US1442051A - Radium needle - Google Patents

Radium needle Download PDF

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Publication number
US1442051A
US1442051A US46830921A US1442051A US 1442051 A US1442051 A US 1442051A US 46830921 A US46830921 A US 46830921A US 1442051 A US1442051 A US 1442051A
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United States
Prior art keywords
radium
needle
barrel
body portion
screw threaded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
William L Cummings
Original Assignee
William L Cummings
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Publication date
Application filed by William L Cummings filed Critical William L Cummings
Priority to US46830921 priority Critical patent/US1442051A/en
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Publication of US1442051A publication Critical patent/US1442051A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N5/1001X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy using radiation sources introduced into or applied onto the body; brachytherapy
    • A61N5/1027Interstitial radiation therapy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N5/1001X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy using radiation sources introduced into or applied onto the body; brachytherapy
    • A61N5/1007Arrangements or means for the introduction of sources into the body
    • A61N2005/1011Apparatus for permanent insertion of sources

Description

w. LclUMMxNGs.

RADIUM NEEDLE. HL"ED MAYCIO, 192|- Jan. 16, 1923.-

Patented Jan. 16, 1923.

UNITED'r STATES WILLIAM L. CUMMINGS, OF LANSDOWNE, PENNSYLVANIA.

naDIpUM NEEDLE ,Application led May 1G,

To all whom t may 00m/67%.

Be it known that I, WILLIAM L. CUM- MINGs, a citizen of the United States, residwhich has the advantages of detachable and interchangeable points, eyelet and handle.

Another object is to provide such needles with radium barrels so constructed that if.

desired two or more barrels can be readily connected together in a single needle.

A further object of my invention is to provide a radium needle which can be used with advantage and convenience in numerous capacities.

These objects, and other advantageous ends which will be described hereinafter, I attain in the following manner, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is an enlarged View of a needle constructed in accordance with my invention with the handle, point, and single radium barrel connected ready for use,

Figure 2 is an enlarged view of the needle with an eyelet substituted for the handle shown in Figure 1; the construction being shown as to readily permit the interchange of the handle and eyelet,

Figure 3 is a view of the same general character as shown in Figure 2 with two radium barrels connected together in axial alignment,

Figure 4f is an enlarged detail view of the handle,

Figure 5 is an enlarged detail view of the bod;7 port-ion of the barrel,

Figure 6 is a detail View of the barrel closing and coupling member,

Figures 7 and 8 are detail views of two different forms ofneedle v.points which I preferablV employ, i

Figure 9 is a detail view of the eyelet,

Figure 10 is a longitudinal section, greatly enlarged, of the body portion of the radium barrel illustrating the same .before'fsaid closing and coupling member is connected therewith, and L.

Figure 11 1s a view of the same general 1921. serial No. 468,309.v

characterl as shown in Figure V10 with said y closing and couplingY member connected to the body portion of the barrel.

The parts of my improved `radium needle are preferably constructed of non-corrosive acid-resistant metal which has the strength of steel such for example as monel Referring to the drawings, my improved needle includes a'barrel 12 adapted to contain radium, the parts of which 4are shown in Figures 5 and .6 and alsoI in Figures 10 and 11. The barrel 12 includes an elongated body portion 13 providing a cavity 141 in which can be placed the radium element; said cavity being locatedentirely between the opposite endpportions 15 and 16. vThe end portion 16 has a screw threaded hole 17 extending axially and communicating with the cavity 141 at one end thereof land lthe radium element can be inserted in the cavity through the hole 17, A barrel closing and couplingmember `18 has a central portion 19l with two oppositely disposed stems 20 and 21; said central portion being of larger diameter than the stems 20 and-21 so as to provide shoulders 22 and` 23. VThe stems 20 vand 21 are screw threaded `Aand after 1^ radiumy element has beeninserted in the cavity 14 Aof the barrel body portion 13, the stem 2O of the barrel closing and couplingl member 18 is screwed in the hole 17 of said body portion so lthat the. shoulder 22 abuts the extreme vend 24E of the body portion, after which the member 18 is soldered to the'body portion ,'13, at the parting between the central portion 19 of the member 18 and the end 24 of the body portion L13 so asto hermetically seal `the radium element within the cavity 14. The central portion 19 of the member 18 isv preferably made ofthe same outside diameter as the diameter of'the body portion 13 so that when the member 18 is connected` to the Vbody portion 13 coproduce the barrel 12, asl showin in Figure the outer surfaces of the body portion and .member '18 lwill be flush. l y

The opposite endvportion v15 of the body portion 13 has an axially .extending screw threadedhole 25'in which may bescrewed.

either the screw threaded stem 26 of 'the r points such. for example as shown in detail Cri i-- Figures, 7 and 8; said points having screw threaded holes 30 in which the screw threaded stem 2l of the member 18 can fit, It desired two or more of the radium barrels can be connected together in axial align ment as shown in Figure f3; the stem 2lv of one barrel being screwed into the hole 25 ot the other barrel as is obvious from the construction shown in Figure ll.

In the use of my invention when .it is desired to use the needle in a cancer that is exposed and easily accessible, the eyelet is screwed onto the barrel as shown for example in Figure 2 and the eyelet can be employed Jfor drawing a thread and also for the security of the needle and for removing the same from the condition being treated. To illustrate this manner orP use in the treatment of a cancer of the bladder where an opening has' been made and the growth eX- posed, the needles are inserted into the growth. After the needles are inserted, the wound is sewed up and the needles withdrawn by the threads through the usual drainage tube.

In the treatment of cancer of the prostate the needle is used as shown in Figure l with the handle attached, by a perineal puncture.

In the event it is desired to use the needles in treatment ot cavities and not for insertion purposes the points and eyelets or handles may be detached and the barrels enclosed in a brass tube similar to that used when the radium salt is sealed in the usual glass capsules, and then inserted in one oi'- these brass tubes.

Thus my invention has a wide range ot' use .since itshas the advantages of usingv the radium as a needle and at the same time the radium can be used in tubular form in the event the. condition to be treated warrants the radium in this form.

Inasmuch as the effectiveness'ot the rays trom radium is in proportion to the distance between the source of the rays and the condition to be rayed it is apparent that radium in the needle :form is more effective than when used in tubular form and applied to the condition.

Considering that one of the barrels conw tains approximately l2;- milligrams of radium element, by combining two of these needles it is possible in one continuous needle to have 25 milligrams of radium element. In some conditions this is the dosage required whereas if 873%- milligrams of radium element is desired as the dosage the same can be had by combining three of the barrels; assuming that the condition is one favorable for the use of the radium in this manner.

Furthermore the construction as above described and as illustrated permits thequick interchange of parts either to substitute the handle for the eyelet or vice versa or for using one or more of the barrels tor varying the amount of radium required.

lVhile I have described :my invention as taking` a particular form, it" will be understood that the various parts ot my invention may be changed. without departing from the spirit thereof, and hence I do not limit mysell. to the precise construction set forth, but consider that I am at liberty to ma re such changes and alterations` as fairly come within the scope ot the appended. claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is zl. A` radium needle including a barrel adapted to contain radium having a screw threaded stem projecting from oneend and,

a screw threaded hole at the opposite endL whereby implements and accessories of dit ferent kinds may be attached to opposite ends; substantially as described. y

2. A radium needle including barrel having a body portion providing a cavity adapted to contain radium and a screw threaded yhole communicating` with `said cavity; and a closing and coupling member having' opposed screw threaded. stems, one of which is adapted to be screwed into said hole ot thebody portion, the other serving' as means for attachment ot another part; substantially as described.

A; radium needle including a barrel having a body portion providing` a cavity adapted to contain radium and a screw threaded hole communicajting` with said cavity and a closing and coupling member having opposed screw threaded stems, one.

of which is adapted to be screwed into said hole of the body portion. the other serving' as means tor attachment ot another part, said body portion having a screw threaded hole whereby a. handle or eyclet can be screwed therein; substantially described.

4;. A. radium needle includingY a barrel haring a body portion {')roviding a cavity adapted to contain radium and a screw threaded hole communicating with said cavity; and a closing member having;` a Vsoie-w threaded stem fitting said screw thjeaded hole and another portion abutting' the body portion adjacent the outer end of said hole. said member being in sea led connection with said body portion: substruitially described. K.

In testimony whereof I have j' naine to this specification in the presence of two subscribing' witnesses.

VILLIAM L. CUMMINGS.

. l/Vitnesses: MARGARET C. Hoorus, MARY C. BECKER.

US46830921 1921-05-10 1921-05-10 Radium needle Expired - Lifetime US1442051A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US46830921 US1442051A (en) 1921-05-10 1921-05-10 Radium needle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US46830921 US1442051A (en) 1921-05-10 1921-05-10 Radium needle

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US1442051A true US1442051A (en) 1923-01-16

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546761A (en) * 1950-01-13 1951-03-27 Radium Chemical Company Inc Radium nasopharyngeal applicator
US2546759A (en) * 1945-12-15 1951-03-27 John W Lee Subcutaneous medication
US2873238A (en) * 1946-07-11 1959-02-10 Leo A Ohlinger Method of making jacketed fissionable slug
US3072121A (en) * 1956-07-24 1963-01-08 Nat Tuberculosis Ass Pellet injector
US4508119A (en) * 1976-12-11 1985-04-02 Kenkichi Tukamoto Needle
US4897076A (en) * 1984-11-23 1990-01-30 Puthawala Ajmel A Detachable and remote controllable afterloading device for radiation
US5183455A (en) * 1988-10-07 1993-02-02 Omnitron International, Inc. Apparatus for in situ radiotherapy
EP0686342A1 (en) * 1994-06-10 1995-12-13 Schneider (Europe) Ag A medical appliance for the treatment of a portion of body vessel by ionising radiation
US5728042A (en) * 1995-06-22 1998-03-17 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance for ionizing radiation treatment having radiopaque markers
US6074338A (en) * 1993-07-01 2000-06-13 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliances for the treatment of blood vessels by means of ionizing radiation
US6146322A (en) * 1995-12-05 2000-11-14 Schneider (Europe) Ag Irradiating filament and method of making same
US6599230B2 (en) 1996-02-29 2003-07-29 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular radiation delivery system
US6616629B1 (en) 1994-06-24 2003-09-09 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance with centering balloon
US20050137602A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-06-23 Assell Robert L. Method and apparatus for spinal distraction
US20060058800A1 (en) * 2002-12-03 2006-03-16 Trans1 Inc. Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US20070265486A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2007-11-15 Isodose Control Intellectual Property B.V. Catheter needle for internally irradiating a tumor in a body part
US20110112373A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 Trans1 Inc. Soft tissue access apparatus and methods for spinal surgery
US9814598B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-11-14 Quandary Medical, Llc Spinal implants and implantation system

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546759A (en) * 1945-12-15 1951-03-27 John W Lee Subcutaneous medication
US2873238A (en) * 1946-07-11 1959-02-10 Leo A Ohlinger Method of making jacketed fissionable slug
US2546761A (en) * 1950-01-13 1951-03-27 Radium Chemical Company Inc Radium nasopharyngeal applicator
US3072121A (en) * 1956-07-24 1963-01-08 Nat Tuberculosis Ass Pellet injector
US4508119A (en) * 1976-12-11 1985-04-02 Kenkichi Tukamoto Needle
US4897076A (en) * 1984-11-23 1990-01-30 Puthawala Ajmel A Detachable and remote controllable afterloading device for radiation
US5183455A (en) * 1988-10-07 1993-02-02 Omnitron International, Inc. Apparatus for in situ radiotherapy
US6074338A (en) * 1993-07-01 2000-06-13 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliances for the treatment of blood vessels by means of ionizing radiation
US5688220A (en) * 1994-06-10 1997-11-18 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance for treatment by ionizing radiation
US6582352B2 (en) 1994-06-10 2003-06-24 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance for treatment by ionizing radiation
EP0686342A1 (en) * 1994-06-10 1995-12-13 Schneider (Europe) Ag A medical appliance for the treatment of a portion of body vessel by ionising radiation
US6231494B1 (en) 1994-06-10 2001-05-15 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical device with radiation source
US6616629B1 (en) 1994-06-24 2003-09-09 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance with centering balloon
US5728042A (en) * 1995-06-22 1998-03-17 Schneider (Europe) A.G. Medical appliance for ionizing radiation treatment having radiopaque markers
US6146322A (en) * 1995-12-05 2000-11-14 Schneider (Europe) Ag Irradiating filament and method of making same
US6599230B2 (en) 1996-02-29 2003-07-29 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Intravascular radiation delivery system
US8523918B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-09-03 Baxano Surgical, Inc. Therapy to adjacent motion segments
US8167947B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2012-05-01 Trans1 Inc. Methods for push distraction and for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US8328847B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2012-12-11 Trans1 Inc. Assemblies for provision of therapy to motion segments
US7776042B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2010-08-17 Trans1 Inc. Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US20110035005A1 (en) * 2002-12-03 2011-02-10 Trans1 Inc. Methods for push distraction and for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US20060058800A1 (en) * 2002-12-03 2006-03-16 Trans1 Inc. Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US20050165406A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-07-28 Assell Robert L. Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US20080065094A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-13 Trans1 Inc. Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine
US20050137605A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-06-23 Assell Robert L. Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine
US20080065080A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-13 Trans1 Inc. Mobility kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US20080071278A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-20 Trans1 Inc. Disc preparation kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US20080071282A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-20 Trans1 Inc. Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US7473256B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2009-01-06 Trans1 Inc. Method and apparatus for spinal distraction
US7500977B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2009-03-10 Trans1 Inc. Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine
US7530993B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2009-05-12 Trans1 Inc. Method of spinal fixation
US20090124859A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2009-05-14 Trans1 Inc. Methods of use of an exchange system for soft tissue access pathway
US7588574B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2009-09-15 Trans1 Inc. Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US20050137612A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-06-23 Assell Robert L. Access assembly for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine
US7740633B2 (en) * 2003-10-23 2010-06-22 Trans1 Inc. Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine
US20050137607A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-06-23 Assell Robert L. Bone dilator system
US20050137602A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-06-23 Assell Robert L. Method and apparatus for spinal distraction
US7799032B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2010-09-21 Trans1 Inc. Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine
US7799033B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2010-09-21 Trans1 Inc. Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine
US7763025B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2010-07-27 Trans1 Inc. Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine
US7914535B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2011-03-29 Trans1 Inc. Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine
US20080065093A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-13 Trans1 Inc. Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine
US8052613B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2011-11-08 Trans1 Inc. Spinal nucleus extraction tool
US7648453B2 (en) * 2006-05-10 2010-01-19 Isodose Control Intellectual Property B.V. Catheter needle for internally irradiating a tumor in a body part
US20070265486A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2007-11-15 Isodose Control Intellectual Property B.V. Catheter needle for internally irradiating a tumor in a body part
US20110112373A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 Trans1 Inc. Soft tissue access apparatus and methods for spinal surgery
US9913728B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-03-13 Quandary Medical, Llc Spinal implants and implantation system
US9814598B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-11-14 Quandary Medical, Llc Spinal implants and implantation system

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