US1345304A - Derrick for vehicles - Google Patents

Derrick for vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
US1345304A
US1345304A US32536419A US1345304A US 1345304 A US1345304 A US 1345304A US 32536419 A US32536419 A US 32536419A US 1345304 A US1345304 A US 1345304A
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sections
boom
derrick
post
supporting
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Zied Samuel
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Zied Samuel
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/36Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes mounted on road or rail vehicles; Manually-movable jib-cranes for use in workshops; Floating cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/03Cranes with arms or jibs; Multiple cranes
    • B66C2700/0321Travelling cranes
    • B66C2700/0357Cranes on road or off-road vehicles, on trailers or towed vehicles; Cranes on wheels or crane-trucks
    • B66C2700/0364Cranes on road or off-road vehicles, on trailers or towed vehicles; Cranes on wheels or crane-trucks with a slewing arm

Description

S. ZIED.

DERRICK FOR VEHICLES.

APPLICATION FILED sEPT.22, 1919.

1 ,345,304; Patented June 29, 1920.

3 SHEETS-SHEET I.

. ATTQRNEY.

s. ZIED.

DERRICK FOR VE'HICLES. APPLICATION FILED sEPT.22, I9I9.

yPatented June 29; 1920.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

5am u/ Z fed WITNESS.:` I JNVENTOR. MIM j momma S. ZIED.

DERRICK FOR VEHICLES.

APPLICATION man sEPT.22, 1919.

Patented J 111,16 29, 1920.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

WITNES f INI/mon. WIW' f B? ATTORNEY.

Saue/ Zied UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

' SAMUEL ZIED, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

DERRICK FOR VEHICLES.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 29, 1920.

Application led September 22, 1919. Serial No. 325,364.

a derrick having a telescoping .boom for use upon a motor truck which is capable y of extension to different heights without in" any way jeopardizing its stability.

Another object of this invention is to provide a derrick of the type referred to having a telescopic supporting part and means whereby the braces or guys can be easily adjusted to more edectively support the load raised.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a derrick for use upon fire hose-wagons or trucks fitted with means whereby the hose can be expeditiously raised near to a burning building and the.

nozzle or nozzles thereof manipulated while the fireman is effectively prevented from injury due to his close proximity to the confiagration.

A still further object of this invention is the provision of a simple and efficient portable derrick for use upon power driven vehicles.

With these and other objects in view as will hereafter be more apparent my invention consists essentially in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, and more specifically pointed out by the appended claims.

In the further disclosure of the invention reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings constituting a part of this specification and in which like characters of reference designate the same or similar parts in all the views.

Figure l-is a side elevation of an autotruck having my im roved construction of derrick and hose e evating cage applied thereto, the telescoping sections of the boom being shown in partly extended position.

Fig. 2is an enlarged detail elevation of the derrick with the telescoping sectionsl thereof illustrated in collapsed position.

Fig. 3-is a detail plan of the boom supporting mechanism. A

Flg. JL-is an enlarged detail elevation of the supporting standard or column of the derrick and the clutch mechanism for operating the boom sections and raising and lowerlng mechanism.

Fig. -is a transverse section of the boom showing the several telescoping sections and drawn to an enlarged scale.

Fig. 6-is a fragmentary detail plan view of the gzuyor brace adjusting means.

F 1g. 1s a side view of the same.

E Fig. 8-is a fragmentary side elevation of the firemans protecting and hose elevating cage with part broken away to disclose the underlying structure.

Flg. 9-is a vertical section of the same, and taken at right angles to the preceding figure.

Fig. 10--is a detail of one of the hose nozzles and,

Fig. 11-is a similar View of a slightly modified form of nozzle.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 10, designates thechassis of a motor truck of any approved type, 11 the wheels thereof, and 12 the motor and associated parts all of which are in accordance with generally accepted pattern, and which form no part of my present invention.

The drivers seat is designated by the numeral 13, and immediately in the rear thereof I construct a suitable supporting base or platform 14, which extends transversely of the chassis 10, and integral with or mounted on this platform 11,1, is a truncated housing 15 for the clutch and winding mechanism hereinafter more specifically referred to.

Mounted on top of the housing 15, as for example on an antifriction ball bearing 16, 1s a turntable 17, Fig. 3- which supports the lower section 18, of the derrick standard.

swung from side to side of the truck as desired. Fitting in the aforesaid section 18 and adapted for raising or lowering therein is a second, or upper section 24, and in order to providea simple and eifective means for raising and lowering the same I fit a co1-4 lar 25 on the upper end of the lower section 18, provided with a bearin for a sheave 26,'

over which passes a cable 2 one end Where-l .of is attached tol the lower end of the secare upstanding bearings 33, between whichl is hingedly mounted 'the forked end 34, of a boom 35. This boom 35, preferably includes a' series of telescopic sections b, o, and d, the section a, having the forked end 34, and the sections b, 0,' and d, being adapted to telescope within one another and the said section a. Each section a,l b, c, and d is made up of anglef sections 36;. Fig. 5.- braced by lattice work 37 into box formation, and each said section is provided at its outer end with a collar 38, yhaving opposed sheaves and e es 40, 41, respectively mounted thereon, t e former for example being disposed on the lower side of the boom 35.

' At the lower inner end of each of the sections b, c, and d there is revolubly mounted a sheave 42, and over said sheaves 40, 42, there is passed a' cable .43, zigzag fashion the upper end whereof is secured at 44, to the upper end of the section d, and the lower end is conducted over sheaves 45, down to a winding' drum ,47,-Fig. 2-located in the housing15.

Connected with the aforesaid eyes 41, on the sections b, c, and d, are cables 46, which bly mounted at the uper end of the spaced l 'standards' 30,'thence ownwardly through the supporting sections 24, 18 to a winding.

drum 52-Fig. 2-and this cable 49, serves to ralse or lower a cage or the like 53, as

the case may be and according to the service conditions of the derrick. Stay or y ropes or cables 54, are vattached to the oi'- ward ends of a substantially U-shaped channel section 55, the parallel limbs -56 whereof are adapted for sliding movement longitu dinall of the chassis 10, and in order to provi e a simple -means for adjusting same l to -the requisite position they are provided with slots 57 through which bolts o r studs pass over the three uppermost sheaves 31,v

at the top of the section 24 and down through the same to a series of clutch oper,

-ated winding drums 47, adapted to be thrown into and out of action by suitable levers 48,-Fig. 4-under the control of the driver. These drums 47 may be controlled in any of the well known ways step by step and they serve in use to collapse the boom 35, or, in other words to move the sections b, c, and d, longitudinall into telescoped relation with respect to t e section a.

A fourth cable 46 is connected to the eye '41, at the outer end of the boom, section a and passing over the lower sheave 31, downwardly through the supporting sections or post 24, 18, to another windin drum 47, serves in use to raise and lower t e boom 35 from a substantially horizontal to the vertical or other desired inclination.l

A cable 49, supports at its outer end a block and tackle 50, and the other\end thereof passes over a pulley or sheave 51, revolucorrespondingly adjusted so 58l are passed andthreaded into the chassis 10. ',Ihus it `will be readily seen that when y the supporting sections 24, 18-are fullyvextended the guy ropesor stays 54 may be t atthe proper stability of the derrck is effectively maintained. v

Referrmg now more particularly to Figs.

8 to 1-1, inclusive, I illustrate thereby a con-- venient form of hose elevating cage and firemans protective cage 53, said cage being provided with swing doors 54, 54, throughv which ingress and egress may be effected, as well as a trap door 60 in the ioor thereof through which an emergency seat 61 can be lowered or raised by a cable 57 in case. of accident or when a rescue is to be effected from a burning building, the cable 57 being passed over a sheave or pulley 63, and connected'to a winding drum-not shownin the aforesaid housing 15. Hose connections 64 are coupled to a transversely disposed pipe 65 conveniently su ported on hangers 66, bolted or riveted to tliecage 53 and having adjustable nozzles 67, attached therein by means-,of which water can begplayed on to a burning building, at any desired angle.

Additional hose connections 68 may be attached to a plate bar 69, supported on hangers 70, at the front of the cage and having lfixed nozzles 71, attached thereto by means beneaththe chassis 10, and driven by a worm gear 75, on-the engine or motor shaft 76, additional chains not shown passing from the sprocket wheels 77 to the winding 'drums 52 for effecting their operation as and when required.

From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that by my invention I provide ratus, all of the operations being controlled from a single motor or engine shaft w1thout the driver leaving his seat on the machine. Furthermore a derrick embodying the foregoing described features will be seen to be extremely effective when applied to a V fire-hose truck whiley a fireman or firemen/ may be transported to any desired height to effect a rescue or play water on to a fire rapidly without the necessity and encum-` brance of hauling u-p the hose.

Finally while I have outlined one practical and convenient 'embodiment of lmy invention it will be readily seen that Variousv changes may be made in the particular form and arrangement of the several-parts Without departing from the essential features set forth, and hence I do not limit myself to the precise details specifically described, but consider myself at liberty to make such other changes and combinations as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of the appended claims. f

Having thus described my is claimed as new is l. In a derrick crane, the combination of a telescopic supporting post, means for extending said post longitudinally of its axis, guys or braces connected with the upper end of said post and adjustable relative to the base thereof, a turntable about the lower section ofthe supporting post, means for moving said turntable when desired, a boom hingedly connected to the turntable and including a series of rectangular telescoping sections, means for extending the boom longitudinally of its axis, and means for retracting the telescoping sections.

invention what 2. In a derrick crane, the combination of i a telescopic supportin post, means for extending said post longitudinally of its-axis,

guysor braces connected to the upper end of said post and to an anchor frame adjustable relative to the base thereof, a turntable' about the lower section of the supporting post, means for moving said turntable when desired, a boom hingedly connected to the turntable and including a series of rectangular telescoping sections, each of said sections comprising angle sections braced by latticework, means for extending the telescoping sections longitudinally and consecutively, and means for retracting the telescoping sections.

3. In a derrick crane, the combination of a telescopic supportin post, means for extending said post longltudinally of its axis, guys or braces connected to the upper end of said post and to an anchorframe adjustable relative to the base thereof, afturntable about the lower secticnof the supporting post, means for moving said turntable when desired, a boom hingedlyI connected to. the turntable and including a series of rectangular telescoping sections, each of said sections comprising angle sections braced by lattice-work, a cable connecting at one end with the outer end of the innermost telescoping section and passin zig-zag fashion through the boom to a win ing drum whereby said telescoping sections may be extendedN longitudinally and consecutively, and a, separate cable connection to each telescoping section for supporting same during retraction.

et. In a derrick crane, the combination of tionsv comprising angle sections braced by lattice-work, a cable connecting at one end with the outer end of the innermost telescoping section and passing zig-zag fashion through the boom to a winding drum whereby said telescoping sections may be extended longitudinally and consecutively, a load raising and supporting cable operable independently of the boom extending and retracting mechanism, and a separate cable and operating mechanism for moving the boom angularly up anddown.

5. In a derrick crane the combination of a telescopic supporting post, means for extending said post longitudinally of its axis, guys or braces connected to the upper end of said post and to a substantially U-shapedanchor frame adjustable horizontally relative to the base thereof, a turntable about the lower section of the supporting, post, means for moving said turntable when desired, a boom hingedly connected to the turntable and including a series of rectangular telescoping sections, eachof said sections comprising angle sections braced by lattice-work, a cable connecting at one end w1th the outer end ofthe innermost telescoping section and having zig-zag fashion operative connection with the series of sections, said cable being connected to a winding drum for extending the boom, a separatecable connection to each telescoping section for supporting same during retraction,

fmeans for angularly raising and lowering post, said boom including a series of tele' scoping sections, means for extending the telescoping sections longitudinally, means for retracting the telescoping sections, a protective cagesuspended from a separate raisin ,and lowering connection on the outer end o the boom, said cage having hose supporting connections and nozzles, and meansl operable independently of but associated With the cage for effecting a rescue when necessary.

7 The combination with a self propelled vehicle of a` derrick crane including avtelescopic supporting post, means for extending said post longitudinally of its axis, guys or braces connected to the upper end of said post and to a substantially U-shaped anchor frame adjustable horizontall relative to the base thereof, a turntable a out the lower section of the supporting post, means for movin said turntable when desired, a boom hin e ly connected to the turntable and inclu ing a series of rectangular telescoping sections, each of said sections comprising angle sections braced by lattice-work, a cable lconnecting at one end with the outer end of the innermost telescoping section and having zig-zag fashion operative connection with the series of sections, said cable being connected to a Winding drum for extending the boom, a separate cable connection to each tele's'coping section for supporting same during retraction, means, for angularly raising and lowering the boom, a load raising and lowering cable operable independently of the boom, and means for supporting hose connections and nozzles as well as serving as a life preserver adapted for suspension from the load raising and lowering cable.

' In testimony whereof I aix my signature.

SAMUEL ZIED.

US32536419 1919-09-22 1919-09-22 Derrick for vehicles Expired - Lifetime US1345304A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432528A (en) * 1944-08-09 1947-12-16 Raymond O Lively Guy derrick
US2477401A (en) * 1945-05-25 1949-07-26 Roy O Billings Excavator
US2545047A (en) * 1947-07-12 1951-03-13 Insley Mfg Corp Adjustable boom for cranes or the like
US2560412A (en) * 1946-11-16 1951-07-10 Bert S Calvert Boom for excavators or the like
US2562086A (en) * 1945-06-05 1951-07-24 Valdemar C Farrell Hoisting apparatus
US2571858A (en) * 1947-11-04 1951-10-16 Garland Crane Company Boom for light hoisting
US2595896A (en) * 1945-11-01 1952-05-06 Hyster Co Crane boom assembly
US2630925A (en) * 1950-09-08 1953-03-10 Harold B Boone Toy derrick
DE871362C (en) * 1942-08-01 1953-03-23 Miag Muehlenbau & Ind Gmbh Booms, especially for mobile cranes
US2636619A (en) * 1950-02-07 1953-04-28 Charles E Alexander Vehicle hoist
US2637447A (en) * 1944-12-28 1953-05-05 Samuel Bartow Strang Boom structure for wreckers and similar apparatus
US2684159A (en) * 1950-07-12 1954-07-20 Warner Swasey Co Telescoping boom actuating mechanism
US2698096A (en) * 1953-05-04 1954-12-28 Lillie V Hughes Drag line extensible boom
US2819803A (en) * 1954-10-12 1958-01-14 Leo B Obenchain Boom for cranes
US2833422A (en) * 1950-12-28 1958-05-06 Ferwerda Ray Telescopic boom
US2928493A (en) * 1955-02-10 1960-03-15 Hugh M Rush Telescoping boom
US2953259A (en) * 1958-11-17 1960-09-20 White Richard Mitchell Portable crane
US2984373A (en) * 1958-07-16 1961-05-16 Warner Swasey Co Material handling apparatus
US3029954A (en) * 1959-02-24 1962-04-17 William H Grant Adjustable boom crane
US3109545A (en) * 1959-12-15 1963-11-05 Gen Mills Inc Telescopic material handling support
US3426917A (en) * 1966-12-02 1969-02-11 Charles R Siegel Mobile crane and tow truck
US3534867A (en) * 1968-07-25 1970-10-20 Harnischfeger Corp Compensating boom hoist cable system for a telescopic boom for cranes or the like
US3648850A (en) * 1970-03-25 1972-03-14 Tyee Construction Co Crane with telescopic boom
US3985234A (en) * 1973-12-20 1976-10-12 Creusot-Loire Telescopic boom for a crane
DE2628016A1 (en) * 1975-07-15 1977-02-03 Eelis Juhani Mustonen Mobile crane with telescopic boom and provided with additional boom devices
US4112649A (en) * 1977-08-26 1978-09-12 Harnischfeger Corporation Boom section for telescopic crane boom
US20140339188A1 (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-11-20 Liebherr-Werk Ehingen Gmbh Telescopic Boom and Crane

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE871362C (en) * 1942-08-01 1953-03-23 Miag Muehlenbau & Ind Gmbh Booms, especially for mobile cranes
US2432528A (en) * 1944-08-09 1947-12-16 Raymond O Lively Guy derrick
US2637447A (en) * 1944-12-28 1953-05-05 Samuel Bartow Strang Boom structure for wreckers and similar apparatus
US2477401A (en) * 1945-05-25 1949-07-26 Roy O Billings Excavator
US2562086A (en) * 1945-06-05 1951-07-24 Valdemar C Farrell Hoisting apparatus
US2595896A (en) * 1945-11-01 1952-05-06 Hyster Co Crane boom assembly
US2560412A (en) * 1946-11-16 1951-07-10 Bert S Calvert Boom for excavators or the like
US2545047A (en) * 1947-07-12 1951-03-13 Insley Mfg Corp Adjustable boom for cranes or the like
US2571858A (en) * 1947-11-04 1951-10-16 Garland Crane Company Boom for light hoisting
US2636619A (en) * 1950-02-07 1953-04-28 Charles E Alexander Vehicle hoist
US2684159A (en) * 1950-07-12 1954-07-20 Warner Swasey Co Telescoping boom actuating mechanism
US2630925A (en) * 1950-09-08 1953-03-10 Harold B Boone Toy derrick
US2833422A (en) * 1950-12-28 1958-05-06 Ferwerda Ray Telescopic boom
US2698096A (en) * 1953-05-04 1954-12-28 Lillie V Hughes Drag line extensible boom
US2819803A (en) * 1954-10-12 1958-01-14 Leo B Obenchain Boom for cranes
US2928493A (en) * 1955-02-10 1960-03-15 Hugh M Rush Telescoping boom
US2984373A (en) * 1958-07-16 1961-05-16 Warner Swasey Co Material handling apparatus
US2953259A (en) * 1958-11-17 1960-09-20 White Richard Mitchell Portable crane
US3029954A (en) * 1959-02-24 1962-04-17 William H Grant Adjustable boom crane
US3109545A (en) * 1959-12-15 1963-11-05 Gen Mills Inc Telescopic material handling support
US3426917A (en) * 1966-12-02 1969-02-11 Charles R Siegel Mobile crane and tow truck
US3534867A (en) * 1968-07-25 1970-10-20 Harnischfeger Corp Compensating boom hoist cable system for a telescopic boom for cranes or the like
US3648850A (en) * 1970-03-25 1972-03-14 Tyee Construction Co Crane with telescopic boom
US3985234A (en) * 1973-12-20 1976-10-12 Creusot-Loire Telescopic boom for a crane
DE2628016A1 (en) * 1975-07-15 1977-02-03 Eelis Juhani Mustonen Mobile crane with telescopic boom and provided with additional boom devices
US4112649A (en) * 1977-08-26 1978-09-12 Harnischfeger Corporation Boom section for telescopic crane boom
US20140339188A1 (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-11-20 Liebherr-Werk Ehingen Gmbh Telescopic Boom and Crane
US9908751B2 (en) * 2013-04-11 2018-03-06 Liebherr-Werk Ehingen Gmbh Telescopic boom and crane

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