US1479647A - Wall and block for forming the same - Google Patents

Wall and block for forming the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US1479647A
US1479647A US597535A US59753522A US1479647A US 1479647 A US1479647 A US 1479647A US 597535 A US597535 A US 597535A US 59753522 A US59753522 A US 59753522A US 1479647 A US1479647 A US 1479647A
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Prior art keywords
block
blocks
wall
portion
inner
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Expired - Lifetime
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US597535A
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Hugh C Carroll
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Hugh C Carroll
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0206Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of rectangular shape

Description

Jam 1", 1 924 H. cl CARROLL WALL AND BLOCK FOR FORMING THE M I 3Mwntoz Jugii C. Carroll,

Filed Oct. 28. 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet I I h\ V /2-f\ Patented .lan. 1 1924.,

UNITE s"rnr S PATE t taerr H''GH C. CARROLL, OF MCKEESPOBT, PIEHENSYLVAEA.

WALL AND BLOCK FOR FOBMING THE SAME,

Application filed October 28, 1922. Serial No. 597,535.

T0 all wk0m it muy concern Be it known that ll, HUGH C. CARROLL, a citizen of the United States, residingat Mc- Keesport, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania,have invented certain new and useful lmprovements in Walls 'and Blocks for Formin the Same, of which the following is a speci cat-ion, reference being had therein to the accompanying draw- 'scription which follows.

ln the accompanyiug drawings: Fig. 1 is a face view of a fragment wall cnstructed in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a front elevation of a block *made in imitation' of cobble-stone;

Fig. 3 is a face view of a block made in imitation of random rubble work;

Fi 4 is a horizontal sectional view through e part of the wall;

Fig. 5 is an end elevation of one of the A blocks;

Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view through a part of a wall provided'with an interior air space; and

Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view showing the block used to face a wooden building.

Like numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.

Broadly speaking the invention consists of a concrete block comprising a front por: tion and a rear portion integral with each other but with the front portion ofiset with respect to the rear portion so that one side and orie end of the front portion projects heyond the confines of the rear prtion, while the other side and end lies inwardly of the confines of said rear ortion. The faces of the outer portion of t e block are provided with a series of irregular grooves or channels in imitation of the division line between cobble-stone or rubble work and said ofl'set of a outer shape but conform to the adjacent or meetin'g edges of adjacent blocks and the blocks are so arranged that while they maybe laid in staggered relation to each other in the usual way in a wall, their meeting edges will )ortions of the block are irreglarly exactly match and when a heavy beaded Y pointing is applied to the grooves or channels in the .faces of the blocks and to the channels along the meeting edges between.

said blocks, the joint between the meeting edges is so concealed as not to be visible to an Ordinary observer. Thus the effect of expensive stone walls such as usually require the services of high priced artisan is secured through the medium of the employniehtot concrete blocks.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, 5 designates the inner portion and 6 the'outer portion of a concrete block constructed in accordance with the invention. The edges of the inner portion are straight and said inner portion is rectangular in formation so that when laid up-in the wall these inner portions rest upon and engage one another much after the manner of an ordinary concrete block. The outer portions of the block are ofiset from the inner portions to leave a projecting side 7, a pro jecting end 8, a recessed side 9 and a reh cessed end 10,' the recessed end 10 of one block receiving the corresp0nding projections upon the projectihg end 8 of an adjacent block, and the recessed side 9 receiving the projecting portions of the two b locksnext below, it being understood that these blocks are laid in staggered relation in a wall to break joints in the usual way. A series of irregular grooves ll, 11= divides the blocks into irregular spaces in imitation of cobble-stone or rubble, as the case may" be, it being understood that these grooves are formed in the moulding or casting of the stpne and that the faces representing the faces of the cebble-stone or rubble will be suitably shaped in the mouldihg as by making it in reliet or intaglio as the case may be, to produce the desired efiect.,

After the wall has been laid up, a beaded pointing 12, usually of keen white cement,

though it may be of any color or any suitable material, is laid in the grooves 11, 11 and that pointing that is laid in the grooves at the meeting edges of the blocks is designedly spread enough to cover the joints between the -blocks and conceal them. To

i this end of the blocks are so formed as to lic compleder to accurately bring mentally in the adjacent blocks and the fin-.

ished. beaded pointin'g completely overlies the joint. To aid in forming an interlock between the several blocks, I preferably vrticallygr*oove the ends of the inner portion 5 of theblock, as indicated at 5*, and fill this space with cement mortar, indicated at 13. 4

From the foreg0ing it will be observed that the joints are broken between the several inner portions of the blocks. In other words these inner portions are laid up in staggered relation in the usual way. But in addition to that, the joints between the outer portions of the blocks are staggered with relation to the joints between the inner portions of the block, this being brought about by ofisetting the outer portions with respect to the inner portions in the manner indicated. This oflsetting of the outer portions withfrespect to the inner portions serves a further useful purpose in that the projecting surfaces 5" and 5 of the inner portions of the block, left by reason of the oftsetting of the outer portions, act as a guide or gauge in accurately positioning the blocks With respect to each other in the laying of the wall. In other words, in orthe projecting end of the outer portion of oneblock into engagemeht with the indented end of the pro- 3ecting portion of anotherblock, it is only necessary to lay the inner surface of the outer portion of the one block against the projecting surface 5 for example, and then slip the projecting end intothe recessed portion of the adjacent block.

ln the form of the invention illustratedin JF ig. 6 ilxhave illustrated a wall comprising an inner portion 15 made of ordinary concrete blocks and an outer portion 16 faced claim.

having bent ends which enter recesses formed in the tops of the blocks and which wall ties are embedded in the mortar joints between the blocks.

in Fig. 7 I.have illustrated the improved blocks of the present invention utilized to face a wooden building. In this case the facing blocks 17 are tied to the building by ties 18 having. downturned inner and outer ends, the outer ends being embedded in the mortar joints of the blocks and entering recesses formed in the tops of the blocks and the inner ends 'engaging in staples 19 driven into the wooden building.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction set forth but that it includes within its purview whatever changes fairly come within either the-terms 'or the spirit Having described my inventin what l claim is:

A block of the character described oom prising an inner tion, the inner portion having its edges of the appended portion and an outer porln the form of the invention illustrated strai ht and rectangular and the outer portion aving its face irregularly channeled in imitation of the joints between a pluralit of irregularly formed stone, the edges df t e outer portion of the block being irregularly shapad and matching tact1ng portions of adjacent blocks and producing joints between adjacent blocks correspondmg in appearance to the imitation joints formed on the face of the block ]ln testimony whereof l[ hereunto afiix my signature.

the con- HUGH C. CARROLL. V A

US597535A 1922-10-28 1922-10-28 Wall and block for forming the same Expired - Lifetime US1479647A (en)

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US597535A US1479647A (en) 1922-10-28 1922-10-28 Wall and block for forming the same

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US597535A US1479647A (en) 1922-10-28 1922-10-28 Wall and block for forming the same

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2169137A1 (en) * 1972-01-24 1973-09-07 Townley Leonard
US5536557A (en) * 1990-11-07 1996-07-16 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Single stone form liner
US5632922A (en) * 1991-02-08 1997-05-27 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Form liner
US5884445A (en) * 1997-12-02 1999-03-23 Oldcastle, Inc. Paving block array
US5885502A (en) * 1995-12-20 1999-03-23 Bomanite Corporation Method of forming patterned walls
US6073411A (en) * 1997-08-29 2000-06-13 Techo-Bloc Inc. Pre-cast rectangular cobblestone
US6129329A (en) * 1990-11-07 2000-10-10 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Gang form including single stone liners
US20040009320A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-01-15 Garcia Eugenio Cruz Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US20040144051A1 (en) * 1999-11-05 2004-07-29 Garcia Eugenio Cruz Direct laminated floor
US20040200165A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-10-14 Faus Group, Inc Flooring system having sub-panels
US20060185299A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-24 Alain Poupart Building panel
US20060191222A1 (en) * 2005-02-28 2006-08-31 Vincente Sabater Flooring system having large floor pattern
US20070217865A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2007-09-20 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial Flagstone For Providing A Surface With A Natural Random Look
US20100307092A1 (en) * 2007-09-26 2010-12-09 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Covering Unit
US20110067333A1 (en) * 2008-05-21 2011-03-24 Marc-Andre Lacas Artificial stone
US20110094179A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2011-04-28 Faus Group Flooring system having microbevels
US20110203207A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2011-08-25 Eugenio Cruz Garcia Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US8201377B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2012-06-19 Faus Group, Inc. Flooring system having multiple alignment points
US8209928B2 (en) 1999-12-13 2012-07-03 Faus Group Embossed-in-registration flooring system
US20120317913A1 (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-12-20 Esquivel Krisann Grooved Tiles, Grooved Tile Assemblies and Related Methods
USD695921S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695916S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695917S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695920S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695919S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695922S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695915S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695918S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
US20140047788A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2014-02-20 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Irregular tessellated building units
US8713295B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2014-04-29 Oracle International Corporation Fabric-backplane enterprise servers with pluggable I/O sub-system
US20140140766A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit
US8743872B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-06-03 Oracle International Corporation Storage traffic communication via a switch fabric in accordance with a VLAN
US8848727B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-09-30 Oracle International Corporation Hierarchical transport protocol stack for data transfer between enterprise servers
US8868790B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-10-21 Oracle International Corporation Processor-memory module performance acceleration in fabric-backplane enterprise servers
US9315950B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2016-04-19 Oldcastle Architectural, Inc. Paving stones
US9404226B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2016-08-02 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Dual-unit paving system
USD801082S1 (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-10-31 Magnus Onaiwu Rug
USD842522S1 (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-03-05 E. Mishan & Sons, Inc. Rock disk light
USD842523S1 (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-03-05 E. Mishan & Sons, Inc. Rock disk light

Cited By (69)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2169137A1 (en) * 1972-01-24 1973-09-07 Townley Leonard
US6129329A (en) * 1990-11-07 2000-10-10 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Gang form including single stone liners
US5536557A (en) * 1990-11-07 1996-07-16 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Single stone form liner
US6808667B2 (en) 1991-02-08 2004-10-26 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Form liner method
US5632922A (en) * 1991-02-08 1997-05-27 Concrete Design Specialties, Inc. Form liner
US5885502A (en) * 1995-12-20 1999-03-23 Bomanite Corporation Method of forming patterned walls
US6073411A (en) * 1997-08-29 2000-06-13 Techo-Bloc Inc. Pre-cast rectangular cobblestone
US5884445A (en) * 1997-12-02 1999-03-23 Oldcastle, Inc. Paving block array
US8875460B2 (en) 1999-11-05 2014-11-04 Faus Group, Inc. Direct laminated floor
US20040144051A1 (en) * 1999-11-05 2004-07-29 Garcia Eugenio Cruz Direct laminated floor
US8209928B2 (en) 1999-12-13 2012-07-03 Faus Group Embossed-in-registration flooring system
US8099919B2 (en) 2002-05-03 2012-01-24 Faus Group Flooring system having microbevels
US20110203207A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2011-08-25 Eugenio Cruz Garcia Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US8112958B2 (en) 2002-05-03 2012-02-14 Faus Group Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US8448400B2 (en) 2002-05-03 2013-05-28 Faus Group Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US20040200165A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-10-14 Faus Group, Inc Flooring system having sub-panels
US8181407B2 (en) 2002-05-03 2012-05-22 Faus Group Flooring system having sub-panels
US20110094179A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2011-04-28 Faus Group Flooring system having microbevels
US20040009320A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-01-15 Garcia Eugenio Cruz Flooring system having complementary sub-panels
US8888401B2 (en) * 2003-03-24 2014-11-18 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Irregular tessellated building units
US20140047788A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2014-02-20 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Irregular tessellated building units
US9745742B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2017-08-29 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Irregular tessellated building units
US9428906B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2016-08-30 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Irregular tessellated building units
US8868790B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-10-21 Oracle International Corporation Processor-memory module performance acceleration in fabric-backplane enterprise servers
US8848727B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-09-30 Oracle International Corporation Hierarchical transport protocol stack for data transfer between enterprise servers
US8743872B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2014-06-03 Oracle International Corporation Storage traffic communication via a switch fabric in accordance with a VLAN
US8713295B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2014-04-29 Oracle International Corporation Fabric-backplane enterprise servers with pluggable I/O sub-system
US9677228B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2017-06-13 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8337116B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2012-12-25 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8132981B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2012-03-13 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US20100236174A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2010-09-23 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8500361B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2013-08-06 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US9534396B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2017-01-03 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US10240301B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2019-03-26 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US20070217865A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2007-09-20 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial Flagstone For Providing A Surface With A Natural Random Look
US9193215B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2015-11-24 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8967907B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2015-03-03 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8747019B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2014-06-10 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US7988382B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2011-08-02 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
US8201377B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2012-06-19 Faus Group, Inc. Flooring system having multiple alignment points
US20060185299A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-24 Alain Poupart Building panel
US20060191222A1 (en) * 2005-02-28 2006-08-31 Vincente Sabater Flooring system having large floor pattern
US20100307092A1 (en) * 2007-09-26 2010-12-09 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Covering Unit
US8668404B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2014-03-11 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Covering unit
US8226323B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2012-07-24 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Covering unit
US9057197B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2015-06-16 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial stone
US8769896B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2014-07-08 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Artificial stone
US8413397B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2013-04-09 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Artificial stone
US20110067333A1 (en) * 2008-05-21 2011-03-24 Marc-Andre Lacas Artificial stone
US20120317913A1 (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-12-20 Esquivel Krisann Grooved Tiles, Grooved Tile Assemblies and Related Methods
US9752288B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2017-09-05 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Dual-unit paving system
US9404226B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2016-08-02 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Dual-unit paving system
US10337152B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2019-07-02 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Dual-unit paving system
US10087585B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2018-10-02 Oldcastle Building Products Canada Inc. Dual-unit paving system
USD695919S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695922S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695916S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695915S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695918S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695917S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695920S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
USD695921S1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-12-17 Oldcastle Building Products Canada, Inc. Paver
US9840813B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2017-12-12 Oldcastle Architectural, Inc. Paving stones
US10081918B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2018-09-25 Oldcastle Architectural, Inc. Paving stones
US9315950B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2016-04-19 Oldcastle Architectural, Inc. Paving stones
US20140140766A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems Llc Connection surface for a structural unit
USD801082S1 (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-10-31 Magnus Onaiwu Rug
USD842522S1 (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-03-05 E. Mishan & Sons, Inc. Rock disk light
USD842523S1 (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-03-05 E. Mishan & Sons, Inc. Rock disk light

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