US1418765A - Chart - Google Patents

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US1418765A
US1418765A US469157A US46915721A US1418765A US 1418765 A US1418765 A US 1418765A US 469157 A US469157 A US 469157A US 46915721 A US46915721 A US 46915721A US 1418765 A US1418765 A US 1418765A
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Prior art keywords
scale
bars
scales
strips
indices
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US469157A
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William R Williamson
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William R Williamson
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B29/00Maps; Plans; Charts; Diagrams, e.g. route diagram

Description

W. R. WILLIAMSON.
CHARL APPLICATION FILED MAY I3, |921.
Patented June 6,1922..A
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
IIIIIIIIIII ,IIIIIIII III III aq y IIHII IIIII Z//zmf es.'
fle/W By w. R. WILLIAMSON.
CHART. APPLICATION FILED MAY f3, |921.
11mm June 6,1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET -z.
i t 'l it fr" L l.,
il STA d i WILLIAM R. WILLIAMSON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
CHART.
LLSQYGS. Specification of Letters Patent. Pgltntgd JHM@ 6, 1922 Application filed May 13, 1921. Serial No. l69,157.
T0 zZZw/wmtom-.y/ concer/a: Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5 5 of Be it known that l, Winnaar R. limpiar- Fig.' 2. h p y SON, a citizen of the United States of Amer- Big. G is a section on the line 6 6 of ica, and a resident of Chicago, county of F1g. 2. H L (look, and State of Illinois, have invented Fig 7 is a section on the line 1 of certain new and useful Improvements in Fig. 2. Charts, of Which the following is a speciiica- Flag. 8 1S a SeClOn on the llne 8 8 of tion. Fig. 2.
This invention relates to current record display means, and particularly to cartographie methods and devices of mechani cal character such as may be applied for instance to the art of sales organization and supervision.
The main objects of the invention are to provide more efficient display methods and means therefor of improved form, including some of the features both of charts and of' cabinets, adapted to facilitate the recording, presentation and comparison of data based on the human elements of a competitive organization such as a sales force or the like; to provide a cartographie or similar device adapted for ready change and adjustment to shovr the relative current standing of a number of individuals or groups; to provide Such a device, preferably in cabinet form, adapted for the ready collection and display of statistical data such as may be considered essential in connection with contests betWeen individuals or to show the standing of teams engaged in a contest; to provide ready -means for frequent setting or adjustment of such a device to show current changes and progress; and to provide such a device adapted to show quotas, relative degreesv of accomplishment, and bonus bases and the like.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention, showing particularly hovv it may be lused as a comprehensive scoreboard in a salescampaign, shown in the accompanying drawings, in Whichf Fig. 1. is a front. eleva ion of a cabinet form of device embodying this invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail showing one of tlie individual data strips or bars used in said device. said bar being'broken medially and the left end part being sh'oivn above the right end part.
Fig.A 3 is a horizontal section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1, the view being broken medially and the left side beingshown above the right side. v
Fig. t is a detail of one of the strips With the medial part broken away.
Referring to the drawings, the device, Which as a Whole I have dominated a comparigraph, comprises a cabinet 1 including a peripheral frame part 2 of rectangular shape and a plurality of detachable strips 3 and 8 in the form of bars mounted interchangeably on said frame part. The device may be designed manifestly for mountingthe bars either horizontally or vertically, but for most purposes the bars may to best advantage be arranged horizontally in compact relation as shown. The bars 3 serve as title strips whereby different groups of data bars 3 may be distinguished.
rIhe said cabinet has a closed back 1 and is provided on its front side With a Glasspaneled door a which is hinged to the frame 2 at 5. A fastening for the door is provided on the opposite side of said frame at o. The upright lateral frame posts 7 are adapted to engage and support the said bars, as will be more fully explained.
Each bar 3 (see Fig. 4f) comprises a frame or body part 8 and certain other parts including means adapted lto secure the bar to the frame posts T and means for displaying and interpreting the required data, both permanent and current. The said body part 8 is rectangular as a Whole and includes three block sections 9, 10', and 1l, spaced apart in alinement with roller apertures between, as at 12 and 13, in combination with side plates 1li for securing said sections together, and a plurality of guide strips, flanges, and similar attachments fixed thereon, as Will be described. The right end of the right block 1l is provided with a rigid projection 15 to engage one of the apertures 16 on the right frame post, and the left end of the left block 9 has a yielding fastener 17 to engage one of the apertures 18 inthe left post. The divergent forwardly projecting handles 19 at the ends facilitate removal of the bars.
Each bar 3 is provided with a plurality of relatively movable scale strips 21, 22, and 23 and a corresponding set of slidably mounted indices 2a, 25, and 26 each adapted for adjustable setting. Another similar index 27 is also provided as will be explained. 'l`he said strip 21 is iixed to the upper edge of the face of the bar, and the strips 22 and 23, which are movablelongitudinally, are in the form or' belts, preferably made of tape, carried on rollers 29 and 30 which are mounted in the apertures 12 and 13 at the ends of the middle block section 10, short shafts 31 therefor being set in and carried by the side plates 14 and the short partition 32. The said partitions are inthe form oit plates disposed across each oli' said apertures, dividing same unequally to correspond with the width of the belts, the upper being considerably wider than the lower. (See Figs. 2 and 4.)
Each of the scale belts 22 and 23 includes a resilient equalizer in the form of a tension spring 35 connect-ing the ends of the strip, and midway between said ends is a mechanical Zero indicator and stop in the form of an eyelet 36 set in the belt. All three et the scale strips are provided with similar scale marks and numerals. The top scale measures from lett to right 1 to 100. Each of the belt scales measures in opposite directions from the indicator 36, or zero point, up to 100. At the left end ot the belt-ways and fixed to the block 9 is a stop in the form of a plate 39, preferably transparent, with notches 40 opposite the zero point of scale 21 and in line with the travel of the belt eyelets 36. A similar de* vice 42 is provided at the right end of the belts on block 11 with notches 43 opposite the hundred mark on scale 21.
In order to accommodate the springs 35, the back part of the bar 3 is chambered at 45, this being provided for by making the middle block 10 thinner than the end blocks.
The front side of each bar 3 is provided on the left end with longitudinal retainers 47 secured to block 9 -tor card strips 48 or the like, said strips being interchangeable and adapted for the substitut-ion ot new data or designating legends from time to time, as for instance the names of persons or orA ganized groups. Each retainer 47 is in the form of a sheet metal plate having its sides turned upward and inward and having its inner end notched in registry with the notches 40 in plate 39. A short colored strip 50 is also provided at the lett end of each card 48 for conventional designation of territory, for instance, did'erent colors being used on dii'lierent bars or groups of bars.
The wide belt 22 is graduated black on white to the left from its Zero point 36 and white on black to the right. The narrow belt 23 is graduated either black on white or on some other color to the left from its zero point and white on black to t-he right. The indices 24, 25, 26 and 27 are to advantage distinguished by colors as well as by their positions relative to one another.
The face of block 10 is longitudinally grooved medially at 52 and at the upper and lower corners as at 53 and 54 to receive the inner parts oit the corresponding indices which slide therein. Retaining strips 55 and 56, which may be made ot liber, are secured to the block ridges 57 and 58 between the grooves, and the inner parts of the indices are engaged and the indices held in place b the projecting edges oit said strips. The si e plates 14 extend far enough to assist in retaining and guiding the outer indices 24, 26, and 27. The fixed scale strip 21 overlies and is attached to the upper part of strip 55 and the belt 22 rides over the lower part. The belt 23 rides over strip 56.
There are many situations in which this invention may be applied to great advantage, but for the purpose of specific illustration, its use will be described as applied by the head of a sales departn'lent having a. number of salesmen covering` respective territories.
Referring to l, the performance ot' nine salesmen, J. J. H., C. R. R., et cetera, for the current month to date is shown at the top, the date being for instance the 20th of September, 1917.
Referring new to an individual bar shown on a large scale in Eig. 2, the status of salesman A. B. C. is apparent. Assuming that the scales read in terms oit thousands of dollars, the position ol' eyelet 36 indicates that the sales for the irst twenty days (i. e. to date) amount to $50,000.00, the quota for the month being $71,500.00 as shown by the right upper index, and the required minimum olf $27,500.00 designated by the left upper index being far exceeded. The index 25 designates an $80,000.00 goal set by the salesman either arbitrarily or on any basis he may choose, it being understood that any excess over the stated quota is made the basis of a bonus proportionate to such excess, the excess here aimed :tor being 338,500.00. The :further sales necessary to reach this goal may be read on the middle scale, namely $30,000.00.
The lowermost index 26 isset on the rst day ol? the month to indicate the total sales for the corresponding month of the next preceding year 1916, namely $60,000.00, and is not moved during the month.
The setting shown indicates that the salesman is only $11,500.00 short o his last years total for that month. The position of the lower scale eyelet 36 indicates the amount of sales, namely $25,000.00, up to the corresponding day of said previous mont-h. The advance 01' the upper belt past the lower represents the excess of sales for the corresponding part ot the present month over the previous, namely $25,000.00.
It is to be understood that in some instances more scale belts may be required than here shown, and that this invention is not limited to any specific number of scales or belts on each bar.
Referring' to the next group of bars, indicating individual totals for the year to date, the same principles are applied, each scale unit, however, representing a larger value, say twelve times the value of a scale unit on the monthly bars.
Referring to the team record at the bottom of the chart, each bar is similar to the individual record bars above described, and may represent either monthly or yearly standings, preferably the latter, though the difference lies merely in the unit values assigned.
This chart may be readily kept up by an assistant or clerk, merely by maintaining a system of punctual reports on the kpart of the individuals and immediately setting the in dices accordingly. In the case of salesmen on the road, photographic copies of the chart record may be mailed to them from time to time, so that the full psychological benefits of the correlation effected may be attained.
In case the chart is used in connection with a factory or other concern where the individuals may readily pass the chart each day, it is only necessary to display it in some convenient place for direct inspection.
The scales may of course be read in terms of other values than money, as for instance, units of production, service or the like.
Small holes 60 are provided Vin the left frame post 7 for interchangeable reception of designation means such as tacks 6l opposite each bar position, whereby the relative standing of the contestants -represented by the respective bars may be indicated for some other period of time than that indicated on the bar itself. For instance, the heads of the interchangeable tacks 61 may be numbered from l up to the total number of contestants, in this instance 9 for the current month and 10 for the totals to date, one of the contestants, J. M. C., being only in the totals contest. Vhile one party may be high for the current month he may be low in the totals, due perhaps to one or more very low preceding periods.
As the bars are interchangeable they may be kept in the order of current merit, as in the lower half of Fig. l, instead of changing the tacks 61 as in the top half.
Although but on specific embodiment of this invention has been herein shown and described, it will be understood that numerous details of the construction shown may be altered or omitted without departing from the spirit of this invention as defined by the following claims.
I claim:
l. A bar comprising a pair of side plates, a series of blocks mounted rigidly between said plates in spaced relation, including a middle block and two end blocks, pulleys mounted in the spaces at the ends of the middle block, and a belt on said pulleys, saidy middle block and belt having commensurate scales thereon.
2. An indicator strip, comprising a plurality of relatively movable scales arranged side by side for readycomparison, and indices therefor, one of said scales being fixed and reading from one end to the other, and two of said scales being movable and provided with Zero points and each reading in both directions from said points respectively, said indices being kadjustable with respect to the said fixed scale, and one of the movable scales being gage indexed in one direction on white and in the opposite direction on black.
3. An indicator, comprising a plurality of relatively movable scales arranged side by side for ready comparison, and indices theretion, one being .rigid and fixed on said frame part and readable throughout its length in one direction, and another being belt-like and readable in both directions from its zero point.
5. A bar comprising a pair of side plates, a series of blocks mounted between said plates in spaced relation including a middle block and two end blocks, a designation plate secured to one of the end blocks, pulleys mounted in the spaces at the ends of the middle block, and a belt on said pulleys, said middle block and belt having commensurate scales thereon and said scales being provided with movable indices respectively.
G. An indicator, comprising a body part and a pluralityof relatively movable scales arranged side by side for ready comparison, indices therefor, and a pair of stops on said body, one of said scales being fixed on said part and reading from one end to the other, and two of said scales being movable and provided with zero points respectively, and each reading in bo'th'directions from said points, said indices each'being positively ad justable with respect to the said fixed scale, and said Zero points having means adapted to engage said stops to arrest said movable scales in one direction.v
7. A device of the character described, including a peripheral frame part adapted to serve as a support, and a medial panel of complex character carried thereby, the latter comprising a series of bars each fastened detachably to said frame part and each having a distinctive designation representing an individual or team, a movable member mounted slidably on each of said bars for endivise movement, said bars each having a fixed scale to which said members are related respectively, whereby the position of each member may indicate the standing of the corresponding individual or team.
8. A device of the character described, including a support and a plurality of record strips secured demountably thereon, said support and each of said strips having complementary fastening means one of which is resilient for automatic engagement when the strip is pushed into place, and means for insuring accurate alinement of the strips on said support.
9. A device of the character described, including a support and a plurality of mutually related scale bearing record strips secured demountably thereon, each of said strips having rigid engagement with said support at one end in positive alinement with the other strips and automatic yielding engagement with said support at the opposite end whereby they may be readily slipped into and out of place manually.
10. A comparigraph chart of the character described, including a peripheral frame adapted to serve as a support, and a medial panel of knoclcdown interchangeable charactercarried thereby, the latter comprising a series of demountable scale bars disposed across said frame, each of said bars having distinctive means representing a competitive unit, and the scales on said bars being manually adjustable and adapted to indicate the relative standing of the corresponding units.
11. A comparigraph chart of the character described, including a peripheral frame adapted to serve as a support, and a medial panel of knock-down interchangeablechan acter carried thereby, the latter comprising a series of scale hars each fastened detachably to said frame and each having a distinctive designation representing an individual or team, a movable member mounted slidably on each of said bars for endWise movement, said bars each having a scale to which said members are measurably related respectively, whereby the position of each member may indicate the standing of the corresponding individual or team, and a second such movable member adapted to indicate a previous record.
12. A comparigraph chart of the charac ter described, including a sup ort and a plurality of scale bars secure demountably thereon, said support. and each of said bars Lerares having complementary fastening means one of Which is resilient for automatic engagement when the strip is pushed into place, and means for insuring accurate alineinent of the strips on said support, corresponding means all being `disposed at the same ends respectively.
13. A comparigraph indicator, comprising a body part and a plurality of relatively movable scales arranged side by side thereon for ready comparison, and indices therefor, one of said scales being ixed and reading from oneend to the other, and two of said scales being movable and provided With Zero points and each reading in both directions from said points respectively, said indices being adjustable with respect to the said fixed scale, one of said movable scales being legibly designated and adapted to show present current accomplishment and the other past current accomplishment.
14, rfhe method of maintaining a current indication and comparison of variable rate accomplishments, which consists in currently adjusting the setting of a plurality of positive and negative-reading sliding record scales with respect to a commensurate positive-reading stationary scale.
15. The method of indicating currently the ratio of fulfilled accomplishment to full quota accomplishment, which consists in setting an index on a `uniform scale to mark the quota and currently setting another relatively movable scale reading both positively and negatively from a zero point, With its said point opposite the first scale at a point corresponding with fulfilled accomplishment.
1G. The method of indicating and comparing degrees of accomplishment by a plurality of contestants, which consists in providing and grouping together a number of corresponding unit indicators in definite relative position, and numbering same currently in accordance With the relative current accomplishments.
17. A comparigraph, including a support, a plurality of individual indicators mounted thereon, and interchangeable designation vmeans on said support opposite said indicators adapted to show currently the relation of said indicators to one another, said indicaters having longitudinally movable scales reading in both directions from a zero point, said scales being colored a certain Way in one direction and another Way in the opposite direction to facilitate visualizing any instant position of the scales as a Whole.
Signed at Chicago this 9th day of May,
WM. R. WILLIAMSON.
US469157A 1921-05-13 1921-05-13 Chart Expired - Lifetime US1418765A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3377983A (en) * 1965-05-14 1968-04-16 George H. Gordon Cooper Adjustable program and progress indicator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3377983A (en) * 1965-05-14 1968-04-16 George H. Gordon Cooper Adjustable program and progress indicator

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