US1424845A - Transformation - Google Patents

Transformation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1424845A
US1424845A US41152820A US1424845A US 1424845 A US1424845 A US 1424845A US 41152820 A US41152820 A US 41152820A US 1424845 A US1424845 A US 1424845A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
hair
head
foundation
transformation
natural
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
William E Nolan
Original Assignee
William E Nolan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41GARTIFICIAL FLOWERS; WIGS; MASKS; FEATHERS
    • A41G3/00Wigs

Description

W. 'E. NOLAN- TRANSFORMATIQN.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 20, 1920.

1 ,424g8Q15 Patented Aug. 8, 1922',

. 5 E513". INVENTOR WILLIAM E. NOLAN, 0F WILKINSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

rnansroanarron.

menses.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. S, 19223.

Application filed September 20, 1920. Serial No. 411,528.

To all whom, it may concern:

Be itknown that 1, WILLIAM E. NOLAN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Wilkinsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Transformations, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to transformations or wigs and particularly to transformations of the long-hair type that are Worn principally by Women and in contra-distinction to toupees and to other hair-dress devices em ploying permanently-bobbed or other set styles of hair. I

One object of my invention is to provide a device of the above indicated character that shall permit the employment of a full head of long hair, corresponding to the quantity or character'of any of various human heads, that may be universally adjusted or dressed in substantially the same manner as with natural hair.

Another object of my invention is to provide a long-hair transformation that shall be capable of positive mounting on any of a variety of shapes and sizes of heads, that may be quickly placed in position and removed therefrom and that shall so effectively fit any of various heads as not to be distinguishable from natural hair.

Another object of my invention is to provide a transformation that shall so comprise a hair foundation having removable parts as to permit more or less of the hair to be worn according to the requirements or choice of the wearer.

Another object of my invention is to provide a transformation that shall. permit the use of natural hair therewith and that shall be so provided with separable portionsas to be applicable to a head having relatively long natural hair thereon without the necessity of drawing the natural hair through the transformation. v

Another object of my invention is to provide a long-hair transformation having a foundation that shall be so constructed to cover a substantially minimum area ofv the head as to be refreshing andcooling to the scalp and promote the growth of ,hair on a head that may only be temporarily bald.

A. further object of invention is to provide a long-hair transformation and securing means therefor that shall also serve to support hair in such manner as to more eifectively render the transformation natural in appearance. V

v Heretofore, it has been usual to fit a wig, toupee or other hair-dress device to the head. Tlhat is, it has been customary, by a variety or measurements and painstaking adjustments, to fit the wig or toupee according to the character or the head to be dressed.

This has required'the services and time of skilled artisans resulting usually in a relatively expensive structure.

Irocuring the effect of natural hair by the use of false or artificial hairhas, in the past, usually only been accomplished after inany careful measurements of all the different parts of the head to be fitted, This, of course, does not apply to theatrical or doll wigs or to other hair-dress devices adapted to be placed on the head without regard to natural appearance or that are only intended for display ata distance. i

Further. the hair-dress devices designed for naturalness have after being constructed in accordance with the head to be fitted,-usually been provided with adhesives or been dependent upon their fit over a relatively large portion of the head to hold them in place.

Many wigs and toupees have been employed which were only intended to be of one partictular style of coiffure, po'mpadour'or other dress and some may have permitted a choice of one or two styles.

Other types of wigs or transformations have permitted the use of the natural hair therewith by pulling or drawing the natural hair through openings in the wigs or transformations and by combing it into the wig around the outer edges.

To the best of applicants knowledge,tl1ere has been no transformation heretofore used which will appear so nearly natural, be positively secured to the head of any of a variety Of wearers, permit of the same number of different styles of dressings as with the natural hair, be extren'iely easy to put on and remove, cover so small an area of the head, not

require drawing or pulling through of the natural hair and that, in the same manner, permits the choice of the quantity of hair to be used.

In practicing my invention, I provide a relatively small framework of substantially flat ribbon formation of which portions thereof are separable to permit it to be slipped transversely about the naturalhair adjacent to the scalp, without drawing the natural hair through it, and certain portions of which are removable to reduce the amount of hair to be worn.

The framework, around itsouter perime ter, bounds a relatively small area of the top surface only of the head, extending, at its forward edge, along the curved forehead line, at the sides along lines substantially constitutingthe intersection of the vertical temple surfaces with the top surface of the head and, at its rear edge, along a line adjacent to the crown and joining the side edges. The framework and tapes, which eX tendfrotn the forward corners of the frame and above the ears to a position at the under rearof the head, are adapted to support the hair in such manner as to permit any style of long-hair dress to be effected.

The construction is such as to require substantially no fitting and adapts the transformation to be readily placed on and taken from any of a variety of heads and to be so positively held in position as to permit the hair to be combechbrushed and dressed with the same ease as with the natural hair.

By its open construction, the scalp is freely ventilated, thereby rendering the device cool and comfortable, whether the baldness is permanent or temporary, and encouraging the growth of the natural hair, where the baldness is temporary.

Figure" 1 of the accompanying drawings 1s a diagrammatic View of a device embodying my invention, as applied to the head,

showing the outline of the upper head, the

curved in accordance with the forehead line,

.sideedges 3eXten-din from front'to rear along lines substantially constituting the ntersections of the vertlcal temple surfaces with thetop' surface of the head, a rear edge 4.! joining the rear ends of the side edges along a line disposed ad acent to the crown andflexiblesecuring taps 5 attached to the foundatiomas by sewing at forward corners 6 thereof and extending over the ears to the rear of the head, where, a bow knot "7. or other suitable means, may be employed for connecting thecnds 01 the tapes]? tose er.

The foundation 1 is of substantially flatribbon formation providing an openin 8 through which any natural hair may extend and comprises a lower layer of fabric 9, preferably silk, to which bodies of hair 1,1) are attached in any suitable manner, as by sewing, and may further comprise an upper layer of netting 11', such as silk netting, through which the hair 10 may be drawn, by the process known as ventilating, or the netting 11 may be omitted and the hair 10 utilized with only the lower layer 9 as a foundation. l

rear strip 12 of the foundation 1 is transversely divided to provide separable portions 13 to which hooks 1e and eyes may be, respectively, attached to secure the portions 13 together.

An intermediate strip 16 extending across the opening Sia'nd constructed similarly to the remainder of the foundation 1, is adapted by means of hook-and-eye connections 1'? or other means to be separated from the foundation 1., or to be worn therewith, in

accordance with the amount of hair thatit is desired shall be worn. I The tapes 5 are also constructed similar to the foundation 1 in that bodies of hair 18 are supported thereon over portions of the lengths thereof with the exception of free ends 19 that mayconstitute, or be provided with, suitable securing means, such as the bow knot 7, for attaching the transformation to' the head of the wearer.

The bodies of hair 10 and 18 may be arranged in any suitable. form but are, prefei ably, arranged to extend outwardly, as shown, from allparts of the foundation and the tapes. This permits "the hair to be hung or draped slightly below theiedges of the foundation and tapes to completely conceal the latter. if I H I When applied to a completely baldhead, the hair 18 on the tapes 6 maybe extended from the rear and sides of the; head and be i so combined with the hair 1Q as to permit the hair to be dressed in any of many different styles and securely held in position.

Since the tapes 6 permit the foundation to p be securelyladjustedto any of. various sizes and shapes of heads, there is a great deal of: freedom and latitude as to the handling and styles of dressing permitted. it not being necessary to employ the hair its'elf in any particular manner to assist in holding the transformation in place. By reason of the fact that the structure employs a substantially, minimum amount of material in close proximity to the scalp and that this material is very light and open, the scalp is freely ventilated. .This renders the device comfortableto the head and less likely to interfere, with the growth of the naturalhair,

when the devicei to beemployed in COI1 junction with any considerable amount of relatively long natural hair, the portion 16 may be detached and the hooks 14 and the eyes 15 unfastened to separate the portions 13. This permits the device to be slipped transversely around the natural hair adjacent to the scalp to allow the natural hair to pro trude through the foundation without the tedious and unhandy operation of drawing ittherethrough. -A relatively thin wire 16*, or other similar means sewed between the fabric 9 and the netting 11, or otherwise-secured to the edges of the foundation around the opening 8, serves to render the transformation less unwieldy and permits the same to be shaped and the portions 18 to be held in predetermined separated positions while placing the transformation on the head.

In Fig. at, the portion 16 is permanently secured, at its forward end, to the foundation 1 and extends to the rear edge 4: of the foundation. In this form, the ends 13 are spaced apart by a distance substantiallyequal to the width of the portion 16 and a strip of silk 20 or other fabric provided transversely across the end thereof to reinforce the ends 13 and the rear end of the portion 16.

lVhile I have shown and described particular forms of my invention, changes be effected therein without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, as set forth in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. A transformation comprising a hairsupporting foundation constructed of soft pliable material of substantially open frame formation having a side or perimetral entrance permittingv the same to be moved transversely to the perpendicular axis of the head along a path adjacent to the scalp to operative position around natural hair on the head.

2. A transformation comprising a fabric hair-supporting foundation of open frame construction having permanently connected separable portions permitting the frame to be moved transversely to the perpendicular axis of the head along a path adjacent to the scalp to position around natural hair on the head. i

3. A transformation comprising a yieldable hair-supporting foundation of open frame construction having permanently connected portions which are separable to per mit the frame to be moved transversely to the perpendicular axis of the head along a path adjacent to the scalp to position around natural hair on the head and yieldable reinforcing and positioning means for holding the frame in predetermined shape during the mounting thereof and for shaping the foundation into conformity with the head after mounting.

4. A transformation comprising a pliable ing separable portions for placing the same around the base of the natural hair and hairsupport-lng securing means of similar mate rial attached thereto and extending to a position under the rear of the head for adj ustably securing the transformation on any of heads of various shapes and sizes.

6. A transformation comprising a pliable fabric hair-supporting foundation of sub stantially flat-ribbon closed-frame formation having a transverse slit across one portion thereof to permit the same to be placed around the natural hair close to the scalp, fastening means for attaching the ends created by said slit and similar pliable strings or tapes each attached to said foundation and extending to the under rear side of the head for accurately fitting and positively securing the foundation to any of heads of various shapes and sizes.

7. A long-hair transformation comprising a hair-supporting foundation for disposition over an area substantially bounded in front by the natural curved forehead hair line, at the sides by the intersection of the top surface of the head with the temples and at the rear by a line joining the sides and extending across the head adjacent to the crown, and tapes or other similar securing members attached thereto at substantially front side positions and extending above the ears to the under rear side of the head.

8. A transformation comprising a hairsupporting foundation and a hair-supporting filamentary or tape-like flexible member attached to the foundation and extending beneath the under rear side of the head for adjustably fitting and positively securing the transformation to any of heads ,of various shapes and sizes.

9. A long-hair transformation comprising a substantially full head of hair, a pliable open frame foundation therefor having a single integral portion formed to bound a substantially minimum total area of the head commensurate with a full head of hair and to cover a substantially minimum area of said total area, and adjustable means for positively securing said foundation to any one of heads of various shapes and sizes.

10. A transformation comprising a hairsupporting foundation and a pair of filamentary or tape-like flexible members each attached at one end to the foundation and extending to the under rear side of the head, said tapes co-operating with each other to adjustably fit and positively attach said foundation to any of heads of various shapes and sizes.

11. A transformation comprising a hairsupporting foundation and a pair of cooperating filamentary, or tape-like flexible members each attached at one end to the foundation and extending to the. under rear side of the head for attachment to each other to adjustablyfit and vpositively attach said i foundation to any of heads of various shapes and sizes and a bodyof hair secured to each of said tapes and extending for a distance therealong from a position adjacent to the foundation.

12. A transformation comprising a frame foundation structure of permanently-connected substantially flat-ribbon fabric portionshaving an intermediate portion detachable at one end only from the remainder of the structure.

13. A transformationcomprising a frame vided' portion and a portion angularly disposed vvith respect to, and joining, said first portion at its point of division.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name this 9th day of Sept.

I WILLIAM E. NOLAN.

US1424845A 1920-09-20 1920-09-20 Transformation Expired - Lifetime US1424845A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1424845A US1424845A (en) 1920-09-20 1920-09-20 Transformation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1424845A US1424845A (en) 1920-09-20 1920-09-20 Transformation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1424845A true US1424845A (en) 1922-08-08

Family

ID=23629304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1424845A Expired - Lifetime US1424845A (en) 1920-09-20 1920-09-20 Transformation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1424845A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307563A (en) * 1964-04-24 1967-03-07 Regina Ruth Partial wig with generally elliptical foundation frame
US3968807A (en) * 1974-10-04 1976-07-13 Europa Group, Inc. Wig
US4576189A (en) * 1984-01-20 1986-03-18 Ruth Regina Partial wig assembly with extension portion
US4949737A (en) * 1987-11-04 1990-08-21 Aderans Co., Ltd. Wig having shape retaining element
US20050268929A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2005-12-08 Carol Frazier Hair extension attachment
US20050268928A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Teresa Lane Hair accessory
US7222627B1 (en) 2003-11-12 2007-05-29 Johns Arthur D Apparatus and method for hair enhancement
US20070221244A1 (en) * 2007-02-01 2007-09-27 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Partial cap hair accessory
US20080072920A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2008-03-27 Michelle Ladue Hair Extension Device
US7743774B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2010-06-29 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Hair accessory
US20110005544A1 (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-01-13 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Hair Addition
US20110017228A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-01-27 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Method of making a hair extension device
US20110017224A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-01-27 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Hair extension device
US20110168196A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-07-14 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Hair extension device

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307563A (en) * 1964-04-24 1967-03-07 Regina Ruth Partial wig with generally elliptical foundation frame
US3968807A (en) * 1974-10-04 1976-07-13 Europa Group, Inc. Wig
US4576189A (en) * 1984-01-20 1986-03-18 Ruth Regina Partial wig assembly with extension portion
US4949737A (en) * 1987-11-04 1990-08-21 Aderans Co., Ltd. Wig having shape retaining element
US20050268929A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2005-12-08 Carol Frazier Hair extension attachment
US7320327B2 (en) * 2003-02-13 2008-01-22 Carol Frazier Hair extension attachment
US7222627B1 (en) 2003-11-12 2007-05-29 Johns Arthur D Apparatus and method for hair enhancement
US20050268928A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Teresa Lane Hair accessory
US7743774B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2010-06-29 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Hair accessory
US8342186B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2013-01-01 Michelle Elizabeth FREELOVE Hair extension device
EP2596712A1 (en) 2005-01-31 2013-05-29 Michelle Freelove Hair extension device
US20080072920A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2008-03-27 Michelle Ladue Hair Extension Device
US8739803B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2014-06-03 Michelle Elizabeth FreeLove Hair extension device
US7854233B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2010-12-21 Michelle Freelove Hair extension device
US8859926B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2014-10-14 Michelle Elizabeth FREELOVE Hair extension device
US20110017228A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-01-27 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Method of making a hair extension device
US20110017224A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-01-27 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Hair extension device
US20110168196A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2011-07-14 Freelove Michelle Elizabeth Hair extension device
US8316864B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2012-11-27 Michelle Elizabeth FREELOVE Method of making a hair extension device
US20100229883A1 (en) * 2007-02-01 2010-09-16 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Partial Cap Hair Accessory
US7735495B2 (en) 2007-02-01 2010-06-15 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Partial cap hair accessory
US20070221244A1 (en) * 2007-02-01 2007-09-27 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Partial cap hair accessory
US20110005544A1 (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-01-13 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Hair Addition
US9167858B2 (en) 2009-07-10 2015-10-27 Celebrity Signatures International, Inc. Hair addition

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3444865A (en) Transformation wig
US3385305A (en) Detachable coiffure
US3297036A (en) Strapless bra
US3421521A (en) Method of forming a hairpiece
US5771493A (en) Head wear accessorization system
US6094749A (en) Removable sizing band for head wear
US5806535A (en) Foundations for head coverings
US3211160A (en) Hairband with detachable cover
US6109274A (en) Method for attaching commercial hair
US3835867A (en) Wigs
US2079256A (en) Artificial eyelash
US20080257369A1 (en) Removable and Resuable Hair Extension
US3970092A (en) Method of attaching a hairpiece
US3268913A (en) Adjustable sleep turban
US4239037A (en) Face lifting equipment
US6405736B2 (en) Method of using a self adhesive hair extension
US2149383A (en) Ear muff
US2897510A (en) Sports cap or hat accessory
US5979462A (en) Hair appliance
US5494059A (en) Hair styling implement and method
US5890498A (en) Hairpiece toy
US6105584A (en) Size adjustable hair-enhancing cap
US3077891A (en) Toupee and method of manufacture
US3295536A (en) Head covering with detachable wig for interchanging hairpieces
US20040168696A1 (en) Wig having stretchable foundation covered by hair wefts