US1479557A - Building construction - Google Patents

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US1479557A
US1479557A US423539A US42353920A US1479557A US 1479557 A US1479557 A US 1479557A US 423539 A US423539 A US 423539A US 42353920 A US42353920 A US 42353920A US 1479557 A US1479557 A US 1479557A
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posts
slabs
molded
reinforced
beams
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US423539A
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Raymond Worley Roy
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Raymond Worley Roy
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • E04B1/21Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/215Connections specially adapted therefor comprising metallic plates or parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/35Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block
    • E04B2001/3583Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block using permanent tensioning means, e.g. cables or rods, to assemble or rigidify structures (not pre- or poststressing concrete), e.g. by tying them around the structure

Description

Jan. 1, 1924 1,479,551
w. R. RAYMOND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 12. 1920 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 W. R. RAYMOND aunbme CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 12
1920 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Jan. 1, 1924.
UNITED WORLEY ROY RAYMOND, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.
Application filed November 12, 1920.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WORLEY ROY RAY- MOND, a citizen of the United States, and resident of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Building Construction, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to reinforced concrete building construction in general, and particularly to the kind which may be manufactured in quantity in the shops.
Its objects are to provide standard parts which may be readily assembled in the field, thus simplifying the erection of a building, reducing its expenses and the time necessary for erection.
Another object is to incorporate in such construction means which will in itself be parts of a structure and at the same time serve for tying the structure together.
Another important object of my invention is to provide a field molded base adapted to rest upon foundations and provided with an outwardly inclined upper surface intercepted by pocket-like cut-outs, serving for the reception of weight supporting members.
Another object of my invention is to provide pre-molded wall slabs fitting into the weight supporting members and having inclined resting faces corresponding with the tapered surface of the field molded base member.
Another object of my invention is to provide shop molded floor beams, ceiling beams,
roof beams or rafters, plates, spandrels, floor slabs, ceiling slabs and roof slabs which may be readily fit together and placed when the remaining structure is erected. 1
The foregoing and other objects will be more readily understood from the following description and drawings forming part of this specification, in which:
Figure 1 is a typical cross-sectional view through a portion of my building construction.
Figure 2 represents a cross-sectional view through a wall structure having a plurality of floors.
Figure 3 represents a perspective view of a typical corner portion of my structure.
Figure 4: is a cross-sectional view taken on line H of Figure 5.
Serial No. 423,539.
Figure 5 represents a my wall structure.
Figure 6 is a cross-sectional top view through my wall structure, taken on line 6-6 of Figure 5.
Figure 7 is a front elevation of a typical inner wall slab.
Figure 8 is a cross-sectional viewtherethrough taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 7.
Figure 9 is a typical cross-sectional view through the ceiling beam.
Figure 10 is a typical cross-sectional View through either a floor beam or rafter.
Referring to the figures, 1 represents the foundation of a building upon which rests a field-molded base 2, which is reinforced in any conventional way. Its top surface is front elevation of inclined outwardly and is intercepted by' pocket-like incisions 3 provided with a recess 4:, the purpose of which will be explained later.
The inner portion of the base member is provided with a seat 5, upon which rest shop-molded reinforced concrete floor beams 6. These floor beams are reduced at their upper surface so as to provide seats for floor slabs 7 which when thus seated are made water proof by a conventional cementitious filling indicated at 8. Similarly to the floor beam and floor slab construction is that of rafters and the roof covering.
Resting in the pockets or cut-outs 3 are shop-molded reinforced wall posts 9. At their sides and near their outer face longitudinal grooves 10 are provided, while the inner face is recessed at 11. In the thus reduced portion of the posts, longitudinal slots 12 are provided which are parallel to grooves 10. At their upper and lower portion the slots are reinforced by channel formed members 13 cast into the post material when the latter are being made.
Anchors 1% prevent the displacement of these reinforcing members. Centrally disposed and passing below and extending beyond the posts are main reinforcements 15, the lower protruding portion 16 of which engages the recess 4 provided in the base member, while the upper portion terminates in a threaded end 17 which subsequently is engaged by nut 18.
The space between two posts is filled by wall slabs forming an air space 19 between them. The outer Wall slabs engage grooves 10, while the inner wall slabs 21 engage, by means of a reinforcing end plate 22, slots 12 of the posts. The resting or lower portion of the slabs are inclined and indicated at 23 and 2 1 respectively, their beveled lower surfacecorresponding with the beveled upper surface 25 of the base member. In this manner any moisture which may penetrate the wall slabs, is forced to flow outward and is thus prevented to enter the building.
Similarly to base member 2, a floor dividing spandrel beam 26 is constructed. It
also possesses an inclined upper surface indicated at 27 pocket-like cut-outs indicated at 28, and floor beam rest 29. Instead of recess 4, an aperture 30 is provided wherethrough passes main reinforcing post member 15.
In Figure 3 a corner post is shown having the general characteristics of a wall post designed, however, to form a smooth inner corner between its inner surfaces and the inner wall slabs.
Binding the posts and wall slabs together are shop molded reinforced tie plates 31 resting upon the posts and the slabs and provided with a through-going aperture 32, through which passes the upwardly extending main reinforcements 15 of the posts.
Resting upon the plates are reinforced pre-molded ceiling beams 33 having a main reinforcement 34 which engages reinforce ment 15 of the posts, as indicated at 35.
Resting upon the ceiling beams and simultaneously upon plates 31 are premolded reinforced roof beams or rafters 36 provided with a pocket 37 for receiving nut 18,
tying together plate 31, ceiling beam 33 and the rafter 36.
In the recesses indicated at 38 are placed roof slabs 39, their ends being made water proof in the manner described in connection with Figure 1 1.
The inner wall slabs shown in Figures 7 and 8 are premolded and possess, as has been said before, reinforcing end plates 22 which are preferably provided with holes 40 by means of which they are held in the concrete when the slabs are being cast.
In Figure 9, representing a typical crosssectional view through the ceiling beam, a perforated slab supporting plate 411 is illustrated which is held by anchors 4l-2 in proper relation with the ceiling beam 33. Between plate 11 and the recessed portion 4:3 of the'ceiling beam are placed ceiling slabs 1 1 which are subsequently covered with. plaster, indicated at 45, in the usual manner. In order to facilitate the plaster connecting with the plate 41, the latter is provided with perforations into which the pliable plaster is forced and permitted to net/9,557
The inner faces of the posts and the inner wall slabs are similarly finished wit-n plaster indicated at 46 in Fig. 6.
Operation.
In erecting my structure the base member 2 is first molded in the field according to plans. The standard wall posts and corner posts are placed in their respective pockets and the wall slabs are slid into their re spective grooves whereafter either a spandrel beam is placed on top of the posts and slabs in buildings higher than one story, or in one story buildings the plate 31 is set on topof posts and slabs in the manner shown in Figure-1.
The main reinforcement of the posts always passes through the spandrel beam or plates, respectively, which latter, when thus connected with the lower structure, serve as ties. This eliminates any unnecessary use of special tie rods which otherwise would be essential if the structure would not be self contained.
@n top of the plates, ceiling beams 33 are placed so that their main reinforcement engages the main reinforcement of'the posts. Then the rafters are placed on top of the ceiling beams and caused to rest also on top of the plates. Again the main rein forcement of the posts engage the rafters in tie manner shown in Fig. 1, whereafter nut 18 is tightened down.
In this manner the posts, spandrel beams, the. plates, the ceiling beams, and the roof beams are rigidly held together.
It is obvious that if all the parts, except the foundation and base member, may be ready made in the shop according to plans, that the erection of a building of this kind will require a minimum time. Due to the peculiar construction of the base plate and the spandrel beams and the inclined resting face of the wall slabs, no moisture is permitted to enter the building through the walls.
The floor, ceiling and roof slabs are easily placed after the main structure is erected. The only field work required is the water proofing of the joining points between posts, wall slabs, beams and their respective covering slabs.
While my drawings show preferred forms of my construction. I wish to have it under: stood that any changes or modifications necessary to meet va 'ious conditions arising in building construction, may be made without departing from the broad scope of my invention.
Having thus described my construction, 1 claim:
1. A reinforced concrete building con struction, comprising in combinatiom'a reinforced field-molded base member, adapted to rest upon foundations, and having an out llll wardly pitched upper face intercepted by horizontal platforms .or cut-outs spaced at predetermined intervals from each other, and an inward offset orrestextending over its entire length, reinforced p're-mol'ded cor ner and intermediate posts registering with, resting upon and secured to said platforms, said posts provided. at their sides near their outer face with longitudinal grooves, and at their reduced inner face with slots reinforced at their ends, a wood filled groove provided at the'inner faces of said intermediate posts, outer reinforced pre-molded wall slabs registering with the outer grooves of the posts and having straight, vertical edges and a beveled base edge of the same pitch as that of the upper face of the base member, inner, reinforced, pre-molded wall slabs having protruding plates from their vertical sides matching the slots near the inner post face and having a beveled bottom edge adapted to rest upon said pitched upper face of the base member, pre-molded reinforced concrete tie beams or plates resting on top of said posts and said slabs, and held in place by the protruding reinforcements of said posts, pre-molded reinforced ceiling beams resting upon said plates, the reinforcement of said ceiling beams engaging the protruding reinforcement of said posts, pre-molded reinforced rafters resting upon said ceiling beams and said plates and held also by said reinforcement of said posts, pro-molded, reinforced floor beams restin upon said rest of the base member, said oor beams, ceiling beams and rafters provided with longitudinal cut-away recesses for receiving pre-molded reinforced slabs to form, respectively, the floor, the ceiling and the roof of the building.
2. In a reinforced concrete building construction, a pre-molded, reinforced wall slab having at two of its parallel edges reinforcing plates protruding beyond its concrete body and adapted to serve as anchoring tongues for the slabs, and further adapted to slide into corresponding grooves provided within adjacent or intervening concrete structure.
3. In a reinforced concrete building construction, a field-molded base member having an outwardly sloping upper surface intersected by cut-outs with horizontal upper surfaces, recesses in said cut-outs extending below said horizontal surface, reinforced premolded posts fitting into said-outputs and having main reinforcing members extending with their lower ends into said recesses and with their upper ends beyond the height of the posts, longitudinal slots provided at the sides near the outer faces of the posts, longitudinal slots provided near their inner faces, and channel-formed reinforcements, conforming with the shapes of the slots, securely cast within the post body.
4. In a reinforced concrete building construction, a field-cast base member with sloping upper surface and horizontal 1ncisions, pre-cast posts having main reinforcements extending below and above the slabs forming with the inner face of said posts a smooth surfaced inner wall, precast plates adapted to rest upon a series of wall slabs and posts and having apertures above each post for facilitating the passing therethrough of the upper portion of the main reinforcement of said posts, the lower protruding portion of said main reinforcement engaging said base member at its incisions, said base member and said plate thus forming, in conjunction with the said main reinforcement of the posts, ties for the building construction.
5. A reinforced concrete construction, comprising in combination, a field-molded base member having an inclined upper surface and pocket-like incisions, shop-molded posts adapted to rest in the latter and having a plurality of grooves, shop-molded inner and outer wall slabs having beveled resting surfaces and engaging said posts and resting with their beveled surfaces upon the inclined surface of said base member, shop-molded plates resting upon said slabs and posts, shop-molded ceiling beams resting upon said plates, shop-molded rafters resting upon said ceiling beams and said plates, main reinforcements passing through and protruding below and above said posts, the lower portion of said reinforcements engaging said base member, the upper portion tying together said posts, plates, ceiling beams and said rafters.
6. A shop-made reinforced concrete construction adapted to be erected upon a field molded base having a sloping upper surface with pocket-like incisions, comprisin in combination, a plurality of shop-molde reinforced posts, set into said incisions, a plurality of shop-molded reinforced outer and inner wall slabs having beveled bottom edges adapted to engage said posts and to rest with their beveled bottom edges upon said sloping base, shop-molded reinforced tie plates, floor beams, ceiling beams and rafters adapted to interengage with said base, posts and wall slabs, and reinforced shop-molded, floor, ceiling and roof slabs adapted to be supported by their respective beams and reinforcing means passing llO through and tying together said posts, plates, ceiling and roof slabs and rafters.
7. A shop-made reinforced concrete construction, comprising in combination, shopmolded reinforced plates, shop-molded reinforced spandrel beams, shop-molded reinforced grooved posts With main reinforce-- ments, shop-molded reinforced Wall slabs, engaging said posts at their grooves and having beveled bottom or resting edges, shop-molded reinforced ceiling, floor and roof beams, shop-molded ceiling, floor and ref/9,55?
roof slabs, engaging their respective beams, said main reinforcements of the posts tying said roof and ceiling beams, the plates, the spandrel beams and said posts, a field molded base having a sloping upper surface intersected by recesses for receiving parts and serving as erecting base for the shopmolded units.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, this tth day of November, A. D. 1920.
WORLEY ROY RAYMOND.
US423539A 1920-11-12 1920-11-12 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US1479557A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2577323A (en) * 1946-10-16 1951-12-04 Goenner Eugene Building wall construction
US4438606A (en) * 1980-04-02 1984-03-27 Chardon Andre Marie Shelter for protecting large-size objects
US6076319A (en) * 1995-10-03 2000-06-20 Hendershot; Gary L. Precast concrete construction and construction method
US20030182886A1 (en) * 2000-04-18 2003-10-02 Malcolm Parrish Modular buildings and materials used in their construction
US20060150550A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Summers Thomas S Fully integrated precast concrete construction including provisions for insulation and all services-HVAC, plumbing, lighting etc.
US20090193755A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2009-08-06 Harry Collins Composite Deck System

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2577323A (en) * 1946-10-16 1951-12-04 Goenner Eugene Building wall construction
US4438606A (en) * 1980-04-02 1984-03-27 Chardon Andre Marie Shelter for protecting large-size objects
US6076319A (en) * 1995-10-03 2000-06-20 Hendershot; Gary L. Precast concrete construction and construction method
US20030182886A1 (en) * 2000-04-18 2003-10-02 Malcolm Parrish Modular buildings and materials used in their construction
US7412805B2 (en) * 2000-04-18 2008-08-19 Abersham Technologies Limited Modular buildings and materials used in their construction
US20060150550A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Summers Thomas S Fully integrated precast concrete construction including provisions for insulation and all services-HVAC, plumbing, lighting etc.
US20090193755A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2009-08-06 Harry Collins Composite Deck System
US7743446B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2010-06-29 Consolidated Systems, Inc. Composite deck system

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