * 1964-06-03 1966-02-15 Henry P Glass Adjustable reclining chair
US3999799A (en) * 1974-03-11 1976-12-28 Daswick Alexander C Adjustable reclining chair, and method
EP2063847A1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2009-06-03 Handicare Produksjon AS Device and method for adjusting a wheelchair leg rest
US20100007189A1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2010-01-14 Handicare Produksjon As Device and method for adjusting a wheelchair leg rest
EP2063847A4 (en) * 2006-09-19 2013-06-26 Handicare Produksjon As Device and method for adjusting a wheelchair leg rest
US20110037299A1 (en) * 2009-08-13 2011-02-17 Dennis Kirkpatrick Climbing attachment for a child seat

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