US1509218A - Container - Google Patents

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US1509218A
US1509218A US621519A US62151923A US1509218A US 1509218 A US1509218 A US 1509218A US 621519 A US621519 A US 621519A US 62151923 A US62151923 A US 62151923A US 1509218 A US1509218 A US 1509218A
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United States
Prior art keywords
keg
head
groove
web
keeper
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Expired - Lifetime
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US621519A
Inventor
James V Walsh
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James V Walsh
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D15/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, sections made of different materials
    • B65D15/02Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, sections made of different materials of curved, or partially curved, cross-section, e.g. cans, drums
    • B65D15/10Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, sections made of different materials of curved, or partially curved, cross-section, e.g. cans, drums with curved, or partially curved, walls made of metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/12Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls

Description

Sept. 23 1924. 1,509,218
J. v. WALSH CONTAINER Filed Feb. 27, 1923 m VEWTOR Wm?"- Vfl/M v v 6 m6 I gww zm 727 4? Patented Sept. 2a, 1924.
1,509, 18; PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES V. WALSH, OF KNOXVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA.
\ CONTAINER.
Application filed February 27, 1928. Serial No. 621,519.
To all whom "it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMEs V. l/VALsH, residing at Knoxville, 'in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, a citizen of the United States, have invented or discovered certain new and useful Improvements in Containers, of which improvements the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in containers. I have developed it as a nailkeg, and in that particular development I shall describe. it. I do not, however, regard the invention as limited to nail-kegs specifical ly, but as applicable to barrels and to containers generally. The objects of improvement are cheapness, strength, and
' economy of space in shipment.
A nail keg embodying my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Fig. I is a view in side elevation, with a showing of detail in vertical section. Fig. II is a fragmentary View in end elevation, showing a portion of one head of the keg;
, Fig. III is a fragmentary View in cross section, on the plane indicated by the line III- 1H, Fig. I. Fig. IV is a view in perspective and to larger scale of a closing and fastening device shown in place in Fig. I. Fig. V is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. I and illustrating a modification, and Fig. VI is a fragmentary view in cross section, on the plane indicated at VIVI, Fig. V. a
The keg of the drawings in which invention is embodied is cylindrical.
the Its walls 1 are formed of aweb of sheet metal,
length of the keg.
and its heads 2 of wood.
The web of sheet metal properly cut and shaped is provided with corrugations forming within the mouth and at either end a groove 3, the equivalent of th croze in an ordinary wooden keg. The wooden head is, as in the case of an all-wood keg, tapered at the perimeter, to enter and be secured in the croze, in the position sufliciently illustrated in the. sectional showing of Fig. I.
The web of metal of which the keg walls are formed is secured in integral cylindrical form by a longitudinal seam of any preferred kind. I show in Fig. III a suitable form of seam, and this will serve as a typical showing. The edges of the web are oppositely reflexed, and are engaged by a key strip l which unites them.
Th key strip 4: does not extend the whole At one end at least, and,
edges united, and the whole secured by a fastening device 6.
It is when the end of the keg is in the condition shown below in Fig. I that the wooden head is sprung to place in the croze groove prepared for it. This wooden head will of course be of standard size. The resilience of the metal and the gaping end of the seam easily allows this bringing of th head to place. When the head has so been sprung into place the structure is suitably integrated and secured. And in the drawing I show several securing means which may be employed severally or some of them together.
The means shown in Figs. I, II, and III consist of a key or keeper 6, essentially like strip 4 but tapered to engage with wedging effect the flaring edges 5, 5 of the seam. After the head 2 has been sprung to place the keeper 6 is applied and the edges of the keg secured snugly upon the periphery of the head. In applying the keeper a tightening tool may be used, if found desirable, to contract the mouth of the keg snugly and uniformly about the rim of the head; then the keeper may be slipped to place. When the keeper 6 has so been slipped home,
a terminal tongue 7 is bent over the edge and pressed down upon the head of the keg, where it may be secured by a nail, as indicated in Fig. II.
Fig. I shows that after the head 2 has been seated in the croze groove 3 it may additionally be secured by nails 9.
The web of metal 1 of which the side walls of the keg are formed will ordinarily be gal'vanizedsheet steel of suitable gauge, and it may be reenforced and strengthened in well-known manner by ribs or corrugations, 10, 11. These, as well as the grooves 3 may be rolled into the sheet. Manifestly the cutting of the sheet, the spacing and the dimensions of the grooves and the bending of the edges, may all be accurately and cheaply ac complished. Similarly the strip l and the keeper 6 may applied. Instead of galvanized sheet, any other particular sort or kind of sheet metal may be used, and any suitable surface finish may be given it,-or even no finish at all.
be very cheaply provided and sort" inever' 'resect' itis well ii n e The headswilh preferably be of wood; manifestly theyfrnight be made of, metal or of indurated fibre, or of any suitable material. I have shown both heads of the keg applied and securedv in: the particular manner in which my essential invention resides; but, manifestly, one of the heads may be formed as desired, and one headonly applied and secured as I have described;
'llhefirstfeature; of the completed keg to remar is its j'security, its capability of enduring." hard service; in shipmentin the shipmentgfor example, of such material as nails, lifsecdndgfeature, of which mention aireafd has' loeen made,is.the cheapness with which it 'canbe 'biiilt; the materials are inexpensive,- and fabrication is of the simplest adapted for I t tyvproductihn. Compared with a we den',keg with/its staves and hoops, my liieilg 'is much, less expensive in fabrication.
saving in the item of labor is substand 'in this connection it is to be red that themaintenance of an elaborate coop ageidepaitment in a nail-mill, for exrequisite'i'f nails are to be packed 7 fippe d iiitheusual wooden kegs, is no loj' Lg er req'uisitenwarehouse space, and dryingrooms with their essential heating, are dispensed with. There issaving in weight; the egdr my; inventionis as compared with a woodenke'g of equal strength, lighter. My keg isj strgn'ger to resist injury. The item offbreakagefand repair, appreciable when W'OQdi Jnliegslaiiifused, becomes with my keg negligible, "Finally, and by no means least injimp'orta'nce, iseconon'i'y in shipment. The walls o f t-he{kegv of-uny invention are less in thickness than the'walls of a wooden keg, andfmore important than that, they are not bulged but are truly cylindrical. It follows th atfthese keg units when packed in quantityiin a. box"ca r packmuch more closely than unitscontained'inwooden kegs. There is, 'savi' ng'here of approximately thirty per cent in spaceoccu'pied, and that is a very important consideration.
I said at a the" beginning my invention is essentially of a cylindrical container, serviceable for anyrsuitable commodity, and is not limited to a nail keg, in application to which I have, by way of example, de
scribed it,
I claim as any invention; 7 1. A container formediof-j; an integral web of flexible material grooved along one edge and shaped to cylindrical form, the groove along the edge ofthe web forming an internal circumferential groove at one end of the cylinder, the meeting edges of the web being united, medially but at the grooved end of the cylinder left free, from a point inward from the groove to the edge.
thus constitutinga terminal split in the side of the cylinder, theedges of, the split inwarid from the groove beingrecuwed, such split end of the cylinder being adapted to receiwe within its groove a circular head, and.a relooking to hold, the tensionally in, engagement upon theperiphcry of a headintroducedintothe groovei' 2. A container formedofan integral web r oved, a o e: ne; edge of flexible material and shaped to cylindrical form thefgrooye along the edge of theweb; forming internal circumferential,
the cylinder, the meeting edges of the web being united inediflly b ut at the grooved, f f e Qm-e P nt inward from the groove te t-he edge thus constituting a terminal split in i the side. 0f, the edges of the split inward from the groove being recurved such,split end, of the cylinder the cylinder,
gr ove. at. ne end, oi;
end of the cylinder being adapted to. receive within its groove acircnlarfhead, a remov; able keeper adapted tofi nterlock with there; curved edgesof thi the split defined above and by interlocking to hold the web of flexiblematerial,tension:
ally in engagement, upon the periphery (iii a head introduced into the groove, such v keeper being extended in theform of a strap,
adapted when, the keeper is, in place to, be bent down over the groovedgrim oftheconv tainerand to be secured upon an introduce d H a a In testimony whereofI-have hereunto set y h nd a V Witnesses p Pnnox A,ENGr, sH, VHARRY VnnDEnsYnn,
web on opposite sidesfof,
JAMES v. wA-nsn.
US621519A 1923-02-27 1923-02-27 Container Expired - Lifetime US1509218A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2740549A (en) * 1950-07-14 1956-04-03 J C Wynne Floating roof seals
US3263853A (en) * 1962-10-08 1966-08-02 Grover H Smith Underground meter box

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2740549A (en) * 1950-07-14 1956-04-03 J C Wynne Floating roof seals
US3263853A (en) * 1962-10-08 1966-08-02 Grover H Smith Underground meter box

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