US1467137A - Spark plug - Google Patents

Spark plug Download PDF

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Publication number
US1467137A
US1467137A US46299021A US1467137A US 1467137 A US1467137 A US 1467137A US 46299021 A US46299021 A US 46299021A US 1467137 A US1467137 A US 1467137A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
plug
reservoir
water
cylinder
insulating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Edward T Curran
Original Assignee
Edward T Curran
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01TSPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES
    • H01T13/00Sparking plugs
    • H01T13/20Sparking plugs characterised by features of the electrodes or insulation
    • H01T13/38Selection of materials for insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8376Combined
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87917Flow path with serial valves and/or closures

Description

Sept. 4, 1923.

' E. T. cURRAN SPARK PLUG Filed April 20,

will NAN Patented Sept. 4, 1923.

\ UNITED STATES lm'rlirrly OFFICE.

EDWARD T. CURRAN, OF DETROIT, IIIICHIGAN.

SPARK PLUG.

Application filed April 240, 1921. Serial No. 462,990,

T0 @ZZ/whom t may concern: y

Be it known that I, EDWARD T. Corman, a citizen of the United States, Aresiding at De-y troit, in the county of Vayne and State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Spark Plug, of which the following is a specification.

This invention is a spark yplug and is intended to overcome thegrounding of such plugs through the accumulation ot soot or carbon deposits within the plug.

It is well known that after a spark lug has been used for av comparatively s ort time and particularly in an engine employ ing a rich mixture, that soot or carbon deposits within the plug short circuit the same and render it inoperative..V

It has also long been known that the presence of water or steam within an engine cylinder will greatly minimize the carbon deposits by effecting a burning or combustion of such deposits, and it has been' proven that if proper amounts of water orv steam can be supplied` within the cylinder such carbon deposits may be `entirely avoided.

In the past numerous methods and mech anisms have been employed for the introduction ot water into the cylinder, but the most practical way of doingk this at the present time is to lead steam from thetop of the radiator into the intake manifold of the engine. Some mechanics, however, prefer to introduce water` from time to time through the pet cocksand other mechanics employ kerosene in the same manner.

Then a spark `plug accumulates av deposit of carbon or soot, it will not 'cease to function until the electrode, whichsuppli'es the current becomes grounded, but in the `mea-ntime, such deposit of carbon becomesheated through the burning of the gases in the cylinder to a point of incandescence and causes back tiring and loss of power. The introduction of steam or water at intervals into the cylinder will, in a measure, keep the cylinder and piston head freefroin carbon, if such water or vapor be admitted in just the proper quantities. However, it is found in practice that while a cylinder and piston head may be kept reasonably free from car-` bon deposits that it is more ditiicult to keep the chamber within the plug free from such deposits, unless thev steam is' caused to circulate within the chamber in the plug and this is difficult toaccomplish when the steam or water is ied directly into the cylinder.

Vith these considerations in vmind, the object of the present `invention is to,pro vide a spark plug provided with a reservoir adapted to contain water which maybe fed continuously or at intervals through the plug into the cylinder. Such construction will not only eiiiciently supply water to the cylinder, but rwillalso serveto keep down theheat in the plug and by so doing minimize runequal expansion and contraction which in the plugs now yin use, frequently occasions the breaking of the porcelain or, mica insulation forming a part thereof.

Another advantage in forming the water ,feedingpmea'ns as a part of the plug, is the elimination of twice necessitating piping in` stallations in order to lead the steam from theradiator or water from a tank on the car. Bysirnply screwing the plug of the present invention in the cylinder head of any car, all the advantages of water feed to themotor may be obtained without un` due expense of the services of a skilled mei chanio.

vFeatures of the invention, other than those speciiied, will be apparent from the here ina'fter detailed description and claims, when read in conjunction withthe accompanying drawings.

The accompanying drawings'. `illustrate different practical embodiments but the constructions therein shown are to be under'- stood as illustrative, only, and not as deiining the limits of theinvention.

Figure l illustrates a plug embodying the present invention in its preferrecl-form.

Figure 2' is a top plan view of the plug p shown in'Figure 1.

Figure 3' illustrates a slightly modified form of plug, partly in section and partly in elevation, and,

Figure 4 is a section on the line 4 -4 of' Figure 3.

Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to the plug shown in Figures 1 and 2, l designates a shell provided at its lower end with a reduced eXteriorly thready ed portion 2 adapted to be screwed into a spark plug holeot the engine, by means of. a wrenchapplied to the polygonal upper portion 3 of such shell.` The shell `1 is tubu lar and it is provided, interiorly with a shoulder 4 intermediate its end, above which said shell is of enlarged interior diameter and is threaded at 5 to receive the reduced shank 6 of a container or reservoir 7. The shank 6 of the reservoir 7 is adapted to be screwed into the upper end of the shell 1 for the purpose of rmly and rigidly mounting the reservoir upon the shell.

The reservoir 7 is made hollow whereby it is adapted to contain water and its exterior is preferably provided with ribs 8 which serve to radiate the heat from the plug and maintain the plug relatively cool.

The shank 6 is made tubular and is provided interiorly of its base with a shoulder 9 opposed to the shoulder 4 of the shell, so that when these parts are secured together, the insulating member 10 of porcelain, mica or other suitable material may be clamped bet-Ween the parts ai'ter the manner shown in Figure 1. Gaskets 11 and 12 are preferably employed in this connection to produce tight joints. Threaded into the base of the reservoir 7 is a tubular stem 13 within which is positioned a concentric tubular insulating bushing 14, which houses a portion of an electrode 15. The electrode 15 extends from a point above the top of the bushing 14 downwardly through said bushing and into the interior of the porcelain 10, wherein it is enlarged to rest against a gasket 16 seated on a shoulder within the porcelain. The enlarged. portion 17 extends downwardly to a point slightly beyond the base of the plug and is preferably provided with a head or enlarged portion 18 positioned between fixed electrodes 19 mounted on the part 2 ot the shell. The electrode 15 is clamped in position by screwing the nut 2O on to the upper end thereot` and this nut 20 serves to tightly clamp the bushing 14 in place and serve as a seat for a binding nut 21 by means of which an ignition lead may be secured to the plug.

The upper portion of the reservoir 7 is provided with an interior shoulder 22 on which rests a perforated dise 23. A rotatable cap 24 seats on the disc 23 and is provided with a knurled surface 25 by means of which this cap may be manually rotated. The base of the cap is also perforated and by rotating said cap, the pertora-tions thereof may be moved into and out ot registration with the perforations oit the dises 23 for the purpose ot either sealing the top of the reservoir or unsealing the same. The top oit the cap is preferably cup or funnel shape, so that when the perforations of the cap and disc are in alinement, water may be poured into the cup-shaped cap and thus fed into the interior of the reservoir. lVhen the reservoir has been filled, the cap is rotated slightly to bring the perforations out of alinement and seal the reservoir.

The cap 24 is held in place by a nut 26 which is threaded on to the upper end of the tubular member 13 and bears against the washer 27 which seats in the base of the cap, all as clearly shown in Figure 1.

The water introduced in the manner described into the reservoir 7 is adapted to be fed either constantly or at desired intervals into the engine cylinder by means ot pas sages from the interior of the reservoir to the interior of the chamber within the plug. To this end, the passage 28 leads to a passage 29, which extends downwardly through the threaded shank 6 and communicates with an annular channel 30 formed in the shoulder 4. From the channel 30, a plurality oi" passages 31 lead to the interior of the shell, so that water may flow through the channels and passages from the interior ot the rcservoir into the engine cylinder.

In order that this flow of water may be controlled, a set screw 32, shaped at its inner end after the manner et' a needle valve, is threaded into the base et the reservoir in alinement with the channel 28 and may be regulated to control the tlow in a manner which will be clearly understood.

lVhile the regulation of the set screw 32 may be varied as particular car operators may desire, I recommend under ordinary running conditions that the screw be seated in such manner as to substantially seal the passages against the tlow oit water and that such screw be unscated from time to 'time to allow the entrance of water into the cyliuder as the operator may deem desirable. However, no matter how tight this seat may be, there is apt to be a slight seepage so that at all times therc will be minute quantities of water entering the plug. As the plug becomes more or less hotduring the runnin g of the engine, this leakage will be termed into steam so that steam will be continually present within the plug and the depositing of carbon therein will be precluded. I-Iowever, when the screw is unseated at intervals to allow a greater amount oi' wateiI to tlow into the cylinder, su'liicient steam will be generated to free the entire cylinder and pistonphead from carbon deposits. While the foregoing manner of manipulating the set screw is that recommended, I do not wish to limit the invention to this specilic operation, as it may be varied without departing from the invention. i

An important feature which is ijrresent, however, irrespective ot the particular method otl feeding the water is the tact that the water or steam is ted into the cylinder through the plug, and, accordingly, the plug will be kept clear at all times.

I have found in practice that another advantage of the invention inherent in the use of water in the plug is that the body ot water in the reservoir serves to keep the plug relatively cool and by so doing precludes un- Vthe reservoir is provided at its lower end with al reduced eXteriorly threaded shanlr 33, which is adapted to be screwed directly into the cylinder head. The upper portion of the reservoir is formed with a chamber 34E adapted to contain water and the top of this chamber is closed by a perforated disc and capable of the same character as described with reference to Figure 1. The electrode 35 is housed within a bushing 36 which extends through a tubular member 37 in the same manner as hereinbefore described and said tubular member is threaded into the base ofthe reservoir at the bottom of the chamber 34.

The electrode 35 extends upwardly through an insulating member 38 and is provided with a shoulder 39, which comes to a seat in a recess l0 formed in the insulating member 38. In the construction shown, how

ever, the insulating member is inserted from the side of the plug, and while it maypartake of various shapes, it is shown as substantially cylindrical. The plug is provided with a complementarily shaped bore extending inwardly from one side thereof and a cylindrical insulating member `is adapted to be inserted into this bore and clamped between gaslrets Lll by a screw plug 42. In assembling the parts, the insulating member v38 is inserted before the bushing 36 and electrode 35 are brought into position and after this is accomplished a nut 43 is screwed on to the upper endof the electrode 35 to clamp the bushing 36 in position and screw the electrode in place. The lower end of the plug is provided with a chamber 4c-1l which communicates with the interior of the cylinder and water from the reservoir chamber 34 is fed into the chamber 4:4; throughthe duct or passage l5 which. is controlled by a set screw L6 in the same manner as the set screw 82 controls the flow of water in the construction of Figure l.

The two plug` construction hereinbefore described operates in substantially the same manner and both have been illustrated merely to show that the invention is not restricted to specific details of construction, but that it is as broadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims.

It will be understood that the invention is not limited to the illustrative structure herein described, but is as broadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims. Moreover, the mode of operation herein described embodies a novel principle which I propose to protect by ling a method application thereon.

Having thus fully described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent :is:

l. A spark plug embodying a hollow casing, an insulating element extending longi-` tudinally through said casing and positioned substantially coaxial thereof to forman annular chamber adapted to contain water, a sleeve surrounding that portion of the insulating element which extends through the chamber to preclude the water within said chamber from contacting with the insulating element, and means for regulating the flow of water from the chamber into the interior of the engine cylinder with which the plug is associated.

2.'A spark plug `provided in the upper portion thereof with a reservoir adapted to contain liquid to be introduced into an associated cylinder through the plug, means for controlling the introduction of such liquid, a central electrode having an insulating member extending through the reservoir, and a metallic sleeve embracing that portion of the insulating member which extends through the reservoir for the purpose of protecting the same from contact with the liquid in the reservoir.

3. A spark plug embodying a reservoir adapted to contain liquid, means for controlling the flow of such liquid through the plug into an associated cylinder, an electrode positioned substantially coaxial of the plug, an insulating member enclosing that portion of the electrode which passes through the reservoir, and means embracing the portion of the insulating member which passes through the reservoir to preclude contact of the liquid in the reservoir with said insulating member.

l. A spark plug provided with a reservoir adapted to contain liquid to be introduced through the sparlr plug into an associated cylinder and a porcelain core passing through the reservoir and protected from contact with the liquid contained in the reservoir.

In testimony whereof, I have signed the foregoing specilication.

EDWARD T. emanan.

US1467137A 1921-04-20 1921-04-20 Spark plug Expired - Lifetime US1467137A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2920641A (en) * 1956-12-14 1960-01-12 George S Girolo Milk receiving jar
US4062327A (en) * 1974-09-11 1977-12-13 Peter Brian Knights Internal combustion engine
US5113806A (en) * 1991-03-04 1992-05-19 Rodart George H Bicatalytic igniter converter and processor for internal combustion engines
US9787064B2 (en) 2013-05-03 2017-10-10 Federal-Mogul Ignition Company Corona ignition with hermetic combustion seal

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2920641A (en) * 1956-12-14 1960-01-12 George S Girolo Milk receiving jar
US4062327A (en) * 1974-09-11 1977-12-13 Peter Brian Knights Internal combustion engine
US5113806A (en) * 1991-03-04 1992-05-19 Rodart George H Bicatalytic igniter converter and processor for internal combustion engines
US9787064B2 (en) 2013-05-03 2017-10-10 Federal-Mogul Ignition Company Corona ignition with hermetic combustion seal

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