US135192A - Improvement in springs for doors, gates - Google Patents

Improvement in springs for doors, gates Download PDF

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Publication number
US135192A
US135192A US135192DA US135192A US 135192 A US135192 A US 135192A US 135192D A US135192D A US 135192DA US 135192 A US135192 A US 135192A
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Prior art keywords
key
pin
seats
improvement
doors
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F1/00Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass
    • E05F1/08Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings
    • E05F1/10Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for swinging wings, e.g. counterbalance
    • E05F1/1008Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for swinging wings, e.g. counterbalance with a coil spring parallel with the pivot axis
    • E05F1/1016Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for swinging wings, e.g. counterbalance with a coil spring parallel with the pivot axis with a canted-coil torsion spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/56Closers
    • Y10T16/593Spring
    • Y10T16/599Spring torsional
    • Y10T16/5995Coil

Description

R. ESP-EY.

Springs for Doors, Gates, &c.

N0. 135,192. v Patentedjan.21,1873.

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mami INVENTUH. l

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UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE ROBERT ESPEY, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.

IMPROVEMENT IN SPRINGS FOR DOORS, GATES, &c.

Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 135,192, dated January 21, 1873' To all whom it may concern:

Beit known that I, ROBERT EsPnY, of the city and county of St. Louis and State of Missouri, have invented a certain Improvement in Springs for Doors, Gates, Sto., of which the following is a specification:

This invention relates to the upper attachlnent of a spiral door-spring; and consists in the manner of preventing the adjusting-pin (to which the end of the spring is att-ached) from turning in the collar, by which it is secured to the door or side facing. This is done by means of a key fitting in seats in both the pin and collar; the collar having two key-seats a greater distance apart than those in the pin to allow the pin to be adjusted to the required nicety without cutting too many key-seats therein, as hereafter described.

Figure 1 shows the parts detached and in perspective. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of my improvement. Fig. 3 is a transverse section at' the line X X, Fig. 2.

A is the adjusting-pin, having a flattenedN portion, b, around which the upper end ofthe spring B is tightly coiled, the said spring being of the usual form, and having its lower end similarly attached to the bracket C. The head ot' the pin A has a number of holes, a, for the introduction of a lever-pin to turn the adjusting-pin in its socket. D are key-seats, that may be as numerous as the pin will allow without too much weakening the metal between the seats. I have adopted four as the maximum number that the pin may have without too much weakening the spaces d between the key-seats, and cutting away too much of the surface bearing against the socket. E is the socket bracket, having screw- F is the socket, havholes e for attachment.

ing two key-seats, f f at a distance oi" one hundred and thirty-live degrees, (the key-seats D of the pin being ninety degrees apart,) so that when one of the key-seats D is in conjunction with the key-seat f', as shown, that f will be midway between two of those D. This arrangement allows of the adjustment of the pin A to one-eighth of a turn, as may be seen by reference to Fig. 3. Supposing the key Gr to be in the key-seat f', then, if after the key has been drawn out, the pin is turned one-eighth around, one oi' the key-seats D will be brought in conjunction with the key-seat f.

It generally happens that when the spring needs adjustment one -fourth of a turn is too great an alteration, and to give more nice adjustment without injury to the bearing-surfaces d, or rendering the sides of the key-seats D too weak to stand the strain, (by narrowing the spaces d,) I have contrived my improvement. It the surfaces d are made narrow they will be liable to catch in the key-seats ff', and the pin will have no steady bearing in the socket.

I claim as my invention- The pin A and socket-bracket E F, each construct-ed with longitudinal grooves relatively spaced, to operate as described, in combination with the key G, adapted to occupy 'the key-seats successively formed by the rotation of the pin, to adjust the spring, substantially as herein set forth, for the purpose specified.

In testimony of which invention I have hereunto set my hand.

ROBERT ESPEY.

Witnesses:

SAML. KNIGHT, STEPH. BERNARD.

US135192A Improvement in springs for doors, gates Expired - Lifetime US135192A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4731902A (en) * 1982-08-09 1988-03-22 National Manufacturing Co. Door and gate spring
US20050004549A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Disposable pant-like undergarment
US20070011295A1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2007-01-11 Axeda Corporation, A Massachusetts Corporation Reporting the state of an apparatus to a remote computer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4731902A (en) * 1982-08-09 1988-03-22 National Manufacturing Co. Door and gate spring
US20070011295A1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2007-01-11 Axeda Corporation, A Massachusetts Corporation Reporting the state of an apparatus to a remote computer
US20050004549A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Disposable pant-like undergarment

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