US1357929A - Garter - Google Patents

Garter Download PDF

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Publication number
US1357929A
US1357929A US38487420A US1357929A US 1357929 A US1357929 A US 1357929A US 38487420 A US38487420 A US 38487420A US 1357929 A US1357929 A US 1357929A
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Prior art keywords
garter
leg
pile
pile fabric
fabric
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John Manning Van Heusen
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John Manning Van Heusen
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41FGARMENT FASTENINGS; SUSPENDERS
    • A41F11/00Stocking or sock suspenders
    • A41F11/16Garters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/31Plural fasteners having intermediate flaccid connector
    • Y10T24/318Strap connector

Description

J. M. VAN HEUSEN.

GARTER. APPLICATION FILED Mln/28,1920.

1,357,929, Patented Nov. 2, 1920.

JOHN MANNING VAN HnUsEN, or BosroN, MASSACHUSETTS.

GARTER; l

` Lemme.y

To all whom t may concern.

.Beit known that I JOHN MNNING VAN HEUsnN, residing, at lBoston, in the county of Suffolk, State. of Massachusetts,have invented certainr new and useful Improvements in Garters; and I do herebyv declare the following to be a full,'clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will appertains to make and use the same. y n inherent diiiculty present in many types of garters at present in use, whereinV t e garter depends, for its permanency of position, upon the pressure which it exerts .upon the leg, is that to a greater or less eX- any tendency to work downwardly and which, in its preferred form, will. even tend to work upwardly on the leg, so that the permanency of position of the garter will not depend upon the usual restrictive pressure of the customary ki'nd.A

, ln the practice of the invention, the ob-V ject proposed is attained by the use of aj fabric, such as velvet or velveteen or the like, wherein the pile or filaments of the fabric, whenin contact with the bare leg or drawers leg of the wearer will resist downward travel. In fact, as hereinbefore indi-4 cated, a garter made of or provided'with pile fabric so arranged that when the garter encircles the leg the pile filaments will be directed downwardly, has an actual tendency to travel upwardly. The resultant effect is .that not only is it feasible to obtain a sulfi- `ciently Veffective frictional grip between the I garter and the leg withoutthe necessity of drawing the garter.'l at all tightly about the leg, but the garter likewise has a constant tendency to keep the hose, or half hose, as

, the case may be, unwrinkled.

lin some instances, the velvet, velveteen,-

or other appropriate pile fabric may constitute the entire'main body portion of the garter, or -it may have elastic threads or elastic cords `or elastic fabric sections associated therewith, so as to impart some minor degree of elasticity to the garter as a whole should that be desired. Moreover, as will hereinafter appear, 'the pile fabric may be more or less permanently attached to the Specification of Letters Patent. Application mea may 2s, 1920. serial No. 3754.374.

' leg of the wearer in the use of the Patenteanovj. 2, 1920.

hose or halfhose,*or it may constitute an entirely separate garter.

Referring now to the accompanying drawlng illustrating, several embodiments of my invention;

Flgure l is -a view showing one form of the improved` garter as attached to the upper inner'edge of a sock or stocking; enable others skilled in the art to which it,l

Fig. 3 shows another modification inv which elastic portions are combined with the garter;

Fig. fi shows a further modificatio'n as'l applied to a well-known type of garter;

lEig. 5 shows a still further modification in which the garter is provided with pile fabric on both vsides v lfig. 6 is an enlarged section on the line 6 6 of. Fig. 4;

v Fig. 7 is a sectional view on a much enlarged scale, through a known kind of vel-v vet, in which theple of the velvet is at an acute angle to the body portion thereof.

Referring now to Fig. l, 1 .indicates a sock or stocldng, to the innerY upper edge of which the garter 2, provided with the velvet, velveteen or like pile fabric surface 3, is attached. The pile of the fabric is shown at 4 and it will be noted that it inclines downwardly and inwardly. The numerous small filaments or threads of theI pile fabric engaging the leg or drawers leg of the wearer at an acute vangle provide frictional contact between the garter and the leg suiiicient to obviate any necessity of'drawin'g the garter otherwise than snugly (but not too tightly) around the leg in order that it may perform its function. Consequently, the important advantage isv obtained that there is no constriction of circulation in the garter.

It has been found by actual test that with a garter made of pile fabric, the expansion and contraction of the muscles ofthe leg encircled by the garter react in such manner as to exert an actual tendency for the garter to work upwardly. It should, -of course, be understood, that this tendency, arising from the action of the many short threads forming the pile fabric, is not so marked or so strong that itwill impose an excessive upward pull on the hosiery or one that would become uncomfortable. It is, however, strong enough to effectively hold up the sock or stocking.

Fig. 2, shows a mans garter, provided with the usual sock-engaging device 6, and a catch 7. The inside of the garter 5 is faced with velvet, velveteen, or like pile fabric engaging the bare leg or the drawers leg t of the wearer; or the garter may be made up wholly of pile fabric, with the pile on the inside. rlhe portions 8 of the garter to which the supporting piece 9 is attached, may be made elastic, if desired.

eferring to the modification shown in F ig. 3, the garterthere shown consists of a number of sections 10 which are either made of or faced on the inside with velvet, velveteen or other pile fabric, the pile of which inclines ldownwardly and inwardly with respect to the wearers leg. lln this case the' pile is indicated at 10. rfhis garter also comprises one or more elastic inserts 8 suitably arranged so as to impart moderate elasticity to the garter as a whole.

The garter shown in Fi 4 consists of a body portion 11 which, as indicated in Flg. 6, comprises a piece of velvet, velveteen or like pile fabric 12, the pile 13 of which 1S on the inside. 'A piece of silk or satin or the like 14C may be used to give an outer appearance of high quality and finish. rlhe sock holder 6 is supported by the cords l5, which engage with suspending buttons 1 and which may be elastic if desired.

Referring to F ig. 5,y a modification is shown in which the garter is provided both on the inside and the outside with the velvet velveteen or other pile fabric, the pile of which, on both sides, inclines downwardly. The body of the garter is indicated at 17 while the pile that inclines downwardly and inwardly is indicated at 18 and thepile that inclines downwardly and outwardly is indicated at 19. 20 indicates the trouser leg of the wearer. The inner pile fabric 18 subserves the same functions as the inner pile fabric in the other types. The outer pile fabric 19 is adapted to engage with the inner side of the trousers leg of the wearer in such manner that, due to the ordinary relative movement and periodic contact between the trouser leg and the garter in ordinary use, there is a tendency for the garter to engage with and be moved upwardly by the trouser leg( The fact that the pile fabric 12 inclines downwardly and outwardly provides such an engagement between the pile fabric and the trouser leg. While, of course,

the trouser leg is not always in contact with the garter, it is quite, customary for men,

when sitting down to pull upthe trousers somewhat, whereby the garter would also tend to be correspondingly raised; whereas', when the trouser leg moves downwardly, there is no engagement between the downwardly inclined pile and the trouser leg and consequently no tendency to move the garter downward.

Referring to Fig. 7, which is a diagrammatic section, on a much enlarged scale, of a known weave of velvet, the warp and Woof threads forming the body of the velvet ma terial -are indicated at 21. and22. llfnterlaced with these threads are a plurality of pile-forming threads 23, which spread out into the' pile laments 24:, which incline downwardly at an acute angle to the body of the fabric.

While several embodiments of the invention are illustrated, it will be understood Athat it may be carried out in other ways than those illustrated. rlhe main characteristic feature of the invention is providing a garter of the band-type with a suitable pile facing giving a sucient degree of fric- 'I tional contact between the garter and the leg ofthe wearer, the nature of the frictional contact being such that the garter in ,normal use, tends-to` work upwardly, while at the same time, offering a marked resistance to downward movement.

l claim:

l. A band garter, provided on its inner surface with pile fabric presenting Contact filaments downwardly and inwardly inclined to the leg or drawers leg of the wearer.-

2. A band garter, provided on its outer surface with pile fabric presenting Contact,

filaments downwardlyand outwardly inclined to the trousers leg of the wearer.

3. A band garter provided on its inner surface with pile fabric presenting contact filaments downwardly and inwardly inclined to the leg or drawers leg of the wea-rer and presenting contact filaments downwardly and outwardly inclined to the trousers leg of the wearer. a

4. A band garterl of the construction defined in claim 1 and provided further with elastic elements forming a art of the band. In testimony whereof I a x my signature.

JHN MANNING VAN HEUSEN.

US38487420 1920-05-28 1920-05-28 Garter Expired - Lifetime US1357929A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2514108A (en) * 1947-08-30 1950-07-04 Henry J Vogt Self-supporting hosiery
US2746051A (en) * 1952-12-08 1956-05-22 Ross O S Shook Elastic tongue insert for knee guard or brace
US3009235A (en) * 1957-10-02 1961-11-21 Internat Velcro Company Separable fastening device
US3031730A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-05-01 Louis H Morin Burr-type closure or coupling element
US3114951A (en) * 1960-06-23 1963-12-24 Velcro Sa Soulie Device for joining two flexible elements
US3122906A (en) * 1961-04-19 1964-03-03 Self-supporting hosiery top
US3136026A (en) * 1960-06-23 1964-06-09 Velcro Sa Soulie Method for producing a device for joining two flexibel elements
US3214816A (en) * 1963-02-11 1965-11-02 Robert V Mathison Fasteners and articles containing same
EP1106088A1 (en) * 1999-12-06 2001-06-13 Jaroslav V.M. Juhan Method to keep socks up
US20090155510A1 (en) * 2007-12-18 2009-06-18 Hui-Mei Chen Pad Structure

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2514108A (en) * 1947-08-30 1950-07-04 Henry J Vogt Self-supporting hosiery
US2746051A (en) * 1952-12-08 1956-05-22 Ross O S Shook Elastic tongue insert for knee guard or brace
US3009235A (en) * 1957-10-02 1961-11-21 Internat Velcro Company Separable fastening device
US3031730A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-05-01 Louis H Morin Burr-type closure or coupling element
US3114951A (en) * 1960-06-23 1963-12-24 Velcro Sa Soulie Device for joining two flexible elements
US3136026A (en) * 1960-06-23 1964-06-09 Velcro Sa Soulie Method for producing a device for joining two flexibel elements
US3122906A (en) * 1961-04-19 1964-03-03 Self-supporting hosiery top
US3214816A (en) * 1963-02-11 1965-11-02 Robert V Mathison Fasteners and articles containing same
EP1106088A1 (en) * 1999-12-06 2001-06-13 Jaroslav V.M. Juhan Method to keep socks up
US20090155510A1 (en) * 2007-12-18 2009-06-18 Hui-Mei Chen Pad Structure

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