US1395442A - Spray-nozzle - Google Patents

Spray-nozzle Download PDF

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Publication number
US1395442A
US1395442A US26728918A US1395442A US 1395442 A US1395442 A US 1395442A US 26728918 A US26728918 A US 26728918A US 1395442 A US1395442 A US 1395442A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
gyrator
chamber
nozzle
spray
end
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Macgregor Peter Graham
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pyrene Manuf Co
Original Assignee
Pyrene Manuf Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Pyrene Manuf Co filed Critical Pyrene Manuf Co
Priority to US26728918 priority Critical patent/US1395442A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1395442A publication Critical patent/US1395442A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/34Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl
    • B05B1/3405Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl
    • B05B1/341Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet
    • B05B1/3478Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet the liquid flowing at least two different courses before reaching the swirl chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/34Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl
    • B05B1/3405Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl
    • B05B1/341Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet
    • B05B1/3421Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber
    • B05B1/3431Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber the channels being formed at the interface of cooperating elements, e.g. by means of grooves
    • B05B1/3447Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber the channels being formed at the interface of cooperating elements, e.g. by means of grooves the interface being a cylinder having the same axis as the outlet
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet

Description

P. G. MACGREGOR.

SPRAY NOZZLE.l APPLICATION FILED DEC. 18. 1918.

Patented Nov. 1, 1921.

` anveym 4 we;- am.,

PATENT OFFICE.

PETER GRAHAM MACGREGOR, OF NEW YORK, N.

Y., ASSIGNOR TO PYRENE MANUFAC- TURING COMPANY, A CORPORATON OF DELAWARE.

SIIRIAY-NOZZLIT.V

Application led December 18, 1918.

To all w/tom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, PETER G. MACGREGOR, a citizen of the United States, and resident of the city, county, and State of N ew York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Spray-Nozzles, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to nozzles of the type adapted to cause the fluid ejected therefrom to spread, or be distributed, over a relatively large area, nozzles of this type being generally known as spray nozzles.

The invention has for an object to provide an extremely cheap and eflicient spray nozzle for producing what is known as a whirling spray, the nozzle being more particularly intended for use in connection with fire extinguishing sprinkler systems, although not limited to such use.

For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.

In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention- Figure l is a side elevation of the nozzle.

Fig. 2 is an axial sectional view thereof.

ig. 3 is a cross section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a cross of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a detail elevation of the gyrator.

As here shown my improved nozzle comprises a shell or casing l having a cylindrical chamber 2 extending from one end thereof to a point adjacent the other end. The terminal wall 3 of the chamber at the last mentioned end of the casing tapers inwardly, in Substanitally semispherical form, to a small central discharge orifice 4 therein.

The entrance end of chamber 2, or that opposite the wall 3, may have screwed thereinto a nipple 5 whereby the nozzle may be attached to any suitable conducting pipe or tube, while the portionvof the casing adjacent the wall 3 may be exteriorly screwthreaded to receive any suitable means, not shown, for closing the discharge orifice 4.

Loosely carried in the chamber 2 is the device for imparting a whirling motion to the section on the line 4h45 Specification of 'Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 1, 192,1. Serial No. 267,289.

fluid passing through the nozzle. This device comprises a gyrator 6 consisting of a substantially solid body of circular cross section having a straight central portion and terminating at opposite ends in the similar truncated cones 7 and 8. The central portion is of a diameter to fit closely, but freely, 1n the chamber 2 and is formed on its periphery with a multiple thread, the thread shown in the present embodiment of the invention being a triple one of square formation. With this construction a series of spiral grooves 9 are formed in the periphery of the gyrator and form passages extending from one end to the other thereof, the bases of the conical extensions 7 and 8 joining the central portion inwardly of the grooves. The gyrator is also formed with a central axial passage l0 of somewhat smaller diameter than the orifice 4. A shallow recess l1 may be formed in the end of the nozzle adjacent the discharge orifice 4.

he gyrator is loosely mounted in the chamber 2 so as to be capable both of a rotary motion and a movement longitudinally into close contiguity to the end wall 3 of the chamber. The fluid passing through the nozzle flows along the spiral grooves in the gyrator and is thus given a whirling motion which, in combination with the general shape of the ends of the gyrator and of the end wall 3, causes the fluid to lift the gyrator from the discharge orice to provide a passage to the latter from the spiral grooves 9, the Huid being broken up into a ine spray as it issues from the discharge orilice 4.

l. A spraying nozzle consisting of a casing having a chamber formed therein and a restricted orifice through the end wall there` of, a gyrator loosely mounted in said chamber and free to move into close contiguity to the end wall of the chamber, said gyrator comprising a cylindrical body having a central passage therethrough and a spiral passage formed in its periphery, the forward end of said gyrator being conical and the opposed inner wall of the chamber adjacent the orifice being curved.

2. A spraying nozzle consisting of a casing having a chamber formed therein and a restricted orifice through the end wall thereof, a gyrator loosely mounted in said chamber and free to move into close contiguity to the end wall of the chamber, said gyrator comprising a cylindrical body having a spiral passage formed in its periphery, the forward end of said gyrator being conical and the opposed inner Wall of the chamber adjacent the orice being curved.

3. A spraying nozzle consisting of a cas-v ing having a chamber formed therein Withv the inner surface of the end Wall thereof tapering inwardly and of substantially semispherical form and provided with a centrally disposed discharge oriice, and a gyrator freely mounted in said chamber and adapted to move into close contiguity to said end Wall, the endof said gyrator ad'- jacent said end Wall being conical in form 15 and said gyrator being provided With a spiral passage formed on its periphery and With a central passage smaller than said county and State of 20

US26728918 1918-12-18 1918-12-18 Spray-nozzle Expired - Lifetime US1395442A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US26728918 US1395442A (en) 1918-12-18 1918-12-18 Spray-nozzle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US26728918 US1395442A (en) 1918-12-18 1918-12-18 Spray-nozzle

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US1395442A true US1395442A (en) 1921-11-01

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2556493A (en) * 1947-11-10 1951-06-12 Otis E Fairfield Oil burner nozzle
US2569081A (en) * 1949-01-14 1951-09-25 George W Veach Spray nozzle
WO1987007546A1 (en) * 1986-06-13 1987-12-17 Extramet Method and device for the granulation of a molten material
US5433383A (en) * 1991-05-20 1995-07-18 Sundholm; Goeran Whirler nozzle for fire fighting equipment
EP0897322A1 (en) * 1996-05-11 1999-02-24 Invention Technologies Pty, Ltd. Nozzle
US6129154A (en) * 1994-11-15 2000-10-10 Minimax Gmbh Spray nozzle, especially for spraying water in fire prevention systems
US6481645B1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2002-11-19 Shurflo Pump Mfg. Company, Inc. Condiment dispensing nozzle apparatus and method
US6698629B2 (en) 2001-05-10 2004-03-02 Shurflo Pump Manufacturing Co., Inc. Comestible fluid dispensing tap and method
US20050139364A1 (en) * 2000-03-28 2005-06-30 Obschestvo S. Organichennoi Otvetstvennostju "Unipat" Sprinklers
US8177148B1 (en) 2006-02-10 2012-05-15 The Toro Company Irrigation sprinkler with adjustable nozzle trajectory
US9221065B1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2015-12-29 The Toro Company Helical water distribution restrictor

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2556493A (en) * 1947-11-10 1951-06-12 Otis E Fairfield Oil burner nozzle
US2569081A (en) * 1949-01-14 1951-09-25 George W Veach Spray nozzle
WO1987007546A1 (en) * 1986-06-13 1987-12-17 Extramet Method and device for the granulation of a molten material
FR2600000A1 (en) * 1986-06-13 1987-12-18 Extramet Sa Method and device for granulating a molten metal
US4818279A (en) * 1986-06-13 1989-04-04 Extramet Industrie S.A. Method and device for the granulation of a molten material
US5433383A (en) * 1991-05-20 1995-07-18 Sundholm; Goeran Whirler nozzle for fire fighting equipment
US6129154A (en) * 1994-11-15 2000-10-10 Minimax Gmbh Spray nozzle, especially for spraying water in fire prevention systems
EP0897322A1 (en) * 1996-05-11 1999-02-24 Invention Technologies Pty, Ltd. Nozzle
EP0897322A4 (en) * 1996-05-11 2000-10-18 Invention Tech Pty Ltd Nozzle
US20050139364A1 (en) * 2000-03-28 2005-06-30 Obschestvo S. Organichennoi Otvetstvennostju "Unipat" Sprinklers
US6964307B1 (en) * 2000-03-28 2005-11-15 Obschestvo s Organichennoi Otvetstvennostju “Unipat” Sprinklers
US7096964B2 (en) 2000-03-28 2006-08-29 Obschestvo s Organichennoi Otvetstvennostju “Unipat” Sprinklers
US6481645B1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2002-11-19 Shurflo Pump Mfg. Company, Inc. Condiment dispensing nozzle apparatus and method
US6739524B2 (en) 2000-05-22 2004-05-25 Shurflo Pump Manufacturing Company, Inc. Condiment dispensing nozzle apparatus and method
US6698629B2 (en) 2001-05-10 2004-03-02 Shurflo Pump Manufacturing Co., Inc. Comestible fluid dispensing tap and method
US8177148B1 (en) 2006-02-10 2012-05-15 The Toro Company Irrigation sprinkler with adjustable nozzle trajectory
US9221065B1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2015-12-29 The Toro Company Helical water distribution restrictor

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