US1471536A - Clipper - Google Patents

Clipper Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1471536A
US1471536A US647249A US64724923A US1471536A US 1471536 A US1471536 A US 1471536A US 647249 A US647249 A US 647249A US 64724923 A US64724923 A US 64724923A US 1471536 A US1471536 A US 1471536A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
blade
clipper
handle
armature
stationary
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US647249A
Inventor
Leo J Wahl
Original Assignee
Leo J Wahl
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by Leo J Wahl filed Critical Leo J Wahl
Priority to US647249A priority Critical patent/US1471536A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1471536A publication Critical patent/US1471536A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=24596231&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US1471536(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B19/00Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers
    • B26B19/28Drive layout for hair clippers or dry shavers, e.g. providing for electromotive drive
    • B26B19/282Motors without a rotating central drive shaft, e.g. linear motors

Description

oct. 23,192.3. 1,471,536'
l L. J. WAHL GLIPPER rammed dei. 23, i923. l
LEO J. WAHL, OF STERLING, ILLINOIS. 'I
CLIPPER.
Application led June 23, 1928. SerialbNo. 647,249.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, LEO J. WAHL, a citizen of the United States, nda resident of range the electro-ma Sterling, in the county of Lee and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and use` ful Improvementsv in Clippers, of which the' following is a full, clear, andv exact descrip, tion, reference being had to the accompany,
ing drawing, forming partici? this specifica` tion.
Myinvention relates primarily to clippers such asare used by barbers for cutting hair, thoughA it is capable of advantageoususe for other purposes as will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which it appertains.
One object of my invention is theprovision of a'device to be operated by an alternating'electric current without the use of a circuit breaker or interrupter.
Another objectof my invention is to aretic coils llongitudinally of the handle to the end that they may be made-of suicient capacity to eliminate heating in operation. p
Another object of. myinvention is to ops erate the moveable clipper blade by means of an armature moving toward and from the axes of the electro-magnetic coils.
yOther objects of my invention will appear and be described in the specification. The novelty of my invention will be hereinafter more fully set forth and specifically pointed out inthe claims.
In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1, is a plan view of a clipper eni bodying my invention in one form of' construction.`
Fig. 2, is a sectional side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3, is a plan view of the operating por` tions of a different form of construction.
Fig. 4, is an end View of Fig. 3.
lFig. 5, is a'plan view of another form. of construction.
Fig. 6, is a plan view of a still further change in construction.
Fig. 7, isa sectional side view of Fig. 6.
The same numerals of reference are used to indicate identical parts in the various figures."
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, the clipper comprises a handle 1, to the widened front end 0i which the stationary clipper blade 2 is attached and upon the upper face of the latter, the moveable clipper blade 3 is mounted,.botli of lthese clipper blades are preferably serrated as shown.v A pair of electrolmagnetic coils 4 are mounted in the handle 1, .with their axes longitudinally ar- 'ranged therein, these coils being mounted upon a laminated or other suitable horseshoeshaped core 5, which is suitably secured to the handle asK-b screws 6 which pass through the corean into a pedestal 7, (Fig. 2). The electrical connectionsI to the coil 4 consist of a pair of wires 8 one 'ofwhich is connected to one coil, and .theother to the other coil, these coils being connected to ether as usual to complete the circuit.
he core 'projectsirom the coils 4 a suiiicient distance to provide a proper magnetic VIield .for the attraction of the arinature 9 which is U shaped and is carried by a bar 10, the latter being provided with a foot 11 which is attached to and movesthe moveable clipper blade 3, the rear end of the bar 10; being bent downwardlyv and carried by y the spring 12 which is attached to the case 1.
Referring now to Figs. 3 and 4, the coils 4 are preferably mounted one above the other and lthe armature 13 is a straight bar .vertically mounted and carried by the member'14 which is similar in its functions and mounted to the member 10 previously described and is provided with a foot 11 for attachment to the moveable blade 3. ,4
Referring to Fig. 5 one'of the coils 4 is mounted on the stationary pole piece 15 and f the moveable pole piece 16 passes through a :sufficiently large opening through the other coil 4 so that this pole piece may have the required amount of travel without striking the coil through which it passes. construction the pole lpiece 16 is pivotally connected as at-17 to the stationary pole piece 15 and/its free end may be normally moved'` away from the free end of the pole piece 15 by a spring 18 which may be adjustable as by an abutment screw 19 which may pass through the clipper handle or be otherwise suitably mounted. The free end of the pole piece 16 carries the foot 11 for attachment to and operation of the moveable blade 3.
Referring now to Figs. 6 and 7 the armature 9 is attached to the moveable clipper blade 3, by means of foot 20 which carries the upstanding lugs 21 with which sprlngs 22 cooperate the latter being adjustable by means of screws23 to regulate the energy required to move the moveable blade. I n this construction the moveable blade 1s guided as by rib 24 in a suitable recess 1n In this the stationary blade B and is held in con` tact therewith by suitable means such as springs 25. lThe moveable blade and its moving mechanism as well as the stationary blade and its carrying members may be pivotally connected to the casing or handle l, the pivotal point being arranged as shown at E26 to the end that the clipper blades may be angularly moveable with relation to the handle to accommodate various conditions oi service, and the'meeting portions or" the handle and blade carrying members may be arcuately shaped as shown in Fig. 7, to accommodate this movement.
By arranging the coils longitudinally of the handle l am enabled to produce these coils in a size and arrangement which will permit 'of their'being mounted in a handle suiciently small to be comfortable in the hand out the user and at the same time impart to the coils qualities which will permit of their continuous operation through comparative long periods of time without objectionable increase in temperature.
' lBy mounting the armature so that its vmovement is toward and away from the axis of each coil,lllA eliminate the necessity for a bell crank or similar motion translating mechanism.
By mounting the armature as shown in all the figures except Fig. 5, the travel of the armature from and toward the pole pieces is uniform with relation to each pole piece so that the magnetic pull of each le piece is effective to move the movable clipper blade, Where as if a bell crank were employedto move the clipper blade transversely of the' handle while the armature moves longitudinally thereof a portion or the magneticpull wouldfbe lost by reason of the nearness of one end of the amature to the pivotal center.
and its equivalent in Figs. 3 and 4l maybe mounted so that its tension may be Varied as by a screw similar to the-screw 19 of Fig. 5. Again the movable member 10 may be depended upon to hold the movable clipper blade into proper operating contact with the stationary blade, or the springs 25 of Figs. 6 and 7 may be mounted on the construction of the other igures to hold the clipper blades in proper operatingcontact, and it 1s obvious that these springs may be adjustable or may be replaced by adjustable members' which are not the nature of springs, these modifications being so obvious that it has not been deemed necessary to illustrate them.
ll-llavin thus fully described my invention, ll c aim:
1. lln a clipperthe combination of a han- A dle portion, a stationary clipper blade carried thereby, a movable clipper blade co operating with the stationary clipper blade,
,lf desired the spring 12 of Figs. 1 and 2l made vmoving finance@ an electro-magnetic coil mounted longitudinally in the handle portion, and an armature connectedto the movable clipper blade to move the same, and means for mounting the armature to swing substantially transversely to the axis of the coil.
2. ln a clipper the combination of a handle portion, a' stationary clipper blade carried thereby, a movable clipper vblade cooperating with the stationary clipper blade, an electro-magnetic coil mounted longitudinally in the handle and with its axis atan angle to the movement of the movable clipper blade, an armature for moving the movable clipper blade, means for mounting the armature to move substantially transversely ,tothe axis of the coil, and a spring for moving the armature away from the axis of the electro-magnetic coil.
3. lin a clipper the combination of a handle portion.;L a stationary cli per blade carried thereby, a movable cl1pper blade cooperating .with the stationary clipper blade, a pair of electro-magnetic coils longitudihally mounted in the handle portion, an operatmg member VVfor the movable blade, an armature carried by the operating member, and means for mounting the operating member to move substantially transversely to the axis of the coils.
ll. lin a clipper the combination of a handle portion, a stationary clipper blade carried thereby, a movable clipper blade cooperating with thel stationary clip er blade, a pair of electro-magnetic coils ongitudinally mounted in the handle portion, an operating member for the movable blade, an
armature carried by the operating member, and means for mounting the armature to move substantially transversely to the axis of the coils said means providing substantially uniform movement ol the armature to each coil 5. ln a clipper the combination of a stationary clipper blade, a movable clipper blade cooperating therewith, an electromagnetic coil mounted longitudinally in the handle and with its axis at an angle to the movement of the movable blade, a pole piece projecting from the coil, and an armature movably mounted at the side of the pole piece and for moving the movable clipper blade the movement of the armature being toward the axis of the coil.
6. ln a clipper the combination of a handle portion, a stationary blade carrying member pivotally connected to the handle portion, a movable clipper blade cooperating with the stationary blade, a coil mounted longitudinelly in the handle portion, a pole piece proJectin from the coil, an armature for te movable blade and adjacent one side oit the pole piece, the pole piece and armature being positioned approximately "in line with the pivotal connection between the lll@ not
lll@
lll@
handle portion and the blade carrying mem- A ber whereby the proper operating position of the armature will be maintained when the stationary blade carrying member is 5 moved with relation to the handle rtion.
7 ln a clipper the combination o a handle portion, a stationary clipper blade carried thereby, a movable clipper blade cooperating With the stationary blade, an elec- 10 tro-magnetic coil mounted longitudinally in fthe handle, a Ipole piece projecting from the' coil'at the end toward the clippenblades, an armature, and means for mounting the armature adjacent one Side of the pole piece, a connection from the armature to move the movable clipper blade, and an .adjustable spring for movingthe armature away from t e pole lpiece of the electro-magnet.
US647249A 1923-06-23 1923-06-23 Clipper Expired - Lifetime US1471536A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US647249A US1471536A (en) 1923-06-23 1923-06-23 Clipper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US647249A US1471536A (en) 1923-06-23 1923-06-23 Clipper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1471536A true US1471536A (en) 1923-10-23

Family

ID=24596231

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US647249A Expired - Lifetime US1471536A (en) 1923-06-23 1923-06-23 Clipper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1471536A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE748667C (en) * 1935-03-07 1944-11-07 Electromagnetic oscillating armature motor
USD435694S (en) * 1997-07-24 2000-12-26 Moser Elektrogerate Gmbh Hair clipper

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE748667C (en) * 1935-03-07 1944-11-07 Electromagnetic oscillating armature motor
USD435694S (en) * 1997-07-24 2000-12-26 Moser Elektrogerate Gmbh Hair clipper

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2360922A (en) Circuit breaker
US2096502A (en) Switch
US1798756A (en) Hair clipper
US1471536A (en) Clipper
US2013229A (en) Power driven hair clipper
US2024860A (en) Self contained electric knife sharpener
US2550546A (en) Magnetic snap action switch
US2232243A (en) Electric switching mechanism
US2224342A (en) Electrically operated razor
US2149126A (en) Oscillatory motor
US1547193A (en) Electrically-driven hair clipper
US2283403A (en) Electric scissors
US1861043A (en) Hair clipper
US1895292A (en) Clipper
US1802571A (en) Electric scissors
US2620415A (en) Knife blade switch
US2067075A (en) Variable shear hair clipper
US1504595A (en) Electrically-operated hair clipper
US1239644A (en) Razor.
US2562773A (en) Electric scissors
US2225580A (en) Electric scissors
US2063116A (en) Vibratory electrical motor
US1922824A (en) Electric motor
US1583207A (en) Clippers
US2623141A (en) Circuit breaker