US1368413A - Tube-rolling mechanism - Google Patents

Tube-rolling mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US1368413A
US1368413A US28528419A US1368413A US 1368413 A US1368413 A US 1368413A US 28528419 A US28528419 A US 28528419A US 1368413 A US1368413 A US 1368413A
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rolls
frame
roll
blank
rolling
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Ralph C Stiefel
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Ralph C Stiefel
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B19/00Tube-rolling by rollers arranged outside the work and having their axes not perpendicular to the axis of the work
    • B21B19/02Tube-rolling by rollers arranged outside the work and having their axes not perpendicular to the axis of the work the axes of the rollers being arranged essentially diagonally to the axis of the work, e.g. "cross" tube-rolling Diescher mills, Stiefel disc piercers, Stiefel rotary piercers

Description

R. C. STIEFEL.

TUBE ROLLING MECHANISM.

APPLICATION Fl Lemew WITNESSES R. C. STIEFEL.

TUBE ROLLING MECHANISM.

' APPLICATION FILED MAR. 26, I919- I 1,368,413.. Patented Feb. 15,1921.

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WITNESSES INVENT R RALPH C. STIEFEL, F ELLWOOD GITY, PENNSYLVANIA.

TUBE-ROLLING MECHANISM.

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, RALPH C. STIEFEL, a resident of Ellwood City, in the county of invented a new and useful Improvement in Tube-Rolling Mechanism, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to rolling mills, and more particularly to mills for rolling seamless tubing. The object is to provide a mill by means of which it is practical to roll tubes with very .thin walls, and also large tubes or tubular bodies.

According to one method of making seamless tubes, a hollow blank is subjected to the action of diagoally acting'rolls in combination with an internal mandrel, which have. the effect of reducing a thick walled short hollow blank to a relatively thin walled long tube. Such rolls, because of their diagonal relation to the blank, serve to feed the blank through the rolls and at the same time rotate the blank. On account of this rotary action of such rolls, there is a limit to the thickness to which the walls of the tubular blank canbe reduced, for the reason that the inertia of the portion of the blank outside of the walls, and the whipping action due to its rapid rotation, causes destruction or mutilation of the blank if it is attempted to reduce the wall to a very thin gage. Consequently it has not been heretofore possible to produce seamless tubes with thin walls, or to produce very large sized tubes or tubular bodies, with the use of such diagonally acting rolls.

The object of the present invention is to provide a rolling mill embodying diagonally acting rolls, and by means of which it is possible to successfully roll tubes with much thinner walls than has been heretofore practical, or roll tubes or tubular bodies of larger sizes than has heretofore been possible.

The mill comprises diagonal acting rolls mounted in a rotary frame whereby'they are 7 carried around the tubular blank in planetary fashion, said rolls being driven at such peripheral speed that the blank is given no, or substantially no rotary motion, but nevertheless is fed forward by the rolls in the usual way; as a consequence of which there is no whipping action of the blank, and no part of the blank is subjected to twisting strains due to rotary action on one part thereof and the inertia of other parts thereof.

The invention comprises the combination 7 Specification of Letters Patent. Patented F b 1'5 1921 Application filed March 26, 1919. Serial No; 285,284.

and arrangement of parts in a mill of the character specified as hereinafter described .and claimed. Lawrence and State of Pennsylvania, have In the'accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a longitudinal section through one form of mlll embodying the invention, "some of the parts being shown in a dia ammatic, rather than in a physical form; ig. 2 is a transverse section on the line 2-2, Fig. 1; and Fig. 3 is an enlarged longitudinual section taken on a plane parallel to the axis of the roll pass with the blank omitted.

In the drawings 1 and 2 indicate suitable standards or frames, rising from any suitable bed or support, and provided with bearings 3 for receiving trunnions 4 and 5 of a rotatable or planetary frame or housing which carries the reducing rolls, as hereinafter described. These trunnions are hollow, thus forming an axial pass through the rotatable frame or housing, the hollow billet or blank being entered through the trunnion 4 and the reduced blank asses out through the hollow trunnion 5.

adapted to seat against a rotatable mandrel support or rest 7 and at its forward end carrying a mandrel or plug 8 of the usual form employed in rolling seamless tubes,

rojecting through the hollow trunnion-5 is a mandrel bar 6,

and which lies between the reducing rolls hereinafter described.

The rotatable frame or housing carrying the reducing rolls is constructed in several parts, to-wit a circularforward or inlet section 10, preferably formed integral with the inlet trunnion 4, a circular rear or outlet section 11 which forms the hollow outlettrunnion 5, an intermediate'hollow section 12 secured to the outlet section -11 and preferably flaring or being enlarged forwardly from said outlet section, and a skeleton or roll cage section 13 intermediate the sections 10 and 12. These several parts can be secured together in any suitable way. As shown the outlet section 11 and the intermediate section 12- are shown secured together by compression bolts uniting flanges 14 on the meeting ends of said sections, while the skeleton section or roll cage 13 is secured to the sections 10 and 12 by through bolts 15. This manner of constructing the frame however is merely illustrative of one manner of construction.

The skeleton or cage section 13 has sub stantially annular end portions 16 which fit against the inlet section 10 and intermediate section 12 respectively, said annular frame, and outside of the frame being portions being connected by a plurality of longitudinal members 17, four such longitudinal members 17 being shown, thus providing a corresponding number of radial openings 18 operrfro'm the outside to the axis. of the frame. Mounted in each of these openings is a roll chair comprising end portions 20 and a longitudinal connecting portion 21, the end portions 20 being slidable radially in the openings 18 and arranged to be guided thereinby suitable guides 22 formed on the side faces of said end portions 20 and the side faces of the longitudinal connecting portions 17 of the skeleton frame section or roll cage. The inner faces of the portions 20 are suitably shaped, such as being concaved, to receive the bearings 23 surrounding the journals formed on ends of rolls 25, and in which bearings said roll journals or necks rotate. The rolls are adapted to be normally held outwardly by means of stirrups 26 surrounding the bearings 23 and provided with stems 27 extending outwardly through openings in the surrounded by compression springs 28 lnterposed between the outer face of the frame andnuts 29 adjustable on said stems. To adjust the positionof the rolls relative to the axis of the pass, each roll chair 20 is provided at its ends with outwardly pro jecting portions 30 whose outer faces are formed slightly eccentric to the axis of the frame, and arrangedto be contacted by eccentric inner faces 31 on annular r'oll adjusting members 32, which surround the skeleton roll frame or cage 13 and which areunited by the longitudinal members 33, and

are arranged to be adjusted to various positions around the axes of the machine, to

thereby move the roll chairs, and the rolls carriedthereby, inwardly against the action of the compression springs 28. This roll adjusting member is adapted to be locked in any adjusted position, by any suitable means, such as by the clamping screws 34.

The frame described, together with the rolls carried thereby, is arranged to be rotated by any suitable mechanism. As shown the outlet frame section 11 is provided with a toothed portion 35 which is engaged by a pinion 36 on a suitably driven shaft 37,

. which latter may be the armature shaftof an electric motor, or a shaft driven from any source of power. It is obvious that through pinion'36 and gear 35 the hollow frame described will be rotated in the bearings '3, and when rotatedwill carry with it the rolls 25, which .will be carried in an orbital path -iiround the axis'of said rotary frame and consequently cause the rolls 25 to travel around the hollow blank 38, and compress thesame between their surfaces and the internal mandrel 8', thereby causing the usual anemia reduction and expansion of saidblank, and by reason of the position of the axes of sa1d rolls diagonally to the roll pass said blank will be fed forward through the mill.

In order to cause the rolls to feed the blank forwardly it is necessary to impart rotation to the rolls themselves. To this end the axis of each roll is connected through frame. It is evidentthat as the gears 44 are carried around the relatively stationary gear 45, they Will be rotated, thus imparting a rotary movement to the rolls 25 to which said gears 44 are connected.

The machine illustrated has four rolls 25, but it is evident-that the construction lends itself to various numbers of said rolls. The number of rolls will never be less than two, so as to balance the pressures on the opposite sides of the blank being worked, but obviously can be of any number greater than two. .Inasmuch as each roll is set with its axis oblique to the roll pass its driving shaft 40 and driving gear 44 will not lie in the same longitudinal plane as the roll itself. In other words the mill from the rolls 25 to the gears 44 is built on a twist so that the driving gear 44 for any one roll is displaced approximately 90 circumferentially of the mill axis from the roll itself. This displacement is indicated by showing 'the shafts 40 broken in Fig. 1 of the drawing, which means that the long parts of the shafts 40 illustrated are not connected to the two rolls whioh'are illustrated, but are connected to the two rolls not shown inthe drawing, one lying in front of and the other behind the section of vision.

The gears 44 and 45 will be so proportioned as to impart to the rolls 25 a perolling :of said rolls around the tubular blank, thereby preventing any substantial rotary movement being imparted to the blank, but at the same time insuring the positive forward feeding of the blank. These gears 44 and 45 can be so proportioned, for any given size .of tube being rolled, that no rotary movement is imparted to the tube, but as the rolls 25 are radially adjustable to roll tubes of different sizes, it is evident than any predetermined ratio of gears 44 and 45, While answering for one size of tube to be rolled, will not answer-for all sizes to be rolled. To compensate for this the gear 45 is independently rotatable, but at a relatively slow speed. This may be done in various ways, such as by forming gear 45 1,see,419

which latter preferably is the armature shaft of, or a shaft driven from a variable speed reversing electric motor, which is controlled by a rheostat or controller by means of which the speed of the pinion 49 can be readily controlled in order to rotate gear 45 in one direction or in the other, just enough to compensate for any difference between the ratios of gears 44 and 45 and the sizes of the tubes being rolled, to prevent rotation of the tubular blank. The workman, by observing whether the tubular blank rotates or not, can quickly adjust the speed of the variable motor until there is no rotation of the blank.

The planetary mill described, while positively feeding the blank forwardly, can nevertheless be so operated as to prevent rotation of the tubular blank, and consequently said blank is not subjected to whipping action, and, furthermore, there can be no twisting stress due to the rotating tendency of the rolls acting upon one portion of'the blank or tube and the inertia of the portions of the blank or tube not within the bite of the rolls. The result is that it is possible by means of such mill to roll tubes to a much thinner gage than has heretofore been possible, and also to roll tubes or tubular bodies] of larger diameters than has heretofore been possible. The construction of the mill is such that various numbers of pairs of rolls can be mounted in the plandiagonally acting rolls mounted in said roll etary frame, as a result of which a large and rapid reduction of the blank can be secured. A mill designed for rolling large tubes or tubular bodies can readily have more than two pairs of rolls mounted therein. Consequentlya very rapid reduction is secured and the rolling of the entire blank, to a very thin gage, can be effected without material difference in its heat between the first and last ends thereof.

It will also be obvious that the mill described, without an internal mandrel, can be used for rolling solid rounds.

I claim:

1. In a rolling mill, the combination of a rotary frame provided with an axial pass, diagonally acting rolls mounted in said frame at the sides of said axial ass, means for rotating said frame in or ital paths around the axial pass, and means for rotating said rolls with a peripheral speed substantially equal to their peripheral travel on the surface of the blank.

2. In a rolling mill, the combination of a rotary frame provided with an axial pass, diagonally acting rolls mounted in said frame at the sides of said axial pass, means for rotating said frame in orbital paths around the axial pass, and variable speed driving means for rotating said rolls about their individual axes.

3. In a rolling mill, the combination of a frame provided with hollow trunnions or journals, hearings in which said trunnions are rotatably mounted, diagonally acting rolls mounted in said frame at the sides of the axis thereof, means for rotating said frame on its trunnions thereby carrying the said rolls in orbital paths around the axis of rotation, a gear concentric with the axis of said frame, pinions meshing with said gear and operatively connected to the individual roll axes, and variable speed means for driving said concentric gear.

4. In a rolling mill, the combination of a rotary frame provided with an axial pass, roll carriers mounted in said frame and movable toward and from the axis thereof, diagonally acting rolls mounted in said roll carriers, spring means for holding said roll carriers outwardly from the axis of the rotary frame, an annular roll adjuster surrounding'the roll carriers and adjustable around the frame, connections between said roll adjuster and the roll carriers, and means for rotating said frame and thereby carrying said rolls in orbital paths around the axis of said frame.

5. In a rolling mill, the combination of a rotary frame provided with an axial pass, roll carriers mounted in said frame and movable toward and from the axis thereof,

carriers, spring means for holding said roll rotary frame provided with an axial pass,

roll carriers mounted in said frame and movable toward and from the axis thereof, a diagonally acting roll mounted in each roll carrier, spring means for holding said roll carriers outwardly from the-axis of the rotary frame, means for adjusting said roll carriers toward the axis of the rotary frame and forming positive holding means therefor, and means for rotating said frame and thereby carrying said rolls in orbital paths around the axis of said frame.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand. RALPH C. STIEFEL.

Witness:

ALICE A. TRILL,

US28528419 1919-03-26 1919-03-26 Tube-rolling mechanism Expired - Lifetime US1368413A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2568991A (en) * 1943-03-11 1951-09-25 Bendix Aviat Corp Machine and method for closing metal tubes
US3363442A (en) * 1965-05-25 1968-01-16 North American Aviation Inc Tube tapering device
US3367159A (en) * 1965-03-09 1968-02-06 Landis Machine Co Geared profile-rolling head
US3431769A (en) * 1965-10-08 1969-03-11 Kiyoshi Hajikano Adjustable drawing die
US3735617A (en) * 1970-10-19 1973-05-29 Siemag Siegener Masch Bau Rolling mill
US4366691A (en) * 1980-09-18 1983-01-04 Schaefer August W Apparatus for circumferentially corrugating a tube
US4391114A (en) * 1981-05-26 1983-07-05 Tubing Technology, Inc. Shear forming apparatus for elongated non-rotating metal tubes
US4395895A (en) * 1980-10-11 1983-08-02 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Aktiengesellschaft Skew rolling mill for reducing solid and hollow cross-sections
US4480454A (en) * 1981-04-03 1984-11-06 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Ag Skew-rolling mill for reducing solid and hollow cross-sections
US4501134A (en) * 1982-06-03 1985-02-26 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Rolling mill plants
US4602493A (en) * 1982-11-25 1986-07-29 Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza Im. Stanislawa Staszica Rolling mill for reducing the thickness of the wall of a tube
DE3602523C1 (en) * 1986-01-24 1986-12-18 Mannesmann Ag Abutment for a pipe rolling mill
US4771625A (en) * 1985-03-05 1988-09-20 Kabushiki Kaisha Watanabe Kogyo Apparatus for forming tapered threads on pipes
DE4007406A1 (en) * 1990-03-06 1991-09-12 Mannesmann Ag Bevel rolling medium and thin walled seamless tubing - using work rolls with dia. reducing work surface followed by wall polishing work surface
DE19510715C1 (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-07-25 Kocks Technik Angled rolling device for tubes or rods
US6792781B1 (en) 1995-03-24 2004-09-21 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Arrangement for inclined rolling of tube-shaped or bar shaped rolling products
DE102007041992A1 (en) 2007-09-05 2009-03-12 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Tubular or rod-shaped rolling stock's skew rolling device for e.g. producing smooth pipes, has shaft supported at central axis of drive wheel such that axis runs in plane that extends in or opposite to rolling stock longitudinal axis

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2568991A (en) * 1943-03-11 1951-09-25 Bendix Aviat Corp Machine and method for closing metal tubes
US3367159A (en) * 1965-03-09 1968-02-06 Landis Machine Co Geared profile-rolling head
US3363442A (en) * 1965-05-25 1968-01-16 North American Aviation Inc Tube tapering device
US3431769A (en) * 1965-10-08 1969-03-11 Kiyoshi Hajikano Adjustable drawing die
US3735617A (en) * 1970-10-19 1973-05-29 Siemag Siegener Masch Bau Rolling mill
US4366691A (en) * 1980-09-18 1983-01-04 Schaefer August W Apparatus for circumferentially corrugating a tube
US4395895A (en) * 1980-10-11 1983-08-02 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Aktiengesellschaft Skew rolling mill for reducing solid and hollow cross-sections
US4480454A (en) * 1981-04-03 1984-11-06 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Ag Skew-rolling mill for reducing solid and hollow cross-sections
US4391114A (en) * 1981-05-26 1983-07-05 Tubing Technology, Inc. Shear forming apparatus for elongated non-rotating metal tubes
US4501134A (en) * 1982-06-03 1985-02-26 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Rolling mill plants
US4602493A (en) * 1982-11-25 1986-07-29 Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza Im. Stanislawa Staszica Rolling mill for reducing the thickness of the wall of a tube
US4771625A (en) * 1985-03-05 1988-09-20 Kabushiki Kaisha Watanabe Kogyo Apparatus for forming tapered threads on pipes
DE3602523C1 (en) * 1986-01-24 1986-12-18 Mannesmann Ag Abutment for a pipe rolling mill
DE4007406A1 (en) * 1990-03-06 1991-09-12 Mannesmann Ag Bevel rolling medium and thin walled seamless tubing - using work rolls with dia. reducing work surface followed by wall polishing work surface
DE19510715C1 (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-07-25 Kocks Technik Angled rolling device for tubes or rods
DE19510715C2 (en) * 1995-03-24 2002-08-29 Kocks Technik Device for cross-rolling of tubular or rod-shaped rolling stock
US6792781B1 (en) 1995-03-24 2004-09-21 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Arrangement for inclined rolling of tube-shaped or bar shaped rolling products
DE102007041992A1 (en) 2007-09-05 2009-03-12 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Tubular or rod-shaped rolling stock's skew rolling device for e.g. producing smooth pipes, has shaft supported at central axis of drive wheel such that axis runs in plane that extends in or opposite to rolling stock longitudinal axis
DE202007018926U1 (en) 2007-09-05 2009-11-05 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for the oblique rolling of tubular or rod-shaped rolling stock
DE102007041992B4 (en) * 2007-09-05 2015-02-19 Kocks Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for the oblique rolling of tubular or rod-shaped rolling stock

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