US1375601A - Propelling device for use on vehicles, marine vessels, or aircraft - Google Patents

Propelling device for use on vehicles, marine vessels, or aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
US1375601A
US1375601A US28562919A US1375601A US 1375601 A US1375601 A US 1375601A US 28562919 A US28562919 A US 28562919A US 1375601 A US1375601 A US 1375601A
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vehicles
propelling
ejector
aircraft
tube
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Morize Ernest
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Morize Ernest
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02KJET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02K7/00Plants in which the working fluid is used in a jet only, i.e. the plants not having a turbine or other engine driving a compressor or a ducted fan; Control thereof
    • F02K7/10Plants in which the working fluid is used in a jet only, i.e. the plants not having a turbine or other engine driving a compressor or a ducted fan; Control thereof characterised by having ram-action compression, i.e. aero-thermo-dynamic-ducts or ram-jet engines
    • F02K7/12Injection-induction jet engines

Description

E. MORIZE.

PROPELLING DEVICE FOR USE ON VEHICLES, MARINE VESSELS, 0R AIRCRAFT. APPLICATION FILED MAR\27| I919.

1375 601. Patented Apr. 19,1921.

- I "[menZ' m- Ewes? fibmze.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE-(HI.

nnnnsr monrzn, or BotrLoenE-sUasEmn, rnancn.

' PROPELLING DEVICE FOR USE QN VEHICLES, MAlRIN'E VESSELS,. OR AIRCRAFT.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed March 27,1919. Serial No. 285,629.

' To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNEST MoRIzE, a citizen of the French Republic, residing at Boulogne-sur-Seine, "France, have invented cer tain new and useful Improvements in Propelling Devices for Use on Vehicles, Marine Vessels, or Aircraft; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others slcilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My. invention relates, to improved means for effecting the propulsion of vehicles of 7 any kind, terrestrial, aquatic or aerial. Said means comprise an ejector mounted on the vehicle, a difference of pressure being createdv tion of the ejector, Fig. 3 is a similar part View of a modification with a plurality of injecting nozzles in the ejector tube; and

Fig. i is a similar part view of a modifica-' tion with an annular nozzle.

In the apparatusshown in Fig. 1, there is arranged in the rear of an ejector a; a combustion, or explosion chamber 6, the walls of which are preferably lined with refractory material. This chamber terminates at its front end in a nozzle 2', which discharges into the inwardly tapering end of the ejector;

and the chamber is supplied, on the one hand, with fuel, under pressure, through a pipe 0 (said fuel being either liquid or simply a gas), and on the other hand with the medium which supports combustion (which medium may be of any kind whatsoever) through a pipe f, under a higher pressure than that prevailing in the combustion chamber. In the example shown in Fig. 1, the fuel is assumed to be liquid delivered from a tank e, to the combustion chamber by means of a pump d, and the medium is assumed to be air delivered by a compressor g, to the. combustion chamber, through a chamber k, which isinterposed in the pipe f,

and serves to equalize the flow of air.

The apparatus worksin the following forth.

manner: The fuel, ignited by any device whatsoever-electric or incandescent for ex ample-burns inside the combustion chamber b, and the resulting gases are discharged through the nozzle 6, at a velocity corresponding to their inherent energy. The

gaseous jet sucks in the surrounding vair.

through the front opening j, of the ejector, and transmits progressively a portion of its kinetic energy to that air in theinwardly tapering portion of said tube. Subsequently, the velocity diminishes in the flared rearward portion of the ejector, thus imparting increased pressure to the moving fluid at the rear opening is, of the ejector, while a negative pressure is set up at the front opening The difference in pressure produced by this means exerts a thrust on the vehicle in the direction of the arrow F and in the opposite direction to that in which the fluid isdischarged.

The intensity of the thrust can be controlled by varying the supply and pressure of the fuel and of the medium supporting the, combustion.

Patented Apr. 19, 1921.

In the modification shown in Fig. 2 the e ector tube a is preceded with several inector tubes 12 in series therewith. Air is drawn in through the inlets provided betweenthe successive tubes, as shown "by the arrows. The jet of compressed gases issuing from the nozzle 2' loses a portion of its'velocity as it mixes with the air drawn-into the first injector tube a," it loses still more of its.

velocity When it further mixes with the air enteringFthesecond injector tube n, and so inally. the mixture on entering the divergent portion of ejector a is reduced in velocity and pressure is thereby generated. The pressure differences generated between the inlets and outlets of the successive injectors n and ejector tube a are added together to cause the propulsion of the vehicle.

In the example shown in Fig. 3, the combustion chamber 5 is provided with two nozsaid jet, as shown by the arrows in Fig.1 4;

the mixture of air and gases then passes through the in'ector tubes at and ejector tube a as in the ormer cases. Moreover, the aspiration into the ejector may be effected, not only by products of combustion, but also by any 0t er fluid to which kinetic energy has-been transmitted by any known means;

What I claim is: h

-A propelling device of the character described compnsing a comparatively large ejector tube traversed by a Venturi bore adapted to have its front and rear ends 'di; rect y placed in communication with the exterior medium in which the tube is placed, said medium having free passage therethrough, the restricted portion of the Venturi bore being situated in the forward part of the bore of the tube, such tube being slotjector-tubes situated within the slotted end of said ejector tube, said injector tubes having their wider ends disposed forwardly and their restricted ends rearwardly and situated within the wider forward ends of adjacent injector tubes, the openings between adjacent injector tubesbeing in free communication with the exterior medium, a com- .bustion chamber located forwardly of the first injector tube and having a nozzle projecting into the larger forward end of such first tube, means to supply a fuel to said combustion chamber,- and means to also supply a supporting fluid thereto, substantially as described.

In-testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

ERNEST MORIZE.

US28562919 1919-03-27 1919-03-27 Propelling device for use on vehicles, marine vessels, or aircraft Expired - Lifetime US1375601A (en)

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Cited By (69)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431132A (en) * 1943-06-07 1947-11-18 Aerojet Engineering Corp System of propulsion
US2444318A (en) * 1944-04-24 1948-06-29 Douglas K Warner Jet propulsion system for aircraft
US2470184A (en) * 1941-07-12 1949-05-17 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Arrangement for cooling combustion chambers
US2470564A (en) * 1944-11-15 1949-05-17 Reaction Motors Inc Reaction motor control system
US2475022A (en) * 1942-06-09 1949-07-05 Tresham D Gregg Fluid reaction propulsive device
US2477683A (en) * 1942-09-30 1949-08-02 Turbo Engineering Corp Compressed air and combustion gas flow in turbine power plant
US2500712A (en) * 1945-06-07 1950-03-14 Serrell Jesse Pound Multiple combustion unit pulse jet engine
US2514749A (en) * 1945-01-22 1950-07-11 David T Dobbins Aircraft propulsion mechanism
US2514513A (en) * 1942-03-06 1950-07-11 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Jet power plant with boundary layer control for aircraft
US2519531A (en) * 1945-07-21 1950-08-22 Lummus Co Ejector apparatus
US2528354A (en) * 1945-02-20 1950-10-31 Bendix Aviat Corp Jet propulsion outboard motor
US2543024A (en) * 1946-06-28 1951-02-27 Duane W Humphrey Jet ejection propulsion
US2547936A (en) * 1944-11-17 1951-04-10 Harlow B Grow Ducted rocket propulsion means for aircraft
US2553443A (en) * 1947-06-16 1951-05-15 Oscar N Davis Wing-mounted jet propulsion system for aircraft
US2557128A (en) * 1945-01-29 1951-06-19 Herbert L Magill Pulsating discharge power gas generator with pressure-actuated inlet and outlet valves
US2557522A (en) * 1946-05-28 1951-06-19 Sncase Aerodynes equipped with reaction jet propulsion means
US2564370A (en) * 1945-03-19 1951-08-14 Myers George Francis Aircraft
US2577918A (en) * 1946-05-08 1951-12-11 Kellogg M W Co Air jacketed combustion chamber flame tube
US2602610A (en) * 1947-03-22 1952-07-08 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Jet reaction propulsion apparatus for aircraft
US2620967A (en) * 1948-07-08 1952-12-09 Lummus Co Gas ejector apparatus for a catalyst regenerator
US2624290A (en) * 1948-08-04 1953-01-06 John B Mclean Propelling system for locomotives and other vehicles
US2633699A (en) * 1945-05-21 1953-04-07 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Propulsion apparatus actuated by successive charges of detonating materials
US2680950A (en) * 1946-12-18 1954-06-15 Lewis D Burch Direct reaction rotary translation engine
US2696953A (en) * 1951-03-09 1954-12-14 Collins Radio Co Fluid propelled airplane
US2716528A (en) * 1953-12-17 1955-08-30 David M Hammock Wing-mounted jet nozzle for aircraft propulsion and sustentation
US2721444A (en) * 1948-09-21 1955-10-25 Johnson Horace James Series-type multiple ram jet propulsion system
US2735263A (en) * 1956-02-21 charshafian
US2851853A (en) * 1953-12-28 1958-09-16 Thomas E Quick Thrust augmentation means for jet propulsion engines
US2867979A (en) * 1946-04-29 1959-01-13 Experiment Inc Apparatus for igniting fuels
US2937494A (en) * 1955-09-13 1960-05-24 Johnson Horace James Series type multiple thermal jet propulsion system
US2986359A (en) * 1956-06-15 1961-05-30 Tino Ovid Airplane lifting device
US3066893A (en) * 1957-08-07 1962-12-04 Mercier Pierre Streamlined body propulsion system
US3070328A (en) * 1955-10-10 1962-12-25 Nathan C Price Propulsion system for aircraft
US3076308A (en) * 1954-11-29 1963-02-05 Donald H Sweet Ram jet unit
US3077736A (en) * 1959-03-04 1963-02-19 Olin Mathieson Gas generating device
US3078940A (en) * 1961-03-03 1963-02-26 Sylvan D Rolle Propellant energized ground effect machine
US3107486A (en) * 1959-11-16 1963-10-22 Hal R Linderfelt Hydrapulse motor
US3172253A (en) * 1959-01-02 1965-03-09 Garrett Corp Combination turbo and ramjet propulsion apparatus
US3187501A (en) * 1960-12-19 1965-06-08 Thomas E Quick Method of and apparatus for augmenting thrust and suppressing sound in aircraft, rockets, and the like
US3198459A (en) * 1961-06-30 1965-08-03 Geary Milford Imposion thrust engine and vehicle
DE1199057B (en) * 1961-07-11 1965-08-19 Berliner Maschb A G Vormals L intermittent Wasserrueckstosstriebwerk
DE1199058B (en) * 1961-07-11 1965-08-19 Berliner Maschb A G Vormals L intermittent Wasserrueckstosstriebwerk
US3212700A (en) * 1962-01-12 1965-10-19 Bertin & Cie Ejector devices having slot-like inducing nozzles, especially for sustentation
US3216191A (en) * 1960-05-09 1965-11-09 North American Aviation Inc Thrust chamber and turbopump assembly
US3270501A (en) * 1964-03-05 1966-09-06 James E Webb Aerodynamic spike nozzle
DE1245219B (en) * 1960-11-21 1967-07-20 Garrett Corp Driving means for the starter turbine of a gas turbine engine
US3420060A (en) * 1966-04-22 1969-01-07 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Pressure induced jet vectoring augmentation apparatus
US3442086A (en) * 1967-10-19 1969-05-06 Hilbert W Nieman Jet type air motor
US3447324A (en) * 1967-10-18 1969-06-03 Howard V French Water jet propulsion means
US3503356A (en) * 1968-07-26 1970-03-31 Eugene L Wilson Underwater propulsion device
US3514956A (en) * 1968-03-11 1970-06-02 William R Bray Injector-ram jet engine
US3593525A (en) * 1969-02-19 1971-07-20 Us Army Rocket motor thrust controller
US3763818A (en) * 1972-03-20 1973-10-09 Boeing Co Method and apparatus for the recovery of waterjet power for marine vessels
US3779200A (en) * 1969-02-17 1973-12-18 F Hull Marine jet propulsion system
US4029430A (en) * 1975-09-02 1977-06-14 Fonda Bonardi Giusto Short subsonic diffuser for large pressure ratios
DE3435076A1 (en) * 1984-09-25 1986-04-03 Diehl Gmbh & Co Fluid-piston driving device
US4592202A (en) * 1983-02-15 1986-06-03 Commonwealth Of Australia Thrust augmentor
US4644746A (en) * 1985-12-30 1987-02-24 L. W. Fleckenstein, Inc. Gas compressor for jet engine
DE4236043A1 (en) * 1992-10-24 1994-04-28 Diehl Gmbh & Co Hydrodynamic drive device
US5341640A (en) * 1993-03-30 1994-08-30 Faulkner Robie L Turbojet engine with afterburner and thrust augmentation ejectors
WO1996000684A1 (en) * 1994-06-30 1996-01-11 Dimotech Ltd. Underwater two phase ramjet engine
US6457305B1 (en) * 2001-02-07 2002-10-01 James R. Schierbaum Turbo shaft engine with acoustical compression flow amplifying ramjet
FR2839117A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-10-31 Khalid Ouachkradi Improvement of air catchment of air take-off rocket utilizes gas energy supplied by rocket rich in fuel to improve nozzle effect and increase contact surface between gas and induced fresh air
WO2004063549A1 (en) * 2003-01-13 2004-07-29 The Texas A & M University System Jet ejector and method of altering fluid flow
WO2006001927A2 (en) * 2004-05-17 2006-01-05 Marius Paul A Carnot cycle jet and rocket engine configurations
EP2288536A2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-03-02 The Ohio State University Marine propulsion system
RU2465481C2 (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-10-27 Владимир Тарасович Шведов Vortex propeller
US20140077498A1 (en) * 2012-09-17 2014-03-20 Francisco Orea Energy Generation Apparatus for Ships
RU2529935C1 (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-10-10 Российская Федерация, от имени которой выступает Министерство промышленности и торговли Российской Федерации (Минпромторг России) Hypersonic ramjet engine and concept of combustion

Cited By (82)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735263A (en) * 1956-02-21 charshafian
US2470184A (en) * 1941-07-12 1949-05-17 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Arrangement for cooling combustion chambers
US2514513A (en) * 1942-03-06 1950-07-11 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Jet power plant with boundary layer control for aircraft
US2475022A (en) * 1942-06-09 1949-07-05 Tresham D Gregg Fluid reaction propulsive device
US2477683A (en) * 1942-09-30 1949-08-02 Turbo Engineering Corp Compressed air and combustion gas flow in turbine power plant
US2431132A (en) * 1943-06-07 1947-11-18 Aerojet Engineering Corp System of propulsion
US2444318A (en) * 1944-04-24 1948-06-29 Douglas K Warner Jet propulsion system for aircraft
US2470564A (en) * 1944-11-15 1949-05-17 Reaction Motors Inc Reaction motor control system
US2547936A (en) * 1944-11-17 1951-04-10 Harlow B Grow Ducted rocket propulsion means for aircraft
US2514749A (en) * 1945-01-22 1950-07-11 David T Dobbins Aircraft propulsion mechanism
US2557128A (en) * 1945-01-29 1951-06-19 Herbert L Magill Pulsating discharge power gas generator with pressure-actuated inlet and outlet valves
US2528354A (en) * 1945-02-20 1950-10-31 Bendix Aviat Corp Jet propulsion outboard motor
US2564370A (en) * 1945-03-19 1951-08-14 Myers George Francis Aircraft
US2633699A (en) * 1945-05-21 1953-04-07 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Propulsion apparatus actuated by successive charges of detonating materials
US2500712A (en) * 1945-06-07 1950-03-14 Serrell Jesse Pound Multiple combustion unit pulse jet engine
US2519531A (en) * 1945-07-21 1950-08-22 Lummus Co Ejector apparatus
US2867979A (en) * 1946-04-29 1959-01-13 Experiment Inc Apparatus for igniting fuels
US2577918A (en) * 1946-05-08 1951-12-11 Kellogg M W Co Air jacketed combustion chamber flame tube
US2557522A (en) * 1946-05-28 1951-06-19 Sncase Aerodynes equipped with reaction jet propulsion means
US2543024A (en) * 1946-06-28 1951-02-27 Duane W Humphrey Jet ejection propulsion
US2680950A (en) * 1946-12-18 1954-06-15 Lewis D Burch Direct reaction rotary translation engine
US2602610A (en) * 1947-03-22 1952-07-08 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Jet reaction propulsion apparatus for aircraft
US2553443A (en) * 1947-06-16 1951-05-15 Oscar N Davis Wing-mounted jet propulsion system for aircraft
US2620967A (en) * 1948-07-08 1952-12-09 Lummus Co Gas ejector apparatus for a catalyst regenerator
US2624290A (en) * 1948-08-04 1953-01-06 John B Mclean Propelling system for locomotives and other vehicles
US2721444A (en) * 1948-09-21 1955-10-25 Johnson Horace James Series-type multiple ram jet propulsion system
US2696953A (en) * 1951-03-09 1954-12-14 Collins Radio Co Fluid propelled airplane
US2716528A (en) * 1953-12-17 1955-08-30 David M Hammock Wing-mounted jet nozzle for aircraft propulsion and sustentation
US2851853A (en) * 1953-12-28 1958-09-16 Thomas E Quick Thrust augmentation means for jet propulsion engines
US3076308A (en) * 1954-11-29 1963-02-05 Donald H Sweet Ram jet unit
US2937494A (en) * 1955-09-13 1960-05-24 Johnson Horace James Series type multiple thermal jet propulsion system
US3070328A (en) * 1955-10-10 1962-12-25 Nathan C Price Propulsion system for aircraft
US2986359A (en) * 1956-06-15 1961-05-30 Tino Ovid Airplane lifting device
US3066893A (en) * 1957-08-07 1962-12-04 Mercier Pierre Streamlined body propulsion system
US3172253A (en) * 1959-01-02 1965-03-09 Garrett Corp Combination turbo and ramjet propulsion apparatus
US3077736A (en) * 1959-03-04 1963-02-19 Olin Mathieson Gas generating device
US3107486A (en) * 1959-11-16 1963-10-22 Hal R Linderfelt Hydrapulse motor
US3216191A (en) * 1960-05-09 1965-11-09 North American Aviation Inc Thrust chamber and turbopump assembly
DE1245219B (en) * 1960-11-21 1967-07-20 Garrett Corp Driving means for the starter turbine of a gas turbine engine
US3187501A (en) * 1960-12-19 1965-06-08 Thomas E Quick Method of and apparatus for augmenting thrust and suppressing sound in aircraft, rockets, and the like
US3078940A (en) * 1961-03-03 1963-02-26 Sylvan D Rolle Propellant energized ground effect machine
US3198459A (en) * 1961-06-30 1965-08-03 Geary Milford Imposion thrust engine and vehicle
DE1199057B (en) * 1961-07-11 1965-08-19 Berliner Maschb A G Vormals L intermittent Wasserrueckstosstriebwerk
DE1199058B (en) * 1961-07-11 1965-08-19 Berliner Maschb A G Vormals L intermittent Wasserrueckstosstriebwerk
US3212700A (en) * 1962-01-12 1965-10-19 Bertin & Cie Ejector devices having slot-like inducing nozzles, especially for sustentation
US3270501A (en) * 1964-03-05 1966-09-06 James E Webb Aerodynamic spike nozzle
US3420060A (en) * 1966-04-22 1969-01-07 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Pressure induced jet vectoring augmentation apparatus
US3447324A (en) * 1967-10-18 1969-06-03 Howard V French Water jet propulsion means
US3442086A (en) * 1967-10-19 1969-05-06 Hilbert W Nieman Jet type air motor
US3514956A (en) * 1968-03-11 1970-06-02 William R Bray Injector-ram jet engine
US3503356A (en) * 1968-07-26 1970-03-31 Eugene L Wilson Underwater propulsion device
US3779200A (en) * 1969-02-17 1973-12-18 F Hull Marine jet propulsion system
US3593525A (en) * 1969-02-19 1971-07-20 Us Army Rocket motor thrust controller
US3763818A (en) * 1972-03-20 1973-10-09 Boeing Co Method and apparatus for the recovery of waterjet power for marine vessels
US4029430A (en) * 1975-09-02 1977-06-14 Fonda Bonardi Giusto Short subsonic diffuser for large pressure ratios
US4592202A (en) * 1983-02-15 1986-06-03 Commonwealth Of Australia Thrust augmentor
DE3435076A1 (en) * 1984-09-25 1986-04-03 Diehl Gmbh & Co Fluid-piston driving device
US4644746A (en) * 1985-12-30 1987-02-24 L. W. Fleckenstein, Inc. Gas compressor for jet engine
DE4236043A1 (en) * 1992-10-24 1994-04-28 Diehl Gmbh & Co Hydrodynamic drive device
US5341640A (en) * 1993-03-30 1994-08-30 Faulkner Robie L Turbojet engine with afterburner and thrust augmentation ejectors
WO1996000684A1 (en) * 1994-06-30 1996-01-11 Dimotech Ltd. Underwater two phase ramjet engine
US5598700A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-02-04 Dimotech Ltd. Underwater two phase ramjet engine
US5692371A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-12-02 Varshay; Hezi Underwater two phase ramjet engine
AU700577B2 (en) * 1994-06-30 1999-01-07 MZL Ltd, Underwater two phase ramjet engine
US6457305B1 (en) * 2001-02-07 2002-10-01 James R. Schierbaum Turbo shaft engine with acoustical compression flow amplifying ramjet
FR2839117A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-10-31 Khalid Ouachkradi Improvement of air catchment of air take-off rocket utilizes gas energy supplied by rocket rich in fuel to improve nozzle effect and increase contact surface between gas and induced fresh air
US7780099B2 (en) 2003-01-13 2010-08-24 The Texas A&M University System High-efficiency jet ejector and propulsive jet
WO2004063549A1 (en) * 2003-01-13 2004-07-29 The Texas A & M University System Jet ejector and method of altering fluid flow
EP2264296A3 (en) * 2003-01-13 2011-12-07 The Texas A&M University System System for altering fluid flow
US20050178856A1 (en) * 2003-01-13 2005-08-18 Holtzapple Mark T. High-efficiency jet ejector and propulsive jet
WO2006001927A3 (en) * 2004-05-17 2006-07-20 Marius A Paul Carnot cycle jet and rocket engine configurations
WO2006001927A2 (en) * 2004-05-17 2006-01-05 Marius Paul A Carnot cycle jet and rocket engine configurations
EP2288536A4 (en) * 2008-05-16 2013-03-13 Univ Ohio State Marine propulsion system
US8545279B2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2013-10-01 The Ohio State University Marine propulsion system
US20110070782A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-03-24 The Ohio State University Marine propulsion system
US20120071045A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2012-03-22 The Ohio State University Marine propulsion system
JP2011520691A (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-07-21 ジ・オハイオ・ステイト・ユニバーシティThe Ohio State University Ship propulsion system
EP2288536A2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-03-02 The Ohio State University Marine propulsion system
RU2465481C2 (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-10-27 Владимир Тарасович Шведов Vortex propeller
US20140077498A1 (en) * 2012-09-17 2014-03-20 Francisco Orea Energy Generation Apparatus for Ships
US8766471B2 (en) * 2012-09-17 2014-07-01 Francisco Orea Energy generation apparatus for ships
RU2529935C1 (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-10-10 Российская Федерация, от имени которой выступает Министерство промышленности и торговли Российской Федерации (Минпромторг России) Hypersonic ramjet engine and concept of combustion

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