US1440713A - Self-locking hinge - Google Patents

Self-locking hinge Download PDF

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Publication number
US1440713A
US1440713A US54367822A US1440713A US 1440713 A US1440713 A US 1440713A US 54367822 A US54367822 A US 54367822A US 1440713 A US1440713 A US 1440713A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pintle
ears
hinge
ear
collar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Merritt W Ausbourne
Original Assignee
Merritt W Ausbourne
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Merritt W Ausbourne filed Critical Merritt W Ausbourne
Priority to US54367822 priority Critical patent/US1440713A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1440713A publication Critical patent/US1440713A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/10Pins, sockets or sleeves; Removable pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/1078Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting parallel to the pivot
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/10Pins, sockets or sleeves; Removable pins
    • E05D2005/102Pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54024Resiliently biased catch having discrete manipulatable release means [e.g., lever]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54025Sliding
    • Y10T16/540253Movement along or parallel to hinge axis
    • Y10T16/540254Interdigitated or plural sockets
    • Y10T16/540255Opposed interdigitated sliding collars on hinge axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/553Hinge including means to retain pintle in hinge [e.g., tamper proof, nonrising pintle, etc,]
    • Y10T16/5535Threaded or slotted pintle or knuckle

Description

Jan. 2, 1923. 1,440,713.;

M. W. .AUSBOURNE.-

SELF LOCKING HINGE.

man MAR.14,1922.

Merrifi WwZaar-ne 55 aligned ears is the pintle 1:5, to

Patented den. 2,

iplicaticn filed. Heron i i,

Y '0 all whom it may concezm.

Be it known that I, Mnmu'rr it". Eins- BOURKE, a citizen of United States, residing at Wisconsin Rapids, in the county of 5 Wood, State of lViscons-in, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Self-Locking Hinges; and I do hereby declare the following to he a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as '10 Will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in door hinges.

One object of the invention is to provide a hinge which is self looking to hold the door closed or opened, and at intermediate points.

Another object of the invention is to pro vide a hinge of this character wherein the locking means can be thrown out of operation when it is not desired to use same.

A further object is to provide a. hinge of this character in Which the pintle forms a part of the locking means and has means for adjusting the locking means into and. out of operative position, and is constructed. in such manner that it will not rotate when the door is being opened or closed.

Other o jects and advantages will be apparent from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing, Figure 1 is an elevation of a hinge made in accordance With the invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of one leaf of the hinge.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the other leaf of the hinge. Figure 4 is a perspective view of the pin tle removed from the hinge.

Refeaing particulaiiy to the accompany ing drawing 10 and 11 represents the leaves of the hinge, the former having; tn

receiving ears 12 which align with. t tle receiving cars 13 of the otherlea' upper face of the lower of l is formed with a pair ups mulls ing and diametrically opposite t."

lugs 14. The bores for all of the cylindrical with exception of the ear of the leai 10, "which is square in section.

Disposed the lon itudinall throu 'h to a ' wer per tion of which has secured thereon a collar 16, provided with I in its lower face for t e reception or the lugs of the lower pintle of 1i. circling pintle hett c he collar 6% the upper ear of the leaf 11, is a coil spring I' 18, the same serving to force collar into engagement with the power pintle The upper portion of the pintle' is sq are. in cross section and fits snugly within. h: re of the upper pintle 12,. with the result tl it the pintle held. against rotation W leaf i1 is swung thereon.

@utwardly of the squared portion, the pic-- tle is threaded and'receives thereon an in- 79 ternally threaded sleeve or nut 19. l p n rotation of this sleeve, in one direction. the; pintle will he moved longitudinally through the ears to move the coil r 16 upwardly oiit of engagement with the ear l3 whereby the leaves may he readily moved in the mem new of an ordinary Upon of too sleeve in the oppc collar Will be per. to :1: influence of the s 5.8, with the result that the lugs engage in notches of the colleen the door is swung to. tion the logs of the ea of the colli and force the collar and pi upward; a ainst the tension of the spin when the lugs have reached the next notches the spring will force the collar down to receive the lugs in its notches. The door h thus so he held in half open position. i urthei sieve-- mentin the same direction 1 ll lugs of the 13 to the collar and hold the position. The same tl'iing the door d i) i the lugs r' n,

below the lower end of the ear and into the lower ear 12, of the leaf 10. Disposed in the upper ear 13 is a shorter sleeve 12 which extends above the ear and into the lower portion of the upper ear 12. By this construction the pintle 15 remains stationary While the ears together with the sleeves rotate on the pintle.

.What is claimed is- 1. A hinge comprising a pair of leaves having aligning ears, a springpressed pintle disposed through the aligning ears and held against rotation by one of said ears,

means on the pintle cooperating with means on'one of the ears of the other leaf to hold the leaves in different positions, and means on the pintle for adjusting the first-named and for releasing the pintle from the holding ear.

2! A hinge comprising a pair of lea es having align ng ears, one of the ears of one leaf having a bore angular in cross section,

w vre to one of the ears of the other leafhaving lug a pintle disposed through the aligning 5e and having an angular portion fitted in the angular bore of said ear, a notched collar fixed on the pintle for the reception pi the said ear, a nut on one of the lugs of the intle for movin the intle b i eg ons longitudinally through the ears to disengage the collar from the lug carrying ear, and a spring on the pintle hearing against the collar and one of the ears of the hinge to urge the collar into engagement with the lug carrying ear.

3. A hinge comprising a pair of leaves having aligning ears, one of the ears of one of the leaves having an angular bore, a pintle disposed through the ears of the leaves and having an angular portion engaged in the angular hore, inter-engaging means on the pintle and one oi the ears of the other leaf for holding the said other leaf at ditlerent pivotal angles with respect to the first leaf. resilient means for simul taneously holding the interengaging means in engaged position and. the angular portion of the pintle in the angular bore, and means on the piutle for adjusting the pintle longitudinally through the ears and for releasing the angular portion from the augular bore.

In testimony \vheroofi l aiiix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.

M Eltltl'l 'l W. Al SIN )URNE. Witnesses Louis .loos'rnN, ARTHUR P11;

US54367822 1922-03-14 1922-03-14 Self-locking hinge Expired - Lifetime US1440713A (en)

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US54367822 US1440713A (en) 1922-03-14 1922-03-14 Self-locking hinge

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427384A (en) * 1945-07-20 1947-09-16 Bushko George Adjustable door hinge
US2619673A (en) * 1947-09-22 1952-12-02 Fred S Evans Three-piece hinge
US2639507A (en) * 1949-12-19 1953-05-26 Frank A Pachmayr Latch means for telescopic gun sights
US2862229A (en) * 1952-02-07 1958-12-02 Charles R Bacca Spring tensioned radially compressible and longitudinally extensible sectional clamp sleeve
US3629900A (en) * 1969-08-13 1971-12-28 Robert Beerli Jr Locking hinges
US4332055A (en) * 1980-04-24 1982-06-01 Rudnick Jack Z Hinge with a spring arm catch
US5398378A (en) * 1993-07-02 1995-03-21 Lin; Chi-Chung Hinge having an automatic recovery mechanism
US5408726A (en) * 1993-06-21 1995-04-25 Kent; Erma W. Locking device for locking a closure in an open position
US5687593A (en) * 1995-06-01 1997-11-18 Hiatt And Company Limited Handcuffs
US5774938A (en) * 1997-02-19 1998-07-07 Erma W. Kent Locking device for locking a closure in an open position
EP0873906A1 (en) * 1997-04-25 1998-10-28 I.T.W. De France Article comprising two elements articulated relative to one another
US6353967B1 (en) * 1998-09-02 2002-03-12 Francisco A. Escobar Ninety-degree door hinge
US6490757B2 (en) * 1996-06-28 2002-12-10 Op-D-Op, Inc. Articulating hinge assembly for head-worn devices
US6568032B1 (en) * 1998-09-02 2003-05-27 Dieter Ramsauer Screw-on hinge with blocked position
US20030226237A1 (en) * 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Johnson Lawrence W. Hinge apparatus with check mechanism
US6745396B1 (en) 1996-06-28 2004-06-08 Op-D-Op, Inc. Articulating support arm apparatus for head-worn devices
US20050081332A1 (en) * 2003-10-16 2005-04-21 Elesa S.P.A. Adjustable pin hinge
US20060242792A1 (en) * 2005-04-11 2006-11-02 Foremost International Gmbh & Co. Kg Fitting for fixing a doorwing
US20080060165A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2008-03-13 Stefan Centmayer Retention hinge connection for use with an exterior rear view mirror
US20080244866A1 (en) * 2007-04-09 2008-10-09 Stanley Michael W Special improved adjustable hinge device
US20100083468A1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2010-04-08 Shu-Mu Lin Hinge and a Lamp with the Hinge
US20110073723A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Ashpole Benjamin C Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US20130061427A1 (en) * 2010-03-18 2013-03-14 Mammoth Industries Pty Ltd Hinge and method of adjustment
US8556330B2 (en) * 2012-01-13 2013-10-15 Chrysler Group Llc Removable door with hinge detent
US8616531B2 (en) * 2009-01-07 2013-12-31 Purrfect Cat Fence, LLC Pivoting fencing apparatus and fencing system
US20150074945A1 (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-19 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Pivot apparatus and electronic device using pivot apparatus
US9416572B2 (en) 2014-12-08 2016-08-16 Peter M. Tolliver Adjustable swing-controlled hinge
US20190186186A1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-06-20 Albert Tamer Door hinges

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427384A (en) * 1945-07-20 1947-09-16 Bushko George Adjustable door hinge
US2619673A (en) * 1947-09-22 1952-12-02 Fred S Evans Three-piece hinge
US2639507A (en) * 1949-12-19 1953-05-26 Frank A Pachmayr Latch means for telescopic gun sights
US2862229A (en) * 1952-02-07 1958-12-02 Charles R Bacca Spring tensioned radially compressible and longitudinally extensible sectional clamp sleeve
US3629900A (en) * 1969-08-13 1971-12-28 Robert Beerli Jr Locking hinges
US4332055A (en) * 1980-04-24 1982-06-01 Rudnick Jack Z Hinge with a spring arm catch
US5408726A (en) * 1993-06-21 1995-04-25 Kent; Erma W. Locking device for locking a closure in an open position
US5398378A (en) * 1993-07-02 1995-03-21 Lin; Chi-Chung Hinge having an automatic recovery mechanism
US5687593A (en) * 1995-06-01 1997-11-18 Hiatt And Company Limited Handcuffs
US6490757B2 (en) * 1996-06-28 2002-12-10 Op-D-Op, Inc. Articulating hinge assembly for head-worn devices
US6745396B1 (en) 1996-06-28 2004-06-08 Op-D-Op, Inc. Articulating support arm apparatus for head-worn devices
US5774938A (en) * 1997-02-19 1998-07-07 Erma W. Kent Locking device for locking a closure in an open position
US6048125A (en) * 1997-04-25 2000-04-11 I.T.W. De France Article comprising two elements articulated relative to one another
EP0873906A1 (en) * 1997-04-25 1998-10-28 I.T.W. De France Article comprising two elements articulated relative to one another
FR2762557A1 (en) * 1997-04-25 1998-10-30 Itw De France Article comprising two elements articulated one in relation to the other
US6353967B1 (en) * 1998-09-02 2002-03-12 Francisco A. Escobar Ninety-degree door hinge
US6568032B1 (en) * 1998-09-02 2003-05-27 Dieter Ramsauer Screw-on hinge with blocked position
US20030226237A1 (en) * 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Johnson Lawrence W. Hinge apparatus with check mechanism
US7096536B2 (en) * 2002-06-07 2006-08-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc Hinge apparatus with check mechanism
US20050081332A1 (en) * 2003-10-16 2005-04-21 Elesa S.P.A. Adjustable pin hinge
US20060242792A1 (en) * 2005-04-11 2006-11-02 Foremost International Gmbh & Co. Kg Fitting for fixing a doorwing
US7735196B2 (en) * 2006-08-09 2010-06-15 Lang-Mekra North America, Llc Retention hinge connection for use with an exterior rear view mirror
US20080060165A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2008-03-13 Stefan Centmayer Retention hinge connection for use with an exterior rear view mirror
US20080244866A1 (en) * 2007-04-09 2008-10-09 Stanley Michael W Special improved adjustable hinge device
US7900323B2 (en) * 2008-10-02 2011-03-08 Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd. Hinge and a lamp with the hinge
US20100083468A1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2010-04-08 Shu-Mu Lin Hinge and a Lamp with the Hinge
US8616531B2 (en) * 2009-01-07 2013-12-31 Purrfect Cat Fence, LLC Pivoting fencing apparatus and fencing system
US20110073723A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Ashpole Benjamin C Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US8899536B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2014-12-02 Benjamin ASHPOLE Joint and foldable structures employing the same
US20130061427A1 (en) * 2010-03-18 2013-03-14 Mammoth Industries Pty Ltd Hinge and method of adjustment
US8556330B2 (en) * 2012-01-13 2013-10-15 Chrysler Group Llc Removable door with hinge detent
US20150074945A1 (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-19 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Pivot apparatus and electronic device using pivot apparatus
US9416572B2 (en) 2014-12-08 2016-08-16 Peter M. Tolliver Adjustable swing-controlled hinge
US20190186186A1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-06-20 Albert Tamer Door hinges
US10329814B1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-06-25 Albert Tamer Door hinges

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