US1400616A - Abdominal retractor - Google Patents

Abdominal retractor Download PDF

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Publication number
US1400616A
US1400616A US43623721A US1400616A US 1400616 A US1400616 A US 1400616A US 43623721 A US43623721 A US 43623721A US 1400616 A US1400616 A US 1400616A
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United States
Prior art keywords
holes
retracting
series
fingers
frame
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Harvey B Mccrory
Pearson Wesley
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Harvey B Mccrory
Pearson Wesley
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Application filed by Harvey B Mccrory, Pearson Wesley filed Critical Harvey B Mccrory
Priority to US43623721 priority Critical patent/US1400616A/en
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Publication of US1400616A publication Critical patent/US1400616A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/0293Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors with ring member to support retractor elements

Description

H. B. McCRORY AND w. PEARSON.

ABDOMINAL RETRACTOR. APPLICATION FILED JAN-10,1921.

1 ,400, 6 1 6. Patented Dec. 20, 1921.

INVENTOR$ ATTORNEY HARVEY B. I /[CGRORY AND WESLEY PEARSON,

OF SAGINAW, MICHIGAN.

ABDOMINAL RETRACTOR.

Application filed January 10, 1921.

To all whom it may concern."

Be it known that we, HARVEY B. MoCnonr and VVnsLnY PnARsoN, citizens of the United States, and residing at Saginaw, county of Saginaw, and State of Michigan, have invented a new and Improved Abdominal Retractor, of which the following is a specification. 1

This invention relates to means for bolding open abdominal incisions so that further surgical operations may be performed with minimum loss of time and with maximum safety, and its object is to provide an instrument of this character which shall consist of few parts and which may be adjusted in the shortest possible time.

Another object of this invention is to provide an abdominal retractor which may be sterilized in whole or in part and which may be carried from place to place in sterilized condition.

Another object of this invention is to provide an abdominal retractor which may be adjusted to all possible conditions within the scope of the instrument by the operator without the necessity of a trained assistant.

Another object of this invention is to provide an instrument of this character which will retain its position after being adjusted. which will give no undue pressure to the patient and thereby reduce breathing capacity and which may be entirely inclosed in sterilized towels.

l/Ve have shown one embodiment of this invention in the accompanying drawing, in

which Figure 1 is a perspective view of an abdominal retractor in operative condition. Fig. 2 is a side elevation and Fig. 3 an end elevation of a retracting hook. Fig. 4 is a section of a wing nut and its collar.

Similar reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views.

The frame 1 shown in the drawing is shown to be an endless bar somewhat elliptical in general outline, although this shape may be varied as desired to fit the body of the patient around the incision. It is preferably formed with convex portions 2 and concave portions 3 and may be of aluminum or of one of its compounds so as to be light in weight, not easily tarnished and capable of being perfectly cleaned and sterilized. This frame is formed with a series of holes 5, directed toward a common point, or they may be so placed that two retracting hooks or fingers may always be positioned alined Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 20; 1921. Serial No. 436,237.

with each other. These holes are preferably of such size that the hooks may be swung laterally, or these holes may be elongated to permit considerable lateral movemeni; of the hooks.

These retracting hooks are each formed with a threaded stem 8 on which is slidable a collar at having a conical socket 6 to receive the conical end '7 of the wing nut 9. The nut is preferably made of two parts connected by the pivots 10. The bearing end only of the nut is threaded which peimits the nut to be opened and slid along the stem 8 to about where it is to engage the stem. W hen the tapering end 7 of the nut is fitted nto the tapering socket 6 of the collar l. it acts like a solid nut. 1

he retracting hooks are formed with any desired form of fingers 12 to enter the incision, the fingers being preferably inclmed outwardly in order to prevent slipping, so that they make an angle of about seventy degrees with the stems.

In practice this instrument is carefully fitted to the patients abdomen about the place to be cut with the proper number of hooks ready for adjustment. After the incision is made the fingers of a pair of hooks are inserted in the ends of the incision and the wing nuts tightened, which properly anchors the instrument. The wound may now be dilated at any desired point by the use of additional retracting hooks.

The convex ends of the frame which lit the contour of the patients body prevent any undue pressure which might impair the breathing capacity of the patient. The concave sides of the frame afford the greatest operative range for the surgeons instruments and offer the least obstruction to his vision. The fact that the frame iits the patients body obviates the possibility of rocking or tilting which might disengage the retracting hooks from the wound.

The frame may be draped' with sterilized towels so as to leave no metallic surface ex posed to contact with the surgeons instruments. After the wound has been retracted, sterilized towels may be packed underneath the frame to elevate any portion thereof, which often gives increased retraction. The inclination of the fingers prevents them from lifting out of the incision.

After being sterilized the instrument may be placed in a sterilized bag and packed in the usual surgeons bag. It enables the sun geon to dispense with an assistant and conserves his time to such an extent that the element of danger to the patient because of long operations is largely obviated.

The details of construction and the proportions of the parts may all be changed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of our invention as set forth in the following claims.

We claim I l. The combination of a generally elliptical frame provided with a series of holes, and a series of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes and comprising threaded stems and nuts thereon and retracting fingers at the inner ends of the stems.

2. Theeombination of a generally elliptical frame provided with a series of holes, and a series ,of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes" and comprising threaded stems and nuts thereon and retracting fingers at the inner ends of the stems, said fingers being at less than right angles to said stems.

8. The combination of a generally elliptical frame provided with a series of holes, and a series of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes and comprising threaded stems and nuts-thereon and retracting fingers at the inner ends of the stems,

the frame having convex middle portions and concave ends.

a. The combination of. a generally elliptical frame provided with a series of holes, and a series of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes and comprising threaded stems and nuts thereon and retracting fingers at the inner ends of the stems, said nuts being of two parts pivoted together and freely slidable along the stemswhen the parts are swung apart, collars being provided to hold the parts of the nuts together.

5. The combination of a frame formed of an endless bar having a series of holes, and a series of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes and having retracting fingers at their inner ends, and nuts on the outer ends of the stems to draw said fingers toward the frame.

6. The combination of a generally elliptical frame provided with alined holes in each end and with a series of holes in each side, a series of retracting hooks slidably mounted in said holes and comprising threaded stems, nuts on the outer ends thereof, and fingers on the inner ends of the stems, the frame being low at the middle and high at the ends.

HARVEY B. MGCROR WESLEY PEARSON.

US43623721 1921-01-10 1921-01-10 Abdominal retractor Expired - Lifetime US1400616A (en)

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US43623721 US1400616A (en) 1921-01-10 1921-01-10 Abdominal retractor

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2586488A (en) * 1949-05-11 1952-02-19 David P Smith Table supported surgical retractor
US3016899A (en) * 1958-11-03 1962-01-16 Carl B Stenvall Surgical instrument
US3463144A (en) * 1966-06-13 1969-08-26 Daniel O Hammond Surgical retractor
US4274398A (en) * 1979-05-14 1981-06-23 Scott Jr Frank B Surgical retractor utilizing elastic tubes frictionally held in spaced notches
USRE32021E (en) * 1979-05-14 1985-11-05 Lone Star Medical Products, Inc. Surgical retractor utilizing elastic tubes frictionally held in spaced notches
US5299563A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-04-05 Seton Joseph Z Method of using a surgical retractor
US5688223A (en) * 1995-11-08 1997-11-18 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Retractor support with adjustable retractor blades
WO1997045059A1 (en) * 1996-05-27 1997-12-04 Pine Ridge Surgical Pty. Ltd. Surgical retractor
US5704900A (en) * 1995-10-20 1998-01-06 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Method and apparatus for peritoneal distension
US5947896A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-09-07 United States Surgical Corporation Heart stabilizer apparatus and method for use
US5951467A (en) * 1999-03-23 1999-09-14 Applied Medical Technology, Inc. Reconfigurable and self-retaining surgical retractor
US5967974A (en) * 1997-05-02 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US5967973A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Surgical retractor and method of surgery
US5976080A (en) * 1996-09-20 1999-11-02 United States Surgical Surgical apparatus and method
US5980569A (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-11-09 United States Surgical Corp. Prosthetic valve holder and method of use
US6102853A (en) * 1998-01-23 2000-08-15 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6149584A (en) * 1999-09-16 2000-11-21 Raju; Seshadri IMA Retractor
US6193651B1 (en) * 1995-10-20 2001-02-27 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US6200263B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-03-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US6346078B1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-02-12 Alan G. Ellman Eyelid retractor for electrosurgery
US6354994B1 (en) * 1998-01-23 2002-03-12 Rultract, Inc. Surgical support apparatus with specialized rakes and method of xiphoid retraction
US20030009081A1 (en) * 1999-07-08 2003-01-09 Chase Medical, Lp Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US20030216619A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-20 Paul Scirica Surgical instrument
US20040002629A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2004-01-01 Branch Charles L. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
WO2004047650A3 (en) * 2002-11-23 2004-08-26 Sdgi Holdings Inc Istraction and retraction system for spinal surgery
US6834837B2 (en) 2002-11-07 2004-12-28 Rultract, Inc. Surgical instrument support device and method
US20050113645A1 (en) * 2003-10-17 2005-05-26 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Articulated retractor blade holder
US20050234304A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-10-20 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US20080294011A1 (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-11-27 Mcloughlin Joseph Surgical retractor and related methods
US20100113885A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-06 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor assemblies for surgery in a patient
US20130289585A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Imds Corporation Tissue fixation device
US8636656B2 (en) 2011-08-16 2014-01-28 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor assemblies with blade drive mechanisms
US8915848B1 (en) * 2011-08-02 2014-12-23 James P. Rixen Apparatus and method for eyelid everter
US8968192B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2015-03-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Systems and methods for tissue retraction
US9084591B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-07-21 Neurostructures, Inc. Retractor

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2586488A (en) * 1949-05-11 1952-02-19 David P Smith Table supported surgical retractor
US3016899A (en) * 1958-11-03 1962-01-16 Carl B Stenvall Surgical instrument
US3463144A (en) * 1966-06-13 1969-08-26 Daniel O Hammond Surgical retractor
US4274398A (en) * 1979-05-14 1981-06-23 Scott Jr Frank B Surgical retractor utilizing elastic tubes frictionally held in spaced notches
USRE32021E (en) * 1979-05-14 1985-11-05 Lone Star Medical Products, Inc. Surgical retractor utilizing elastic tubes frictionally held in spaced notches
US5299563A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-04-05 Seton Joseph Z Method of using a surgical retractor
US5704900A (en) * 1995-10-20 1998-01-06 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Method and apparatus for peritoneal distension
US6193651B1 (en) * 1995-10-20 2001-02-27 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US5688223A (en) * 1995-11-08 1997-11-18 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Retractor support with adjustable retractor blades
US6537212B2 (en) 1996-04-26 2003-03-25 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US5967973A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Surgical retractor and method of surgery
US5947896A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-09-07 United States Surgical Corporation Heart stabilizer apparatus and method for use
US6213940B1 (en) 1996-04-26 2001-04-10 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor including coil spring suture mount
WO1997045059A1 (en) * 1996-05-27 1997-12-04 Pine Ridge Surgical Pty. Ltd. Surgical retractor
US5954639A (en) * 1996-05-27 1999-09-21 Pine Ridge Holdings Pty Ltd. Surgical retractor
US6306085B1 (en) 1996-09-20 2001-10-23 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus and method
US5976080A (en) * 1996-09-20 1999-11-02 United States Surgical Surgical apparatus and method
US6709389B2 (en) 1996-09-20 2004-03-23 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus and method
US5967974A (en) * 1997-05-02 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US5980569A (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-11-09 United States Surgical Corp. Prosthetic valve holder and method of use
US7744530B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2010-06-29 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical instrument holder
US6200263B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-03-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US6102853A (en) * 1998-01-23 2000-08-15 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6264605B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-07-24 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6354994B1 (en) * 1998-01-23 2002-03-12 Rultract, Inc. Surgical support apparatus with specialized rakes and method of xiphoid retraction
US6565508B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2003-05-20 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6610009B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2003-08-26 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US7294104B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2007-11-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US5951467A (en) * 1999-03-23 1999-09-14 Applied Medical Technology, Inc. Reconfigurable and self-retaining surgical retractor
US20030009081A1 (en) * 1999-07-08 2003-01-09 Chase Medical, Lp Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US6740029B2 (en) 1999-07-08 2004-05-25 Chase Medical, L.P. Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US6149584A (en) * 1999-09-16 2000-11-21 Raju; Seshadri IMA Retractor
US6346078B1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-02-12 Alan G. Ellman Eyelid retractor for electrosurgery
US20030216619A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-20 Paul Scirica Surgical instrument
US7137949B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2006-11-21 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US20040176665A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2004-09-09 Branch Charles L. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US7524285B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2009-04-28 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US7513869B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2009-04-07 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US7473222B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2009-01-06 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US20050192485A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-09-01 Branch Charles L. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US6945933B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2005-09-20 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US20050234304A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-10-20 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US20040002629A1 (en) * 2002-06-26 2004-01-01 Branch Charles L. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US7981029B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2011-07-19 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US7976463B2 (en) 2002-06-26 2011-07-12 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for minimally invasive tissue retraction and surgery
US20050109900A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2005-05-26 Schilt Janice L. Surgical instrument support device and method
US6834837B2 (en) 2002-11-07 2004-12-28 Rultract, Inc. Surgical instrument support device and method
US8100828B2 (en) * 2002-11-23 2012-01-24 George Frey Distraction and retraction system for spinal surgery
US20040230191A1 (en) * 2002-11-23 2004-11-18 George Frey Distraction and retraction system for spinal surgery
WO2004047650A3 (en) * 2002-11-23 2004-08-26 Sdgi Holdings Inc Istraction and retraction system for spinal surgery
AU2003295934B2 (en) * 2002-11-23 2009-02-26 Frey, George A. Distraction and retraction system for spinal surgery
US20050113645A1 (en) * 2003-10-17 2005-05-26 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Articulated retractor blade holder
US7753844B2 (en) 2003-10-17 2010-07-13 Minnesota Scientific, Inc. Articulated retractor blade holder
US8523770B2 (en) 2007-05-24 2013-09-03 Joseph McLoughlin Surgical retractor and related methods
US20080294011A1 (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-11-27 Mcloughlin Joseph Surgical retractor and related methods
US8192463B2 (en) * 2007-05-24 2012-06-05 Mcloughlin Joseph Surgical retractor and related methods
US8968192B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2015-03-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Systems and methods for tissue retraction
US20100113885A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-06 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor assemblies for surgery in a patient
US8226554B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2012-07-24 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor assemblies for surgery in a patient
US8915848B1 (en) * 2011-08-02 2014-12-23 James P. Rixen Apparatus and method for eyelid everter
US8636656B2 (en) 2011-08-16 2014-01-28 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Retractor assemblies with blade drive mechanisms
US20130289585A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Imds Corporation Tissue fixation device
US9089365B2 (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-07-28 Imds Llc Tissue fixation device
US9610099B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2017-04-04 Imds Llc Tissue fixation device to grasp, retain and release tissue
US9084591B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-07-21 Neurostructures, Inc. Retractor

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