US1525105A - Mouthpiece - Google Patents

Mouthpiece Download PDF

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Publication number
US1525105A
US1525105A US593249A US59324922A US1525105A US 1525105 A US1525105 A US 1525105A US 593249 A US593249 A US 593249A US 59324922 A US59324922 A US 59324922A US 1525105 A US1525105 A US 1525105A
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Prior art keywords
mouthpiece
shell
reed
metallic
clamp
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Expired - Lifetime
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US593249A
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Alfred J Sinclair
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Sinclair Co
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Sinclair Co
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Priority to US593249A priority Critical patent/US1525105A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Description

Feb. 3. 1925. 1,525,105
A. J. SINCLAIR MOUTHPIECE Filed Oct. 9, 1922 gvwemtoz ALFRED J. SINCLAIR.
Patented Feb. 3, 1925.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALFRED J. SINCLAIR, OF DAYTON, OHIO, ASSIG-NOR TO THE SINCLAIR COMPANY, OF DAYTON, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO.
MOUTHPIECE.
Application filed October 9, 1922.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALFRED J. SINCLAIR, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mouthpieces, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
This invention relates to mouthpieces for musical wind instruments and more particularly to a mouthpieceof the type commonly used in connection with clarinets, saxophones, and the like.
Mouthpieces of this type are usually made of non-metallic material, such as hard rubber, or wood. This material is subject to distortion or warping and is easily broken. Further. it does not form a satisfactorybase on which to mount attachments or parts in connection with the mouthpiece. For eX- ample, a screw seated in the hard rubber will quickly loosen or the threads will be stripped from the rubber if any consider- Lble pressure is applied to the screw.
One object of the invention is to provide a mouthpiece of this kind which will be provided with a metallic reinforcement to strengthen the same and to form a base to which to secure attachments.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a mouthpiece having a lay plate rigidly secured to the metallic reinforcement.
A further object of the invention is to provide a mouthpiece with a reed clamp which will be securely mounted on the mouthpiece and easily actuated to clamp or releasethe reed.
Other objectsof the invention will appear as the device is described in detail.
In the accompanying drawings Fig. 1 is a bottom plan view of a mouthpiece embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same; Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section taken centrally through such a mouthpiece; and Fig. 4 is a section taken on the line H of Fig. 2.
In these drawings I have illustrated one embodiment of my invention and have shown-the same as applied to a saxophone mouthpiece,-but it will be understood that this particular embodiment has been chosen for the purposes of illustration only and that Serial No. 593,249.
the invention may be applied to a variety of mouthpieces or the like and that the invention itself may take various forms wit-hout departing from the spirit thereof.
As here shown, the mouthpiece comprises a body portion, or shell, 1 which may be formed of hard rubber, or any other suitable material. Mounted within this shell is a metallic reinforcement which is here shown in the form of a bushing 2 firmly seated in the bore of the shell, preferably by pressing the same into the bore. This bushing is provided at its lower end with a collar or enlarged portion 3 which bears against the end of the shell to control the position of the bushing relatively thereto and to give the mouthpiece a finished appearance.
A non-metallic mouthpiece is liable to distortion or warping, and in order that the reed. which is shown at 4:, may have a 1miform support on the mouthpiece it is sometimes provided with a metal lay plate 5. Various means have been provided for attaching such a plate to a non-metallic mouthpiece, but much diiiiculty has been encountered in so mounting the plate that it will not loosen. In the present construction I have secured the lay plate to the mouthpiece by means of screws 6 which eX- tend through the plate and the shell and are threaded into the metallic reinforcement, or bushingfl, thus providing a very firm, rigid support for the plate and effectually preventing-the same from becoming loose. By slightly arching the plate before it is secured to the mouthpiece and then drawing the same down snugly against the mouthpieceby means of screws, a permanently tight joint may be secured between the plate and the mouthpiece at all points of contact.
Various means have been provided for attaching the reed to the mouthpiece in such a manner that it can be readily removed and replaced. The most common device is a ligature consisting of a split collar which extends about the mouthpiece and the reed and is provided with means for tightening the same to clamp the reed in place. Such a device is open to various objections, such as the fact that it is not permanently con nected with the mouthpiece and that it can only be used on one size of mouthpiece,
thus making it necessary to fit the ligature to the mouthpiece before the reed can be attached. In the present device I have provided a reed clamp which is permanently mounted on the mouthpiece and is easily manipulated to clamp or release the reed. Preferably, this clamp comprises a clamping member, or plate, 7, which is provided with a fulcrum attached to the mouthpiece and in the present instance seated in the metallic bushing. A suitableactuating device is provided. for imparting movement to the clamping plate. In the present construction the clamping member, or plate, has connected therewith and preferably formed integral therewith, an arm 8 through which extends a fulcrum pin 9, the inner portion of which extends through the shell 1 and is screw threaded into the bushing 2. The outer end of the pin is provided with a head 10 which retains the arm thereon and by means of which the screw can be adjusted in the mouthpiece. The clamping member is preferably curved to conform to the base of the outer surface of the reed and the fulcrum is so arranged that the clamping plate will firmly contact with the reed across its entire widtlnthus holding it firmly in place. Any suitable device may be provided for actuating the clamping device, but I have here shown the clamping device as comprising a. screw 11 which is threaded into the arm 8 and bears against the mouthpiece. Preferably the arm is provided witha boss 12 to provide a larger threaded area to re ceive the screw and the screw is provided with a head 13 by means of which it can be rotated. In the present construction the screw extends loosely through an opening 14 .in the non-metallic shell and bears against the bushing, which forms a firm, unyielding seat therefor which will be subjected to very little wear. The range of movement of the arm on the actuating screw is such that the movement imparted to the clamping member or plate 7 will permit any ordinary reed to be inserted or .removed from the clamp, but in the event a reed of unusual size should be employed the limits of movement of the clamping member may be varied by adjusting the fulcrum with re lation to the mouthpiece.
WVhile I have shown and described one embodiment of my invention I wish it to be'understood that I do not desire to be limited to the details thereof as various modi fications may occur to a person skilled inthe art.
by Letters Patent is:
'1. In a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, a non-metallic shell, a metallic bushing fitted snugly within the bore of said shell, an attachmentmounted on said shell, and means Having now fully described my invention I what I. claim as new and desire to secure for securing said attachment to said bushing.
2. In a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, a non-metallic shell, a metallic bushing litting snugly within the bore of said shell, a lay plate, and a screw extending through said plate and said shell and threaded into said bushing.
3; In a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, a non-metallic shell and a metallic reinforcement arranged within said shell, a lay plate, and an attaching device extending through said plate and said shell andjseated in said metallic reinforcement.
4. The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, of a reed clamp perma= nently but movably mounted on said mouthpiece, and an actuating device engaging said mouthpiece and said clamp to impart movement to said clamp. f
5. The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, of a reed clamp pivotally mounted on said mouthpiece, and an actuating device to move said clamp about its axis and to regulate the pressure of said clamp on the reed.
6. The comb nation with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, of a reed clamp pivotally mounted on said mouthpiece, and a device operatively connected with said clamp and said mouthpiece to move said clamp about its axis. r
7 The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, of a reed clamp comprising a clamping member, an arm carrying 1 said clamping member and pivotallymounted on said mouthpiece, and means lnterposed between said arm and said mouthpiece to move said arm about its axis. i
8. The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, of a reed clamp comprise. ing an arm pivotally mounted between its ends on said mouthpiece, a clamping member connected with one end of sa id'arm, and an actuating device connected with the other 1 end of said arm.
9. The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument, ofa reed clamp comprising a clamping member, an arm connected therewith, a fulcrum for said arm screw threaded into said mouthpiece, and an act uating device screw threaded into said arm and bearing against said mouthpiece.
10. The combination'with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument comprising a non 1 metallic shell, and a metallic reinforcement within said shell, of a clamping member, a fulcrum for said clamping member'mounted on said metallic. reinforcement, and means to actuate said clamping member.
11. The combination with a mouthpiece for a wind instrument comprising a nonmetallic shell and a metallic bushing-mounted in said shell, a fulcrum for said member mounted in said shell and supported on said 130 bushing, and means to actuate said clamping clamping plate carried by said arm, and an member. actuating device screw threaded into said 12. The combination with a mouthpiece arm, extending through said shell and en- 10 for a wind instrument, comprising a nongaging said bushing. l metallic shell and a metallic bushing mount In testimony whereof, I aflix my signature ed in said shell, of an arm, a fulcrum pin hereto.
for said arm mounted on said bushing, a ALFRED SINCLAIR.
US593249A 1922-10-09 1922-10-09 Mouthpiece Expired - Lifetime US1525105A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3094891A (en) * 1960-12-15 1963-06-25 Brilhart Musical Instr Corp Woodwind instrument mouthpiece
US5192821A (en) * 1990-11-14 1993-03-09 Bradley Goldstein Mouthpiece for a single-reed woodwind instrument
US20080022839A1 (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-01-31 Sullivan George V Single reed woodwind musical instrument mouthpiece apparatus and method
WO2018113848A1 (en) 2016-12-22 2018-06-28 Walter Lauermann Ligature for woodwind instruments

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3094891A (en) * 1960-12-15 1963-06-25 Brilhart Musical Instr Corp Woodwind instrument mouthpiece
US5192821A (en) * 1990-11-14 1993-03-09 Bradley Goldstein Mouthpiece for a single-reed woodwind instrument
US20080022839A1 (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-01-31 Sullivan George V Single reed woodwind musical instrument mouthpiece apparatus and method
US7655852B2 (en) * 2006-07-27 2010-02-02 Sullivan George V Single reed woodwind musical instrument mouthpiece apparatus and method
WO2018113848A1 (en) 2016-12-22 2018-06-28 Walter Lauermann Ligature for woodwind instruments

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