US1417905A - Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines - Google Patents

Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines Download PDF

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Publication number
US1417905A
US1417905A US47316521A US1417905A US 1417905 A US1417905 A US 1417905A US 47316521 A US47316521 A US 47316521A US 1417905 A US1417905 A US 1417905A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
space
escapement
pinion
slide
carriage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Hess Edward Bernard
Myers Lewis Cary
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Royal Typewriter Co Inc
Original Assignee
Royal Typewriter Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US43692421 priority Critical patent/US1418440A/en
Application filed by Royal Typewriter Co Inc filed Critical Royal Typewriter Co Inc
Priority to US47316321 priority patent/US1415031A/en
Priority to US47316921 priority patent/US1417907A/en
Priority to US47317021 priority patent/US1417908A/en
Priority to US47316121 priority patent/US1417902A/en
Priority to US47316721 priority patent/US1417906A/en
Priority to US47316621 priority patent/US1415032A/en
Priority to US47316421 priority patent/US1417904A/en
Priority to US47316221 priority patent/US1417903A/en
Priority to US47316521 priority patent/US1417905A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1417905A publication Critical patent/US1417905A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J13/00Devices or arrangements of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers, specially adapted for supporting or handling copy material in short lengths, e.g. sheets
    • B41J13/26Registering devices
    • B41J13/30Side lays or gauges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J1/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies
    • B41J1/04Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies carried upon levers or radial arms, e.g. manually operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J11/00Devices or arrangements of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers, for supporting or handling copy material in sheet or web form
    • B41J11/22Paper carriage guides or races
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J11/00Devices or arrangements of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers, for supporting or handling copy material in sheet or web form
    • B41J11/62Shields or masks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J19/00Character- or line-spacing mechanisms
    • B41J19/18Character-spacing or back-spacing mechanisms; Carriage return or release devices therefor
    • B41J19/66Carriage-release mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J19/00Character- or line-spacing mechanisms
    • B41J19/76Line-spacing mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J25/00Actions or mechanisms not otherwise provided for
    • B41J25/02Key actions for specified purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J29/00Details of, or accessories for, typewriters or selective printing mechanisms not otherwise provided for
    • B41J29/42Scales and indicators, e.g. for determining side margins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J29/00Details of, or accessories for, typewriters or selective printing mechanisms not otherwise provided for
    • B41J29/50Side-stop mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/36Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for portability, i.e. hand-held printers or laptop printers

Description

2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

Patented May 30, 1922'.

.l Y www E. B. HESS AND L. C. MYERS. BACK SPACE MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITIN'G MACHINES. APPLICATION FILED MAY 2.1. I92I. 1,417,905

E. B. HESS AND L. C. MYERS. BACK SPACE MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITING MACHINES.

APPLICATION FILED MAY27, 1921.

Patenued May 30, 1922.

2 SHEETS-SIIEET 2.

"fom 1i'. Hess .M5/ens Engis S" w, MSM@ Y ELM@ @Y W y M, w E NI ynww LT I A A IMI :17 mh S b m Ef WLS n UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

EDWARD BERNARD HESS ANI) LEWIS CARY MYERS, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNORS T0 ROYAL TYPEWRITER COMPANY, INC., OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

BACK-SPACE MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITING MACHINES.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 30, 1922.

Original application led January 13, 1921, Serial No. 436,924. Divided andthis application iled May To all wliomz't may concern.'

Be it known that we, EDWARD BERNARD Hnss and Lewis CARY MYERS, both citizens of the United States, residing in Brookl n, county of Kings, city and State of ew York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Back-Space Mechanism for Typewriting Machines, of which the fol- 4lowing is a specification.

The application for this patent is a division of our application for patent filed Jan. 13, 1921, No. 436,924. In said application we have shown all the mechanism of a` typewriting machine embodying various improvements made by use to provide a small, compact and light machine having the essential features of the larger or standard Royal machine but which is portable and may be made and sold at a relatively low cost. In said application we have shown back-space `me`chanism of the kind herein claimed.` The claims herein relate to such back-space mechanism, and while the invention is embodied in a portable machine it is equally applicable to machines of larger size.

The present invention relates to certain improvements in the mechanism for setting the carriage back from left to right after its advance movement has been arrested by a margin stop.

According to this invention the backspacing devices are so `constructed and supported that they are raised and lowered with the carriage and are in condition to operate when the carriage is set for both upper` and lower case printing.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 shows, in longitudinal section, a portion of a typewriting machine with our improvements applied.

Figure 2 is a view on an enlarged scale, showing in front elevation a portion of the back-space mechanism.

Figure 3 is a rear view of the same.

Figure L is a longitudinal section through the escapement mechanism showing the relation of the various parts thereof.

The back-space mechanism is operated by a key A at the front of the keyboard and at the righthand side thereby. The backspace lever I is pivoted at 7. to a bracket (l and has an arm B which engages the laterally extending arm f7 of a bell-crank lever D pivoted at Z to a bracket E ex- Serial No. 473,165.

slide G is. guided in brackets g extending from the, escapement frame K. A spring L (F ig. l) normally pulls the slide G away from the pinion J. By depressing the key A the slide may be operated to actuate the mechanism to set the carriage back one space only. When the ke is released the slide is retracted away `rom the pinion. By successively depressing the key A the carriage may be set back the desired number of spaces.

In order to prevent back lash from tooth to tooth of the escapement wheel Nduring 'the' operation, we provide a detent ratchet M on thc sleeve which carries the escapement wheel N which ratchet is engaged by a pawl m, pivoted at m" to the frame Ix, and operated in one direction by a spring m2. The slide G has a projection g for preventing the overthrow of the escapement Niwhen the slide is actuated.

I Parts of the escapement mechanism. are illustrated in the drawings, but they are not herein claimed. lThe escapement rocker O is pivotally mounted at 0 in the frame K Vheld in engagement with the pinion J by a spring N3. This is the usual construction for causing the pinion and escapement wheel to turn together in one direction but permitting the pinion to turn independently of the escapement wheel when the carriage is returned. As the rocker oscillates the carriage moves from right to left, step by step, in the usual way. The rocker is oper ated by a lever P pivoted at p to an arm 77 extending from the machine frame. This lever engages a roller o* on a downwardly .extending spring arm o5 of the rocker. As the lever P is oscillated the rocker is correspondingly' moved and operates the escapement mechanism. The lever P is operated by an arm 2 projecting from the shaft s oi' the universal bar S, which latter com4 prises a shaft s, two side pieces s and a rear cross-piece S2. The arm r of the universal bar is connected with the lever P by mounted at u in a frame U in the manner shown in Fig. l.

The platen is indicated at IV.

The escapement mechanism actuated by the key levers operates in the usual way to feed the carriage fromright to left until arrested. When it is desired to set the carriage back one or more spaces it may be done by means of the key A, in the manner before described.

lWe claim as our invention 1. In a typewriting machine, a carriage, escapement mechanism therefor,f a frame supporting said escapement mechanism, a back space lever, a slide carried by said escapement frame, connections between the back space lever and the slide, a pawlearried by the slide and adapted to engage an element of the escapement mechanism, and a rigid tooth on the slide also engaging the same element of the escapement mechanism to prevent overthrow.

2. In a typewriting machine, a carriage, escapement mechanism therefor comprising,r an escapement wheel, an element rigid with the escapement wheel, and a pinion.; key levers, a universal bar operated thereby and controlling the operation of the escapement mechanism. a back-space lever. a slide, connections between the back space lever and the slide., a pawl carried by the slide and adapted to engage the pinion to back space the carriage, and another pawl engaging said velement to prevent back lash of the escapement mechanism.

3. In a typewriting machine, a carriage, a rack bar supported by the carriage, a pinion engaging the rack bar, an escapement wheel and a ratchet wheel rigidly connected with the escapement wheel, escapement pawls cooperating with the escapement wheel, key levers. a universal bar operated thereby and operating said pawls, a back space lever, a slide, connections between the back space lever and the slide, a pawl carried by the slide and adapted to engage the rack engaging pinion, a detent carried by the slide and adapted to engage the pinion to prevent overthrow, and a pawl engaging the ratchet. wheel to prevent back lash thereof.

l. In a typewriting machine, a carriage mounted for case shift movement, a rack bar carried thereby, a pinionmeshing with the rack bar, an escapement wheel and a rigidly connected ratchet wheel mounted to move with the pinion in one direction, means for controlling the movement of the escapement wheel to permit the advance of the carriage, means engaging the ratchet wheel to prevent back lash ofthe escapement wheel, a back space lever, and back space devices operated thereby Vand mounted to shift with the carriage and comprising a pawl adapted to engage the pinion to back-space the carriage and a detent to engage the pinion to prevent overthrow.

In a typewriting machine, an escape'- ment mechanism comprising a pinion, an escapement wheel, a pawl carried by the wheel and engaging the pinion to cause the two to move together in one direction. a ratchet rigid with the escapement wheel, means engaging said ratchet to prevent back lash of the escapement wheel, a back space lever, a slide operated thereby, a pawl carried by the slide adapted to engage the pinion and back space the saine. and a detent carried by the slide adapted to engage the pinion to prevent overthrow.

In a typewriting machine, an escapement mechanism` comprising a pinion, a shaft therefor. a sleeve on said shaft, an escapement wheel rigid with the sleeve, a ratchet'on said sleeve. a pawl carried by the escapement wheel and engaging the pinion, a pawl carried by the escapement mechanism frame and engaging the ratchet to prevent back lash. a back space slide. a pawl carried thereby and adapted to engage the pinion to back space the same,.and a detent brought into engagement with the pinion at the end of the back spacing stroke to prevent overllI-OWL I In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.

EDVARD BERNARD -HESS LEWIS CARY MYERS.

US47316521 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines Expired - Lifetime US1417905A (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US43692421 US1418440A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-01-13 Typewriting machine
US47316921 US1417907A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-spacing mechanism for typewriting machines
US47317021 US1417908A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Ribbon operating and guiding mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316121 US1417902A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316721 US1417906A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-lock mechanism and margin-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316621 US1415032A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316421 US1417904A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316221 US1417903A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Margin scale for typewriting machines
US47316521 US1417905A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316321 US1415031A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage for typewriting machines

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US47316921 US1417907A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-spacing mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316221 US1417903A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Margin scale for typewriting machines
US47317021 US1417908A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Ribbon operating and guiding mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316121 US1417902A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316721 US1417906A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-lock mechanism and margin-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316621 US1415032A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316421 US1417904A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316521 US1417905A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316321 US1415031A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage for typewriting machines

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1417905A true US1417905A (en) 1922-05-30

Family

ID=27581262

Family Applications (9)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US47316921 Expired - Lifetime US1417907A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-spacing mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316321 Expired - Lifetime US1415031A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage for typewriting machines
US47316121 Expired - Lifetime US1417902A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316721 Expired - Lifetime US1417906A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-lock mechanism and margin-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316521 Expired - Lifetime US1417905A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Back-space mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316621 Expired - Lifetime US1415032A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47317021 Expired - Lifetime US1417908A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Ribbon operating and guiding mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316421 Expired - Lifetime US1417904A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316221 Expired - Lifetime US1417903A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Margin scale for typewriting machines

Family Applications Before (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US47316921 Expired - Lifetime US1417907A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-spacing mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316321 Expired - Lifetime US1415031A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage for typewriting machines
US47316121 Expired - Lifetime US1417902A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316721 Expired - Lifetime US1417906A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Line-lock mechanism and margin-release mechanism for typewriting machines

Family Applications After (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US47316621 Expired - Lifetime US1415032A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Carriage-release mechanism for typewriting machines
US47317021 Expired - Lifetime US1417908A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Ribbon operating and guiding mechanism for typewriting machines
US47316421 Expired - Lifetime US1417904A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Typewriting machine
US47316221 Expired - Lifetime US1417903A (en) 1921-01-13 1921-05-27 Margin scale for typewriting machines

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US (9) US1417907A (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE841598C (en) * 1942-09-11 1952-06-16 Torpedo Werke A G Fahrraeder Typewriter with keystroke lock in the end-of-run position of the carriage
US2766826A (en) * 1954-05-17 1956-10-16 Boston Machine Works Co Machine for producing eyelet stays
US3934697A (en) * 1974-06-06 1976-01-27 Shigeaki Kuramochi Shift mechanism for typewriter apparatus
US4063631A (en) * 1976-12-13 1977-12-20 Scm Corporation Paper guide

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US1417904A (en) 1922-05-30
US1417908A (en) 1922-05-30
US1415032A (en) 1922-05-09
US1417903A (en) 1922-05-30
US1417902A (en) 1922-05-30
US1417907A (en) 1922-05-30
US1415031A (en) 1922-05-09
US1417906A (en) 1922-05-30

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