US1448235A - Portable baby cage - Google Patents

Portable baby cage Download PDF

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Publication number
US1448235A
US1448235A US57613822A US1448235A US 1448235 A US1448235 A US 1448235A US 57613822 A US57613822 A US 57613822A US 1448235 A US1448235 A US 1448235A
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Prior art keywords
cage
sections
inner
outer
beams
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Expired - Lifetime
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Read Emma
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Read Emma
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners

Description

E. READ PORTABLE `B`ABY CAGE Mar. 13, 1923.

yFiled July 19, 1922 2 sheets-sheet ly l 1 IIIIIIIII nl.. llllllllIl Mar. 13, 1923.

E. READ PORTABLE BABY CAGE Filed. July 19,

1922 2 sheetS-sheeb 2 Patented Mar, 13, 1923.

"rsrrr EMMA READ, or sroKANE, WASHInstron.4

roE'rABLE BABY CAGE. y Y

Appiieanon ined :muy 19, i922. serial No. 576,138.2 1` A To ctZ/Loiom/zffmayconcer/1t.' through the cage, which is mostlyofopenl 55 Be it known that I, EMMA READ, a citizen work -or wire fabric, whichr will prevent the of the United States, residing at Spokane, baby from falling from the cage. v j.

in the county of Spokane and State of TWash- Stillanother purpose lis; the provisioiiof a y 5 ington, have invented certain new and usebaby cage of the present `character,vwhi,ch is? ful Improvements in Portable Baby Cages, made up of a plurality of foldable sections 601th i of which the following is a specification, properly interlocked, in order to `provide 'a' i reference being had to the accompanying rigid construction.' drawings. A still further purpose is the provision of It is well known that a great many difliimproved means for suppoitingthe .cage in" culties rise in raising and properly housing position adjacent the.'window,'andproperlyI 65 babies and small children in crowded cities, braced. H j that is to say from the health viewpoint. It is to be understood'thatthe particulars This is especially true with reference to baherein given are in no way llimitative and bies and young children, who at present are that while still keeping within thescope of being raised in large apartments, as a result theinvention, any desired modifications of 70 of not obtaining the proper fresh air, as welll detail and desired proportions vmay bemade as being outdoors, for such air andexercise'. in the apparatus according to circumstances. ln crowded cities, where the houses ,are The invention comprises further features closely arranged, and in large apartments, and combination of parts,"as will be herein-V there is no way for proper ventilation.r` Back after set forth, shown' in the drawings and 75 and front yards are small, while those living claimed l in apartments have no'facilities whatever, In the drawings i to permit the children and babies to receive Figure l is a view of a baby-cage conproper fresh air from theoutside. structed inl accordance with thewinvention With these facts in view it 1s thepurpose and showing the sameapplied to a;window; S0 of the present invention to provide an arti- Figure 2 is aivertical sectionalview on cle of'manufacture 4for babies and young line 2-2 of Figure l; Y i j children, to be suspended" upon the exterior Figure y3 is a horiaontal transverse -secof a building adjacent an `open window, tional view on line 3-:3 'of Figure 1;. y

wherein the baby or young child may beY Figure 4 is an enlarged-detail view of 85 placed. This article of manufacture comthe construction of'means for supporting a prises a housing or cage, wherein the, baby bracket andfor assisting in 'supportingthe or young child together with proper toys cage or housing; 4 f

may be placed. rlhe baby is enabled to re- Figure 5 is anenlarged detailview'of'the ceive fresh air through the screenor wire connectionbetween'one ofthe horizontal 90 fabric, and it will be noted that the baby yslotted beams of the calge,rsh'owiiig vhovv'llthev has sufficient room or space fo-r playing with outer section is connected tothe bottom'sec'- f toys. Furthermore suitable bed clothing tion; 40 may be arranged in the cage or housing, Figure 6 is; an lenlarged vsectional View when suspended adjacent the window. of the through` the construction sho-wnin Figure 5; 95 house or apartment, so that when it is time yFigure 7 is afdetail perspective "view, for the baby to take a nap, the bed clothing showing vhow the braces arel connected to may be made up in `one corner wherein the the slotted beams of. the bottom,"siifliciently baby may sleep. to reinforce the structure; l" i i Another purpose is to provide a device of Figure 8 is an enlarged detailview ofthe 100 this kind made up of sections, andI provided connection between lone lof the' 'roo-f sections with suitable curtains, which, when the baby andtheisidesection; f j 1 v is sleeping may be lowered, and arranged so Figure "9 is a sectional view through the as to prevent draft, and yet permit the baby construction shown inFgureS; Y to receive sufficient fresh air. When the Figure l() is ain'enlarged 'detail view of 105 baby has finished taking'a nap, the curtains oneof the lower outer corners ofthe 'cageor' i may be rolled up out of place, so as to per` housing, showing 'howr the outer sectionand init a thorough supply of fresh air to pass the end sections arev operativelyv connected,

to reinforce one another, and to permit the end sections to retain the outer section in position;

Figure 11 is a detail view showing how the corner angle irons are fastened to the corners of the housing or cage.

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates the window of a building, and 2 denotes the usual sill. Arranged on the inner sill, and in engagement with the bead 3 of the sill is an angle iron 4. Also engaging the sill, outwardly beyond that portion which is engaged by the angle iron, is a wooden Subsill 5. Engaged with the exterior sill 6 of .c the window is an angle iron 7 and riveted or otherwise fastened thereto as at 8 are depending beams 19 'including `ceive the shanks 11 of the bolts 12.

bracket arms 9. rEhe upper ends of the 4bracket arms are extended beyond the angle iron 7, and are provided with openings 10, through which the Shanks 11 of the bolts 12 pass. The heads of the bolts 12 engage the exterior surfaces of the bracket arms 9.

lThe angle iron 4 is disposed to receive the tubular shanks 13' of the bolts 14. rIhese tubular Shanks also pass through the subn sill 5', and are interiorly threaded, to 5eb viously by tightening up the bolts 12 and 14, the frame may be supported rigidly in' position. The lower ends of the bracket arms 9 have riveted or otherwise secured thereto a wooden strip 15, which lies flat against the wall of the building, to hold the bracket arms out of contact with the wall. In fact the 'angle iron 7 which engages the exterior sill of the window also prevents the depending bracket arms from contacting with the wall of the building.

Hingedly connected to the depending bracket arms 9 as at 16 adjacent their lower extremities are brace bars 17. Hingedly connected at 18 to the dependingbracket arms 9, adjacent their upper ends are hollow beams 19. These beams are square or rectangular in cross section and are tubular. The upper walls of the beams 19 are slotted as shown atv 20 substantially for their full length. The central portions of the slots 2O have enlarged openings 21, for facilitating the attachment of the inner and outer sections ofthe baby cage, as will be explained later.

The bottom walls of the beams 19 adjacentl their outer ends are provided with slots 22, the inner ends of which terminate in rectangular enlarged portions 23. The the braces 17, together with the hangers or bracket arms 9', act to support the entire structure. exteriorly of the window of the building. The housing or cage for the baby comprises the outer wall section, the inner. wall section, and the two end-wall sections, designated .respectively 2 4, 25 and 26. The outer wall section comprises a lower sheet metal base portion 27,

and an upper screen or wire fabric section 23. The screen or wire fabric portion proper is fastened in any suitable manner to the sheet metal base portion 27 and the end rails 29, which rise from the ends of the sheet metal base portion 27. The upper ends of the rails 29 are connected by an angle piece 30. r1`he outer wall section is in two parts, which are hingedly united as at 31, so that the two parts are capable of folding, when the outer wall section is removed. The lower portion or edge of the sheet metal base por-v tion 27 of the outer wall section has secured to it an angle bar 32. Riveted or otherwise secured to the angle bar 32 are plates 33 having 1"-shaped lugs 34 projecting downwardly. Obviously when arranging the outer wall section in position, so that the T-shaped lugs 34 will pass through the rectangular openings 21, centrally of the beams 19. The outer wall seiction then moves outwardly to the outer ends of the beams 19, causing the restricted necks of the ,lugs 34 to engage the outwardly extending portions of the-slots 20. Therefore, it is obvious that when the outer wall section is moved. to the outer ends of the beams 19, the lugs 34 will act to lock and hold the outerk wall section substantially perpendicularly.

The outer upper ends of the braces 1 7 also terminate in. '1 -shaped lugs 35, which are designed to pass through the rectangular enlargements 23 of the slots 22 in the under or bottom walls of the beams 19, and then by allowing the beams 19 to move to horizontal positions, the lugs 35 will move outwardly in the slots 22, and therefore lock the braces detachably to the beams 19.

The inner wall section 25 comprises a sheet metal base portion 36, and an upper sheet metal portion 37. The inner wall section 25 also is in two parts 38, which are hingedly united as at 39, so that the two parts are capable of folding, when 'collapsing the various sections of the cage. rEhe sheet metal base portion 36 of the inner wall section extends from the outer sill of the window downwardly to a position approximating the supporting beams 19, and has at its lower edge an angle bar 40, the lower horizontal flange of which has riveted or otherwise secured thereto plates 41 provided with "1T-shaped lugs 42. These lugs 42 are inserted through the rectangular openings 21 of the beams 1 9, and then the inner wall section is moved toward and in a position adjacent the inner ends of thebeams. `Positioning of the inner wall section, 2,5 in this manner will cause the restricted necks of it is disposed' the lugs 42 to engage the inwardly extendand closed, vfor .the

`provided with f hingedly which may be opened inner wall section is mounted doors 43,

access to the interior of the cage orhousing. When the cage is occupied, thedoors 43 may be locked from the interior .of the room. The ends of the inner wall section 25 are in the form of vertical members44, whereas the upper portion .of the inner wall section 25 terminates in a laterally extending flange 45. This flange 45A extends out` wardly. v v Y The ends of the lateral flanges of the angle bars 32 and 40 are provided with short slots 46 and 47, the ends of which'remote from the ends of the angle bars have rectangular enlargements 48 and 49.. A

Each end section 26 comprises a sheet metal base portion 50, an upper section or wire fabric panel 51, and thesheet metal panels 52 having inclined upper edges. The end sections 26 are in two hingedly united parts, which have their hinges allowing the two parts of the hinge sections to fold inwardly, when removed. The inclined edges of the triangular panels 52 have lateral flanges 54, which correspond with the ange 45 and the ange at the top of the inner wall section of the cage.

The lower edges of the sheet metal base portions 50 of the end sections ofthe cage have rivetedtheretoy angle stripsor bars 55,v to the end yportions of which plates 5 6 are rivted or otherwise secured. These plates-56 have T-shaped lugs 57 ,which enter the rectangular enlargements of the slo-ts 46 and 47 of thevangle bars32 and v40. Obvi.

ously by moving the end wall sections laterally in opposite directions, the restricted necks of the T-shaped lugs 57 will engage the slots, and thereby lock and hold the end wall sectionsin perpendicularI positions, with their inner and outer edges'adjacent the end edges of the inner and outer wall sections.

Obviously the end wall sections 26 act to hold the inner and outer wall sections in position` while the flooring 58 rests upon the lateral or horizontal flanges of the angle strips or bars 32, 40 and 55, thereby hold' ing the end wall sections in-position .These wall sections cannot detach.,y until the flooring is `raised or elevated or otherwise removed trom the cage or housing. The Hooring 58 comprises three sections 59, which have their adjacent edges provided with dowel pin and socket connections 60. The

pins of these connections are very short,

just long enough to engage shallow sockets, to prevent the three sections of the flooring from movement relatively to each other.

Corner angle strips 61 are arranged to overlap the joints at the corners of the cage or housing. In other words the angle strips or bars 61 are arranged in position to preclude the weather, especially when the cur- `Purpose of permitting` shown at 53.,v

iight and angular sheet metal bars 52 of theend sec-` t-ions. There are also hooks 64carried by the upper portions of the inner and outer wall sections, which also engage similar pins or lugs 63 carriedl by the angle strips or bars 61. strips or bars 61 have additional lugs 65, with which hooks 66 Vsimilar to the hooks 64 engage, thereby locking the` angle bars or strips 61 in i joints at the corners of the cage or housing, and thereby further preclude the Weather.

Suitable rollers 67 are carried by the outer and end wall sections, in positions immediately adjacent the upper portions of the screen or wire fabric of `these sections. The rollers are mounted in bearings, and have curtains 68. The rollers may be of the usual spring type, whereby they may reroll the curtains when unreeled, and

`due to the conventional form of detentV at certain` ends ofthe means (not shown) rollers, .the curtains may be held indifferent adjusted positions. l. In other words the curtains are inthe forni of shades, and Amay be drawn, yfor rain, when the baby isasleep. The edges of the curtains or shades,'and the ends of the sticks usually carried bythe lower edges of kthe curtains or shades, engage betweenA the `flanges of the angle bars-.or strips 61 and the wall sections, thereby guiding the curtains or shadesv in their movements when adjusted. i

Theflanges 54 have T'shaped slots 69`in their-'horizontal flanges, for the reception of the T-shaped lugs 70 ofthe roofing 71. In fact the roofing 71 comprises three sections 72, which are corrugated as shown, and secured to the end edgesof each section are angle strips or bars 7 3, which have the down! wardly extending T-shaped lugs 70. The

vtoward the outer wall section, until the roof section overlies the outer wall section. The

next ,roof section is fastened to the flanges 54 in a similar manner, and so is the third section, whichis located at the inner portion of the roofing. The adjacent edges of the several roof sections overlap, for the purpose of shedding the water and the drippings'from snow and rain. The inner edge vThe lower portions of the anglek position, so as to cover thev respective the purpose of` keeping out the or bars (not shown) vbut Words the rst, roof` of the last roof section is provided with hooks 74;, to engage eyes 75 on` the flange e5 of the inner wall section, to assist materially in holding the last mentioned roof section, as well as the other roof sections in place. It will be noted that the downwardly eX- tending flanges of the angle strips overlie the hooks 63, and thereby retain them in locked positions, hence preventing accidental displacement of the angle strips or'bars 61.

The curtains or shades have connected thereto cords 76, which pass over pulleys T7 carried by the under part ofthe cage or housing, and extend into the room, whereby the curtains may be actuated from the interior of the room.

Obviously a cage or housing of this kind arranged exteriorly of the window .of a room, will permit babies, ,or small children to be housed therein and kept from the rain and snow, and yet be permitted to breathe the fresh air, and thereby become more healthful. This construction of cage will be very useful in cities wherer the houses are very close together and in apartments, where there are nofront and back yards or lawns, for the babies and children to play on.

The sub-sill and the angle clamping bars Il: and 7 are capable of adjustment, so that the clamping means can Vaccommodate itself to windows of different sizes. p

rlhe ends of theangle bar 32 (which is secured by rivets or spot like to the base portion 91'? section) are extended as shown clearly in Figures l and ll, on which the lower ends of the angle strips or bars 61 rest, in order to support them in position.

rll`he invention having been set forth, what is claimed is:

l. A baby cage or housing comprising a floor supporting frame including outwardly extending beams, inner and'outer wall sections interlocked to the inner and outer ends of said beams and rising perpendicularly` therefrom, end wall sections having interl locking connections with the inner and outer wall sections, and acting to hold the latter in position, aflooring resting upon said of the outer wall beams and engaging betweenthe end wall sections, thereby reinforcing all the wall sections in position, and a roofing provided with interlocked connections with the several wall sections, to hold their upper portions in place.

2. A baby cage or housing comprising a welding or the floor supporting frame including outwardly extending beams, inner and outer wall sections interloclred to the inner and outer ends of said beams and rising perpendicularly therefrom, end wallv sections having interlocking connections with the inner and outer wall sections, and acting to hold the latter in position, a flooring resting upon said beams and engaging between the end wall sections, thereby reinforcing all the wall sections in position, and a rooting provided with interlocked connections with the several wall sections, to hold theirvupper portions in place, and means suspended from the sill of a window for supporting said floor supporting frame.

3. ln a baby cage, a floor supporting frame comprising outwardly extending beams, inner and outer and end wall sec tions, supported by and connected to said beams, said wall sections having wire fabric panels, a sectional roofing providedwith interlocled connections with the several wall sections to retain them in position, angle members engaging the corners where the several wall sections unite, hooks carried by the upper ends of the angle members and being detachably connected to the end wall sections, and means carried by the sections of rooting overlying the hooks, to retain them in place.

4C. In a baby cage, a cage supporting frame comprising outwardly extending bea-ms, means for supporting said frame exteriorly of a window of a building, said cage comprising inner and outer and end wall sections interlocked at their lower por tions, means for interlocking the inner and outer wall sections removably to the beams, and means for holding the upper portions of the inner and outer sections connected and in position, and a rooting for the cage, said supporting means for the frame comprising a sub-sill to enga-ge the sill of the window, a clamping bar on the inner sill, a clamping bar upon the outer sill. depending hangers or arms connected to the outer clamping bar and carrying said supportingl frame, and means passing through the clamping bars and through the sub-sill for adjustably connecting and supporting the frame to the sill of the window.

In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.

EMMA READ.

US1448235A 1922-07-19 1922-07-19 Portable baby cage Expired - Lifetime US1448235A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3512315A (en) * 1967-03-13 1970-05-19 Alberto Vitalini Building having telescopic section
US5960586A (en) * 1998-09-04 1999-10-05 Chen; Jung-Tsung Preferred embodiment of a configurable, multi-purpose window railing treatment with anti-theft property
US6499817B2 (en) * 1999-09-27 2002-12-31 American Locker Group Incorporated Locker
US20140123570A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2014-05-08 E&F Tech.Co.,Ltd Fire evacuation installation
US10167663B2 (en) 2015-12-18 2019-01-01 Aldana Florencia Ferrer Garcia Windows accessing more sky

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3512315A (en) * 1967-03-13 1970-05-19 Alberto Vitalini Building having telescopic section
US5960586A (en) * 1998-09-04 1999-10-05 Chen; Jung-Tsung Preferred embodiment of a configurable, multi-purpose window railing treatment with anti-theft property
US6499817B2 (en) * 1999-09-27 2002-12-31 American Locker Group Incorporated Locker
US20140123570A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2014-05-08 E&F Tech.Co.,Ltd Fire evacuation installation
US9248321B2 (en) * 2011-06-22 2016-02-02 E&F Tech Co., Ltd Fire evacuation installation
US10167663B2 (en) 2015-12-18 2019-01-01 Aldana Florencia Ferrer Garcia Windows accessing more sky

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