US135520A - Improvement in cutter-heads for pointing the ends of bolts - Google Patents

Improvement in cutter-heads for pointing the ends of bolts Download PDF

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Publication number
US135520A
US135520A US135520DA US135520A US 135520 A US135520 A US 135520A US 135520D A US135520D A US 135520DA US 135520 A US135520 A US 135520A
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Prior art keywords
cutter
head
clamps
bolts
ends
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G9/00Working screws, bolt heads, or nuts in conjunction with thread cutting, e.g. slotting screw heads or shanks, removing burrs from screw heads or shanks; Finishing, e.g. polishing, any screw-thread
    • B23G9/001Working screws
    • B23G9/004Finishing screws
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2527Lathe having hollow cutter head

Description

`UNITED STATES PATENT GFFICE.

ORRIN C. BURDIOT, OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND RALPH PLUMB, OF SAME PLACE.

IMPROVEMENT IN CUTTER-HEADS FOR POINTING THE ENDS OF BOLTS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 135,520, dated February 4, 1873.

To all whom fit may concern.-

Be it known that I, ORRlN O. BURDICT, of the city of Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in Cutter-Heads for Pointing the Ends of Bolts, of which the following is a specification:

This invention relates to a device or appliance already in use in connection with a lathe for turning off or pointing the ends of bolts, which device consists generally of a revolving disk or head attached to the lathe-spindle, and provided on its face with several radial knives or cutters, the cutting-edges of which are made inclined, so las to give the desired bevel to the end of the bolts. I am aware that previous to my invention the cutters of such devices have been made adjustable in a radial line toward or from the center of revolution, so as to adapt them to bolts of various sizes. When thus arranged the cutters reduce the bolt by a sort of scraping action. The object of my invention is to effect an improved arrangement and adjustment of the cutters so as to cause them to act upon the bolt with greater efficiency, and produce a smoother surace to the pointed or turned-off end of the olt.

My invention consists, irst, in the combination, with the cutter-head, of three or more cutter-stocks or clamps, each holding a cuttingtool and pivoted to the cutter-head, so as to adjust the cutters in adapting them to different-sized bolts, by swinging the cutter-clamps on their pivots and throwing the cuttin g-ed ges more or less out of a radial line, and in an inclined or partially-tan gential position with reference to the bolt, which is the most favorable position for insuring a rapid cutting action and smooth surface to the end ot' the bolt; second, in the combination, with the cutterhead and pivoted cutter clamps or stocks, of a central ring or disk, to which connect the inner ends of the cutter-clamps, so as to be simultaneously swung on their pivots and adjusted by giving the said ring a partial turn; third, in the combination, with the cutter-head the pivoted cutter-clamps and adjusting central ring or disk, provided with a toothed segment, of a shaft and pinion by which said cenl tra] ring is turned and the cutters attached thereto adj usted; fourth, in the combination, with the cutter-head and pivoted cutter-clamps, of fastening-screws passing through curved slots arranged in the cutter-head concentric with said fulcrum-pins, said screws screwing into the cutter-clamps so as to attach the latter to the cutter-head while they allow a limited angular adjustment of the inner lends of the cutters; fth, in the arrangement of the cutter-stocks so as to overlap the edge of the central adjusting-ring, and thereby retain it in place in the recess formed in the cutterhead.

In the accompanying drawing, Figure I is a front elevation, and Fig. II a side elevation of my improved device for turning the conical ends of bolts. Fig. III is avertical section in line m fr, Fig. I. Fig. IV is a fragmentary plan view ofthe cutter-head with the cutter-clamps removed. Fig. V is a bottom-plan view of the central ring for adjusting the cutters, and the mechanism by which it is operated.

Like `letters designate like parts in each of the figures.

A is the revolving lathe-spindle, and B the cutter-head secured to the end thereof by means of a screw-thread, b, provided thereon. C are the adjustable cutter-stocks or clamps arranged on the face of the cutter-head B, and D the cutters arranged in alongitudinal groove in said clamps, and secured therein by setscrews d. c are the pivot-pins arranged on the face of the cutter-head B, preferably near its periphery, and fitting in sockets formed on the under side of the clamps C, so that the latter swing on said pins as centers. fare the curved slots arranged in the cutter-head B concentric with the pins e,- and g the fasteningscrews passing through these slots and screwing into the clamps O, so as to secure the latter to the cutter-head while allowing the same a limited movement on their pivot-pins. H is a disk or ring arranged in a corresponding re-A cess in the center of the face of the cutter-head B. 'It is provided on its face with projecting pins h engaging in notches in the inner end of the cutter-clamps, so that by turning'the ring H in one or the other direction the inner ends of the clamps C are simultaneously adjusted. The inner ends of the clamps C overlap the ring H, so as to secure it in the recess of the cutter-head. I is a shaft arranged radia-lly in the cutter-head B, and provided on its inner end With a pinion, i, engaging With a gear-segment, 7c, formed on the under side of the ring H. The shaft I is prevented from becoming disengaged by a locking-pin, l, or other suitable mea-ns.

The bolts to be pointed are placed with their heads in ak socket of a head mandrel, corresponding in shape with the head of the bolt, and the point of the bolt brought in contact with the cutters, which will keep it properly centered during the pointing operation Without the use of any other guide or support. It

is evident that either the cutter-head or bolt may be rotated, as preferred.

The clamps C are so arranged on the cutterhead B that the cutting-edges of the cutters D are out of the radial line, as clearly shown in Fig. I, the radial line being indicated by a broken line. By turning the shaft I in one or the other direction the ring H is turned correspondingly, and the cutters swung on their pivot-pins, so as to cause their cutting-edges to approach or recede from each other as may be required, to adapt them to bolts of different sizes, the inclination of the cutting-edges increasing or approaching' more nearly the tangential as thebolts increase in size.

By arranging the pivot-pins e at or near the center of the cutter-stocks (l and forming the same of set-screwspassinginto the cutter-head, said stocks may be adjusted after loosening the pivot-screws, and secured in this adjusted position by tightening the same, thus dispensing with the fastening-screws g.

l. In combination with the cutter-head and rotating disk H or its equivalent, provided with pins h, the pivoted cutterclamps C, capable of adjustment out of a radial line, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination', With the cutter-head B and the pivoted clamps C, of the adj usting-ring H provided With pins h, and the operatin g-shaf t I,`substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3. The combination, with the cutter-head B, pivoted cutter-clamps C, and central adjusting-ring H provided with toothed segment 7c, of the shaft and pinion I i, substantially as liereinbefore set forth.

4. The combination, With the cutter-head B, and pivoted cutter-clamps C, of the fastening screws g passing through curved slots f, substantially as and for the purpose herein before set forth.

5. The arrangement, with the cutter-head and adjusting central ring H, of the cutter stocks or clamps, so as to overlap the edge of said ring and retain it in place, as hereinbefore shown and described.

` O. C. BURDIGT.

Vitnesses:

EDWARD WILHELM, WALTER D. OLIVER.

US135520A Improvement in cutter-heads for pointing the ends of bolts Expired - Lifetime US135520A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060248440A1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2006-11-02 Forrest Rhoads Systems, methods, and software for presenting legal case histories

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060248440A1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2006-11-02 Forrest Rhoads Systems, methods, and software for presenting legal case histories

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