US1509424A - Building tile - Google Patents

Building tile Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1509424A
US1509424A US50997221A US1509424A US 1509424 A US1509424 A US 1509424A US 50997221 A US50997221 A US 50997221A US 1509424 A US1509424 A US 1509424A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tiles
tile
studding
walls
building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Edward J Garrard
Original Assignee
Edward J Garrard
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/044Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres of concrete

Description

Sept. 23 1924- E. J.- GARRARD sumnue TILE Filed Oct. 24. 1921 Fig- 1.

i a K x U I Fig. 5

IN VEN TOR E. .1- EAR/FARO A TTORNE Y5 Patented Sept. 23, I924.

EDWARD J. GAR-HARD, 0 F RICHMOND; CALIFORNIA.

BUILDING TILE.

Application filed October 24, 1921. Serial No. 509,972.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWARD J. GARRARD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Richmond, in the county of Contra Costa and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Building Tiles, of which the following is a specification.

The present invention relates to improvements in building tile and resides in the provision of tile which may be quickly and easily laid or assembled to form walls, ce1lings, partitions, floors and other structural units.

The primary object of the invention is to provide simple, inexpensive tile construction, whereby the tiles may be cheaply and easily manufactured and readily laid or assembled in interlocked relation without employing cement or mortar, thus making possible amore expeditious building operation in the construction of walls and the like and effecting a saving in time, labor and material as compared to building operations heretofore carried out.

The invention possesses other advantages and features some of which, with the foregoing will be set forth at length in the following description where I shall outline in full that form of the invention which I have selected for illustration in the drawings accompanying and forming a part of the present specification. In said drawings I have shown one form of the construction of my invention, but it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to such form since the invention as expressed in the claims may be embodied in a plurality of forms,

Referring to the drawing:

Figure 1 represents a horizontal sectional View of a wall constructed with tile of my invention, a special arrangement of the tiles being shown at one end of the wall.

Figure 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the tile of my invention.

Figure 3 is a top plan View of the studding and key strip with which the tile interlocks.

Figure dis a fragmentary side elevation of the studding and key strip.

Referring particularly to the accompanying drawing wherein there is exemplified one embodiment of the invention 1 designates a wall composed of my improved tile 2, the tiles being laid one upon the other with studding 3 and key strips t interposed be tween and interfitted with opposed ends of the tiles. It is thought unnecessary to illustrate the tiles as when laid one upon the other since this arrangement is common in the art.

The tile of my invention is moulded of any suitable size, preferably in rectangular form and has hollow portions 5 to reduce the weight thereof. Opposite ends of the tile, as the case may be, are of like construction, there being formed in each end a longitudinal groove 6. This groove is equidistantly spaced from opposite edges of said end and defines flanges or walls Tand 8 on opposite sides thereof. The flange or walls on one side extend outwardly from the bottom of the groove adistance less than the flange or wall 7 or in other words are shorter than the flanges 7. Thus when the tiles are laid the grooves 6 at the opposed end or side faces thereof aline with one another and like wise the flanges 7 and 8 of one tile aline with the corresponding flanges of the next tile. The flanges 7 are of such length that they are slightly spaced whereas the flanges 8 are spaced apart a greater distance.

In carrying out a building operation with the tile of my invention such as in building the outer walls 4 a house or like structure, the studding 3 and key strips 4- are first set up in properly spaced relation depending on the size of the tile. The tiles are then laid from above, one upon the other so that the key-strips 4: will extend into the grooves 6 in the opposed ends of the tiles, and the studding 3 will lie between the opposed ends of the flanges or walls 8 with the wall or flanges 7 nearly contacting as shown in the drawing. In this way a wall, ceiling or the like may be constructed in a shorter period of time than is usually required, and the use of cement or mortar and skilled labor are dispensed with. Also with my tiles it is unnecessary to use, sheathing tar paper and wire, since the spaces between the flanges 7 will provide for formation of locking bonds in plaster which may be directly applied to the outer side of the wall formed by the tile.

It will thus be seen that with special end construction of my tile and studding and key strips, a rigid strong and reliable interlocking of the tiles is eflected as well as an interlocking of the wall with the studding 3 which latter comprise major structural units of the building. The key strips 4 prevent lateral displacement of the assembled tiles and end to end arrangement of the tiles between the studding insures against longitudinal displacement.

As at one end of the wall in Figure 1 the tiles may be reversed to provide a substantially closed locking space between their ends. This space may be filled with cement or mortar to form a bond" between the tiles.

It will be noted that the studding and key strips substantially fill the grooves 6 or better the spaces between the ends of the tiles and due to this particularly as regards the key strips, the use of ta-stenings strips of metal or wood or cement along the studding at the inner faces of the tiles is unnecessary. Since the flanges 7 and 8- ,are subject to being knocked against and broken or cracked they are formed thicker than the walls proper of the hollow tile and are therefore reinforced and less apt to break or crack; This thicker formation is easy to provide for and does not in any way add to" the cost of production.

I claim:

1. A building construction comprising a wall or like structure made up of a plurality of tiles, each of said tiles having like ends formed with grooves adapted to aline with the similar grooves of the next ad acent tiles, the walls of said grooves on one side being shorter than the walls on the opposite side,

formed with grooves adapted to aline with similar grooves of the next adjacent tiles, the walls of said grooves on one side being shorter than the walls on opposite sides, studding extending between the shorter walls and a single key strip extending across the inner face of the studding and projecting laterally from the sides of the stiulding, said key strips engaging in the grooves of the tiles disposed on opposite sides of the studding and substantially filling the spaces provided by said grooves so as to prevent lateral displacement of the tiles.

EDWARD J. GARRARI).

US1509424A 1921-10-24 1921-10-24 Building tile Expired - Lifetime US1509424A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1509424A US1509424A (en) 1921-10-24 1921-10-24 Building tile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1509424A US1509424A (en) 1921-10-24 1921-10-24 Building tile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1509424A true US1509424A (en) 1924-09-23

Family

ID=24028844

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1509424A Expired - Lifetime US1509424A (en) 1921-10-24 1921-10-24 Building tile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1509424A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29618705U1 (en) * 1996-10-26 1997-01-02 Ila Bauen & Wohnen Oekologisch Construction system for creating buildings
WO2001079621A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2001-10-25 Alliance Concrete Products, Inc. Wall structure
US20030097804A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-05-29 Imus Richard G. Concrete panel skirting system for manufactured homes and method for making the same
US20030188497A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-10-09 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US6722090B2 (en) * 2000-06-02 2004-04-20 Franz Gerhaher Extrusion molded facade panel
US6811357B1 (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-11-02 Konrad Haug Retaining wall assembly
US20070163187A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163203A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070175114A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070175150A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29618705U1 (en) * 1996-10-26 1997-01-02 Ila Bauen & Wohnen Oekologisch Construction system for creating buildings
US20070163188A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
WO2001079621A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2001-10-25 Alliance Concrete Products, Inc. Wall structure
US6374552B1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2002-04-23 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Skirting wall system
US20030188497A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-10-09 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20070175114A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US6691471B2 (en) * 2000-04-12 2004-02-17 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20070163203A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070163187A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-07-19 Price Raymond R Wall system
US20070175115A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US7073301B1 (en) 2000-04-12 2006-07-11 Alliance Concrete Concepts Inc. Wall structure
US20070175150A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2007-08-02 Price Raymond R Wall system
US6722090B2 (en) * 2000-06-02 2004-04-20 Franz Gerhaher Extrusion molded facade panel
US7207147B2 (en) 2000-09-20 2007-04-24 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US20030097804A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-05-29 Imus Richard G. Concrete panel skirting system for manufactured homes and method for making the same
US6901709B2 (en) * 2001-11-20 2005-06-07 Richard G Imus Concrete panel skirting system for manufactured homes and method for making the same
US6811357B1 (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-11-02 Konrad Haug Retaining wall assembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3534518A (en) Interlocking building block construction
US3440784A (en) Tongue and groove plank
US2141397A (en) Building system
US3968615A (en) Method, building structure and block therefor
US4031678A (en) Interlocking building block construction
US2392551A (en) Interlocking building block
US2902853A (en) Building construction
US1959816A (en) Brick
US2197960A (en) Cribbing
US2911818A (en) Interlocking building blocks
US1574123A (en) Interlocking multiple brick
US1345156A (en) Cementitious structure
US2703487A (en) Interlocking hollow building block
US1930024A (en) Cement lath
US7007436B1 (en) Snap-in-place building block
US1704255A (en) Building construction and plastic block for making the same
US2198466A (en) Siding for buildings
US2097821A (en) Masonry
US1892605A (en) Wall construction
US2904992A (en) Expansion joint structures for plastered walls
US1953287A (en) Building construction
US2688245A (en) Interlocking composition building block
US2308789A (en) Building structure
US2270846A (en) Building construction
US2695159A (en) Precast fence